高德地图--SDK集成--定位功能 地图定位搜索

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/qq_38355313/article/details/79951300

最近项目需要到高德定图定位,就此记录下简单集成思路

这里写图片描述

下载文件之只放了libs和主要代码文件

https://download.csdn.net/download/qq_38355313/10352613

第一步 登录高德地图开发者平台,创建应用

http://lbs.amap.com/dev/index
这里写图片描述

第二步 生成key(填写 SHA1 、包名信息)

这里写图片描述

调试模式的可以按照下面代码获取SHA1(不用电脑不同环境的调试SHA1都不一样,所以项目换了电脑或者开发环境地图就会显示不出来,修改一下SHA1就好)
/**
* 获取sha1
*
* @param context
* @return
*/
public String getSHA1(Context context) {
try {
PackageInfo info = context.getPackageManager().getPackageInfo(
context.getPackageName(), PackageManager.GET_SIGNATURES);
byte[] cert = info.signatures[0].toByteArray();
MessageDigest md = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA1");
byte[] publicKey = md.digest(cert);
StringBuffer hexString = new StringBuffer();
for (int i = 0; i < publicKey.length; i++) {
String appendString = Integer.toHexString(0xFF & publicKey[i])
.toUpperCase(Locale.US);
if (appendString.length() == 1)
hexString.append("0");
hexString.append(appendString);
hexString.append(":");
}
String result = hexString.toString();
return result.substring(0, result.length() - 1);
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (PackageManager.NameNotFoundException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
return null;
}

第三步 下载并安装定位开发包和事例代码

http://lbs.amap.com/api/android-sdk/download
这里写图片描述
下载的demo如图
这里写图片描述
然后AS->New-Import Module (androidstudio项目中导入module就可以查看demo了)
这里写图片描述

第四步 集成到自己项目

1、 把demo中的jar包和so库复制到自己的项目libs包下添加依赖

以3.3.3版本的地图功能为例,解压后,得到一个 AMap3DMap_3.3.3_20160726.jar 文件和一个 armeabi 文件夹(文件夹中包含:libgdinamapv4sdk752.so、libgdinamapv4sdk752ex.so、libtbt3631.so、libwtbt144.so 四个so文件)
如果so库放在libs 记得在builder 下添加如下代码:
sourceSets {
main {
jniLibs.srcDirs = ['libs']
}
}

2、 配置key和添加权限

在AndroidManifest.xml的application标签中配置Key:
在AndroidManifest.xml中配置权限:

<meta-data
    android:name="com.amap.api.v2.apikey"
    android:value="您的Key"/>
//地图包、搜索包需要的基础权限

<!--允许程序打开网络套接字-->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />  
<!--允许程序设置内置sd卡的写权限-->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />    
<!--允许程序获取网络状态-->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" /> 
<!--允许程序访问WiFi网络信息-->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" /> 
<!--允许程序读写手机状态和身份-->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" />     
<!--允许程序访问CellID或WiFi热点来获取粗略的位置-->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" /> 

3、配置XML布局文件 在布局xml文件中添加地图控件;

<com.amap.api.maps.MapView
    android:id="@+id/map"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">
</com.amap.api.maps.MapView>

4、地图展示

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.basicmap_activity);//设置对应的XML布局文件

    MapView mapView = (MapView) findViewById(R.id.map);
    mapView.onCreate(savedInstanceState);// 此方法必须重写
    AMap aMap = mapView.getMap();

}

到此 如果看到地图能显示图文了,就证明集成成功了

一下是自己测试用的一个定位和地理编码用的activity(测试可行)

package com.nxm.amap_demo_guangqi.activity;

import android.app.ProgressDialog;
import android.content.BroadcastReceiver;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.Intent;
import android.content.IntentFilter;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.TextView;

import com.amap.api.location.AMapLocation;
import com.amap.api.location.AMapLocationClient;
import com.amap.api.location.AMapLocationClientOption;
import com.amap.api.location.AMapLocationListener;
import com.amap.api.location.AMapLocationQualityReport;
import com.amap.api.maps.AMap;
import com.amap.api.maps.CameraUpdate;
import com.amap.api.maps.CameraUpdateFactory;
import com.amap.api.maps.MapView;
import com.amap.api.maps.model.BitmapDescriptorFactory;
import com.amap.api.maps.model.CameraPosition;
import com.amap.api.maps.model.LatLng;
import com.amap.api.maps.model.Marker;
import com.amap.api.maps.model.MarkerOptions;
import com.amap.api.navi.model.NaviLatLng;
import com.amap.api.services.core.AMapException;
import com.amap.api.services.core.LatLonPoint;
import com.amap.api.services.geocoder.GeocodeAddress;
import com.amap.api.services.geocoder.GeocodeQuery;
import com.amap.api.services.geocoder.GeocodeResult;
import com.amap.api.services.geocoder.GeocodeSearch;
import com.amap.api.services.geocoder.RegeocodeResult;
import com.nxm.amap_demo_guangqi.amap.AMapUtil;
import com.nxm.amap_demo_guangqi.R;
import com.nxm.amap_demo_guangqi.iflyutils.Utils;

