最简单web工程接收消息图片--微信企业号

java的web 工程,接收消息,发送图片信息

企业微信api
企业号开发者接口文档
企业微信接口调试工具
微信企业号错误代码查询工具
原理:有移动端输入信息到企业号,企业号中的信息有微信服务器加密之后发送给自己的服务,自己的服务接收到信息、解密、获取信息、处理信息,加密、返回信息给微信服务器,后显示到企业号中;
但是因为这种需要在5s内相应,否则视为相应失败;
所以我们是有api文档建议的类似于异步发送,自己的服务接收处理信息后,直接返回200,给微信服务器标示为处理成功,之后在调用主动发送消息,发送给特定的用户;
整个项目war-好多信息懒得改

代码案例

其中get请求处理url验证,post请求处理移动端主动发送的信息及回复;
发送图片,调用主动发送的信息
其中加密解密都有参考可看,主动发送的实例都在test文件夹中,util文件夹是各种工具类;

(可参考前几篇相关文章)

package servlet;

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.PrintWriter;
import java.io.StringReader;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Random;

import javax.servlet.ServletException;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import javax.xml.parsers.ParserConfigurationException;

import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;
import org.xml.sax.InputSource;
import org.xml.sax.SAXException;

import net.sf.json.JSONObject;
import util.AesException;
import util.MediaUploadUtil;
import util.WXBizMsgCrypt;
import util.WxworkNewsType;
import util.WxworkUtil;

/**
 * @version 本servlet,针对微信企业号,其中get处理url校验,post处理接收信息处理
 * @author pwu
 * @time 20180201
 */

public class ResponseNews extends HttpServlet {

    // 设置企业号后台参数
    static String sToken = "QDG6eK";
    static String sEncodingAESKey = "jWmYm7qr5nMoAUwZRjGtBxmz3KA1tkAj3ykkR6q2B2C";
    static String sCorpID = "ww248ac59c619621da";
    static String sAgentId = "1000002";
    static String corpsecret = "uXWrHT-Kxjttu1nDga-fdKqs6SCi01cq-nVb4bfXsSE";
    /**
     * 
     */
    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException {

        PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
        SimpleDateFormat sFormat = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-mm-dd HH:mm:ss");
        // System.out.println("request-url:" +
        // request.getRequestURL().toString());
        System.out.println("ResponseNews----get--" + sFormat.format(new Date()));

        // System.out.println("请求格式:" + request.getContentType());
        request.setCharacterEncoding("utf-8");
        // String getContextPath = request.getContextPath();
        // String basePath = request.getScheme() + "://" +
        // request.getServerName() + ":" + request.getServerPort()
        // + getContextPath + "/";
        // System.out.println("basePath:" + basePath);
        /*
         * String getRemoteAddress=request.getRemoteAddr(); String
         * getServletPath =request.getServletPath(); String
         * getServletContext_getRealPath =request.getServletPath();
         */
        // String getRequestURL = request.getRequestURL().toString();
        // System.out.println("getRequestURL:" + getRequestURL);
        /*
         * String getRequestURI =request.getRequestURI(); String getRemoteUser
         * =request.getRemoteUser();
         */
        String getQueryString = request.getQueryString();
        if (request.getQueryString() == null || ("").equals(request.getQueryString())) {
            out.println("request no querystring");
        } else {
            System.out.println("getQueryString:" + getQueryString);
            // System.out.println("请求参数getQueryString:" + getQueryString);

            // System.out.println("需要解密的字段,获取其中echostr信息:"+teMap.get("echostr"));
            // System.out.println("request.getParameter--" +
            // request.getParameter("echostr"));
            String sVerifyMsgSig = request.getParameter("msg_signature");
            String sVerifyTimeStamp = request.getParameter("timestamp");
            String sVerifyNonce = request.getParameter("nonce");
            String sVerifyEchoStr = request.getParameter("echostr");

