windows系统下scheme语言编程环境的搭建

概要

在windows系统下(并不合适,阻力好大),使用chezscheme+emacs 搭建scheme语言的编程环境.

下载并安装emacs

请自行搜索并下载安装emacs(用来和语言实现交互的文本编辑器)

下载并安装chezscheme

在Github是有windows系统可用的安装包的,安装chezscheme后记得将要用的.exe文件配置到win系统的系统环境变量path中.一般会有两个版本的.exe文件,线程功能不同.
下文中 M 表示 Alt C 表示 Ctrl C-c 表示 Ctrl+c

配置

  1. 修改emacs/site-lisp下的subdirs.el,添加以下几行

`(defun fullpath-relative-to-call-location (file-path) (concat (file-name-directory (or load-file-name buffer-file-name)) file-path))

(defalias 'fullpath 'fullpath-relative-to-call-location)

(load (fullpath “…/CFG/init.el”) )`

注意CFG会在subdirs.el的上一级路径中,比如subdirs.el位于…\emacs-28.1\share\emacs\site-lisp,那么CFG就应当在…\emacs-28.1\share\emacs中

参考博文 https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_33208391/article/details/116579680
2. 在路径 *…\emacs-24.3* 中新建 CFG 文件夹
3. 在CFG文件家中建立init.el文件(可以新建文本文件,将后缀.txt改为.el,查看不了文件后缀的,自行搜索解决)
4. 打开init.el文件,在其中粘贴以下代码:

(message "Init init.el!")
;;-SET-ENVIRONMENT--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(setq jinz-default-dir (concat default-directory "/../CFG"))
(setq jinz-default-path (concat default-directory "/.."))
(setq source-directory (concat jinz-default-path "/24.3"))
(setq-default frame-title-format (concat "%b - e@" (system-name)))
(setq user-init-file jinz-default-path)
(setq user-emacs-directory jinz-default-dir)
(setenv "HOME" jinz-default-dir)
(setenv "PATH" jinz-default-path)
;; set the default file path
(add-to-list 'load-path jinz-default-dir)
;; window-system 表示是否为x窗体,其判断为:
;; (if window-system nil)
;; (if (not window-system) nil)

;; system-type 表示系统类型
(cond
 ((string-equal system-type "windows-nt") ; Microsoft Windows
  (progn
    (message "Microsoft Windows") )
  )
 ((string-equal system-type "darwin") ; Mac OS X
  (progn
    (message "Mac OS X"))
  )
 ((string-equal system-type "gnu/linux") ; linux
  (progn
    (message "Linux") ))
 )

  1. CFG文件夹中新建 .emacs 文件(emacs配置文件),打开后在其中粘贴如下代码:
(custom-set-variables
 ;; custom-set-variables was added by Custom.
 ;; If you edit it by hand, you could mess it up, so be careful.
 ;; Your init file should contain only one such instance.
 ;; If there is more than one, they won't work right.
 '(case-fold-search nil)
 '(column-number-mode t)
 '(cua-mode t nil (cua-base))
 '(current-language-environment "utf-8")
 '(safe-local-variable-values (quote ((package . net\.aserve\.client) (package . net\.aserve) (package . net\.html\.generator))))
 '(show-paren-mode t)
 '(text-mode-hook (quote (text-mode-hook-identify)))
 '(uniquify-buffer-name-style (quote forward) nil (uniquify)))
(custom-set-faces
 ;; custom-set-faces was added by Custom.
 ;; If you edit it by hand, you could mess it up, so be careful.
 ;; Your init file should contain only one such instance.
 ;; If there is more than one, they won't work right.
 )
;============================================
(set-language-environment "utf-8")
;注意,下行不能u8,否则打开汉语名文件不显示内容
(setq file-name-coding-system 'gb18030)
(set-buffer-file-coding-system 'utf-8)
(set-terminal-coding-system 'utf-8)
(set-keyboard-coding-system 'utf-8)
(set-selection-coding-system 'utf-8)
(set-next-selection-coding-system 'utf-8)
(set-default-coding-systems 'utf-8)
(set-clipboard-coding-system 'utf-8)  
(setq ansi-color-for-comint-mode t)
(modify-coding-system-alist 'process "*" 'utf-8)  
(setq-default pathname-coding-system 'utf-8)  
(prefer-coding-system 'utf-8)
(setq default-process-coding-system '(utf-8 . utf-8))  
(setq locale-coding-system 'utf-8)
(setq default-buffer-file-coding-system 'utf-8)  
(setq slime-net-coding-system 'utf-8-unix)
;;===============================
;设置行号
(global-linum-mode 1)
(setq linum-format "%d")
(set-cursor-color "white") 
(set-mouse-color "blue") 
(set-foreground-color "green") 
(set-background-color "black") 
(set-border-color "lightgreen") 
(set-face-foreground 'highlight "red") 
(set-face-background 'highlight "lightblue") 
(set-face-foreground 'region "darkcyan") 
(set-face-background 'region "lightblue") 
(set-face-foreground 'secondary-selection "skyblue") 
(set-face-background 'secondary-selection "darkblue") 
;将帮助命令绑定到 F1键
(global-set-key [f1]   'help-command)
(global-set-key "\C-c\M-q" 'slime-reindent-defun)

;;;======================================注意可移动模式,不然每次都要改
;;;关于scheme需要的包
;注意有时路径不对依旧可以启动scheme-mode
;下行需使用scheme.exe所在的路径
(add-to-list 'exec-path "C:\\Program Files\\Chez Scheme 9.5\\bin\\ta6nt")
(add-to-list 'load-path "C:\\Program Files\\Chez Scheme 9.5\\bin\\ta6nt")

