Java调用微信支付接口完整版

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微信支付业务类

import java.io.BufferedReader; 
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream; 
import java.io.InputStream; 
import java.io.InputStreamReader; 
import java.io.OutputStream; 
import java.net.ConnectException; 
import java.net.URL; 
import java.security.MessageDigest; 
import java.text.MessageFormat; 
import java.util.HashMap; 
import java.util.Iterator; 
import java.util.List; 
import java.util.Map; 
import java.util.Random; 
import java.util.Set; 
import java.util.SortedMap; 
import java.util.TreeMap; 
import java.util.UUID;

import javax.net.ssl.HttpsURLConnection; 
import javax.net.ssl.SSLContext; 
import javax.net.ssl.SSLSocketFactory; 
import javax.net.ssl.TrustManager; 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; 
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;

import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

import org.apache.commons.lang.StringUtils; 
import org.jdom.Document; 
import org.jdom.Element; 
import org.jdom.input.SAXBuilder; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod; 
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

/** 
 * 测试支付(为方便展示,公共方法也放在业务类中,可根据业务提取公共方法到工具类中) 
 */
public class TestPay {

    public static final String APPID = "";      //服务号APPID
    public static final String AppSecret = "";  //服务号AppSecret
    public static final String MCH_ID = "";     //支付商户号
    public static final String API_KEY = "";    //API密钥

    /**
     * 获取微信支付签名
     */
    @RequestMapping(value = "wap_pay_signature.htm", method = {RequestMethod.GET, RequestMethod.POST })
    @ResponseBody
    public SortedMap<Object, Object> WapSignSignatureAction(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)throws Exception {
        SortedMap<Object, Object> parameters = new TreeMap<Object, Object>();
        String code = request.getParameter("code");
        System.out.println("code-------------" + code);
        // code作为换取access_token的票据,每次用户授权带上的code将不一样,code只能使用一次,5分钟未被使用自动过期。
        // 通过code换取网页授权access_token
        Map<String, String> data = getAccess_tokenByCode(code, response);
        String openid = data.get("openid");
        String tName = "名称";
        String orderno = "1234567890";
        String total_fee = "8.88";
        String nonce_str = create_nonce_str();
        String timestamp = create_timestamp();
        // 获取prepayId
        try {
            String result = getPrepayId(request,tName,orderno,total_fee,openid);
            Map<String, String> map = doXMLParse(result);
            // 重新生成签名
            parameters.put("appId", APPID);
            parameters.put("timeStamp", timestamp);
            parameters.put("nonceStr", nonce_str);
            parameters.put("package", "prepay_id=" + map.get("prepay_id"));
            parameters.put("signType", "MD5");
            String sign = createSign("UTF-8", parameters);
            parameters.put("prepay_id", "prepay_id=" + map.get("prepay_id"));
            parameters.put("paySign", sign);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return parameters;
    }

    /**
     * 根据用户授权code获取access_token
     */
    private Map<String, String> getAccess_tokenByCode(String code,HttpServletResponse response) {
        Map<String, String> data = new HashMap<String, String>();
        String requestUrlMessageFormat = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/sns/oauth2/access_token?appid={0}&secret={1}&code={2}&grant_type=authorization_code";
        String requestUrl = MessageFormat.format(requestUrlMessageFormat,APPID, AppSecret, code);
        String requestMethod = "GET";
        String outputStr = "";
        JSONObject json = httpRequest(requestUrl, requestMethod,outputStr);
        String access_token = (String) json.get("access_token");
        String openid = (String) json.get("openid");
        data.put("access_token", access_token);
        data.put("openid", openid);
        return data;
    }