            String sEchoStr = null; // 需要返回的明文
            WXBizMsgCrypt wxcpt = null;

            if (sEncodingAESKey.length() != 43) {
                System.out.println("sEncodingAESKey 长度异常");
            }

            try {
                wxcpt = new WXBizMsgCrypt(sToken, sEncodingAESKey, sCorpID);
                sEchoStr = wxcpt.VerifyURL(sVerifyMsgSig, sVerifyTimeStamp, sVerifyNonce, sVerifyEchoStr);
                System.out.println("解密结果verifyurl echostr: " + sEchoStr);
                // 验证URL成功,将sEchoStr返回
            } catch (Exception e) {
                // 验证URL失败,错误原因请查看异常
                e.printStackTrace();
            }

            /*
             * response.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");//设置将字符以"UTF-8"编码输出到客户端浏览器
             * response.setHeader("content-type", "text/html;charset=UTF-8");
             * response.setContentType("text/htmll;charset=utf-8");
             */

            String numbers = sEchoStr;
            out.println(numbers);
        }
    }

    /**
     * The doPost method of the servlet. <br>
     *
     * This method is called when a form has its tag value method equals to
     * post.
     * 
     * @param request
     *            the request send by the client to the server
     * @param response
     *            the response send by the server to the client
     * @throws ServletException
     *             if an error occurred
     * @throws IOException
     *             if an error occurred
     */
    public void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException {
        long time1 = System.currentTimeMillis();
        // 获取accestoken后,发送post请求,目前发送txt格式,发送的参数为json格式
        JSONObject jsparam = new JSONObject();
        JSONObject jsparam2 = new JSONObject();

        WXBizMsgCrypt wxcpt = null;
        String sReqMsgSig = null;//
        String sReqTimeStamp = null;// 时间戳
        String sReqNonce = null;// 随机数
        // 解密消息参数
        String ToUserName = null;// 发送信息用户名
        String MsgId = null;// 此次消息的msgid
        String Content = null;// 请求消息
        try {
            wxcpt = new WXBizMsgCrypt(sToken, sEncodingAESKey, sCorpID);
        } catch (AesException e1) {
            e1.printStackTrace();
        }

        System.out.println("处理Post()请求------");
        System.out.println("*************************request信息如下:**************");
        response.setContentType("text/html;charset=UTF-8");
        /*
         * String getContextPath = request.getContextPath(); String basePath =
         * request.getScheme()+"://"+request.getServerName()+":"+request.
         * getServerPort()+getContextPath+"/"; String getServletPath =
         * request.getServletPath(); String getRemoteUser =
         * request.getRemoteUser(); String getRequestUri =
         * request.getRequestURI();
         */
        String getRequestUrl = request.getRequestURL().toString();
        String getQueryString = request.getQueryString();
        // 获取请求体
        BufferedReader bReader = request.getReader();
        String str, sReqData = "";
        while ((str = bReader.readLine()) != null) {
            sReqData += str;
        }

        // System.out.println("getContextPath:"+getContextPath);
        // System.out.println("basePath:"+basePath);
        System.out.println("getRequestUrl:" + getRequestUrl);
        // System.out.println("getRequestUri:"+getRequestUri);
        // System.out.println("getQueryString:" + getQueryString);
        System.out.println("请求body的加密信息:" + sReqData);

        // 对url中的参数进行校验和处理
        if (getQueryString == null && ("").equals(getQueryString)) {
            System.out.println("请求url的参数为空");
        }
        // System.out.println("获取url参数后,需要解密");
        sReqMsgSig = request.getParameter("msg_signature");
        sReqTimeStamp = request.getParameter("timestamp");
        sReqNonce = request.getParameter("nonce");

