使用Arduino 配合TFT_eSPI库 实现合宙ESP32开发板 驱动ST7735S显示屏 显示自定义图片

1.根据针脚定义接线

查询官方文档针脚定义

ESP32C3-CORE开发板 - LuatOS 文档

将ESP32与7735屏幕一一相连。

接线如下(稍后在软件中定义针脚,也可以使用其他GPIO,但是这种接线挨在一起是最方便的)

 


2.Arduino下载TFT_eSPI库

  1. 打开侧边栏库管理
  2. 搜索安装TFT_eSPI库

如果库因为网络问题迟迟连接不上(Arduino需要跨越黑墙)

请自行设置路由器透明网关              或者在   首选项-高级   中设置代理!


3.更改TFT_eSPI库配置文件针脚定义

找到库文件夹下User_Setup.h文件,修改文件

C:\Users\自己的系统用户名\Documents\Arduino\libraries\TFT_eSPI\User_Setup.h

主要修改如下几个配置↓

47行 选择使用7735驱动的屏幕

76行 77行 二选一,分别为RGB GBR色彩模式,根据自己屏幕一个个试,色彩正常即可

85行 89行 屏幕 宽 高

223-228行 定义GPIO,对应第一步的针脚定义(有多个开发板可供选择,223-228行为ESP32使用8pin屏幕的定义)

屏幕丝印程序定义ESP32 GPIO

ESP32对应功能 (SPI必须对应开发板标注)

GND-GND(GND任选一个)-
VCC-VCC(3.3V【推荐】或5V)-
SCL(时钟)TFT_SCLK02SPI CK
SDA(数据)TFT_MOSI03SPI MOSI(主出从入)
RES(重置)TFT_RST10-
DC(数据命令控制)TFT_DC   06  -
CS(片选控制)TFT_CS   07SPI CS
BLK(背光)TFT_BL   11  -

完整代码如下 

//                            USER DEFINED SETTINGS
//   Set driver type, fonts to be loaded, pins used and SPI control method etc
//
//   See the User_Setup_Select.h file if you wish to be able to define multiple
//   setups and then easily select which setup file is used by the compiler.
//
//   If this file is edited correctly then all the library example sketches should
//   run without the need to make any more changes for a particular hardware setup!
//   Note that some sketches are designed for a particular TFT pixel width/height

// User defined information reported by "Read_User_Setup" test & diagnostics example
#define USER_SETUP_INFO "User_Setup"

// Define to disable all #warnings in library (can be put in User_Setup_Select.h)
//#define DISABLE_ALL_LIBRARY_WARNINGS

// ##################################################################################
//
// Section 1. Call up the right driver file and any options for it
//
// ##################################################################################

// Define STM32 to invoke optimised processor support (only for STM32)
//#define STM32

// Defining the STM32 board allows the library to optimise the performance
// for UNO compatible "MCUfriend" style shields
//#define NUCLEO_64_TFT
//#define NUCLEO_144_TFT

// STM32 8 bit parallel only:
// If STN32 Port A or B pins 0-7 are used for 8 bit parallel data bus bits 0-7
// then this will improve rendering performance by a factor of ~8x
//#define STM_PORTA_DATA_BUS
//#define STM_PORTB_DATA_BUS

// Tell the library to use parallel mode (otherwise SPI is assumed)
//#define TFT_PARALLEL_8_BIT
//#defined TFT_PARALLEL_16_BIT // **** 16 bit parallel ONLY for RP2040 processor ****

// Display type -  only define if RPi display
//#define RPI_DISPLAY_TYPE // 20MHz maximum SPI

