Android微信SDK实现分享

用微信提供的SDK来实现分享

http://open.weixin.qq.com下载Android相关的jar包,将libammsdk.jar加入到项目中。

微信分享的核心类,部分代码如下:

WechatShareManager.java

package com.jackie.umeng.share;

import android.content.Context;
import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.graphics.BitmapFactory;
import android.util.Log;
import android.widget.Toast;

import com.tencent.mm.sdk.modelmsg.SendMessageToWX;
import com.tencent.mm.sdk.modelmsg.WXImageObject;
import com.tencent.mm.sdk.modelmsg.WXMediaMessage;
import com.tencent.mm.sdk.modelmsg.WXTextObject;
import com.tencent.mm.sdk.modelmsg.WXVideoObject;
import com.tencent.mm.sdk.modelmsg.WXWebpageObject;
import com.tencent.mm.sdk.openapi.IWXAPI;
import com.tencent.mm.sdk.openapi.WXAPIFactory;
 
/**
 * 实现微信分享功能的核心类
 * @author chengcj1
 *
 */
public class WechatShareManager {
     
    private static final int THUMB_SIZE = 150;
    
    public static final int WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_TEXT = 1;   //文字
    public static final int WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_PICTURE = 2; //图片
    public static final int WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_WEBPAGE = 3;  //链接
    public static final int WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_VIDEO = 4; //视频
    public static final int WECHAT_SHARE_TYPE_TALK = SendMessageToWX.Req.WXSceneSession;  //会话
    public static final int WECHAT_SHARE_TYPE_FRENDS = SendMessageToWX.Req.WXSceneTimeline; //朋友圈
    
    private static WechatShareManager mInstance;
    private ShareContent mShareContentText, mShareContentPicture, mShareContentWebpag, mShareContentVideo;
    private IWXAPI mWXApi;
    private Context mContext;
     
    private WechatShareManager(Context context){
        this.mContext = context;
        //初始化数据
        //初始化微信分享代码
        initWechatShare(context);
    }
     
    /**
     * 获取WeixinShareManager实例
     * 非线程安全,请在UI线程中操作
     * @return
     */
    public static WechatShareManager getInstance(Context context){
        if(mInstance == null){
            mInstance = new WechatShareManager(context);
        }
        return mInstance;
    }
     
    private void initWechatShare(Context context){
    	if (mWXApi == null) {
    		mWXApi = WXAPIFactory.createWXAPI(context, WechatShareUtil.WECHAT_APP_ID, true);
    	}
        mWXApi.registerApp(WechatShareUtil.WECHAT_APP_ID);
    }
     
    /**
     * 通过微信分享
     * @param shareWay 分享的方式(文本、图片、链接)
     * @param shareType 分享的类型(朋友圈,会话)
     */
    public void shareByWebchat(ShareContent shareContent, int shareType){
        switch (shareContent.getShareWay()) {
        case WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_TEXT:
            shareText(shareContent, shareType);
            break;
        case WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_PICTURE:
            sharePicture(shareContent, shareType);
            break;
        case WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_WEBPAGE:
            shareWebPage(shareContent, shareType);
            break;
        case WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_VIDEO:
        	shareVideo(shareContent, shareType);
        	break;
        }
    }
     
    private abstract class ShareContent {
        protected abstract int getShareWay();
        protected abstract String getContent();
        protected abstract String getTitle();
        protected abstract String getURL();
        protected abstract int getPictureResource();
    }
     
    /**
     * 设置分享文字的内容
     * @author chengcj1
     *
     */
    public class ShareContentText extends ShareContent {
        private String content;
         
        /**
         * 构造分享文字类
         * @param text 分享的文字内容
         */
        public ShareContentText(String content){
            this.content = content;
        }
        
        @Override
        protected int getShareWay() {
            return WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_TEXT;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected String getContent() {
            return content;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected String getTitle() {
            return null;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected String getURL() {
            return null;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected int getPictureResource() {
            return -1;
        }
    }
    
    /*
     * 获取文本分享对象
     */
    public ShareContent getShareContentText(String content) {
    	if (mShareContentText == null) {
    		mShareContentText = new ShareContentText(content);
    	}
    	return (ShareContentText) mShareContentText;
    }
     
    /**
     * 设置分享图片的内容
     * @author chengcj1
     *
     */
    public class ShareContentPicture extends ShareContent {
        private int pictureResource;
        public ShareContentPicture(int pictureResource){
            this.pictureResource = pictureResource;
        }
        
