Service的简单介绍

protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        stop = (Button) findViewById(R.id.stop);
        start = (Button) findViewById(R.id.start);

        start.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(MainActivity.this , MyService.class);
                startService(intent); //启动服务
            }
        });

        stop.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent stopIntent = new Intent(MainActivity.this , MyService.class);
                stopService(stopIntent); //停止服务
            }
        });


    }
public class MyService extends Service {//需要在manifest文件中注册
    //自身调用stopself()也可以停止服务运行

    public MyService() {
    }

    @Override
    public void onCreate() { //第一次服务创建时调用,已经创建了就直接onstartcommand()
        super.onCreate();
        Log.i("mydate" , "oncreate");
    }

    @Override
    public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) { //服务启动时调用
        Log.i("mydate" , "onstartcommand");
        return super.onStartCommand(intent, flags, startId);
    }

    @Override
    public void onDestroy() { //服务销毁时调用
        Log.i("mydate" , "ondestroy");
        super.onDestroy();
    }

    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        /*// TODO: Return the communication channel to the service.
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not yet implemented");*/

        return (new MyBinder()); //具体干嘛,做什么 ,如果没有指定干嘛的话就为空
    }

    class MyBinder extends Binder { //活动指挥服务干嘛,做什么什么,需要这个东西决定具体做什么
        public void startDownload(){
            Log.i("mydate" , "开始下载");
        }
        //...
    }


}
<service
            android:name=".MyService"
            android:enabled="true"
            android:exported="true"></service>

使用onBind()方法

@Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
        /*// TODO: Return the communication channel to the service.
        throw new UnsupportedOperationException("Not yet implemented");*/

        return (new MyBinder()); //具体干嘛,做什么 ,如果没有指定干嘛的话就为空
    }
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private Button stop;
    private Button start;
    private MyService.MyBinder myBinder; //指挥服务具体干嘛的

    private ServiceConnection connection = new ServiceConnection() { //对开启服务进行包装,使其具体干吗,做什么,什么
        @Override
        public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName name, IBinder service) {
            myBinder = (MyService.MyBinder) service;
            myBinder.startDownload(); //具体调用这个方法
            //...

        }

        @Override
        public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName name) {

        }
    };

    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        stop = (Button) findViewById(R.id.stop);
        start = (Button) findViewById(R.id.start);

        start.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(MainActivity.this , MyService.class);
                bindService(intent , connection , BIND_AUTO_CREATE); //绑定服务 指定binder 已经开启了服务,则不在执行这个语句
            }
        });

        stop.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                Intent stopIntent = new Intent(MainActivity.this , MyService.class);
                unbindService(connection); //解绑服务
            }
        });


    }

}



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