// Only define one driver, the other ones must be commented out
//#define ILI9341_DRIVER       // Generic driver for common displays
//#define ILI9341_2_DRIVER     // Alternative ILI9341 driver, see https://github.com/Bodmer/TFT_eSPI/issues/1172
#define ST7735_DRIVER      // Define additional parameters below for this display
//#define ILI9163_DRIVER     // Define additional parameters below for this display
//#define S6D02A1_DRIVER
//#define RPI_ILI9486_DRIVER // 20MHz maximum SPI
//#define HX8357D_DRIVER
//#define ILI9481_DRIVER
//#define ILI9486_DRIVER
//#define ILI9488_DRIVER     // WARNING: Do not connect ILI9488 display SDO to MISO if other devices share the SPI bus (TFT SDO does NOT tristate when CS is high)
//#define ST7789_DRIVER      // Full configuration option, define additional parameters below for this display
//#define ST7789_2_DRIVER    // Minimal configuration option, define additional parameters below for this display
//#define R61581_DRIVER
//#define RM68140_DRIVER
//#define ST7796_DRIVER
//#define SSD1351_DRIVER
//#define SSD1963_480_DRIVER
//#define SSD1963_800_DRIVER
//#define SSD1963_800ALT_DRIVER
//#define ILI9225_DRIVER
//#define GC9A01_DRIVER

// Some displays support SPI reads via the MISO pin, other displays have a single
// bi-directional SDA pin and the library will try to read this via the MOSI line.
// To use the SDA line for reading data from the TFT uncomment the following line:

// #define TFT_SDA_READ      // This option is for ESP32 ONLY, tested with ST7789 and GC9A01 display only

// For ST7735, ST7789 and ILI9341 ONLY, define the colour order IF the blue and red are swapped on your display
// Try ONE option at a time to find the correct colour order for your display

#define TFT_RGB_ORDER TFT_RGB  // Colour order Red-Green-Blue
//#define TFT_RGB_ORDER TFT_BGR  // Colour order Blue-Green-Red

// For M5Stack ESP32 module with integrated ILI9341 display ONLY, remove // in line below

// #define M5STACK

// For ST7789, ST7735, ILI9163 and GC9A01 ONLY, define the pixel width and height in portrait orientation
// #define TFT_WIDTH  80
#define TFT_WIDTH  128
// #define TFT_WIDTH  172 // ST7789 172 x 320
// #define TFT_WIDTH  170 // ST7789 170 x 320
// #define TFT_WIDTH  240 // ST7789 240 x 240 and 240 x 320
#define TFT_HEIGHT 160
// #define TFT_HEIGHT 128
// #define TFT_HEIGHT 240 // ST7789 240 x 240
// #define TFT_HEIGHT 320 // ST7789 240 x 320
// #define TFT_HEIGHT 240 // GC9A01 240 x 240

// For ST7735 ONLY, define the type of display, originally this was based on the
// colour of the tab on the screen protector film but this is not always true, so try
// out the different options below if the screen does not display graphics correctly,
// e.g. colours wrong, mirror images, or stray pixels at the edges.
// Comment out ALL BUT ONE of these options for a ST7735 display driver, save this
// this User_Setup file, then rebuild and upload the sketch to the board again:

// #define ST7735_INITB
// #define ST7735_GREENTAB
// #define ST7735_GREENTAB2
// #define ST7735_GREENTAB3
// #define ST7735_GREENTAB128    // For 128 x 128 display
// #define ST7735_GREENTAB160x80 // For 160 x 80 display (BGR, inverted, 26 offset)
// #define ST7735_ROBOTLCD       // For some RobotLCD arduino shields (128x160, BGR, https://docs.arduino.cc/retired/getting-started-guides/TFT)
// #define ST7735_REDTAB
// #define ST7735_BLACKTAB
// #define ST7735_REDTAB160x80   // For 160 x 80 display with 24 pixel offset

// If colours are inverted (white shows as black) then uncomment one of the next
// 2 lines try both options, one of the options should correct the inversion.

