# 软件测试面试题中的sql题目

## 1.学生表(学生id，姓名，性别，分数)student（s_id，name,sex,score） 班级表（班级id，班级名称）class（c_id，c_name） 学生班级表（班级id，学生id）student_class(s_id,c_id) 1.查询一班得分在80分以上的学生 2.查询所有班级的名称，和所有版中女生人数和女生的平均分 题解:

1.select * from student where score> 80 and s_id
in( select sid from student_class where c_id=(select c_id from class where c_name='一班' ))

2.select c.c_name,女生人数=sum(s.s_id),平均分= avg(s.score)from classes c
innerjoin student_class sc on sc.c_id=c.c_id
innerjoin students s on s.s_id=sc.s_idwhere s.sex= '女' group by c.c_name



2.一道SQL语句面试题，关于group by表内容：
info 表

date result

2005-05-09 win

2005-05-09 lose

2005-05-09 lose

2005-05-09 lose

2005-05-10 win

2005-05-10 lose

2005-05-10 lose

win lose

2005-05-09 2 2


答案：

(1) select date , sum( case when result = "win" then 1 else 0 end ) as "win",
sum(case when result = "lose" then 1 else 0 end) as "lose" from info group by date;
(2) select a.date, a.result as win, b.result as lose from
(select date, count (result) as result from info where result = "win" group by date) as a
join
(select date, count (result) as result from info where result = "lose" group by date) as b

on a.date = b.date;2.学生成绩表(stuscore)：



3.表中有A B C三列,用SQL语句实现：当A列大于B列时选择A列否则选择B列，当B列大于C列时选择B列否则选择C列

 select ( case when a > b then a else b end ), (case when b > c then b else c end ) from table;



4.

select
(case when 语文>=80 then '优秀'
when 语文>=60 then '及格'
else '不及格') as 语文,
(case when 数学>=80 then '优秀'
when 数学>=60 then '及格'
else '不及格') as 数学,
(case when 英语>=80 then '优秀'
when 英语>=60 then '及格'
else '不及格') as 英语,
from table


5.姓名：name 课程：subject 分数：score 学号：stuid

## 题解：

1.计算每个人的总成绩并排名(要求显示字段：姓名，总成绩)

select name,sum(score) as allscore from stuscore group by name order by allscore

2.计算每个人的总成绩并排名(要求显示字段: 学号，姓名，总成绩)

select distinct t1.name,t1.stuid,t2.allscore from stuscore t1,( select stuid,sum(score) as allscore from stuscore group by stuid)t2where t1.stuid=t2.stuidorder by t2.allscore desc


3.计算每个人单科的最高成绩(要求显示字段: 学号，姓名，课程，最高成绩)

select t1.stuid,t1.name,t1.subject,t1.score from stuscore t1,(select stuid,max(score) as maxscore from stuscore group by stuid) t2where t1.stuid=t2.stuid and t1.score=t2.maxscore


4.计算每个人的平均成绩（要求显示字段: 学号，姓名，平均成绩）

select distinct t1.stuid,t1.name,t2.avgscore from stuscore t1,(select stuid,avg(score) as avgscore from stuscore group by stuid) t2where t1.stuid=t2.stuid

5.列出各门课程成绩最好的学生(要求显示字段: 学号，姓名,科目，成绩)

select t1.stuid,t1.name,t1.subject,t2.maxscore from stuscore t1,(select subject,max(score) as maxscore from stuscore group by subject) t2where t1.subject=t2.subject and t1.score=t2.maxscore

6.列出各门课程成绩最好的两位学生(要求显示字段: 学号，姓名,科目，成绩)

select distinct t1.* from stuscore t1 where t1.id in (select top 2 stuscore.id from stuscore where subject = t1.subject order by score desc) order by t1.subject

7.统计如下：学号 姓名 语文 数学 英语 总分 平均分

select stuid as 学号,name as 姓名,sum(case when subject=’语文’ then score else 0 end) as 语文,sum(case when subject=’数学’ then score else 0 end) as 数学,sum(case when subject=’英语’ then score else 0 end) as 英语,sum(score) as 总分,(sum(score)/count(*)) as 平均分from stuscoregroup by stuid,name order by 总分desc

*8．列出各门课程的平均成绩（要求显示字段：课程，平均成绩）

*select subject,avg(score) as avgscore from stuscoregroup by subject


9．列出数学成绩的排名（要求显示字段：学号，姓名，成绩，排名）

declare @tmp table(pm int,name varchar(50),score int,stuid int)

insert into @tmp select null,name,score,stuid from stuscore where subject=’数学’ order by score desc

declare @id int

set @id=0;

update @tmp set @id=@id+1,pm=@id

select * from @tmp

oracle:

select DENSE_RANK () OVER(order by score desc) as row,name,subject,score,stuid from stuscore where subject=’数学’order by score desc

ms sql(最佳选择)

select (select count(*) from stuscore t1 where subject =’数学’ and t1.score>t2.score)+1 as row ,stuid,name,score from stuscore t2 where subject =’数学’ order by score desc


10．列出数学成绩在2-3名的学生（要求显示字段：学号，姓名,科目，成绩）

select t3.* from(select top 2 t2.* from (select top 3 name,subject,score,stuid from stuscore where subject=’数学’order by score desc) t2 order by t2.score) t3 order by t3.score desc

11．求出李四的数学成绩的排名

declare @tmp table(pm int,name varchar(50),score int,stuid int)insert into @tmp select null,name,score,stuid from stuscore where subject=’数学’ order by score descdeclare @id intset @id=0;update @tmp set @id=@id+1,pm=@idselect * from @tmp where name=’李四’


12．统计如下：课程 不及格（0-59）个 良（60-80）个 优（81-100）个

select subject, (select count(*) from stuscore where score<60 and subject=t1.subject) as 不及格,(select count(*) from stuscore where score between 60 and 80 and subject=t1.subject) as 良,(select count(*) from stuscore where score >80 and subject=t1.subject) as 优from stuscore t1 group by subject

13．统计如下：数学:张三(50分),李四(90分),王五(90分),赵六(76分)

declare @s varchar(1000)set @s=”select @s =@s+’,’+name+'(‘+convert(varchar(10),score)+’分)’ from stuscore where subject=’数学’ set @s=stuff(@s,1,1,”)print ‘数学:’+@s


14.计算科科及格的人的平均成绩

select distinct t1.stuid,t2.avgscore from stuscore t1,(select stuid,avg(score) as avgscore from stuscore group by stuid ) t2,(select stuid from stuscore where score<60 group by stuid) t3 where t1.stuid=t2.stuid and t1.stuid!=t3.stuid;

  select name,avg(score) as avgscore from stuscore s where (select sum(case when i.score>=60 then 1 else 0 end) from stuscore i where i.name= s.name)=3 group by name


## 1. 用一条SQL 语句 查询出每门课都大于80 分的学生姓名

name kecheng fenshu

A:

select distinct name from table where name not in (select distinct name from table where fenshu<=80)
select name from table group by name having min(fenshu)>80


04-15 1353
11-04 2万+
05-31 54
02-05 20万+
09-13 9万+
12-29
12-11 1028
07-30
12-14 4462
07-04 17万+
03-11 9696
11-06 1481
04-12 236
03-05 3264
03-27 779
12-15 4132
06-19 6655