idea搭建ssm框架发布到tomcat

刚用搭了一个ssm框架,并发布在tomcat上。下面是整个过程的大概记录

环境:

  idea 2019.1.2

  jdk1.8

 Maven 3.5.4

搭建SSM:

1、建一个Maven web app项目

二、搭建打项目的结构

设置一下资源目录

三、配置文件内容

pom.xml文件:内容如下

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

  <groupId>com.liu</groupId>
  <artifactId>study_ssm</artifactId>
  <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
  <packaging>war</packaging>
  <name>study_ssm Maven Webapp</name>
  <!-- FIXME change it to the project's website -->
  <url>http://www.example.com</url>

  <properties>
    <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
    <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
    <maven.compiler.source>1.7</maven.compiler.source>
    <maven.compiler.target>1.7</maven.compiler.target>
    <!-- spring版本号 -->
    <spring.version>4.2.5.RELEASE</spring.version>

    <!-- mybatis版本号 -->
    <mybatis.version>3.2.8</mybatis.version>

    <!-- mysql驱动版本号 -->
    <mysql-driver.version>5.1.29</mysql-driver.version>

    <!-- log4j日志包版本号 -->
    <slf4j.version>1.7.18</slf4j.version>
    <log4j.version>1.2.17</log4j.version>
  </properties>



  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>4.11</version>
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 添加jstl依赖 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>jstl</groupId>
      <artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
      <version>1.2</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>javax</groupId>
      <artifactId>javaee-api</artifactId>
      <version>7.0</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 添加junit4依赖 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>junit</groupId>
      <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
      <version>4.11</version>
      <!-- 指定范围,在测试时才会加载 -->
      <scope>test</scope>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 添加spring核心依赖 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-core</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-oxm</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-jdbc</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-context</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-aop</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
      <artifactId>spring-test</artifactId>
      <version>${spring.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 添加mybatis依赖 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
      <artifactId>mybatis</artifactId>
      <version>${mybatis.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 添加mybatis/spring整合包依赖 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.mybatis</groupId>
      <artifactId>mybatis-spring</artifactId>
      <version>1.2.2</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 添加mysql驱动依赖 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>mysql</groupId>
      <artifactId>mysql-connector-java</artifactId>
      <version>${mysql-driver.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- 添加数据库连接池依赖 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-dbcp</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-dbcp</artifactId>
      <version>1.2.2</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 添加fastjson -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.alibaba</groupId>
      <artifactId>fastjson</artifactId>
      <version>1.1.41</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- 添加日志相关jar包 -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>log4j</groupId>
      <artifactId>log4j</artifactId>
      <version>${log4j.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
      <artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
      <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
      <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
      <version>${slf4j.version}</version>
    </dependency>

    <!-- log end -->
    <!-- 映入JSON -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>org.codehaus.jackson</groupId>
      <artifactId>jackson-mapper-asl</artifactId>
      <version>1.9.13</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.core/jackson-core -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
      <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId>
      <version>2.8.0</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/com.fasterxml.jackson.core/jackson-databind -->
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
      <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
      <version>2.8.0</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-fileupload</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-fileupload</artifactId>
      <version>1.3.1</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-io</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-io</artifactId>
      <version>2.4</version>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-codec</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-codec</artifactId>
      <version>1.9</version>
    </dependency>

  </dependencies>

  <build>
    <finalName>study_ssm</finalName>
  </build>
</project>
然后点击maven,导入依赖

jdbc.properties

jdbc.driver=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
jdbc.url=jdbc:mysql://192.168.32.129:3306/shop?useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=gbk
jdbc.username=root
jdbc.password=root

#定义初始连接数
initialSize=0
#定义最大连接数
maxActive=20
#定义最大空闲
maxIdle=20
#定义最小空闲
minIdle=1
#定义最长等待时间
maxWait=60000

spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-4.0.xsd">

    <!-- 自动扫描  @Controller-->
    <context:component-scan base-package="ssm.controller"/>

    <!-- 开启SpringMVC注解模式 -->
    <mvc:annotation-driven/>

    <!-- 静态资源默认servlet配置 -->
    <mvc:default-servlet-handler/>

    <!-- 配置jsp 显示ViewResolver -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView"/>
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/views/"/>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"/>
    </bean>


    <!-- 文件上传配置 -->
    <bean id="multipartResolver" class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
        <!-- 默认编码 -->
        <property name="defaultEncoding" value="UTF-8"/>
        <!-- 上传文件大小限制为31M,31*1024*1024 -->
        <property name="maxUploadSize" value="32505856"/>
        <!-- 内存中的最大值 -->
        <property name="maxInMemorySize" value="4096"/>
    </bean>
</beans>

spring-mybatis.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.1.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.1.xsd
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
                        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd">

    <!-- 扫描service包下所有使用注解的类型 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="ssm.service"/>

    <!-- 配置数据库相关参数properties的属性:${url} -->
    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:jdbc.properties"/>



    <!-- 配置数据源 -->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="org.apache.commons.dbcp.BasicDataSource"
          destroy-method="close">
        <property name="driverClassName" value="${jdbc.driver}"/>
        <property name="url" value="${jdbc.url}"/>
        <property name="username" value="${jdbc.username}"/>
        <property name="password" value="${jdbc.password}"/>
        <!-- 初始化连接大小 -->
        <property name="initialSize" value="${initialSize}"></property>
        <!-- 连接池最大数量 -->
        <property name="maxActive" value="${maxActive}"></property>
        <!-- 连接池最大空闲 -->
        <property name="maxIdle" value="${maxIdle}"></property>
        <!-- 连接池最小空闲 -->
        <property name="minIdle" value="${minIdle}"></property>
        <!-- 获取连接最大等待时间 -->
        <property name="maxWait" value="${maxWait}"></property>
    </bean>