// #define TFT_INVERSION_ON
// #define TFT_INVERSION_OFF


// ##################################################################################
//
// Section 2. Define the pins that are used to interface with the display here
//
// ##################################################################################

// If a backlight control signal is available then define the TFT_BL pin in Section 2
// below. The backlight will be turned ON when tft.begin() is called, but the library
// needs to know if the LEDs are ON with the pin HIGH or LOW. If the LEDs are to be
// driven with a PWM signal or turned OFF/ON then this must be handled by the user
// sketch. e.g. with digitalWrite(TFT_BL, LOW);

// #define TFT_BL   32            // LED back-light control pin
// #define TFT_BACKLIGHT_ON HIGH  // Level to turn ON back-light (HIGH or LOW)



// We must use hardware SPI, a minimum of 3 GPIO pins is needed.
// Typical setup for ESP8266 NodeMCU ESP-12 is :
//
// Display SDO/MISO  to NodeMCU pin D6 (or leave disconnected if not reading TFT)
// Display LED       to NodeMCU pin VIN (or 5V, see below)
// Display SCK       to NodeMCU pin D5
// Display SDI/MOSI  to NodeMCU pin D7
// Display DC (RS/AO)to NodeMCU pin D3
// Display RESET     to NodeMCU pin D4 (or RST, see below)
// Display CS        to NodeMCU pin D8 (or GND, see below)
// Display GND       to NodeMCU pin GND (0V)
// Display VCC       to NodeMCU 5V or 3.3V
//
// The TFT RESET pin can be connected to the NodeMCU RST pin or 3.3V to free up a control pin
//
// The DC (Data Command) pin may be labelled AO or RS (Register Select)
//
// With some displays such as the ILI9341 the TFT CS pin can be connected to GND if no more
// SPI devices (e.g. an SD Card) are connected, in this case comment out the #define TFT_CS
// line below so it is NOT defined. Other displays such at the ST7735 require the TFT CS pin
// to be toggled during setup, so in these cases the TFT_CS line must be defined and connected.
//
// The NodeMCU D0 pin can be used for RST
//
//
// Note: only some versions of the NodeMCU provide the USB 5V on the VIN pin
// If 5V is not available at a pin you can use 3.3V but backlight brightness
// will be lower.


// ###### EDIT THE PIN NUMBERS IN THE LINES FOLLOWING TO SUIT YOUR ESP8266 SETUP ######

// For NodeMCU - use pin numbers in the form PIN_Dx where Dx is the NodeMCU pin designation
//#define TFT_MISO  PIN_D6  // Automatically assigned with ESP8266 if not defined
//#define TFT_MOSI  PIN_D7  // Automatically assigned with ESP8266 if not defined
//#define TFT_SCLK  PIN_D5  // Automatically assigned with ESP8266 if not defined

//#define TFT_CS    PIN_D8  // Chip select control pin D8
//#define TFT_DC    PIN_D3  // Data Command control pin
//#define TFT_RST   PIN_D4  // Reset pin (could connect to NodeMCU RST, see next line)
//#define TFT_RST  -1     // Set TFT_RST to -1 if the display RESET is connected to NodeMCU RST or 3.3V


//#define TFT_BL PIN_D1  // LED back-light (only for ST7789 with backlight control pin)

//#define TOUCH_CS PIN_D2     // Chip select pin (T_CS) of touch screen

//#define TFT_WR PIN_D2       // Write strobe for modified Raspberry Pi TFT only


// ######  FOR ESP8266 OVERLAP MODE EDIT THE PIN NUMBERS IN THE FOLLOWING LINES  ######

// Overlap mode shares the ESP8266 FLASH SPI bus with the TFT so has a performance impact
// but saves pins for other functions. It is best not to connect MISO as some displays
// do not tristate that line when chip select is high!
// Note: Only one SPI device can share the FLASH SPI lines, so a SPI touch controller
// cannot be connected as well to the same SPI signals.
// On NodeMCU 1.0 SD0=MISO, SD1=MOSI, CLK=SCLK to connect to TFT in overlap mode
// On NodeMCU V3  S0 =MISO, S1 =MOSI, S2 =SCLK
// In ESP8266 overlap mode the following must be defined

