maven的pom.xml用<exclusion>解决版本问题

       用maven管理库依赖,有个好处就是连同库的依赖的全部jar文件一起下载,免去手工添加的麻烦,但同时也带来了同一个jar会被下载了不同版本的问题,好在pom的配置里面允许用<exclusion>来排除一些不需要同时下载的依赖jar 。

      比如配置struts-core,它会同时下载javassist和asm相关的jar,但版本又不够新,这时可以排除它们:

<!-- Struts2 -->
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.apache.struts</groupId>
			<artifactId>struts2-core</artifactId>
			<version>${struts.version}</version>
			<exclusions>
				<exclusion>
                    <groupId>javassist</groupId>
                    <artifactId>javassist</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion> <!-- we prefer our explicit version, though it should be the same -->
                    <groupId>asm</groupId>
                    <artifactId>asm</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion> <!-- we prefer our explicit version, though it should be the same -->
                    <groupId>asm</groupId>
                    <artifactId>asm-commons</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion> <!-- we prefer our explicit version, though it should be the same -->
                    <groupId>org.ow2.asm</groupId>
                    <artifactId>asm</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
                <exclusion> <!-- we prefer our explicit version, though it should be the same -->
                    <groupId>org.ow2.asm</groupId>
                    <artifactId>asm-commons</artifactId>
                </exclusion>
			</exclusions>
		</dependency>



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