android 如何调查并解决 ANR

1:首先分析 log

2: 从 trace.txt 文件查看调用 stack.

3: 看代码 4:仔细查看 ANR 的成因(iowait?block?memoryleak?) 

案例

1:关键词:ContentResolver in AsyncTask onPostExecute, high iowait

Process:com.android.email
Activity:com.android.email/.activity.MessageView
Subject:keyDispatchingTimedOut
CPU usage from 2550ms to -2814ms ago:
5%187/system_server: 3.5% user + 1.4% kernel / faults: 86 minor 20major
4.4% 1134/com.android.email: 0.7% user + 3.7% kernel /faults: 38 minor 19 major
4% 372/com.android.eventstream: 0.7%user + 3.3% kernel / faults: 6 minor
1.1% 272/com.android.phone:0.9% user + 0.1% kernel / faults: 33 minor
0.9%252/com.android.systemui: 0.9% user + 0% kernel
0%409/com.android.eventstream.telephonyplugin: 0% user + 0% kernel /faults: 2 minor
0.1% 632/com.android.devicemonitor: 0.1% user + 0%kernel
100%TOTAL: 6.9% user + 8.2% kernel +84%iowait
-----pid 1134 at 2010-12-17 17:46:51 -----
Cmd line:com.android.email
DALVIK THREADS:
(mutexes: tll=0 tsl=0tscl=0 ghl=0 hwl=0 hwll=0)
"main" prio=5 tid=1 WAIT
|group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0 obj=0x2aaca180self=0xcf20
| sysTid=1134 nice=0 sched=0/0 cgrp=[fopen-error:2]handle=1876218976
at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
-waiting on <0x2aaca218> (a java.lang.VMThread)
atjava.lang.Thread.parkFor(Thread.java:1424)
atjava.lang.LangAccessImpl.parkFor(LangAccessImpl.java:48)
atsun.misc.Unsafe.park(Unsafe.java:337)
atjava.util.concurrent.locks.LockSupport.park(LockSupport.java:157)
atjava.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.parkAndCheckInterrupt(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:808)
atjava.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquireQueued(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:841)
atjava.util.concurrent.locks.AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.acquire(AbstractQueuedSynchronizer.java:1171)
atjava.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock$FairSync.lock(ReentrantLock.java:200)
atjava.util.concurrent.locks.ReentrantLock.lock(ReentrantLock.java:261)
atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.lock(SQLiteDatabase.java:378)
atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteCursor.<init>(SQLiteCursor.java:222)
atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDirectCursorDriver.query(SQLiteDirectCursorDriver.java:53)
atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.rawQueryWithFactory(SQLiteDatabase.java:1356)
atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.queryWithFactory(SQLiteDatabase.java:1235)
atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.query(SQLiteDatabase.java:1189)
atandroid.database.sqlite.SQLiteDatabase.query(SQLiteDatabase.java:1271)
atcom.android.email.provider.EmailProvider.query(EmailProvider.java:1098)
atandroid.content.ContentProvider$Transport.query(ContentProvider.java:187)
atandroid.content.ContentResolver.query(ContentResolver.java:268)
atcom.android.email.provider.EmailContent$Message.restoreMessageWithId(EmailContent.java:648)
atcom.android.email.Controller.setMessageRead(Controller.java:658)
atcom.android.email.activity.MessageView.onMarkAsRead(MessageView.java:700)
atcom.android.email.activity.MessageView.access$2500(MessageView.java:98)
atcom.android.email.activity.MessageView$LoadBodyTask.onPostExecute(MessageView.java:1290)
atcom.android.email.activity.MessageView$LoadBodyTask.onPostExecute(MessageView.java:1255)
atandroid.os.AsyncTask.finish(AsyncTask.java:417)
atandroid.os.AsyncTask.access$300(AsyncTask.java:127)
atandroid.os.AsyncTask$InternalHandler.handleMessage(AsyncTask.java:429)
atandroid.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
atandroid.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:123)
atandroid.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:3652)
atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:507)
atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteIn

原因:IOWait 很高,说明当前系统在忙于 I/O,因此数据库操作被阻塞 

原来:

final Message message=Message.restoreMessageWithId(mProviderContext,messageId);
if(message==null){
return;
}
Account account=Account.restoreAccountWithId(mProviderContext,message.mAccountKey);
if(account==null){
return;//isMessagingController returns false for null, but let's make itclear.
}
if(isMessagingController(account)){
new Thread(){
@Override
public void run(){
mLegacyController.processPendingActions(message.mAccountKey);
}
}.start();
}
解决后:
newThread() {
finalMessagemessage=Message.restoreMessageWithId(mProviderContext,messageId);
if(message==null){
return;
}
Accountaccount=Account.restoreAccountWithId(mProviderContext,message.mAccountKey);
if(account==null){
return;//isMessagingController returns false for null, but let's make itclear.
}
if(isMessagingController(account)) {
mLegacyController.processPendingActions(message.mAccountKey);
}
}.start();