//#define TFT_SPI_OVERLAP

// In ESP8266 overlap mode the TFT chip select MUST connect to pin D3
//#define TFT_CS   PIN_D3
//#define TFT_DC   PIN_D5  // Data Command control pin
//#define TFT_RST  PIN_D4  // Reset pin (could connect to NodeMCU RST, see next line)
//#define TFT_RST  -1  // Set TFT_RST to -1 if the display RESET is connected to NodeMCU RST or 3.3V


// ###### EDIT THE PIN NUMBERS IN THE LINES FOLLOWING TO SUIT YOUR ESP32 SETUP   ######

// For ESP32 Dev board (only tested with ILI9341 display)
// The hardware SPI can be mapped to any pins

//#define TFT_MISO 19
//#define TFT_MOSI 23
//#define TFT_SCLK 18
//#define TFT_CS   07  // Chip select control pin
//#define TFT_DC   06  // Data Command control pin
//#define TFT_RST  10  // Reset pin (could connect to RST pin)
//#define TFT_RST  11  // Set TFT_RST to -1 if display RESET is connected to ESP32 board RST

// For ESP32 Dev board (only tested with GC9A01 display)
// The hardware SPI can be mapped to any pins

#define TFT_MOSI 03 // In some display driver board, it might be written as "SDA" and so on.
#define TFT_SCLK 02
#define TFT_CS   07  // Chip select control pin
#define TFT_DC   06  // Data Command control pin
#define TFT_RST  10  // Reset pin (could connect to Arduino RESET pin)
#define TFT_BL   11  // LED back-light

//#define TOUCH_CS 21     // Chip select pin (T_CS) of touch screen

//#define TFT_WR 22    // Write strobe for modified Raspberry Pi TFT only

// For the M5Stack module use these #define lines
//#define TFT_MISO 19
//#define TFT_MOSI 23
//#define TFT_SCLK 18
//#define TFT_CS   14  // Chip select control pin
//#define TFT_DC   27  // Data Command control pin
//#define TFT_RST  33  // Reset pin (could connect to Arduino RESET pin)
//#define TFT_BL   32  // LED back-light (required for M5Stack)

// ######       EDIT THE PINs BELOW TO SUIT YOUR ESP32 PARALLEL TFT SETUP        ######

// The library supports 8 bit parallel TFTs with the ESP32, the pin
// selection below is compatible with ESP32 boards in UNO format.
// Wemos D32 boards need to be modified, see diagram in Tools folder.
// Only ILI9481 and ILI9341 based displays have been tested!

// Parallel bus is only supported for the STM32 and ESP32
// Example below is for ESP32 Parallel interface with UNO displays

// Tell the library to use 8 bit parallel mode (otherwise SPI is assumed)
//#define TFT_PARALLEL_8_BIT

// The ESP32 and TFT the pins used for testing are:
//#define TFT_CS   33  // Chip select control pin (library pulls permanently low
//#define TFT_DC   15  // Data Command control pin - must use a pin in the range 0-31
//#define TFT_RST  32  // Reset pin, toggles on startup

//#define TFT_WR    4  // Write strobe control pin - must use a pin in the range 0-31
//#define TFT_RD    2  // Read strobe control pin

//#define TFT_D0   12  // Must use pins in the range 0-31 for the data bus
//#define TFT_D1   13  // so a single register write sets/clears all bits.
//#define TFT_D2   26  // Pins can be randomly assigned, this does not affect
//#define TFT_D3   25  // TFT screen update performance.
//#define TFT_D4   17
//#define TFT_D5   16
//#define TFT_D6   27
//#define TFT_D7   14

// ######       EDIT THE PINs BELOW TO SUIT YOUR STM32 SPI TFT SETUP        ######

// The TFT can be connected to SPI port 1 or 2
//#define TFT_SPI_PORT 1 // SPI port 1 maximum clock rate is 55MHz
//#define TFT_MOSI PA7
//#define TFT_MISO PA6
//#define TFT_SCLK PA5

