【JSON解析】浅谈JSONObject的使用

简介

在程序开发过程中,在参数传递,函数返回值等方面,越来越多的使用JSON。JSON(JavaScript Object Notation)是一种轻量级的数据交换格式,同时也易于机器解析和生成、易于理解、阅读和撰写,而且Json采用完全独立于语言的文本格式,这使得Json成为理想的数据交换语言。 
JSON建构于两种结构:

“名称/值”对的集合(A Collection of name/value pairs),在不同的语言中,它被理解为对象(Object), 记录(record), 结构(struct), 字典(dictionary), 有趣列表(keyed list), 哈希表(hash table)或者关联数组(associative array)。

JSONObject依赖:

最后一行需要保留,有两个jdk版本的实现:json-lib-2.1-jdk13.jar和json-lib-2.1-jdk15.jar

<dependency>
      <groupId>net.sf.json-lib</groupId>
      <artifactId>json-lib</artifactId>
      <version>2.4</version>
      <classifier>jdk15</classifier>
</dependency>

使用net.sf.json需要导入的jar包

jar包下载:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1iZiXw55TPwIxYFQQCaR9Gw

JSONObject

创建JSONObject,添加属性

//创建JSONObject
JSONObject json = new JSONObject();
//添加属性
json.put("username", "张三");
json.put("password", "123");
//打印
System.out.println(json);

//增加属性
json.element("sex", "男");
json.put("age", 18);
System.out.println(json);

根据key返回输出

System.out.println(json.get("sex"));

判断输出对象的类型

boolean isArray = json.isArray();
boolean isEmpty = json.isEmpty();
boolean isNullObject = json.isNullObject();
System.out.println("是否数组:"+isArray+", 是否空:"+isEmpty+", 是否空为空对象:"+isNullObject);

把JSONArray添加到JSONObject中

/把JSONArray添加到JSONObject中
JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();
jsonArray.add(0, "张三");
jsonArray.add(1, "123");
//开始添加
json.element("student", jsonArray);
System.out.println(json);

全部代码:

import net.sf.json.JSONArray;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

public class Json {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//创建JSONObject
		JSONObject json = new JSONObject();
		//添加属性
		json.put("username", "张三");
		json.put("password", "123");
		//打印
		System.out.println(json);
		
		//增加属性
		json.element("sex", "男");
		json.put("age", 18);
		System.out.println(json);
		
		//根据key返回
		System.out.println(json.get("sex"));
		
		//判断输出对象的类型
		boolean isArray = json.isArray();
		boolean isEmpty = json.isEmpty();
		boolean isNullObject = json.isNullObject();
		System.out.println("是否数组:"+isArray+", 是否空:"+isEmpty+", 是否空为空对象:"+isNullObject);
		
		System.out.println("=====");
		
		//把JSONArray添加到JSONObject中
		JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();
		jsonArray.add(0, "张三");
		jsonArray.add(1, "123");
		//开始添加
		json.element("student", jsonArray);
		System.out.println(json);
	}
}

运行结果:

JSONArray

创建JSONArray,添加属性值

//创建JSONArray
JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();
//添加
jsonArray.add(0, "张三");
jsonArray.add(1, "123");
jsonArray.element("男");
System.

根据下标返回输出

System.out.println(jsonArray.get(0));

根据下标设置新值,修改

jsonArray.set(0, "李四");
System.out.println(jsonArray);

把JSONObject放入到JSONArray中

//把JSONObject放入到JSONArray中
JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject();
jsonObject.put("username", "张三");
jsonObject.put("password", "123");
jsonArray.add(jsonObject);
System.

