Spring中使用两种Aware接口自定义获取bean

在使用spring编程时,常常会遇到想根据bean的名称来获取相应的bean对象,这时候,就可以通过实现BeanFactoryAware来满足需求,代码很简单:

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@Service
public class BeanFactoryHelper implements BeanFactoryAware { private static BeanFactory beanFactory; @Override public void setBeanFactory(BeanFactory beanFactory) throws BeansException { this.beanFactory = beanFactory; } public static Object getBean(String beanName){
     if(beanFactory == null){
            throw new NullPointerException("BeanFactory is null!");
        }
     return beanFactory.getBean(beanName); 
  }
}
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  还有一种方式是实现ApplicationContextAware接口,代码也很简单:

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@Service
public class ApplicationContextHelper implements ApplicationContextAware {
    
    private static ApplicationContext applicationContext;

    @Override
    public void setApplicationContext(ApplicationContext applicationContext) throws BeansException {
        this.applicationContext = applicationContext;
    }
    
    public static Object getBean(String beanName){
        if(applicationContext == null){
            throw new NullPointerException("ApplicationContext is null!");
        }
        return applicationContext.getBean(beanName);
    }

}
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  上面两种方法,只有容器启动的时候,才会把BeanFactory和ApplicationContext注入到自定义的helper类中,如果在本地junit测试的时候,如果需要根据bean的名称获取bean对象,则可以通过ClassPathXmlApplicationContext来获取一个ApplicationContext,代码如下:

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  @Test
    public void test() throws SQLException {
        //通过从classpath中加载spring-mybatis.xml实现bean的获取
        ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("spring-mybatis.xml");
        IUserService userService = (IUserService) context.getBean("userService");

        User user = new User();
        user.setName("test");
        user.setAge(20);
        userService.addUser(user);
    }
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