JAVA VUE前后端使用aes对用户名密码加密

前端:

加密后的数据格式:

1.安装插件

npm install crypto-js --save-dev

2.创建相关建相关js文件:我是创建在util目录下,文件名为aes.js

aes.js添加代码: 

import CryptoJS from 'crypto-js/crypto-js'

// 默认的 KEY 与 iv
const KEY = CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.parse('qwertyuiopasdf12') // ''中与后台一样  密码
const IV = CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.parse('qwertyuiopasdf12') // ''中与后台一样

/**
 * AES加密 :字符串 key iv  返回base64
 */
export function encrypt(word) {
  const key = KEY
  const iv = IV
  const srcs = CryptoJS.enc.Utf8.parse(word)
  var encrypted = CryptoJS.AES.encrypt(srcs, key, {
    iv: iv,
    mode: CryptoJS.mode.CBC,
    padding: CryptoJS.pad.ZeroPadding
  })
  return CryptoJS.enc.Base64.stringify(encrypted.ciphertext)
}

/**
 * AES 解密 :字符串 key iv  返回base64
 *
 */
export function decrypt(word) {
  const key = KEY
  const iv = IV
  const base64 = CryptoJS.enc.Base64.parse(word)
  const src = CryptoJS.enc.Base64.stringify(base64)
  var decrypt = CryptoJS.AES.decrypt(src, key, {
    iv: iv,
    mode: CryptoJS.mode.CBC,
    padding: CryptoJS.pad.ZeroPadding
  })
  var decryptedStr = decrypt.toString(CryptoJS.enc.Utf8)
  return decryptedStr.toString()
}

 3.在登录页面引入

import { encrypt, decrypt } from '@/utils/aes'

 

const username = encrypt(this.loginForm.username) // 加密
const password = encrypt(this.loginForm.password) // 加密
const password = decrypt(this.loginForm.password) // 解密

后端:

package com.startdima.ppu.common.utils;

/**
 * AES 128bit 加密解密工具类
 */
import org.apache.commons.codec.binary.Base64;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.spec.IvParameterSpec;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;

public class AesEncryptUtil {

    // 使用AES-128-CBC加密模式,key需要为16位,key和iv可以相同!
    private static String KEY = "qwertyuiopasdf12";

    private static String IV = "qwertyuiopasdf12";

    /**
     * 加密方法
     * 
     * @param data 要加密的数据
     * @param key 加密key
     * @param iv 加密iv
     * @return 加密的结果
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String encrypt(String data, String key, String iv) throws Exception
    {
        try
        {
            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/NoPadding");// "算法/模式/补码方式"NoPadding PkcsPadding
            int blockSize = cipher.getBlockSize();

            byte[] dataBytes = data.getBytes();
            int plaintextLength = dataBytes.length;
            if (plaintextLength % blockSize != 0)
            {
                plaintextLength = plaintextLength + (blockSize - (plaintextLength % blockSize));
            }

            byte[] plaintext = new byte[plaintextLength];
            System.arraycopy(dataBytes, 0, plaintext, 0, dataBytes.length);

            SecretKeySpec keyspec = new SecretKeySpec(key.getBytes(), "AES");
            IvParameterSpec ivspec = new IvParameterSpec(iv.getBytes());

            cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, keyspec, ivspec);
            byte[] encrypted = cipher.doFinal(plaintext);

            return new Base64().encodeToString(encrypted);

        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 解密方法
     * 
     * @param data 要解密的数据
     * @param key 解密key
     * @param iv 解密iv
     * @return 解密的结果
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String desEncrypt(String data, String key, String iv) throws Exception
    {
        try
        {
            byte[] encrypted1 = new Base64().decode(data);

            Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance("AES/CBC/NoPadding");
            SecretKeySpec keyspec = new SecretKeySpec(key.getBytes(), "AES");
            IvParameterSpec ivspec = new IvParameterSpec(iv.getBytes());

            cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, keyspec, ivspec);

            byte[] original = cipher.doFinal(encrypted1);
            String originalString = new String(original);
            return originalString;
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return null;
        }
    }

    /**
     * 使用默认的key和iv加密
     * 
     * @param data
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String encrypt(String data) throws Exception
    {
        return encrypt(data, KEY, IV);
    }

    /**
     * 使用默认的key和iv解密
     * 
     * @param data
     * @return
     * @throws Exception
     */
    public static String desEncrypt(String data) throws Exception
    {
        return desEncrypt(data, KEY, IV);
    }

    /**
     * 测试
     */
    public static void main(String args[]) throws Exception
    {

        String test1 = "Dm123456";
        String test = new String(test1.getBytes(), "UTF-8");
        String data = null;
        String key = KEY;
        String iv = IV;
        // /g2wzfqvMOeazgtsUVbq1kmJawROa6mcRAzwG1/GeJ4=
        data = encrypt(test, key, iv);
        System.out.println("数据:" + test);
        System.out.println("加密:" + data);
        String jiemi = desEncrypt(data, key, iv).trim();
        System.out.println("解密:" + jiemi);

    }
}

 请求成功:

 

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