Android平台如何实现屏幕数据采集并推送至RTMP服务器

随着无纸化、智慧教室等场景的普及,好多企业或者开发者开始寻求更高效稳定低延迟的RTMP同屏方案,本文以大牛直播SDK(Github)的同屏demo(对应工程:SmartServicePublisherV2)为例,介绍下如何采集编码推送RTMP数据到流媒体服务器。

系统要求:Android 5.0及以上系统。

废话不多说,上代码:

获取screen windows宽高,如需缩放,按照一定的比例缩放即可:

    private void createScreenEnvironment() {

        sreenWindowWidth = mWindowManager.getDefaultDisplay().getWidth();
        screenWindowHeight = mWindowManager.getDefaultDisplay().getHeight();

        Log.i(TAG, "screenWindowWidth: " + sreenWindowWidth + ",screenWindowHeight: "
                + screenWindowHeight);

        if (sreenWindowWidth > 800)
        {
            if (screenResolution == SCREEN_RESOLUTION_STANDARD)
            {
                scale_rate = SCALE_RATE_HALF;
                sreenWindowWidth = align(sreenWindowWidth / 2, 16);
                screenWindowHeight = align(screenWindowHeight / 2, 16);
            }
            else if(screenResolution == SCREEN_RESOLUTION_LOW)
            {
                scale_rate = SCALE_RATE_TWO_FIFTHS;
                sreenWindowWidth = align(sreenWindowWidth * 2 / 5, 16);

            }
        }

        Log.i(TAG, "After adjust mWindowWidth: " + sreenWindowWidth + ", mWindowHeight: " + screenWindowHeight);

        int pf = mWindowManager.getDefaultDisplay().getPixelFormat();
        Log.i(TAG, "display format:" + pf);

        DisplayMetrics displayMetrics = new DisplayMetrics();
        mWindowManager.getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(displayMetrics);
        mScreenDensity = displayMetrics.densityDpi;

        mImageReader = ImageReader.newInstance(sreenWindowWidth,
                screenWindowHeight, 0x1, 6);

        mMediaProjectionManager = (MediaProjectionManager) getSystemService(Context.MEDIA_PROJECTION_SERVICE);
    }

获取到image数据后,传递到processScreenImage()处理:

   private void setupMediaProjection() {
        mMediaProjection = mMediaProjectionManager.getMediaProjection(
                MainActivity.mResultCode, MainActivity.mResultData);
    }


    private void setupVirtualDisplay() {
        mVirtualDisplay = mMediaProjection.createVirtualDisplay(
                "ScreenCapture", sreenWindowWidth, screenWindowHeight,
                mScreenDensity,
                DisplayManager.VIRTUAL_DISPLAY_FLAG_AUTO_MIRROR,
                mImageReader.getSurface(), null, null);

        mImageReader.setOnImageAvailableListener(
                new ImageReader.OnImageAvailableListener() {
                    @Override
                    public void onImageAvailable(ImageReader reader) {
                        Image image = mImageReader.acquireLatestImage();
                        if (image != null) {
                            processScreenImage(image);
                            //image.close();
                        }
                    }
                }, null);
    }

数据放到image list里面:

    private void  pushImage(Image image)
    {
        if ( null ==image )
            return;

        final int image_list_max_count = 1;

        LinkedList<Image> close_images = null;

        synchronized (image_list_lock)
        {
            if (image_list.size() > image_list_max_count )
            {
                close_images = new LinkedList();

                while ( image_list.size() > image_list_max_count)
                {
                    close_images.add(image_list.poll());
                }
            }

            image_list.add(image);
        }

        if ( close_images != null )
        {
            while( !close_images.isEmpty() ) {

                Image i = close_images.poll();
                if ( i != null )
                {
                    i.close();

                    //Log.i("PushImage", "drop image");
                }
            }
        }
    }

调用大牛直播SDK的RTMP初始化和参数设置接口:

        libPublisher = new SmartPublisherJniV2();    

        private void InitAndSetConfig() {
        //开始要不要采集音频或视频,请自行设置
        publisherHandle = libPublisher.SmartPublisherOpen(this.getApplicationContext(),
                audio_opt, video_opt, sreenWindowWidth,
                screenWindowHeight);

        if ( publisherHandle == 0 )
        {
            return;
        }

        Log.i(TAG, "publisherHandle=" + publisherHandle);

        libPublisher.SetSmartPublisherEventCallbackV2(publisherHandle, new EventHandeV2());

        if(videoEncodeType == 1)
        {
            int h264HWKbps = setHardwareEncoderKbps(true, sreenWindowWidth,
                    screenWindowHeight);

            Log.i(TAG, "h264HWKbps: " + h264HWKbps);

            int isSupportH264HWEncoder = libPublisher
                    .SetSmartPublisherVideoHWEncoder(publisherHandle, h264HWKbps);

            if (isSupportH264HWEncoder == 0) {
                Log.i(TAG, "Great, it supports h.264 hardware encoder!");
            }
        }
        else if (videoEncodeType == 2)
        {
            int hevcHWKbps = setHardwareEncoderKbps(false, sreenWindowWidth,
                    screenWindowHeight);