//#define TFT_SPI_PORT 2 // SPI port 2 maximum clock rate is 27MHz
//#define TFT_MOSI PB15
//#define TFT_MISO PB14
//#define TFT_SCLK PB13

// Can use Ardiuno pin references, arbitrary allocation, TFT_eSPI controls chip select
//#define TFT_CS   D5 // Chip select control pin to TFT CS
//#define TFT_DC   D6 // Data Command control pin to TFT DC (may be labelled RS = Register Select)
//#define TFT_RST  D7 // Reset pin to TFT RST (or RESET)
// OR alternatively, we can use STM32 port reference names PXnn
//#define TFT_CS   PE11 // Nucleo-F767ZI equivalent of D5
//#define TFT_DC   PE9  // Nucleo-F767ZI equivalent of D6
//#define TFT_RST  PF13 // Nucleo-F767ZI equivalent of D7

//#define TFT_RST  -1   // Set TFT_RST to -1 if the display RESET is connected to processor reset
                        // Use an Arduino pin for initial testing as connecting to processor reset
                        // may not work (pulse too short at power up?)

// ##################################################################################
//
// Section 3. Define the fonts that are to be used here
//
// ##################################################################################

// Comment out the #defines below with // to stop that font being loaded
// The ESP8366 and ESP32 have plenty of memory so commenting out fonts is not
// normally necessary. If all fonts are loaded the extra FLASH space required is
// about 17Kbytes. To save FLASH space only enable the fonts you need!

#define LOAD_GLCD   // Font 1. Original Adafruit 8 pixel font needs ~1820 bytes in FLASH
#define LOAD_FONT2  // Font 2. Small 16 pixel high font, needs ~3534 bytes in FLASH, 96 characters
#define LOAD_FONT4  // Font 4. Medium 26 pixel high font, needs ~5848 bytes in FLASH, 96 characters
#define LOAD_FONT6  // Font 6. Large 48 pixel font, needs ~2666 bytes in FLASH, only characters 1234567890:-.apm
#define LOAD_FONT7  // Font 7. 7 segment 48 pixel font, needs ~2438 bytes in FLASH, only characters 1234567890:-.
#define LOAD_FONT8  // Font 8. Large 75 pixel font needs ~3256 bytes in FLASH, only characters 1234567890:-.
//#define LOAD_FONT8N // Font 8. Alternative to Font 8 above, slightly narrower, so 3 digits fit a 160 pixel TFT
#define LOAD_GFXFF  // FreeFonts. Include access to the 48 Adafruit_GFX free fonts FF1 to FF48 and custom fonts

// Comment out the #define below to stop the SPIFFS filing system and smooth font code being loaded
// this will save ~20kbytes of FLASH
#define SMOOTH_FONT


// ##################################################################################
//
// Section 4. Other options
//
// ##################################################################################

// For RP2040 processor and SPI displays, uncomment the following line to use the PIO interface.
//#define RP2040_PIO_SPI // Leave commented out to use standard RP2040 SPI port interface

// For RP2040 processor and 8 or 16 bit parallel displays:
// The parallel interface write cycle period is derived from a division of the CPU clock
// speed so scales with the processor clock. This means that the divider ratio may need
// to be increased when overclocking. It may also need to be adjusted dependant on the
// display controller type (ILI94341, HX8357C etc). If RP2040_PIO_CLK_DIV is not defined
// the library will set default values which may not suit your display.
// The display controller data sheet will specify the minimum write cycle period. The
// controllers often work reliably for shorter periods, however if the period is too short
// the display may not initialise or graphics will become corrupted.
// PIO write cycle frequency = (CPU clock/(4 * RP2040_PIO_CLK_DIV))
//#define RP2040_PIO_CLK_DIV 1 // 32ns write cycle at 125MHz CPU clock
//#define RP2040_PIO_CLK_DIV 2 // 64ns write cycle at 125MHz CPU clock
//#define RP2040_PIO_CLK_DIV 3 // 96ns write cycle at 125MHz CPU clock