    /**
     * 发起https请求并获取结果
     * 
     * @param requestUrl 请求地址
     * @param requestMethod 请求方式(GET、POST)
     * @param outputStr 提交的数据
     * @return JSONObject(通过JSONObject.get(key)的方式获取json对象的属性值)
     */
    public static JSONObject httpRequest(String requestUrl, String requestMethod, String outputStr) {
        JSONObject jsonObject = null;
        StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
        try {
            // 创建SSLContext对象,并使用我们指定的信任管理器初始化
            TrustManager[] tm = { new MyX509TrustManager() };
            SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL", "SunJSSE");
            sslContext.init(null, tm, new java.security.SecureRandom());
            // 从上述SSLContext对象中得到SSLSocketFactory对象
            SSLSocketFactory ssf = sslContext.getSocketFactory();

            URL url = new URL(requestUrl);
            HttpsURLConnection httpUrlConn = (HttpsURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            httpUrlConn.setSSLSocketFactory(ssf);

            httpUrlConn.setDoOutput(true);
            httpUrlConn.setDoInput(true);
            httpUrlConn.setUseCaches(false);
            // 设置请求方式(GET/POST)
            httpUrlConn.setRequestMethod(requestMethod);

            if ("GET".equalsIgnoreCase(requestMethod))
                httpUrlConn.connect();

            // 当有数据需要提交时
            if (null != outputStr) {
                OutputStream outputStream = httpUrlConn.getOutputStream();
                // 注意编码格式,防止中文乱码
                outputStream.write(outputStr.getBytes("UTF-8"));
                outputStream.close();
            }

            // 将返回的输入流转换成字符串
            InputStream inputStream = httpUrlConn.getInputStream();
            InputStreamReader inputStreamReader = new InputStreamReader(inputStream, "utf-8");
            BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(inputStreamReader);

            String str = null;
            while ((str = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                buffer.append(str);
            }
            bufferedReader.close();
            inputStreamReader.close();
            // 释放资源
            inputStream.close();
            inputStream = null;
            httpUrlConn.disconnect();
            jsonObject = JSONObject.fromObject(buffer.toString());
        } catch (ConnectException ce) {
            System.err.println("Weixin server connection timed out.");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.err.println("https request error");
        }
        return jsonObject;
    }

    public static String getPrepayId(HttpServletRequest request,String name,String orderno,String total_fee,String openid) throws Exception {
        SortedMap<Object, Object> parameters = new TreeMap<Object, Object>();
        parameters.put("appid", APPID);
        parameters.put("mch_id", MCH_ID);
        parameters.put("nonce_str", CreateNoncestr());
        parameters.put("body", name);
        parameters.put("out_trade_no", orderno);// 订单号
        parameters.put("total_fee", total_fee);// 支付金额单位:分
        parameters.put("spbill_create_ip", getIp2(request));
        parameters.put("notify_url","支付成功回调地址");
        parameters.put("trade_type", "JSAPI");
        parameters.put("openid", openid);//openid :需填写
        parameters.put("time_expire", "20201230240000");// 交易结束时间,需要动态传入,格式为yyyyMMddHHmmss
        String sign = createSign("UTF-8", parameters);
        parameters.put("sign", sign);
        String requestXML = getRequestXml(parameters);
        //调用统一下单接口
        String result = httpsRequest("https://api.mch.weixin.qq.com/pay/unifiedorder", "POST",requestXML);
        System.out.println(result);
        return result;
    }

    public static String CreateNoncestr() {
        String chars = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789";
        String res = "";
        for (int i = 0; i < 16; i++) {
            Random rd = new Random();
            res += chars.charAt(rd.nextInt(chars.length() - 1));
        }
        return res;
    }

    public static String getIp2(HttpServletRequest request) {
        String ip = request.getHeader("X-Forwarded-For");
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(ip) && !"unKnown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
            // 多次反向代理后会有多个ip值,第一个ip才是真实ip
            int index = ip.indexOf(",");
            if (index != -1) {
                return ip.substring(0, index);
            } else {
                return ip;
            }
        }
        ip = request.getHeader("X-Real-IP");
        if (!StringUtils.isEmpty(ip) && !"unKnown".equalsIgnoreCase(ip)) {
            return ip;
        }
        return request.getRemoteAddr();
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
    public static String createSign(String characterEncoding,SortedMap<Object, Object> parameters) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        Set es = parameters.entrySet();
        Iterator it = es.iterator();
        while (it.hasNext()) {
            Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) it.next();
            String k = (String) entry.getKey();
            Object v = entry.getValue();
            if (null != v && !"".equals(v) && !"sign".equals(k) && !"key".equals(k)) {
                sb.append(k + "=" + v + "&");
            }
        }
        sb.append("key=" + API_KEY);
        String sign = MD5Encode(sb.toString(), characterEncoding).toUpperCase();
        return sign;
    }