        String sMsg = "";
        try {

            sMsg = wxcpt.DecryptMsg(sReqMsgSig, sReqTimeStamp, sReqNonce, sReqData);
            System.out.println("解密结果after decrypt msg: " + sMsg);
            // TODO: 解析出明文xml标签的内容进行处理
            // For example:
            DocumentBuilderFactory dbf = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
            DocumentBuilder db = dbf.newDocumentBuilder();
            StringReader sr = new StringReader(sMsg);
            InputSource is = new InputSource(sr);
            Document document = db.parse(is);

            Element root = document.getDocumentElement();
            NodeList nodelist1 = root.getElementsByTagName("Content");
            Content = nodelist1.item(0).getTextContent();
            ToUserName = root.getElementsByTagName("AgentID").item(0).getTextContent();
            MsgId = root.getElementsByTagName("MsgId").item(0).getTextContent();
            System.out.println("解析企业号发送信息Content:" + Content);
        } catch (AesException e) {
            System.out.println("获取request参数及body后,解析异常");
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ParserConfigurationException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (SAXException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        System.out.println("*************************response信息入下:****************");
        response.setContentType("text/htmll;charset=utf-8");

        /*
         * 处理返回的加密信息 其中xml中的Nonce是随机数,TimeStamp是时间戳 sReqTimeStamp,
         * sReqNonce取自请求request参数
         * 
         */
        PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
        // String sRespData =
        // "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[mycreate]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA[wx5823bf96d3bd56c7]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>1348831860</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA[text]]></MsgType><Content><![CDATA[this
        // is a
        // test]]></Content><MsgId>1234567890123456</MsgId><AgentID>128</AgentID></xml>";
        // String sRespData =
        // "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[PengWu]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA[wx5823bf96d3bd56c7]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>1348831860</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA[text]]></MsgType><Content><![CDATA[this
        // is a
        // test]]></Content><MsgId>1234567890123456</MsgId><AgentID>1000002</AgentID></xml>";
        String sRespData = "";
        if (("text1").equals(Content)) {
            sRespData = "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[" + ToUserName
                    + "]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA[wx5823bf96d3bd56c7]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>"
                    + System.currentTimeMillis() + "</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA[text]]></MsgType><Content><![CDATA["
                    + "response news -- test,type:text" + "]]></Content><MsgId>" + MsgId + "</MsgId><AgentID>"
                    + sAgentId + "</AgentID></xml>";