import static android.content.Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK;

public class LocationActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    private TextView tvResult;
    //定位相关
    private AMapLocationClient locationClient = null;
    private AMapLocationClientOption locationOption = null;
    //地图相关
    private MapView mapView;
    private AMap aMap;
    //地理编码相关
    private GeocodeSearch geocoderSearch;
    private ProgressDialog progDialog = null;
    private Marker geoMarker;
    private String addressName;
    private String address = null;
    public static String LOCALTION_ACTION = "LocationActivity_localtion";
    public static String SEARCH_ACTION = "LocationActivity_search";
    public static String NAVIGATION_ACTION = "LocationActivity_navigation";
    public static String CLOSE_ACTION = "LocationActivity_navigation";
    private MyBraoadCast myBraoadCast;
    protected NaviLatLng mEndLatlng = null;
    protected NaviLatLng mStartLatlng = null;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_location);
        mapView = findViewById(R.id.mapView);
        mapView.onCreate(savedInstanceState);// 此方法必须重写
        initView();
        //初始化
        initLocation();
    }

    /**
     * 初始化定位
     *
     * @author lzx
     * @since 2018年4月11日 15:38:31
     */

    private void initLocation() {
        //初始化client
        locationClient = new AMapLocationClient(this.getApplicationContext());
        locationOption = getDefaultOption();
        //设置定位参数
        locationClient.setLocationOption(locationOption);
        // 设置定位监听
        locationClient.setLocationListener(locationListener);
        geocoderSearch = new GeocodeSearch(this);
        geocoderSearch.setOnGeocodeSearchListener(geocodeSearchListener);
        progDialog = new ProgressDialog(this);
        geoMarker = aMap.addMarker(new MarkerOptions().anchor(0.5f, 0.5f)
                .icon(BitmapDescriptorFactory
                        .defaultMarker(BitmapDescriptorFactory.HUE_BLUE)));
    }

    private void initView() {
        tvResult = f(R.id.tvResult);
        if (aMap == null) {
            aMap = mapView.getMap();
        }
        myBraoadCast = new MyBraoadCast();
        IntentFilter filter = new IntentFilter();
        filter.addAction(LOCALTION_ACTION);
        filter.addAction(SEARCH_ACTION);
        filter.addAction(NAVIGATION_ACTION);
        registerReceiver(myBraoadCast, filter);
    }

    /**
     * 显示进度条对话框
     */
    public void showDialog() {
        progDialog.setProgressStyle(ProgressDialog.STYLE_SPINNER);
        progDialog.setIndeterminate(false);
        progDialog.setCancelable(true);
        progDialog.setMessage("正在获取地址");
        progDialog.show();
    }

    /**
     * 隐藏进度条对话框
     */
    public void dismissDialog() {
        if (progDialog != null) {
            progDialog.dismiss();
        }
    }

    /**
     * 响应地理编码
     */
    public void getLatlon(final String name) {
        showDialog();
        GeocodeQuery query = new GeocodeQuery(name, "深圳市");// 第一个参数表示地址,第二个参数表示查询城市,中文或者中文全拼,citycode、adcode,
        geocoderSearch.getFromLocationNameAsyn(query);// 设置同步地理编码请求
        Log.d("sendBroadcast", "getLatlon: ");
    }