    public static String MD5Encode(String origin, String charsetname) {
        String resultString = null;
        try {
            resultString = new String(origin);
            MessageDigest md = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");
            if (charsetname == null || "".equals(charsetname))
                resultString = byteArrayToHexString(md.digest(resultString.getBytes()));
            else
                resultString = byteArrayToHexString(md.digest(resultString.getBytes(charsetname)));
        } catch (Exception exception) {
        }
        return resultString;
    }

    private static String byteArrayToHexString(byte b[]) {
        StringBuffer resultSb = new StringBuffer();
        for (int i = 0; i < b.length; i++)
            resultSb.append(byteToHexString(b[i]));
        return resultSb.toString();
    }

    private static String byteToHexString(byte b) {
        int n = b;
        if (n < 0)
            n += 256;
        int d1 = n / 16;
        int d2 = n % 16;
        return hexDigits[d1] + hexDigits[d2];
    }

    private static final String hexDigits[] = { "0", "1", "2", "3", "4", "5",
        "6", "7", "8", "9", "a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f" };

    @SuppressWarnings("rawtypes")
    public static String getRequestXml(SortedMap<Object, Object> parameters) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        sb.append("<xml>");
        Set es = parameters.entrySet();
        Iterator it = es.iterator();
        while (it.hasNext()) {
            Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) it.next();
            String k = (String) entry.getKey();
            String v = (String) entry.getValue();
            if ("attach".equalsIgnoreCase(k) || "body".equalsIgnoreCase(k) || "sign".equalsIgnoreCase(k)) {
                sb.append("<" + k + ">" + "<![CDATA[" + v + "]]></" + k + ">");
            } else {
                sb.append("<" + k + ">" + v + "</" + k + ">");
            }
        }
        sb.append("</xml>");
        return sb.toString();
    }

    /**
     * 发送https请求
     * 
     * @param requestUrl
     *            请求地址
     * @param requestMethod
     *            请求方式(GET、POST)
     * @param outputStr
     *            提交的数据
     * @return 返回微信服务器响应的信息
     */
    public static String httpsRequest(String requestUrl, String requestMethod,
            String outputStr) {
        try {
            // 创建SSLContext对象,并使用我们指定的信任管理器初始化
            TrustManager[] tm = { new MyX509TrustManager() };
            SSLContext sslContext = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL", "SunJSSE");
            sslContext.init(null, tm, new java.security.SecureRandom());
            // 从上述SSLContext对象中得到SSLSocketFactory对象
            SSLSocketFactory ssf = sslContext.getSocketFactory();
            URL url = new URL(requestUrl);
            HttpsURLConnection conn = (HttpsURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            conn.setSSLSocketFactory(ssf);
            conn.setDoOutput(true);
            conn.setDoInput(true);
            conn.setUseCaches(false);
            // 设置请求方式(GET/POST)
            conn.setRequestMethod(requestMethod);
            conn.setRequestProperty("content-type",
                    "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
            // 当outputStr不为null时向输出流写数据
            if (null != outputStr) {
                OutputStream outputStream = conn.getOutputStream();
                // 注意编码格式
                outputStream.write(outputStr.getBytes("UTF-8"));
                outputStream.close();
            }
            // 从输入流读取返回内容
            InputStream inputStream = conn.getInputStream();
            InputStreamReader inputStreamReader = new InputStreamReader(inputStream, "utf-8");
            BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(inputStreamReader);
            String str = null;
            StringBuffer buffer = new StringBuffer();
            while ((str = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null) {
                buffer.append(str);
            }
            // 释放资源
            bufferedReader.close();
            inputStreamReader.close();
            inputStream.close();
            inputStream = null;
            conn.disconnect();
            return buffer.toString();
        } catch (ConnectException ce) {
            System.out.println("连接超时");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("请求异常");
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static String create_nonce_str() {
        return UUID.randomUUID().toString();
    }

    public static String create_timestamp() {
        return Long.toString(System.currentTimeMillis() / 1000);
    }

