GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY="0 3 1-2 4-15:2"will bind the initial thread to CPU 0, the second to CPU 3, the third to CPU 1, the fourth to CPU 2, the fifth to CPU 4, the sixth through tenth to CPUs 6, 8, 10, 12, and 14 respectively and then start assigning back from the beginning of the list.
GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY=0binds all threads to CPU 0.
There is no GNU OpenMP library routine to determine whether a CPU affinity specification is in effect. As a workaround, language-specific library functions, e.g.,
getenv in C or
GET_ENVIRONMENT_VARIABLE in Fortran, may be used to
query the setting of the
GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY environment variable. A defined CPU affinity on startup cannot be changed or disabled during the runtime of the application.
If both GOMP_CPU_AFFINITY and OMP_PROC_BIND are set, OMP_PROC_BIND has a higher precedence. If neither has been set and OMP_PROC_BIND is unset, or when OMP_PROC_BIND is set to
the host system will handle the assignment of threads to CPUs.