    private <T extends View> T f(int id) {
        return findViewById(id);
    }


    /**
     * 默认的定位参数
     *
     * @author hongming.wang
     * @since 2.8.0
     */
    private AMapLocationClientOption getDefaultOption() {
        AMapLocationClientOption mOption = new AMapLocationClientOption();
        mOption.setLocationMode(AMapLocationClientOption.AMapLocationMode.Hight_Accuracy);//可选,设置定位模式,可选的模式有高精度、仅设备、仅网络。默认为高精度模式
        mOption.setGpsFirst(false);//可选,设置是否gps优先,只在高精度模式下有效。默认关闭
        mOption.setHttpTimeOut(30000);//可选,设置网络请求超时时间。默认为30秒。在仅设备模式下无效
        mOption.setInterval(2000);//可选,设置定位间隔。默认为2秒
        mOption.setNeedAddress(true);//可选,设置是否返回逆地理地址信息。默认是true
        mOption.setOnceLocation(true);//可选,设置是否单次定位。默认是false
        mOption.setOnceLocationLatest(false);//可选,设置是否等待wifi刷新,默认为false.如果设置为true,会自动变为单次定位,持续定位时不要使用
        AMapLocationClientOption.setLocationProtocol(AMapLocationClientOption.AMapLocationProtocol.HTTP);//可选, 设置网络请求的协议。可选HTTP或者HTTPS。默认为HTTP
        mOption.setSensorEnable(false);//可选,设置是否使用传感器。默认是false
        mOption.setWifiScan(true); //可选,设置是否开启wifi扫描。默认为true,如果设置为false会同时停止主动刷新,停止以后完全依赖于系统刷新,定位位置可能存在误差
        mOption.setLocationCacheEnable(true); //可选,设置是否使用缓存定位,默认为true
        return mOption;
    }

    /**
     * 地址编译监听
     */
    GeocodeSearch.OnGeocodeSearchListener geocodeSearchListener = new GeocodeSearch.OnGeocodeSearchListener() {
        @Override
        public void onRegeocodeSearched(RegeocodeResult regeocodeResult, int i) {

        }

        @Override
        public void onGeocodeSearched(GeocodeResult result, int rCode) {
            dismissDialog();
            if (rCode == AMapException.CODE_AMAP_SUCCESS) {
                if (result != null && result.getGeocodeAddressList() != null
                        && result.getGeocodeAddressList().size() > 0) {
                    GeocodeAddress address = result.getGeocodeAddressList().get(0);

                    if (address != null) {
                        aMap.animateCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLngZoom(
                                AMapUtil.convertToLatLng(address.getLatLonPoint()), 15));
                        geoMarker.setPosition(AMapUtil.convertToLatLng(address
                                .getLatLonPoint()));
                        addressName = "经纬度值:" + address.getLatLonPoint() + "\n位置描述:"
                                + address.getFormatAddress();
                        tvResult.setText(addressName);
                        LatLonPoint LatLonPoint = address.getLatLonPoint();
                        mEndLatlng = new NaviLatLng(LatLonPoint.getLatitude(), LatLonPoint.getLongitude());
                    }
                } else {
                    tvResult.setText("无结果");
                }
            } else {

                tvResult.setText(rCode);
            }
        }
    };
    /**
     * 定位监听
     */
    AMapLocationListener locationListener = new AMapLocationListener() {
        @Override
        public void onLocationChanged(AMapLocation location) {
            if (null != location) {

                StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
                //errCode等于0代表定位成功,其他的为定位失败,具体的可以参照官网定位错误码说明
                if (location.getErrorCode() == 0) {
                    sb.append("定位成功" + "\n");
                    sb.append("定位类型: " + location.getLocationType() + "\n");
                    sb.append("经    度    : " + location.getLongitude() + "\n");
                    sb.append("纬    度    : " + location.getLatitude() + "\n");
                    mStartLatlng = new NaviLatLng(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude());
                    sb.append("精    度    : " + location.getAccuracy() + "米" + "\n");
                    sb.append("提供者    : " + location.getProvider() + "\n");

                    sb.append("速    度    : " + location.getSpeed() + "米/秒" + "\n");
                    sb.append("角    度    : " + location.getBearing() + "\n");
                    // 获取当前提供定位服务的卫星个数
                    sb.append("星    数    : " + location.getSatellites() + "\n");
                    sb.append("国    家    : " + location.getCountry() + "\n");
                    sb.append("省            : " + location.getProvince() + "\n");
                    sb.append("市            : " + location.getCity() + "\n");
                    sb.append("城市编码 : " + location.getCityCode() + "\n");
                    sb.append("区            : " + location.getDistrict() + "\n");
                    sb.append("区域 码   : " + location.getAdCode() + "\n");
                    sb.append("地    址    : " + location.getAddress() + "\n");
                    sb.append("兴趣点    : " + location.getPoiName() + "\n");
                    //定位完成的时间
                    sb.append("定位时间: " + Utils.formatUTC(location.getTime(), "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss") + "\n");
                    //启动地图定位
                    moveToPosition(new LatLng(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude()));
                } else {
                    //定位失败
                    sb.append("定位失败" + "\n");
                    sb.append("错误码:" + location.getErrorCode() + "\n");
                    sb.append("错误信息:" + location.getErrorInfo() + "\n");
                    sb.append("错误描述:" + location.getLocationDetail() + "\n");
                }
                sb.append("***定位质量报告***").append("\n");
                sb.append("* WIFI开关:").append(location.getLocationQualityReport().isWifiAble() ? "开启" : "关闭").append("\n");
                sb.append("* GPS状态:").append(getGPSStatusString(location.getLocationQualityReport().getGPSStatus())).append("\n");
                sb.append("* GPS星数:").append(location.getLocationQualityReport().getGPSSatellites()).append("\n");
                sb.append("****************").append("\n");
                //定位之后的回调时间
                sb.append("回调时间: " + Utils.formatUTC(System.currentTimeMillis(), "yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss") + "\n");