// For the RP2040 processor define the SPI port channel used (default 0 if undefined)
//#define TFT_SPI_PORT 1 // Set to 0 if SPI0 pins are used, or 1 if spi1 pins used

// For the STM32 processor define the SPI port channel used (default 1 if undefined)
//#define TFT_SPI_PORT 2 // Set to 1 for SPI port 1, or 2 for SPI port 2

// Define the SPI clock frequency, this affects the graphics rendering speed. Too
// fast and the TFT driver will not keep up and display corruption appears.
// With an ILI9341 display 40MHz works OK, 80MHz sometimes fails
// With a ST7735 display more than 27MHz may not work (spurious pixels and lines)
// With an ILI9163 display 27 MHz works OK.

// #define SPI_FREQUENCY   1000000
// #define SPI_FREQUENCY   5000000
// #define SPI_FREQUENCY  10000000
// #define SPI_FREQUENCY  20000000
#define SPI_FREQUENCY  27000000
// #define SPI_FREQUENCY  40000000
// #define SPI_FREQUENCY  55000000 // STM32 SPI1 only (SPI2 maximum is 27MHz)
// #define SPI_FREQUENCY  80000000

// Optional reduced SPI frequency for reading TFT
#define SPI_READ_FREQUENCY  20000000

// The XPT2046 requires a lower SPI clock rate of 2.5MHz so we define that here:
#define SPI_TOUCH_FREQUENCY  2500000

// The ESP32 has 2 free SPI ports i.e. VSPI and HSPI, the VSPI is the default.
// If the VSPI port is in use and pins are not accessible (e.g. TTGO T-Beam)
// then uncomment the following line:
//#define USE_HSPI_PORT

// Comment out the following #define if "SPI Transactions" do not need to be
// supported. When commented out the code size will be smaller and sketches will
// run slightly faster, so leave it commented out unless you need it!

// Transaction support is needed to work with SD library but not needed with TFT_SdFat
// Transaction support is required if other SPI devices are connected.

// Transactions are automatically enabled by the library for an ESP32 (to use HAL mutex)
// so changing it here has no effect

// #define SUPPORT_TRANSACTIONS


4.打开库自带的demo程序测试

打开demo 

此处使用图片demo显示图片

若觉得复杂可以使用其他demo,例如test中显示屏幕参数的demo,分辨率选项下的TFT clock等

访问源码中网站,将图片转换为h库文件 

https://notisrac.github.io/FileToCArray/ 

注意文件名!!!需要与代码中完全一致!!!

导出的文件格式如下

转换完图片存储在TFT_eSPI库

 

修改源码

红框文件名内务必对应!!!

