文件图标的读取

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Text;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Drawing;

namespace TOA.Common
{
 /// <summary>
 /// GetIcon 的摘要说明。
 /// </summary>
 public class ShellImages
 {

  #region DLLIMPORT
  // Retrieves information about an object in the file system,
  // such as a file, a folder, a directory, or a drive root.
  [DllImport("shell32",
    EntryPoint = "SHGetFileInfo",
    ExactSpelling = false,
    CharSet = CharSet.Auto,
    SetLastError = true)]
  private static extern IntPtr SHGetFileInfo(
   string pszPath,      //指定的文件名
   FILE_ATTRIBUTE dwFileAttributes, //文件属性
   ref SHFILEINFO sfi,     //返回获得的文件信息,是一个记录类型
   int cbFileInfo,      //文件的类型名
   SHGFI uFlags);
  #endregion

  #region STRUCTS
  // Contains information about a file object
  [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
  private struct SHFILEINFO
  {
   public IntPtr hIcon;    //文件的图标句柄
   public IntPtr iIcon;    //图标的系统索引号
   public uint dwAttributes;   //文件的属性值
   [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = 260)]
   public string szDisplayName;  //文件的显示名
   [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.ByValTStr, SizeConst = 80)]
   public string szTypeName;   //文件的类型名
  };
  #endregion

  #region Enums
  // Flags that specify the file information to retrieve with SHGetFileInfo
  [Flags]
  public enum SHGFI : uint
  {
   ADDOVERLAYS = 0x20,
   ATTR_SPECIFIED = 0x20000,
   ATTRIBUTES = 0x800,   //获得属性
   DISPLAYNAME = 0x200,  //获得显示名
   EXETYPE = 0x2000,
   ICON = 0x100,    //获得图标
   ICONLOCATION = 0x1000,
   LARGEICON = 0,    //获得大图标
   LINKOVERLAY = 0x8000,
   OPENICON = 2,
   OVERLAYINDEX = 0x40,
   PIDL = 8,
   SELECTED = 0x10000,
   SHELLICONSIZE = 4,
   SMALLICON = 1,    //获得小图标
   SYSICONINDEX = 0x4000,
   TYPENAME = 0x400,   //获得类型名
   USEFILEATTRIBUTES = 0x10
  }
  // Flags that specify the file information to retrieve with SHGetFileInfo
  [Flags]
  public enum FILE_ATTRIBUTE
  {
   READONLY = 0x00000001,
   HIDDEN = 0x00000002,
   SYSTEM = 0x00000004,
   DIRECTORY = 0x00000010,
   ARCHIVE = 0x00000020,
   DEVICE = 0x00000040,
   NORMAL = 0x00000080,
   TEMPORARY = 0x00000100,
   SPARSE_FILE = 0x00000200,
   REPARSE_POINT = 0x00000400,
   COMPRESSED = 0x00000800,
   OFFLINE = 0x00001000,
   NOT_CONTENT_INDEXED = 0x00002000,
   ENCRYPTED = 0x00004000
  }
  #endregion

  #region Variables
  //保存小图标列表
  private static System.Windows.Forms.ImageList smallImageList;
  //保存大图标列表
  private static System.Windows.Forms.ImageList largeImageList;
  static ShellImages()
  {
   smallImageList = new System.Windows.Forms.ImageList();
   largeImageList = new System.Windows.Forms.ImageList();
   //将 ImageList中的图标设置为32位色图标,这样可以得到较好的显示效果
   smallImageList.ColorDepth = System.Windows.Forms.ColorDepth.Depth32Bit;
   largeImageList.ColorDepth = System.Windows.Forms.ColorDepth.Depth32Bit;
   largeImageList.ImageSize = new Size(32, 32);
   addForderIcon();
  }
  #endregion