关于 AsyncTask:http://developer.android.com/reference/android/os/AsyncTask.html

案例 2:关键词:在 UI 线程进行网络数据的读写

ANRin process: com.android.mediascape:PhotoViewer (last incom.android.mediascape:PhotoViewer)
Annotation:keyDispatchingTimedOut
CPU usage:
Load: 6.74 / 6.89 / 6.12
CPUusage from 8254ms to 3224ms ago:
ovider.webmedia: 4% = 4% user +0% kernel / faults: 68 minor
system_server: 2% = 1% user + 0%kernel / faults: 18 minor
re-initialized>: 0% = 0% user + 0%kernel / faults: 50 minor
events/0: 0% = 0% user + 0%kernel
TOTAL:7% = 6% user + 1% kernel
DALVIKTHREADS:
""main"" prio=5 tid=3 NATIVE
|group=""main"" sCount=1 dsCount=0 s=Yobj=0x4001b240 self=0xbda8
| sysTid=2579 nice=0 sched=0/0cgrp=unknown handle=-1343993184
atorg.apache.harmony.luni.platform.OSNetworkSystem.receiveStreamImpl(NativeMethod)
atorg.apache.harmony.luni.platform.OSNetworkSystem.receiveStream(OSNetworkSystem.java:478)
atorg.apache.harmony.luni.net.PlainSocketImpl.read(PlainSocketImpl.java:565)
atorg.apache.harmony.luni.net.SocketInputStream.read(SocketInputStream.java:87)
atorg.apache.harmony.luni.internal.net.www.protocol.http.HttpURLConnection$LimitedInputStream.read(HttpURLConnection
.java:303)
atjava.io.InputStream.read(InputStream.java:133)
atjava.io.BufferedInputStream.fillbuf(BufferedInputStream.java:157)
atjava.io.BufferedInputStream.read(BufferedInputStream.java:346)
atandroid.graphics.BitmapFactory.nativeDecodeStream(Native Method)
atandroid.graphics.BitmapFactory.decodeStream(BitmapFactory.java:459)
atcom.android.mediascape.activity.PhotoViewerActivity.getPreviewImage(PhotoViewerActivity.java:4465)
atcom.android.mediascape.activity.PhotoViewerActivity.dispPreview(PhotoViewerActivity.java:4406)
atcom.android.mediascape.activity.PhotoViewerActivity.access$6500(PhotoViewerActivity.java:125)
atcom.android.mediascape.activity.PhotoViewerActivity$33$1.run(PhotoViewerActivity.java:4558)
atandroid.os.Handler.handleCallback(Handler.java:587)
atandroid.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:92)
atandroid.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:123)
atandroid.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:4370)
atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:521)
atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:868)
atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:626)
atdalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)

关于网络连接,在设计的时候可以设置个 timeout 的时间或者放入独立的线程来处理。

关于 Handler 的问题,可以参考:http://developer.android.com/reference/android/os/Handler.html

案例 3:

关键词:Memoryleak/Thread leak

11-1621:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): ANR in process:android.process.acore (last in android.process.acore)
11-1621:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): Annotation:keyDispatchingTimedOut
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): CPU usage:
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190):Load: 11.5 / 11.1 / 11.09
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): CPU usage from 9046ms to 4018ms ago:
11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): d.process.acore:98%= 97% user + 0% kernel / faults: 1134 minor
11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): system_server: 0% = 0% user + 0% kernel /faults: 1 minor
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager( 1190): adbd:0% = 0% user + 0% kernel
11-16 21:41:42.560 I/ActivityManager(1190): logcat: 0% = 0% user + 0% kernel
11-16 21:41:42.560I/ActivityManager( 1190): TOTAL:100% = 98% user + 1% kernel
Cmdline: android.process.acore
DALVIK THREADS:
"main"prio=5 tid=3 VMWAIT
|group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0 s=N obj=0x40026240self=0xbda8
| sysTid=1815 nice=0 sched=0/0 cgrp=unknownhandle=-1344001376
atdalvik.system.VMRuntime.trackExternalAllocation(NativeMethod)
atandroid.graphics.Bitmap.nativeCreate(Native Method)
atandroid.graphics.Bitmap.createBitmap(Bitmap.java:468)
atandroid.view.View.buildDrawingCache(View.java:6324)
atandroid.view.View.getDrawingCache(View.java:6178)
atandroid.view.ViewGroup.drawChild(ViewGroup.java:1541)
……
atcom.android.internal.policy.impl.PhoneWindow$DecorView.draw(PhoneWindow.java:1830)
atandroid.view.ViewRoot.draw(ViewRoot.java:1349)
atandroid.view.ViewRoot.performTraversals(ViewRoot.java:1114)
atandroid.view.ViewRoot.handleMessage(ViewRoot.java:1633)
atandroid.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:99)
atandroid.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:123)
atandroid.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:4370)
atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invokeNative(Native Method)
atjava.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:521)
atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:868)
atcom.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:626)
atdalvik.system.NativeStart.main(Native Method)
"Thread-408"prio=5 tid=329 WAIT
|group="main" sCount=1 dsCount=0 s=N obj=0x46910d40self=0xcd0548
| sysTid=10602 nice=0 sched=0/0 cgrp=unknownhandle=15470792
at java.lang.Object.wait(Native Method)
-waiting on <0x468cd420> (a java.lang.Object)
atjava.lang.Object.wait(Object.java:288)
atcom.android.dialer.CallLogContentHelper$UiUpdaterExecutor$1.run(CallLogContentHelper.java:289)
atjava.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:1096)

分析:

atdalvik.system.VMRuntime.trackExternalAllocation(NativeMethod)内存不足导致 block 在创建 bitmap 上

**MEMINFO in pid 1360 [android.process.acore] **

native dalvik other total

size: 17036 23111 N/A 40147

allocated: 16484 20675 N/A 37159

free: 296 2436 N/A 2732

解决:如果机器的内存族,可以修改虚拟机的内存为 36M 或更大,不过最好是复查代码,查看哪些内存没有释放

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