        } else if (("text2").equals(Content)) {
            sRespData = "200";
            /**使用异步发送
             * 1.获取access_token,在发送文本信息,调用工具
            */
            String access_token = WxworkUtil.GetForAT(sCorpID, corpsecret).get("access_token");
            JSONObject jObject = WxworkNewsType.textType("文本信息,异步发送", ToUserName, "", sAgentId);
            String result = WxworkUtil.sendData(access_token, jObject).get("errmsg");
            System.out.println("返回发送结果errmsg:"+result);
        }
        else if (("image").equals(Content)) {
            /*
             * String access_token = WxworkUtil.GetForAT(sCorpID,
             * corpsecret).get("access_token");
             * System.out.println("accest_token:"+access_token); String mediaid
             * = MediaUploadUtil.uploadMedia(access_token, "image",
             * "http://pic.sc.chinaz.com/files/pic/pic9/201801/zzpic9711.jpg");
             * String media_id = WxworkUtil.readRuslt(mediaid).get("media_id");
             * System.out.println("media_id:"+media_id); sRespData =
             * "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA["+ ToUserName
             * +"]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA["+ sCorpID
             * +"]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>"+ System.currentTimeMillis()
             * +"</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA["+ "image"
             * +"]]></MsgType><PicUrl><![CDATA["+
             * "http://pic.sc.chinaz.com/files/pic/pic9/201801/zzpic9711.jpg"
             * +"]]></PicUrl><MediaId><![CDATA[" + media_id +
             * "]]></MediaId><MsgId>"+ MsgId +"</MsgId><AgentID>"+ sAgentId
             * +"</AgentID></xml>";
             */
            sRespData = "200";
            /**
             * 在这里调用主动发送信息,发送除了文本信息之外的数据
             */
            String access_token = WxworkUtil.GetForAT(sCorpID, corpsecret).get("access_token");
            String result = MediaUploadUtil.uploadMedia(access_token, "image",
                    "http://pic.sc.chinaz.com/files/pic/pic9/201801/zzpic9711.jpg");
            System.out.println("result---media_id:" + result);
            jsparam.put("media_id", WxworkUtil.readRuslt(result).get("media_id"));
            jsparam2.put("image", jsparam);
            jsparam2.put("msgtype", "image");
            jsparam2.put("agentid", 1000002);
            jsparam2.put("touser", "PengWu");
            jsparam2.put("safe", "0");
            String sendruslt = WxworkUtil.sendData(access_token, jsparam2).get("errmsg");
            System.out.println("post请求返回结果:" + sendruslt);
        } else if (("link").equals(Content)) {
            sRespData = "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[" + sCorpID + "]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA[" + ToUserName
                    + "]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>" + System.currentTimeMillis() + "</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA["
                    + "link" + "]]></MsgType><Title><![CDATA[" + "this is a title!--test link"
                    + "]]></Title><Description><![CDATA[" + "this is a description!--test link"
                    + "]]></Description><PicUrl><![CDATA["
                    + "http://pic.sc.chinaz.com/files/pic/pic9/201801/zzpic9711.jpg" + "]]></PicUrl><MsgId>" + MsgId
                    + "</MsgId><AgentID>" + sAgentId + "</AgentID></xml>";
        } else {
            sRespData = "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[" + ToUserName + "]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA[" + sCorpID
                    + "]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>" + System.currentTimeMillis() + "</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA["
                    + "text" + "]]></MsgType><Content><![CDATA[" + Content + "]]></Content><MsgId>" + MsgId
                    + "</MsgId><AgentID>" + sAgentId + "</AgentID></xml>";

        }
        // String sRespData = ToXmlString("response news -- test ",ToUserName);
        try {
            String sEncryptMsg = wxcpt.EncryptMsg(sRespData, sReqTimeStamp, sReqNonce);
            System.out.println("相应消息加密结果--after encrypt sEncrytMsg: " + sEncryptMsg);
            out.println(sEncryptMsg);
            long time2 = System.currentTimeMillis() - time1;
            System.out.println("限制为5000,服务端处理信息的时间-->" + time2);
            // 加密成功
            // TODO:
            // HttpUtils.SetResponse(sEncryptMsg);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            // 加密失败
        }

    }

    // 对于txt格式的xml生成
    private String ToXmlString(String content, String ToUserName) {
        Random random = new Random();
        // "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[mycreate]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA[wx5823bf96d3bd56c7]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>1348831860</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA[text]]></MsgType><Content><![CDATA[this
        // is a
        // test]]></Content><MsgId>1234567890123456</MsgId><AgentID>128</AgentID></xml>";

        String lString = "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[{0}]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA[{1}]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>{2}</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA[{3}]]></MsgType><Content><![CDATA[{4}]]></Content><MsgId>{5}</MsgId><AgentID>{6}</AgentID></xml>";
        lString = String.format(lString, ToUserName, sCorpID, System.currentTimeMillis(), "text", content,
                random.nextInt(214748364) + 1, sAgentId);
        // String s =
        // "<xml><ToUserName><![CDATA[{0}]]></ToUserName><FromUserName><![CDATA[{1}]]></FromUserName><CreateTime>{2}</CreateTime><MsgType><![CDATA[{3}]]></MsgType><Content><![CDATA[{4}]]></Content></xml>";
        // s = String.format(s,"wzwl005", sCorpID, System.currentTimeMillis(),
        // "text", content);
        return lString;
    }

}

效果图:
这里写图片描述
将其中个个常用的方法的抽离类(不知道对不对,还没测完):

package util;

import net.sf.json.JSONArray;
import net.sf.json.JSONObject;