                //解析定位结果,
                String result = sb.toString();
                tvResult.setText(result);
            } else {
                tvResult.setText("定位失败,loc is null");
            }
        }
    };

    /**
     * 移动到点
     *
     * @param latLng
     */
    private void moveToPosition(LatLng latLng) {
        changeCamera(
                //v 比例 v1:
                CameraUpdateFactory.newCameraPosition(new CameraPosition(
                        latLng, 14, 0, 0)));
        aMap.clear();
        aMap.addMarker(new MarkerOptions().position(latLng)
                .icon(BitmapDescriptorFactory
                        .defaultMarker(BitmapDescriptorFactory.HUE_RED)));
    }

    /**
     * 根据动画按钮状态,调用函数animateCamera或moveCamera来改变可视区域
     */
    private void changeCamera(CameraUpdate update) {

        aMap.moveCamera(update);

    }

    /**
     * 获取GPS状态的字符串
     *
     * @param statusCode GPS状态码
     * @return
     */
    private String getGPSStatusString(int statusCode) {
        String str = "";
        switch (statusCode) {
            case AMapLocationQualityReport.GPS_STATUS_OK:
                str = "GPS状态正常";
                break;
            case AMapLocationQualityReport.GPS_STATUS_NOGPSPROVIDER:
                str = "手机中没有GPS Provider,无法进行GPS定位";
                break;
            case AMapLocationQualityReport.GPS_STATUS_OFF:
                str = "GPS关闭,建议开启GPS,提高定位质量";
                break;
            case AMapLocationQualityReport.GPS_STATUS_MODE_SAVING:
                str = "选择的定位模式中不包含GPS定位,建议选择包含GPS定位的模式,提高定位质量";
                break;
            case AMapLocationQualityReport.GPS_STATUS_NOGPSPERMISSION:
                str = "没有GPS定位权限,建议开启gps定位权限";
                break;
        }
        return str;
    }

    /**
     * 方法必须重写
     */
    @Override
    protected void onResume() {
        super.onResume();
        mapView.onResume();
        // 启动定位
        locationClient.startLocation();
    }

    /**
     * 方法必须重写
     */
    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        mapView.onPause();
    }

    /**
     * 方法必须重写
     */
    @Override
    protected void onSaveInstanceState(Bundle outState) {
        super.onSaveInstanceState(outState);
        mapView.onSaveInstanceState(outState);
    }

    /**
     * 方法必须重写
     */
    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        mapView.onDestroy();
        //注销广播
        unregisterReceiver(myBraoadCast);
    }

    public static void startLocationActivity(Context context) {
        Intent intent = new Intent(context, LocationActivity.class);
        intent.setFlags(FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
        context.startActivity(intent);
    }

    private class MyBraoadCast extends BroadcastReceiver {
        @Override
        public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
            Log.d("IflyService", "action:" + intent.getAction());
            Log.d("sendBroadcast", "onReceive:");
            if (LOCALTION_ACTION.equals(intent.getAction())) {
                //退出定位功能
                finish();
            } else if (SEARCH_ACTION.equals(intent.getAction())) {
                //根据地址搜到目标
                String address = intent.getStringExtra("address");
                if (null != address) {
                    if (!address.trim().isEmpty() || address.trim().length() > 2)
                        getLatlon(address);
                }
            } else if (NAVIGATION_ACTION.equals(intent.getAction())) {
                Log.d("sendBroadcast", "startActivity");
                //启动导航功能
                if (mEndLatlng != null && mStartLatlng != null) {
                    Intent intent1 = new Intent(LocationActivity.this, IflyVoiceNaviActivity.class);
                    intent1.putExtra("mEndLatlng", mEndLatlng);
                    intent1.putExtra("mStartLatlng", mStartLatlng);
                    Log.d("sendBroadcast", "startActivity");
                    startActivity(intent1);
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="com.nxm.amap_demo_guangqi.activity.LocationActivity">

    <com.amap.api.maps.MapView
        android:id="@+id/mapView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"></com.amap.api.maps.MapView>

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/tvResult"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:textColor="@color/colorAccent" />
</RelativeLayout>
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