        @Override
        protected int getShareWay() {
            return WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_PICTURE;
        }
        
        @Override
        protected int getPictureResource() {
            return pictureResource;
        }
         
        @Override
        protected String getContent() {
            return null;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected String getTitle() {
            return null;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected String getURL() {
            return null;
        }
    }
    
    /*
     * 获取图片分享对象
     */
    public ShareContent getShareContentPicture(int pictureResource) {
    	if (mShareContentPicture == null) {
    		mShareContentPicture = new ShareContentPicture(pictureResource);
    	}
    	return (ShareContentPicture) mShareContentPicture;
    }
     
    /**
     * 设置分享链接的内容
     * @author chengcj1
     *
     */
    public class ShareContentWebpage extends ShareContent {
        private String title;
        private String content;
        private String url;
        private int pictureResource;
        public ShareContentWebpage(String title, String content, String url, int pictureResource){
            this.title = title;
            this.content = content;
            this.url = url;
            this.pictureResource = pictureResource;
        }
        
        @Override
        protected int getShareWay() {
            return WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_WEBPAGE;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected String getContent() {
            return content;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected String getTitle() {
            return title;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected String getURL() {
            return url;
        }
 
        @Override
        protected int getPictureResource() {
            return pictureResource;
        }
    }
    
    /*
     * 获取网页分享对象
     */
    public ShareContent getShareContentWebpag(String title, String content, String url, int pictureResource) {
    	if (mShareContentWebpag == null) {
    		mShareContentWebpag = new ShareContentWebpage(title, content, url, pictureResource);
    	}
    	return (ShareContentWebpage) mShareContentWebpag;
    }
    
    /**
     * 设置分享视频的内容
     * @author chengcj1
     *
     */
    public class ShareContentVideo extends ShareContent {
    	private String url;
    	public ShareContentVideo(String url) {
    		this.url = url;
    	}

		@Override
		protected int getShareWay() {
			return WECHAT_SHARE_WAY_VIDEO;
		}

		@Override
		protected String getContent() {
			return null;
		}

		@Override
		protected String getTitle() {
			return null;
		}

		@Override
		protected String getURL() {
			return url;
		}

		@Override
		protected int getPictureResource() {
			return -1;
		}
    }
    
    /*
     * 获取视频分享内容
     */
    public ShareContent getShareContentVideo(String url) {
    	if (mShareContentVideo == null) {
    		mShareContentVideo = new ShareContentVideo(url);
    	}
    	return (ShareContentVideo) mShareContentVideo;
    } 
     
    /*
     * 分享文字
     */
    private void shareText(ShareContent shareContent, int shareType) {
        String text = shareContent.getContent();
        //初始化一个WXTextObject对象
        WXTextObject textObj = new WXTextObject();
        textObj.text = text;
        //用WXTextObject对象初始化一个WXMediaMessage对象
        WXMediaMessage msg = new WXMediaMessage();
        msg.mediaObject = textObj;
        msg.description = text;
        //构造一个Req
        SendMessageToWX.Req req = new SendMessageToWX.Req();
        //transaction字段用于唯一标识一个请求
        req.transaction = buildTransaction("textshare");
        req.message = msg;
        //发送的目标场景, 可以选择发送到会话 WXSceneSession 或者朋友圈 WXSceneTimeline。 默认发送到会话。
        req.scene = shareType;
        mWXApi.sendReq(req);
    }
 
    /*
     * 分享图片
     */
    private void sharePicture(ShareContent shareContent, int shareType) {
        Bitmap bitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(mContext.getResources(), shareContent.getPictureResource());
        WXImageObject imgObj = new WXImageObject(bitmap);
         
        WXMediaMessage msg = new WXMediaMessage();
        msg.mediaObject = imgObj;
         
        Bitmap thumbBitmap =  Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(bitmap, THUMB_SIZE, THUMB_SIZE, true);
        bitmap.recycle();
        msg.thumbData = Util.bmpToByteArray(thumbBitmap, true);  //设置缩略图
         
        SendMessageToWX.Req req = new SendMessageToWX.Req();
        req.transaction = buildTransaction("imgshareappdata");
        req.message = msg;
        req.scene = shareType;
        mWXApi.sendReq(req);
    }
 