/**
 * @version 整理常用到的消息类型,抽离成固定方法,需要时直接调用;
 * @author pwu
 *
 */
public class WxworkNewsType {

    static JSONObject jb = new JSONObject();
    static JSONObject jb1 = new JSONObject();
    static JSONObject jb2 = new JSONObject();
    /**@description 文本信息格式,主动发送
     * @param
     *  例子:
     * {
       "touser" : "UserID1|UserID2|UserID3",
       "toparty" : "PartyID1|PartyID2",
       "totag" : "TagID1 | TagID2",
       "msgtype" : "text",
       "agentid" : 1,
       "text" : {
           "content" : "你的快递已到,请携带工卡前往邮件中心领取。\n出发前可查看<a href=\"http://work.weixin.qq.com\">邮件中心视频实况</a>,聪明避开排队。"
       },
       "safe":0
    }
     */
    public static JSONObject textType(String content,String touser,String toparty,String agentid){
        jb1.put("content", content);
        jb.put("text", jb1);
        jb.put("msgtype" , "text");
        jb.put("safe" , 0);
        jb.put("agentid", agentid);
        if (touser != null ) {
            jb.put("touser", touser);
        }else {
            System.out.println("文本消息参数不规范,将会发送给所有人!");
            jb.put("touser", "@all");
        }
        if (toparty != null) {
            jb.put("toparty", toparty);
        }
        return jb;
    }
    /**
     * @description 图文信息格式,主动发送
     * @param
         {
       "touser" : "UserID1|UserID2|UserID3",
       "toparty" : "PartyID1 | PartyID2",
       "totag" : "TagID1 | TagID2",
       "msgtype" : "news",
       "agentid" : 1,
       "news" : {
           "articles" : [
               {
                   "title" : "中秋节礼品领取",
                   "description" : "今年中秋节公司有豪礼相送",
                   "url" : "URL",
                   "picurl" : "http://res.mail.qq.com/node/ww/wwopenmng/images/independent/doc/test_pic_msg1.png",
                   "btntxt":"更多"
               }
            ]
       }
    }
     */
    public static JSONObject newsType(String touser,String toparty,String agentid,String title,
            String description,String url,String picurl,String btntxt){
        jb2.put("btntxt", btntxt);
        jb2.put("picurl", picurl);
        jb2.put("url", url);
        jb2.put("description", description);
        jb2.put("title", title);
        JSONArray articles = new JSONArray();
        articles.add(jb1);
        jb1.put("articles", articles);
        jb.put("news", jb1);
        jb.put("msgtype" , "news");
        jb.put("agentid", agentid);

        if (touser != null ) {
            jb.put("touser", touser);
        }else {
            System.out.println("文本消息参数不规范,将会发送给所有人!");
            jb.put("touser", "@all");
        }
        if (toparty != null) {
            jb.put("toparty", toparty);
        }
        return jb;
    }
    /**
     * @description 图片信息格式,主动发送
     * @param 
     *     {
       "touser" : "UserID1|UserID2|UserID3",
       "toparty" : "PartyID1|PartyID2",
       "totag" : "TagID1 | TagID2",
       "msgtype" : "image",
       "agentid" : 1,
       "image" : {
            "media_id" : "MEDIA_ID"
       },
       "safe":0
    }
     */
    public static JSONObject imageType(String media_id,String touser,String toparty,String agentid){
        jb1.put("media_id", media_id);
        jb.put("image", jb1);
        jb.put("msgtype" , "image");
        jb.put("safe" , 0);
        jb.put("agentid", agentid);
        if (touser != null ) {
            jb.put("touser", touser);
        }else {
            System.out.println("文本消息参数不规范,将会发送给所有人!");
            jb.put("touser", "@all");
        }
        if (toparty != null) {
            jb.put("toparty", toparty);
        }
        return jb;
    }

}
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版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/sinat_27912569/article/details/79230670
文章标签: 微信 java 图片
个人分类: 微信开发
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