全部代码:

import net.sf.json.JSONArray;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

public class Json {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//创建JSONArray
		JSONArray jsonArray = new JSONArray();
		//添加
		jsonArray.add(0, "张三");
		jsonArray.add(1, "123");
		jsonArray.element("男");
		System.out.println(jsonArray);
		
		//根据下标返回输出
		System.out.println(jsonArray.get(0));
		
		//根据下标设置新值,修改
		jsonArray.set(0, "李四");
		System.out.println(jsonArray);
		
		//把JSONObject放入到JSONArray中
		JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject();
		jsonObject.put("username", "张三");
		jsonObject.put("password", "123");
		jsonArray.add(jsonObject);
		System.out.println(jsonArray);
		
		//循环输出
		for(int i = 0; i < jsonArray.size(); i++) {
			System.out.println(jsonArray.get(i));
		}
	}
}

运行结果

JavaBean与json字符串互转

student类:

public class Student {
	private String username;
	private String password;
	public String getUsername() {
		return username;
	}
	public void setUsername(String username) {
		this.username = username;
	}
	public String getPassword() {
		return password;
	}
	public void setPassword(String password) {
		this.password = password;
	}
	public Student(String username, String password) {
		super();
		this.username = username;
		this.password = password;
	}
	public Student() {
		super();
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}
	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Student [username=" + username + ", password=" + password + "]";
	}
}

定义对象,JavaBean对象转json字符串

//定义对象
Student stu = new Student("张三", "123456");
//JavaBean对象转json字符串
JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(stu);
System.out.println(jsonObject);

json字符串转为javaBean

//json字符串转为javaBean
//定义json字符串
String jsondata = "{\"username\":\"李四\", \"password\":\"123\"}";
//转为json对象
JSONObject json = JSONObject.fromObject(jsondata);
//转为JavaBean对象
Student stu2 = (Student)JSONObject.toBean(json, Student.class);
System.out.println(stu2.toString());

全部代码:

import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

public class Json {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//定义对象
		Student stu = new Student("张三", "123456");
		//JavaBean对象转json字符串
		JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(stu);
		System.out.println(jsonObject);
		
		//json字符串转为javaBean
		//定义json字符串
		String jsondata = "{\"username\":\"李四\", \"password\":\"123\"}";
		//转为json对象
		JSONObject json = JSONObject.fromObject(jsondata);
		//转为JavaBean对象
		Student stu2 = (Student)JSONObject.toBean(json, Student.class);
		System.out.println(stu2.toString());
	}
}

输出结果:

List与json字符串互转

先定义list集合,list转json字符串

//定义list集合
List list = new ArrayList();
list.add(new Student("张三", "123"));
list.add(new Student("李四", "456"));
//list转json字符串
JSONArray jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(list);
System.out.println(jsonArray);

json字符串转list

//json字符串转list
List list2 = new ArrayList();
String jsondata = "[{\"password\":\"123\",\"username\":\"张三\"},{\"password\":\"456\",\"username\":\"李四\"}]";
JSONArray jsonArray1 = JSONArray.fromObject(jsondata);
for(int i = 0; i < jsonArray1.size(); i++) {
	JSONObject jsonObject2 = jsonArray1.getJSONObject(i);
	Student stu2 = (Student)JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject2, Student.class);
	list2.add(stu2);
}
System.out.println(list2);

全部代码

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import net.sf.json.JSONArray;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

public class Json {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//定义list集合
		List list = new ArrayList();
		list.add(new Student("张三", "123"));
		list.add(new Student("李四", "456"));
		//list转json字符串
		JSONArray jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(list);
		System.out.println(jsonArray);
		
		//json字符串转list
		List list2 = new ArrayList();
		String jsondata = "[{\"password\":\"123\",\"username\":\"张三\"},{\"password\":\"456\",\"username\":\"李四\"}]";
		JSONArray jsonArray1 = JSONArray.fromObject(jsondata);
		for(int i = 0; i < jsonArray1.size(); i++) {
			JSONObject jsonObject2 = jsonArray1.getJSONObject(i);
			Student stu2 = (Student)JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject2, Student.class);
			list2.add(stu2);
		}
		System.out.println(list2);
	}
}

运行结果

Map与json字符串互转

定义map集合,Map转json字符串

//定义map集合
Map map = new HashMap();
map.put("1", new Student("张三", "123"));
map.put("2", new Student("李四", "456"));
//Map转json字符串
JSONObject jsonMap = JSONObject.fromObject(map);
System.out.println(jsonMap);