  #region PrivateMethods
  /// <summary>
  /// 获取系统图标
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="path">文件名</param>
  /// <param name="dwAttr">文件信息</param>
  /// <param name="dwFlag">获取信息控制字</param>
  /// <returns></returns>
  private static Icon GetIcon(string path, FILE_ATTRIBUTE dwAttr, SHGFI dwFlag)
  {
   SHFILEINFO fi = new SHFILEINFO();
   Icon ic = null;
   int iTotal = (int)SHGetFileInfo(path, dwAttr, ref fi, 0, dwFlag);
   ic = Icon.FromHandle(fi.hIcon);
   return ic;
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 向smallInamgeList和largeImageList中
  /// 加入相应文件对应的图标
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="fileName"></param>
  private static void addFileIcon(string fileName)
  {
   smallImageList.Images.Add(GetIcon(fileName,
    FILE_ATTRIBUTE.NORMAL,
    SHGFI.USEFILEATTRIBUTES | SHGFI.ICON | SHGFI.LARGEICON));
   largeImageList.Images.Add(GetIcon(fileName,
    FILE_ATTRIBUTE.NORMAL,
    SHGFI.USEFILEATTRIBUTES | SHGFI.ICON | SHGFI.LARGEICON));
  }
  private static void addForderIcon()
  {
   smallImageList.Images.Add(GetIcon("dic",
    FILE_ATTRIBUTE.DIRECTORY,
    SHGFI.USEFILEATTRIBUTES | SHGFI.ICON | SHGFI.LARGEICON));
   largeImageList.Images.Add(GetIcon("dic",
    FILE_ATTRIBUTE.DIRECTORY,
    SHGFI.USEFILEATTRIBUTES | SHGFI.ICON | SHGFI.LARGEICON));
  }
  #endregion

  #region PublicMethods
  /// <summary>
  /// 获取系统的小图标列表
  /// </summary>
  public static System.Windows.Forms.ImageList SmallImageList
  {
   get
   {
    return smallImageList;
   }
           
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 获取系统的大图标列表
  /// </summary>
  public static System.Windows.Forms.ImageList LargeImageList
  {
   get
   {
    return largeImageList;
   }
  }
  /// <summary>
  /// 文件对应的图标在ImageList中的索引号
  /// (在SmallImageList,LargeImageList中的索引号是相同的)
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="fileName">文件名</param>
  /// <returns>索引号</returns>
  public static int ImageIndex(string fileName)
  {
   int index=0;
   int extIndex = fileName.LastIndexOf('.');
   if (extIndex < 0)//没有扩展名的文件当作文件夹处理
   {
    extIndex = 2;
   }
   else//文件图标索引获取
   {
    fileName = fileName.Substring(extIndex, fileName.Length - extIndex);
    //判断该扩展名的文件图标是否已装载到imageList中
    addFileIcon(fileName);//装载图标到ImageList中
    index = smallImageList.Images.Count - 1;
   }
   return index;
  }
  #endregion

 }
}

接着再在窗体的LOAD事件里写:

  #region"窗体_Load 事件"
  /// <summary>
  /// 窗体_Load 事件
  /// </summary>
  /// <param name="sender"></param>
  /// <param name="e"></param>
  private void FileList_Load(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
  {
   lvFiles.SmallImageList = ShellImages.SmallImageList;
   lvFiles.LargeImageList = ShellImages.LargeImageList;
  }

 #endregion

其中:lvFiles是ListView控件

将下列代码加到需要的地方即可: 

其中:dlgOpenFile是dialogFileOpen(文件打开对话框)控件    

      string strFileName = comFunction.GetNumberCD();

      dlgOpenFile.CheckPathExists = true;
      dlgOpenFile.CheckFileExists = true;
      dlgOpenFile.Multiselect = false;
      
      dlgOpenFile.Filter = "All files|*.*";
      if(dlgOpenFile.ShowDialog() == DialogResult.OK)
      {
       statusBarPanel1.Text = "文件加载中……";
       
       FileInfo myFiles = new FileInfo(dlgOpenFile.FileName);
       FileStream FStream = myFiles.OpenRead();
       ListViewItem lvItem = new ListViewItem(myFiles.Name);
       lvItem.SubItems.Add(myFiles.Extension.ToUpper());
       lvItem.SubItems.Add(myFiles.Length.ToString()+"字节");
       lvItem.SubItems.Add(myFiles.CreationTime.ToString("yyyy/MM/dd hh:mm:ss"));
       lvItem.SubItems.Add(strFileName);
       lvItem.ImageIndex = ShellImages.ImageIndex(lvItem.Text);
       lvFiles.Items.Add(lvItem);
       DateFjIns(strFileName,myFiles,FStream);
       FStream.Close();

       statusBarPanel1.Text = dlgOpenFile.FileName;;
      }
      dlgOpenFile.Dispose();

以上操作可以完成自动读取出系统文件图标,并将其加到ListView中 

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