通过HTTP服务访问FTP服务器文件(配置nginx+ftp服务器)

1.前提

    已安装配置好nginx+ftp服务

    参考:

    nginx服务安装:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_37725650/article/details/80726496

    FTP服务安装:https://blog.csdn.net/qq_37725650/article/details/80590061

2.配置Nginx 服务器

    2.1进入nginx 配置文件目录:

[root@localhost vsftpd]# cd /usr/local/nginx/conf/
[root@localhost conf]# ls
fastcgi.conf fastcgi_params.default mime.types nginx.conf.default uwsgi_params
fastcgi.conf.default koi-utf mime.types.default scgi_params uwsgi_params.default
fastcgi_params koi-win nginx.conf scgi_params.default win-utf

    2.2 修改配置文件:有两种方式

        ①方式一:在配置文件server{}中location /{} 修改配置        

1  #默认请求  
2 location / {  
3    root  /home/ftpuser/www;#定义服务器的默认网站根目录位置  
4    index index.html index.php index.htm;#定义首页索引文件的名称  
5 }

        ②方式二:在http{}内配置新服务

server {  
        listen       8080;  
        server_name  localhost;  
  
        #charset utf-8;  
  
        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;  
  
        #默认请求  
        location / {  
            root  /home/ftpuser/www;#定义服务器的默认网站根目录位置  
            index index.html index.php index.htm;#定义首页索引文件的名称  
           }  
        }

    部署验证:

    

    解决方案:

    1.查看配置文件中路径是否配置成功:

 location / {
            root   /home/ftpuser/www;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }

[root@localhost conf]# cd /home/ftpuser/www/
[root@localhost www]# pwd
/home/ftpuser/www

     两个路径完全匹配,说明路径没有问题。

2.查看路径中是否存在文件:

[root@localhost www]# ls
index.html

存在文件,可以排除是文件问题。

3.排查权限问题:

[root@localhost conf]# cat nginx.conf

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;

#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;


events {
    worker_connections  1024;
}


http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
    #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
    #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    #gzip  on;

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

        location / {
            root   /home/ftpuser/www;
            index  index.html index.htm;
        }

        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ \.php$ {
        #    root           html;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
        # concurs with nginx's one
        #
        #location ~ /\.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443 ssl;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

}

发现用户权限没有开启。我们添加需要的用户。

[root@localhost conf]# vim nginx.conf

#user nobody;
user root;

重新加载 nginx 配置:

[root@localhost conf]# cd ../sbin/
[root@localhost sbin]# ./nginx -s reload

再次部署验证

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