            Log.i(TAG, "hevcHWKbps: " + hevcHWKbps);

            int isSupportHevcHWEncoder = libPublisher
                    .SetSmartPublisherVideoHevcHWEncoder(publisherHandle, hevcHWKbps);

            if (isSupportHevcHWEncoder == 0) {
                Log.i(TAG, "Great, it supports hevc hardware encoder!");
            }
        }

        if(is_sw_vbr_mode)
        {
            int is_enable_vbr = 1;
            int video_quality = CalVideoQuality(sreenWindowWidth,
                    screenWindowHeight, true);
            int vbr_max_bitrate = CalVbrMaxKBitRate(sreenWindowWidth,
                    screenWindowHeight);

            libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetSwVBRMode(publisherHandle, is_enable_vbr, video_quality, vbr_max_bitrate);
        }

        //音频相关可以参考SmartPublisher工程
		/*
		if (!is_speex)
		{
			// set AAC encoder
			libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetAudioCodecType(publisherHandle, 1);
		}
		else
		{
			// set Speex encoder
			libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetAudioCodecType(publisherHandle, 2);
			libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetSpeexEncoderQuality(publisherHandle, 8);
		}

		libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetNoiseSuppression(publisherHandle, is_noise_suppression ? 1
				: 0);

		libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetAGC(publisherHandle, is_agc ? 1 : 0);
		*/

        // libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetClippingMode(publisherHandle, 0);

        //libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetSWVideoEncoderProfile(publisherHandle, sw_video_encoder_profile);

        //libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetSWVideoEncoderSpeed(publisherHandle, sw_video_encoder_speed);

        // libPublisher.SetRtmpPublishingType(publisherHandle, 0);

         libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetFPS(publisherHandle, 18);    //帧率可调

         libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetGopInterval(publisherHandle, 18*3);

         //libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetSWVideoBitRate(publisherHandle, 1200, 2400); //针对软编码有效,一般最大码率是平均码率的二倍

         libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetSWVideoEncoderSpeed(publisherHandle, 3);

         //libPublisher.SmartPublisherSaveImageFlag(publisherHandle, 1);

    }

初始化、参数设置后,设置RTMP推送的URL,并调用SartPublisher()接口,开始推送:

        //如果同时推送和录像,设置一次就可以
        InitAndSetConfig();

        if ( publisherHandle == 0 )
        {
            stopScreenCapture();

            return;
        }

        if(push_type == PUSH_TYPE_RTMP)
        {
            String publishURL = intent.getStringExtra("PUBLISHURL");

            Log.i(TAG, "publishURL: " + publishURL);

            if (libPublisher.SmartPublisherSetURL(publisherHandle, publishURL) != 0) {
                stopScreenCapture();

                Log.e(TAG, "Failed to set publish stream URL..");

                if (publisherHandle != 0) {
                    if (libPublisher != null) {
                        libPublisher.SmartPublisherClose(publisherHandle);
                        publisherHandle = 0;
                    }
                }

                return;
            }
        }

        //启动传递数据线程
        post_data_thread = new Thread(new DataRunnable());
        Log.i(TAG, "new post_data_thread..");

        is_post_data_thread_alive = true;
        post_data_thread.start();
  int startRet = libPublisher.SmartPublisherStartPublisher(publisherHandle);

            if (startRet != 0) {
                isPushingRtmp = false;

                Log.e(TAG, "Failed to start push rtmp stream..");
                return;
            }

  //如果同时推送和录像,Audio启动一次就可以了
  CheckInitAudioRecorder();

开始推送后,传递数据到底层SDK:

    public class DataRunnable implements Runnable{
        private final static String TAG = "DataRunnable==> ";

        @Override
        public void run() {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            Log.i(TAG, "post data thread is running..");

            ByteBuffer last_buffer = null;

            Image last_image = null;

            long last_post_time = System.currentTimeMillis();

            while (is_post_data_thread_alive)
            {
                boolean is_skip = false;

                /*
                synchronized (data_list_lock)
                {
                    if ( data_list.isEmpty())
                    {
                        if((System.currentTimeMillis() - last_post_time) > frame_added_interval_setting)
                        {
                            if(last_buffer != null)
                            {
                                Log.i(TAG, "补帧中..");
                            }
                            else
                            {
                                is_skip = true;
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                           is_skip = true;
                        }
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        last_buffer = data_list.get(0);

                        data_list.remove(0);
                    }
                }
                */

                Image new_image = popImage();

                if ( new_image == null )
                {
                    if((System.currentTimeMillis() - last_post_time) > frame_added_interval_setting)
                    {
                        if(last_image != null)
                        {
                            Log.i(TAG, "补帧中..");
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            is_skip = true;
                        }
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        is_skip = true;
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    if ( last_image != null )
                    {
                        last_image.close();
                    }

                    last_image = new_image;
                }

                if( is_skip )
                {
                    // Log.i("OnScreenImage", "is_skip");

                    try {
                        Thread.sleep(5);   //休眠5ms
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    //if( last_buffer != null && publisherHandle != 0 && (isPushing || isRecording || isRTSPPublisherRunning) )
                    if( last_image != null && publisherHandle != 0 && (isPushingRtmp || isRecording || isRTSPPublisherRunning) )
                    {
                        long post_begin_time = System.currentTimeMillis();