烧录

 如果你使用的是Arduino,请选择开发板型号为AirM2M CORE ESP32C3

选择完开发版型号后点  上传

完成图片显示 

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很高兴为您提供帮助! 下面是一个简单的示例代码,您需要将其修改为适合您的硬件和网络设置的版本。 ``` #include <WiFi.h> #include <WiFiClientSecure.h> #include <HTTPClient.h> #include <ArduinoJson.h> #include <TFT_eSPI.h> #include <lvgl.h> // 修改为您的 WiFi SSID 和密码 const char* ssid = "your_SSID"; const char* password = "your_PASSWORD"; // 修改为您在心知天气注册的 API Key 和城市 ID const char* apiKey = "your_API_KEY"; const char* cityId = "your_CITY_ID"; // 修改为您的 TFT_eSPI 硬件设置 TFT_eSPI tft = TFT_eSPI(); #define TFT_WIDTH 240 #define TFT_HEIGHT 240 void setup() { Serial.begin(115200); // 初始化 TFT_eSPI 硬件 tft.begin(); tft.setRotation(1); tft.fillScreen(TFT_BLACK); // 连接 WiFi Serial.printf("Connecting to WiFi %s...\n", ssid); WiFi.begin(ssid, password); while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) { delay(1000); Serial.print("."); } Serial.println(""); Serial.printf("WiFi connected, IP address: %s\n", WiFi.localIP().toString().c_str()); // 初始化 LVGL lv_init(); lv_disp_drv_t disp_drv; lv_disp_drv_init(&disp_drv); disp_drv.hor_res = TFT_WIDTH; disp_drv.ver_res = TFT_HEIGHT; disp_drv.flush_cb = [](lv_disp_drv_t* disp_drv, const lv_area_t* area, lv_color_t* color_p) { tft.startWrite(); tft.setAddrWindow(area->x1, area->y1, area->x2, area->y2); uint32_t size = (area->x2 - area->x1 + 1) * (area->y2 - area->y1 + 1); tft.pushColors((uint16_t*)color_p, size, true); tft.endWrite(); lv_disp_flush_ready(disp_drv); }; lv_disp_drv_register(&disp_drv); lv_theme_t* theme = lv_theme_material_init(210, NULL); lv_theme_set_current(theme); // 创建 LVGL 控件 lv_obj_t* label_time = lv_label_create(lv_scr_act(), NULL); lv_obj_align(label_time, NULL, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 0, -50); lv_label_set_text(label_time, "Loading..."); lv_obj_t* label_date = lv_label_create(lv_scr_act(), NULL); lv_obj_align(label_date, NULL, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 0, 50); lv_label_set_text(label_date, "Loading..."); // 更新天气和时间 updateWeather(); updateTime(); } void loop() { // 每分钟更新一次时间和天气 static uint32_t lastUpdateTime = 0; if (millis() - lastUpdateTime >= 60000) { updateWeather(); updateTime(); lastUpdateTime = millis(); } // 处理 LVGL 事件 lv_task_handler(); delay(5); } void updateWeather() { // 发送 HTTP 请求获取天气数据 WiFiClientSecure client; if (!client.connect("api.seniverse.com", 443)) { Serial.println("Failed to connect to weather server"); return; } String url = "/v3/weather/now.json?key=" + String(apiKey) + "&location=" + String(cityId); client.print(String("GET ") + url + " HTTP/1.1\r\n" + "Host: api.seniverse.com\r\n" + "User-Agent: ESP32\r\n" + "Connection: close\r\n\r\n"); unsigned long timeout = millis(); while (client.available() == 0) { if (millis() - timeout > 5000) { Serial.println("Failed to receive weather data"); return; } delay(100); } // 解析 JSON 数据 String line = client.readStringUntil('\n'); while (!line.startsWith("{")) { line = client.readStringUntil('\n'); } DynamicJsonDocument doc(1024); DeserializationError error = deserializeJson(doc, line); if (error) { Serial.println("Failed to parse weather data"); return; } JsonObject weather = doc["results"][0]["now"]; const char* text = weather["text"]; int temperature = weather["temperature"]; // 更新 LVGL 控件 lv_obj_t* label_weather = lv_label_create(lv_scr_act(), NULL); lv_obj_align(label_weather, NULL, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 0, 100); lv_label_set_text_fmt(label_weather, "%s %d°C", text, temperature); } void updateTime() { // 获取当前时间 time_t now = time(nullptr); struct tm* timeinfo = localtime(&now); // 更新 LVGL 控件 lv_obj_t* label_time = lv_scr_act()->child_ll; lv_label_set_text_fmt(label_time, "%02d:%02d", timeinfo->tm_hour, timeinfo->tm_min); lv_obj_t* label_date = label_time->sibling_ll; lv_label_set_text_fmt(label_date, "%04d-%02d-%02d", timeinfo->tm_year + 1900, timeinfo->tm_mon + 1, timeinfo->tm_mday); } ``` 请注意,此示例代码需要您在心知天气注册并获取 API Key 和城市 ID。此外,您需要安装 TFT_eSPI 和 LVGL ,并将其与您的硬件设置匹配。

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