flink入门程序

本文列出了java版的flink基础程序和使用方法,读者可以通过本文开始flink的基础学习,后续会持续更新flink的相关知识

  • 资源
    flink-1.4.2-bin-hadoop26-scala_2.11.tgz 解压到linux主机,
    执行:sh /root/flink-1.4.2/bin/start-local.sh 启动flink
    访问web:http://ip:8081即可看到flink的状态
    这里写图片描述

  • java程序

import org.apache.flink.api.common.functions.FlatMapFunction;
import org.apache.flink.api.common.functions.ReduceFunction;
import org.apache.flink.api.java.utils.ParameterTool;
import org.apache.flink.streaming.api.datastream.DataStream;
import org.apache.flink.streaming.api.datastream.DataStreamSource;
import org.apache.flink.streaming.api.environment.StreamExecutionEnvironment;
import org.apache.flink.streaming.api.windowing.time.Time;
import org.apache.flink.util.Collector;


public class StreamingWindowWordCountJava {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //定义socket的端口号
        int port;
        try{
            ParameterTool parameterTool = ParameterTool.fromArgs(args);
            port = parameterTool.getInt("port");
        }catch (Exception e){
            System.err.println("没有指定port参数,使用默认值9000");
            port = 9000;
        }

        //获取运行环境
        StreamExecutionEnvironment env = StreamExecutionEnvironment.getExecutionEnvironment();

        //连接socket获取输入的数据
        DataStreamSource<String> text = env.socketTextStream("10.65.123.153", port, "\n");

        //计算数据
        DataStream<WordWithCount> windowCount = text.flatMap(new FlatMapFunction<String, WordWithCount>() {
            public void flatMap(String value, Collector<WordWithCount> out) throws Exception {
                String[] splits = value.split("\\s");
                for (String word:splits) {
                    out.collect(new WordWithCount(word,1L));
                }
            }
        })//打平操作,把每行的单词转为<word,count>类型的数据
                .keyBy("word")//针对相同的word数据进行分组
                .timeWindow(Time.seconds(2),Time.seconds(1))//指定计算数据的窗口大小和滑动窗口大小
                .sum("count");
                /*.reduce(new ReduceFunction<WordWithCount>() {
                    public WordWithCount reduce(WordWithCount a, WordWithCount b) throws Exception {
                        return new WordWithCount(a.word,a.count+b.count);
                    }
                });*/
        //把数据打印到控制台
        windowCount.print()
                .setParallelism(1);//使用一个并行度
        //注意:因为flink是懒加载的,所以必须调用execute方法,上面的代码才会执行
        env.execute("streaming word count");

    }

    /**
     * 主要为了存储单词以及单词出现的次数
     */
    public static class WordWithCount{
        public String word;
        public long count;
        public WordWithCount(){}
        public WordWithCount(String word, long count) {
            this.word = word;
            this.count = count;
        }

        @Override
        public String toString() {
            return "WordWithCount{" +
                    "word='" + word + '\'' +
                    ", count=" + count +
                    '}';
        }
    }


}
  • pom文件
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>flink</groupId>
    <artifactId>flink</artifactId>
    <version>1.0-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.flink</groupId>
            <artifactId>flink-java</artifactId>
            <version>1.4.2</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.flink</groupId>
            <artifactId>flink-streaming-java_2.11</artifactId>
            <version>1.4.2</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.flink</groupId>
            <artifactId>flink-scala_2.11</artifactId>
            <version>1.4.2</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.flink</groupId>
            <artifactId>flink-streaming-scala_2.11</artifactId>
            <version>1.4.2</version>
            <scope>provided</scope>
        </dependency>

    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
                <artifactId>maven-shade-plugin</artifactId>
                <version>3.0.0</version>
                <executions>
                    <execution>
                        <phase>package</phase>
                        <goals>
                            <goal>shade</goal>
                        </goals>
                        <configuration>
                            <artifactSet>
                                <excludes>
                                    <exclude>com.google.code.findbugs:jsr305</exclude>
                                    <exclude>org.slf4j:*</exclude>
                                    <exclude>log4j:*</exclude>
                                </excludes>
                            </artifactSet>
                            <filters>
                                <filter>
                                    <!-- Do not copy the signatures in the META-INF folder.
                                    Otherwise, this might cause SecurityExceptions when using the JAR. -->
                                    <artifact>*:*</artifact>
                                    <excludes>
                                        <exclude>META-INF/*.SF</exclude>
                                        <exclude>META-INF/*.DSA</exclude>
                                        <exclude>META-INF/*.RSA</exclude>
                                    </excludes>
                                </filter>
                            </filters>
                            <transformers>
                                <transformer implementation="org.apache.maven.plugins.shade.resource.ManifestResourceTransformer">
                                    <mainClass>StreamingWindowWordCountJava</mainClass>
                                </transformer>
                            </transformers>
                        </configuration>
                    </execution>
                </executions>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>
  • 打包上传jar包并启动
    这里写图片描述

  • Server端开启socket发送信息
    这里写图片描述

  • 启动job
    这里写图片描述

  • 监控job运行情况
    这里写图片描述

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