    /*
     * 分享链接
     */
    private void shareWebPage(ShareContent shareContent, int shareType) {
        WXWebpageObject webpage = new WXWebpageObject();
        webpage.webpageUrl = shareContent.getURL();
        WXMediaMessage msg = new WXMediaMessage(webpage);
        msg.title = shareContent.getTitle();
        msg.description = shareContent.getContent();
         
        Bitmap thumb = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(mContext.getResources(), shareContent.getPictureResource());
        if(thumb == null) {
            Toast.makeText(mContext, "图片不能为空", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        } else {
            msg.thumbData = Util.bmpToByteArray(thumb, true);
        }
         
        SendMessageToWX.Req req = new SendMessageToWX.Req();
        req.transaction = buildTransaction("webpage");
        req.message = msg;
        req.scene = shareType;
        mWXApi.sendReq(req);
    }
    
    /*
     * 分享视频
     */
    private void shareVideo(ShareContent shareContent, int shareType) {
    	WXVideoObject video = new WXVideoObject();
		video.videoUrl = shareContent.getURL();

		WXMediaMessage msg = new WXMediaMessage(video);
		msg.title = shareContent.getTitle();
		msg.description = shareContent.getContent();
		Bitmap thumb = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(mContext.getResources(), R.drawable.send_music_thumb);
//		BitmapFactory.decodeStream(new URL(video.videoUrl).openStream());
		/**
		 * 测试过程中会出现这种情况,会有个别手机会出现调不起微信客户端的情况。造成这种情况的原因是微信对缩略图的大小、title、description等参数的大小做了限制,所以有可能是大小超过了默认的范围。
		 * 一般情况下缩略图超出比较常见。Title、description都是文本,一般不会超过。
		 */
		Bitmap thumbBitmap =  Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(thumb, THUMB_SIZE, THUMB_SIZE, true);
		thumb.recycle();
      msg.thumbData = Util.bmpToByteArray(thumbBitmap, true);
        
		SendMessageToWX.Req req = new SendMessageToWX.Req();
		req.transaction = buildTransaction("video");
		req.message = msg;
		req.scene =  shareType;
		mWXApi.sendReq(req);
    }
     
    private String buildTransaction(final String type) {
        return (type == null) ? String.valueOf(System.currentTimeMillis()) : type + System.currentTimeMillis();
    }
}
MainActivity.java

package com.jackie.umeng.share;

import com.jackie.umeng.share.WechatShareManager.ShareContentPicture;
import com.jackie.umeng.share.WechatShareManager.ShareContentText;
import com.jackie.umeng.share.WechatShareManager.ShareContentVideo;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener {
	private Button mShareText, mSharePicture, mShareVideo;
	private WechatShareManager mShareManager; 
	
	private Context mContext;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
		
		mShareText = (Button) findViewById(R.id.share_text);
		mSharePicture = (Button) findViewById(R.id.share_picture);
		mShareVideo = (Button) findViewById(R.id.share_video);
		mShareText.setOnClickListener(this);
		mSharePicture.setOnClickListener(this);
		mShareVideo.setOnClickListener(this);
		
		mContext = this;
		
		mShareManager = WechatShareManager.getInstance(mContext);
	}

	@Override
	public void onClick(View v) {
		if (!isWebchatAvaliable()) {
			Toast.makeText(mContext, "请先安装微信", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
			return;
		}
		switch (v.getId()) {
		case R.id.share_text:
			ShareContentText mShareContentText = (ShareContentText) mShareManager.getShareContentText("微信文本分享");
			mShareManager.shareByWebchat(mShareContentText, WechatShareManager.WECHAT_SHARE_TYPE_FRENDS);
			break;
		case R.id.share_picture:
			ShareContentPicture mShareContentPicture = (ShareContentPicture) mShareManager.getShareContentPicture(R.drawable.share);
			mShareManager.shareByWebchat(mShareContentPicture, WechatShareManager.WECHAT_SHARE_TYPE_FRENDS);
		    break;
		case R.id.share_video:
			ShareContentVideo mShareContentVideo = (ShareContentVideo) mShareManager.getShareContentVideo("http://baidu.hz.letv.com/kan/agSlT?fr=v.baidu.com/");
			mShareManager.shareByWebchat(mShareContentVideo, WechatShareManager.WECHAT_SHARE_TYPE_FRENDS);
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}
	
	private boolean isWebchatAvaliable() {
		//检测手机上是否安装了微信
		try {
			getPackageManager().getPackageInfo("com.tencent.mm", PackageManager.GET_ACTIVITIES);
			return true;
		} catch (Exception e) {
			return false;
		}
	}
}




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