    <!-- mybatis和spring完美整合,不需要mybatis的配置映射文件 -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
        <!-- 扫描model包 使用别名 -->
        <property name="typeAliasesPackage" value="ssm.model"/>
        <!-- 扫描sql配置文件:mapper需要的xml文件 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml"/>
        <!-- 自动扫描mapping.xml文件 -->
<!--        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:mapper/*.xml"></property>-->
    </bean>

    <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"></property>
        <property name="basePackage" value="ssm.dao"/>
    </bean>



    <!-- (事务管理)transaction manager, use JtaTransactionManager for global tx -->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- (事务管理)transaction manager, use JtaTransactionManager for global tx -->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>
</beans>

logback.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration debug="true">
    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} - %msg%n</pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>
    <root level="debug">
        <appender-ref ref="STDOUT"/>
    </root>
</configuration>

log4j.properties

log4j.rootLogger=INFO,Console,File

#控制台日志
log4j.appender.Console=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.Console.Target=System.out
log4j.appender.Console.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.Console.layout.ConversionPattern=[%p][%t][%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH\:mm\:ss}][%C] - %m%n

#普通文件日志
log4j.appender.File=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.File.File=logs/ssm.log
log4j.appender.File.MaxFileSize=10MB
#输出日志,如果换成DEBUG表示输出DEBUG以上级别日志
log4j.appender.File.Threshold=ALL
log4j.appender.File.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.File.layout.ConversionPattern=[%p][%t][%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH\:mm\:ss}][%C] - %m%n

web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee
        http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_0.xsd"
         version="3.0">

    <display-name>web-ssm</display-name>

    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:spring-mybatis.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <context-param>
        <param-name>log4jConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:log4j.properties</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <!-- 编码过滤器 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>

    <!-- spring监听器 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>

    <!-- 防止spring内存溢出监听器,比如quartz -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.IntrospectorCleanupListener</listener-class>
    </listener>


    <!-- spring mvc servlet-->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
        <async-supported>true</async-supported>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <!-- 此处也可以配置成 *.do 形式 -->
        <url-pattern>/</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>

    <welcome-file-list>
        <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file>
    </welcome-file-list>

    <!-- session配置 -->
    <session-config>
        <session-timeout>15</session-timeout>
    </session-config>

</web-app>

index.html

 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>test</title>
</head>
<script>
    function selectUser() {
        var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
        xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function () {
            if (xmlhttp.readyState == 4 && xmlhttp.status == 200) {
                document.getElementById("test").innerHTML = xmlhttp.responseText;
            }
        }
        xmlhttp.open("POST", "user/showUser.do", true);
        xmlhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
        xmlhttp.send("id=1");
    }
</script>
<body>
<p id="test">Hello World!</p>
<button type="button" onclick="selectUser()">onclick test</button>
</body>
</html>

下面是 model、dao层、service层、controller层、mapper的代码

User.class

package ssm.model;

public class User {
    private Integer id;
    private String name;
    private Integer age;

    public Integer getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(Integer id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public Integer getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(Integer age) {
        this.age = age;
    }
}

UserMapper接口

 

package ssm.dao;

import ssm.model.User;

public interface UserMapper {
    User selectUser(Integer id);
}
UserService
package ssm.service;

import ssm.model.User;

public interface UserService {
    public User selectUser(Integer id);
}
UserServiceImpl

 

package ssm.service.impl;

import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;
import ssm.dao.UserMapper;
import ssm.model.User;
import ssm.service.UserService;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

@Service("userService")
public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

    @Resource
    private UserMapper userMapper;

    @Override
    public User selectUser(Integer id) {
        return this.userMapper.selectUser(id);
    }
}
UserController
package ssm.controller;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import ssm.model.User;
import ssm.service.UserService;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import java.io.IOException;

@Controller
@RequestMapping("/user")
public class UserController {
    @Autowired
    private UserService userService;

    @RequestMapping("/showUser.do")
    public void selectUser(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)throws IOException {
        request.setCharacterEncoding("GBK");
        response.setCharacterEncoding("GBK");
        Integer userId = Integer.parseInt(request.getParameter("id"));
        User user = this.userService.selectUser(userId);
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        response.getWriter().write(mapper.writeValueAsString(user));
        response.getWriter().close();
    }

}
UserMapper.xml

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE mapper PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Mapper 3.0//EN" "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-mapper.dtd">

<!-- 设置为UserDao接口方法提供sql语句配置 -->
<mapper namespace="ssm.dao.UserMapper">
    <select id="selectUser" resultType="User" parameterType="INT">
        SELECT * FROM user WHERE id = #{id}
    </select>

</mapper>

代码到此为止就写完了,下一步就是将项目发布到tomcat上

附上创表sql

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `user`;
CREATE TABLE `user` (
  `id` int(36) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(20) DEFAULT NULL,
  `age` int(32) DEFAULT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=15 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

INSERT INTO `user` VALUES ('1', '张三', '22');

三、发布项目到tomcat上

将项目进行打包

点击+  添加tomcat server 然后选择local 并配置Application server 

(idea只有专业版有tomcat server 社区版并没有

专业版链接 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_37554565/article/details/90314302

配置Deployment

点击运行

启动成功后浏览器会弹出test页面

四、测试一下数据库

 

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