    /**
     * 解析xml
     */
    public static Map doXMLParse(String strxml) throws Exception {
        strxml = strxml.replaceFirst("encoding=\".*\"", "encoding=\"UTF-8\"");

        if (null == strxml || "".equals(strxml)) {
            return null;
        }

        Map m = new HashMap();

        InputStream in = new ByteArrayInputStream(strxml.getBytes("UTF-8"));
        SAXBuilder builder = new SAXBuilder();
        Document doc = builder.build(in);
        Element root = doc.getRootElement();
        List list = root.getChildren();
        Iterator it = list.iterator();
        while (it.hasNext()) {
            Element e = (Element) it.next();
            String k = e.getName();
            String v = "";
            List children = e.getChildren();
            if (children.isEmpty()) {
                v = e.getTextNormalize();
            } else {
                v = getChildrenText(children);
            }

            m.put(k, v);
        }
        // 关闭流
        in.close();
        return m;
    }

    /**
     * 获取子结点的xml
     */
    public static String getChildrenText(List children) {
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        if (!children.isEmpty()) {
            Iterator it = children.iterator();
            while (it.hasNext()) {
                Element e = (Element) it.next();
                String name = e.getName();
                String value = e.getTextNormalize();
                List list = e.getChildren();
                sb.append("<" + name + ">");
                if (!list.isEmpty()) {
                    sb.append(getChildrenText(list));
                }
                sb.append(value);
                sb.append("</" + name + ">");
            }
        }
        return sb.toString();
    }
}

证书信任管理器类

import java.security.cert.CertificateException;
import java.security.cert.X509Certificate;

import javax.net.ssl.X509TrustManager;

/** 
 * 证书信任管理器(用于https请求) 
 */
public class MyX509TrustManager implements X509TrustManager {

    public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
    }

    public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] chain, String authType) throws CertificateException {
    }

    public X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
        return null;
    }
}

前台JS调用

function pay(){
    $.ajax({
        url: "wap_pay_signature.htm",
        dataType: "json",
        success: function (data, textStatus) {
            function onBridgeReady(){
                WeixinJSBridge.invoke(
                    'getBrandWCPayRequest', {
                        "appId" : data.appId,        //公众号名称,由商户传入     
                        "timeStamp": data.timeStamp, //时间戳,自1970年以来的秒数     
                        "nonceStr" : data.nonceStr,  //随机串     
                        "package" : data.prepay_id,  //预支付id   
                        "signType" : data.signType,  //微信签名方式     
                        "paySign" : data.paySign     //微信签名 
                    },
                    function(res){
                        //支付成功后返回 get_brand_wcpay_request:ok
                        if(res.err_msg == "get_brand_wcpay_request:ok") {
                            window.location.href = "回调地址";
                        }  
                    }
                ); 
             }
             if(typeof WeixinJSBridge == "undefined"){
                if( document.addEventListener ){
                    document.addEventListener('WeixinJSBridgeReady', onBridgeReady, false);
                }else if (document.attachEvent){
                    document.attachEvent('WeixinJSBridgeReady', onBridgeReady); 
                    document.attachEvent('onWeixinJSBridgeReady', onBridgeReady);
                }
             }else{
                onBridgeReady();
             }               
        }
    });
} 

备注:依赖jar包commons-lang-2.3.jar、jdom.jar、json-lib-2.4-jdk15.jar、org.springframework.web-3.1.3.RELEASE.jar、servlet-api.jar

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