;paredit是一个插件,M+x paredit-mode启动,
(autoload 'paredit-mode "paredit"
  "Minor mode for pseudo-structurally editing Lisp code."
  t)

;; scheme配置
(require 'cmuscheme)
;ALT+x scheme-mode 即可对一个buffer开启scheme模式
(setq scheme-program-name "scheme")

;; bypass the interactive question and start the default interpreter
(defun scheme-proc ()
  "Return the current Scheme process, starting one if necessary."
  (unless (and scheme-buffer
               (get-buffer scheme-buffer)
               (comint-check-proc scheme-buffer))
    (save-window-excursion
      (run-scheme scheme-program-name)))
  (or (scheme-get-process)
      (error "No current process. See variable `scheme-buffer'")))

(defun scheme-split-window ()
  (cond
   ((= 1 (count-windows))
    (delete-other-windows)
    (split-window-vertically (floor (* 0.68 (window-height))))
    (other-window 1)
    (switch-to-buffer "*scheme*")
    (other-window 1))
   ((not (find "*scheme*"
               (mapcar (lambda (w) (buffer-name (window-buffer w)))
                       (window-list))
               :test 'equal))
    (other-window 1)
    (switch-to-buffer "*scheme*")
    (other-window -1))))

(defun scheme-send-last-sexp-split-window ()
  (interactive)
  (scheme-split-window)
  (scheme-send-last-sexp))


(defun scheme-send-definition-split-window ()
  (interactive)
  (scheme-split-window)
  (scheme-send-definition))

(add-hook 'scheme-mode-hook
  (lambda ()
    (paredit-mode 1)
    (define-key scheme-mode-map (kbd "<f5>") 'scheme-send-last-sexp-split-window)
    (define-key scheme-mode-map (kbd "<f6>") 'scheme-send-definition-split-window)))

5.geiser配置,在.emacs文件中加入如下代码(记得将geiser解压到CFG/.emacs.d/路径下,没有的话,请去github下载geiser):

(load-file "~/.emacs.d/geiser-0.9/elisp/geiser.el") ;
(setq geiser-active-implementations '(chez))

geiser可以帮助emacs和chezscheme更好地交流,解决很多奇怪的问题, geiser是有使用手册的, 不长, C-c C-z 估计是最常用的:)
6.scheme代码自动索引和补全的配置,需要插件popup , fuzzy , pos-tip, auto-complete以及ac-geiser,这些都需要去github下载,解压到CFG/.emacs.d/路径下配置到emacs能找到就OK了

;; ==============================================代码自动补全==============================
;; ac的前件
;(setq expls '(popup fuzzy))
;(map 'require expls)
(add-to-list 'load-path "~/.emacs.d")
(require 'popup)
(require 'fuzzy)

(add-to-list 'load-path "~/.emacs.d/auto-complete")
(require 'auto-complete)
(require 'auto-complete-config)

(global-auto-complete-mode t)		;全局自动补全

;; 使用自带字典
(add-to-list 'ac-dictionary-directories "~/.emacs.d/auto-complete/dict")
(ac-config-default)

;; 输入2个字符才开始补全
(setq ac-auto-start 2)

;; 0输入即开始补全的快捷键
(global-set-key "\M-/" 'auto-complete)  

;; 使用增强的pos-tip
(require 'pos-tip)
(setq ac-quick-help-prefer-pos-tip t)

;;使用quick-help
(setq ac-use-quick-help t)
(setq ac-quick-help-delay 0.5)

;; Show 0.8 second later
(setq ac-auto-show-menu 0.8)

;;设置tab的使用模式--??
;;(setq ac-dwim t)

;;ʹ使用fuzzy的模糊匹配
(setq ac-fuzzy-enable t)

;;菜单参数
(setq ac-menu-height 12)
(set-face-background 'ac-candidate-face "lightgray")
(set-face-underline 'ac-candidate-face "darkgray")
(set-face-background 'ac-selection-face "steelblue")  

;; =========================================== ac-geiser配置========================
(add-to-list 'load-path "~/.emacs.d/ac-geiser")
(require 'ac-geiser)
(add-hook 'geiser-mode-hook 'ac-geiser-setup)
(add-hook 'geiser-repl-mode-hook 'ac-geiser-setup)
(eval-after-load "auto-complete"
  '(add-to-list 'ac-modes 'geiser-repl-mode))
  1. CFG文件夹中放入paredit.el文件(一个编辑器插件,用来高效处理lisp代码,提供括号自动匹配等功能)paredit.el应该也是可以下载到的.

使用

  1. emacs运行后,按C-c C-z, chezscheme就启动了
  2. 或者新建.ss文件,拖动到emacs窗口,再C-c C-z
  3. 接下来愉快地弹奏代码就OK.

尾声

目前就这样了,还请各位多多指教.

  • 2
    点赞
  • 2
    收藏
  • 打赏
    打赏
  • 0
    评论

“相关推荐”对你有帮助么?

  • 非常没帮助
  • 没帮助
  • 一般
  • 有帮助
  • 非常有帮助
提交
©️2022 CSDN 皮肤主题:大白 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页
评论

打赏作者

lockedkey

你的鼓励将是我创作的最大动力

¥2 ¥4 ¥6 ¥10 ¥20
输入1-500的整数
余额支付 (余额:-- )
扫码支付
扫码支付:¥2
获取中
扫码支付

您的余额不足,请更换扫码支付或充值

打赏作者

实付
使用余额支付
点击重新获取
扫码支付
钱包余额 0

抵扣说明:

1.余额是钱包充值的虚拟货币,按照1:1的比例进行支付金额的抵扣。
2.余额无法直接购买下载,可以购买VIP、C币套餐、付费专栏及课程。

余额充值