                        final Image.Plane[] planes = last_image.getPlanes();

                        if ( planes != null && planes.length > 0 )
                        {
                            libPublisher.SmartPublisherOnCaptureVideoRGBAData(publisherHandle, planes[0].getBuffer(), planes[0].getRowStride(),
                                    last_image.getWidth(), last_image.getHeight());
                        }

                        last_post_time = System.currentTimeMillis();

                        long post_cost_time = last_post_time - post_begin_time;

                        if ( post_cost_time >=0 && post_cost_time < 10 )
                        {
                            try {
                                Thread.sleep(10-post_cost_time);
                            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                                e.printStackTrace();
                            }
                        }

                        /*
                        libPublisher.SmartPublisherOnCaptureVideoRGBAData(publisherHandle, last_buffer, row_stride_,
                                width_, height_);
                                */

                        /*
                        //实际裁剪比例,可酌情自行调整
                        int left = 100;
                        int cliped_left = 0;

                        int top = 0;
                        int cliped_top = 0;

                        int cliped_width = width_;
                        int cliped_height = height_;

                        if(scale_rate == SCALE_RATE_HALF)
                        {
                            cliped_left = left / 2;
                            cliped_top = top / 2;

                            //宽度裁剪后,展示3/4比例
                            cliped_width = (width_ *3)/4;
                            //高度不做裁剪
                            cliped_height = height_;
                        }
                        else if(scale_rate == SCALE_RATE_TWO_FIFTHS)
                        {
                            cliped_left = left * 2 / 5;
                            cliped_top = top * 2 / 5;

                            //宽度裁剪后,展示3/4比例
                            cliped_width = (width_ *3)/4;
                            //高度不做裁剪
                            cliped_height = height_;
                        }

                        if(cliped_width % 2 != 0)
                        {
                            cliped_width = cliped_width + 1;
                        }

                        if(cliped_height % 2 != 0)
                        {
                            cliped_height = cliped_height + 1;
                        }

                        if ( (cliped_left + cliped_width) > width_)
                        {
                            Log.e(TAG, " invalid cliped region settings, cliped_left: " + cliped_left + " cliped_width:" + cliped_width + " width:" + width_);

                            return;
                        }

                        if ( (cliped_top + cliped_height) > height_)
                        {
                            Log.e(TAG, "invalid cliped region settings, cliped_top: " + cliped_top + " cliped_height:" + cliped_height + " height:" + height_);

                            return;
                        }

                        //Log.i(TAG, " clipLeft: " + cliped_left + " clipTop: " + cliped_top +  " clipWidth: " + cliped_width + " clipHeight: " + cliped_height);

                        libPublisher.SmartPublisherOnCaptureVideoClipedRGBAData(publisherHandle, last_buffer, row_stride_,
                                width_, height_, cliped_left, cliped_top, cliped_width, cliped_height );
                        */

                       // Log.i(TAG, "post data: " + last_post_time + " cost:" + post_cost_time);
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        try {
                            Thread.sleep(10);
                        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                            e.printStackTrace();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }

            if ( last_image != null)
            {
                last_image.close();
                last_image = null;
            }
        }
    }

关闭采集推送:

    public void onDestroy() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        Log.i(TAG, "Service stopped..");

        stopScreenCapture();

        clearAllImages();

        if( is_post_data_thread_alive && post_data_thread != null )
        {
            Log.i(TAG, "onDestroy close post_data_thread++");

            is_post_data_thread_alive = false;

            try {
                post_data_thread.join();
            } catch (InterruptedException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

            post_data_thread = null;

            Log.i(TAG, "onDestroy post_data_thread closed--");
        }

        if (isPushingRtmp || isRecording || isRTSPPublisherRunning)
        {
            if (audioRecord_ != null) {
                Log.i(TAG, "surfaceDestroyed, call StopRecording..");

                audioRecord_.Stop();

                if (audioRecordCallback_ != null) {
                    audioRecord_.RemoveCallback(audioRecordCallback_);
                    audioRecordCallback_ = null;
                }

                audioRecord_ = null;
            }

            stopPush();
            isPushingRtmp = false;

            stopRecorder();
            isRecording = false;

            stopRtspPublisher();
            isRTSPPublisherRunning = false;

            stopRtspService();
            isRTSPServiceRunning = false;

            if (publisherHandle != 0) {
                if (libPublisher != null) {
                    libPublisher.SmartPublisherClose(publisherHandle);
                    publisherHandle = 0;
                }
            }
        }

        libPublisher.UnInitRtspServer();

        super.onDestroy();
    }

以上就是Android平台数据采集、编码并推送的大概流程,感兴趣的开发者可参考下。

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