定义字符串map集合,map集合字符串转为map

//定义字符串map集合
String jsondata = "{\"1\":{\"password\":\"123\",\"username\":\"张三\"},\"2\":{\"password\":\"456\",\"username\":\"李四\"}}";
//map集合字符串转为map
Map map2 = (Map)JSONObject.fromObject(jsondata);
Set set = map2.keySet();
//定义迭代器,迭代输出
Iterator ite = set.iterator();
while(ite.hasNext()) {
	//取出一个字符串对象
	String key = (String)ite.next();
	//转为json格式
	JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(map2.get(key));
	//转为对象
	Student stu = (Student)JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject, Student.class);
	System.out.println(key+"   "+stu);
}

全部代码

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;

import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

public class Json {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//定义map集合
		Map map = new HashMap();
		map.put("1", new Student("张三", "123"));
		map.put("2", new Student("李四", "456"));
		//Map转json字符串
		JSONObject jsonMap = JSONObject.fromObject(map);
		System.out.println(jsonMap);
		
		//定义字符串map集合
		String jsondata = "{\"1\":{\"password\":\"123\",\"username\":\"张三\"},\"2\":{\"password\":\"456\",\"username\":\"李四\"}}";
		//map集合字符串转为map
		Map map2 = (Map)JSONObject.fromObject(jsondata);
		Set set = map2.keySet();
		//定义迭代器,迭代输出
		Iterator ite = set.iterator();
		while(ite.hasNext()) {
			//取出一个字符串对象
			String key = (String)ite.next();
			//转为json格式
			JSONObject jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(map2.get(key));
			//转为对象
			Student stu = (Student)JSONObject.toBean(jsonObject, Student.class);
			System.out.println(key+"   "+stu);
		}
	}
}

运行结果

JSONArray与List互转

定义list集合,List转型JSONArray

//定义list集合
List<Student> list = new ArrayList<Student>();
list.add(new Student("张三", "123"));
list.add(new Student("李四", "456"));
//List转型JSONArray
JSONArray jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(list);
System.out.println(jsonArray.toString());

JSONArray转型List,JSONArray是用的上面的那个jsonArray变量

//JSONArray转型List
List<Student> list2 = JSONArray.toList(jsonArray, new Student(), new JsonConfig());
Iterator<Student> ite =  list2.iterator();
while(ite.hasNext()) {
	Student stu = ite.next();
	System.out.println(stu);
}

全部代码

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

import net.sf.json.JSONArray;
import net.sf.json.JsonConfig;

public class Json {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//定义list集合
		List<Student> list = new ArrayList<Student>();
		list.add(new Student("张三", "123"));
		list.add(new Student("李四", "456"));
		//List转型JSONArray
		JSONArray jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(list);
		System.out.println(jsonArray.toString());
		
		//JSONArray转型List
		List<Student> list2 = JSONArray.toList(jsonArray, new Student(), new JsonConfig());
		Iterator<Student> ite =  list2.iterator();
		while(ite.hasNext()) {
			Student stu = ite.next();
			System.out.println(stu);
		}
	}
}

运行结果

JSONArray与数组互转

定义数组,数组转JSONArray

//定义数组
boolean[] boolArray = {true, false, true};
//java数组转JSONArray
JSONArray jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(boolArray);
System.out.println(jsonArray.toString());

JSONArray转java数组

//JSONArray转java数组
Object obj[] = jsonArray.toArray();
for(Object o : obj) {
	System.out.print(o+"\t");
}

全部代码

import net.sf.json.JSONArray;

public class Json {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//定义数组
		boolean[] boolArray = {true, false, true};
		//java数组转JSONArray
		JSONArray jsonArray = JSONArray.fromObject(boolArray);
		System.out.println(jsonArray.toString());
		
		//JSONArray转java数组
		Object obj[] = jsonArray.toArray();
		for(Object o : obj) {
			System.out.print(o+"\t");
		}
	}
}

运行结果

推荐链接:Alibaba Fastjson——超好用的JOSN解析库

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