前后端分离项目基于gitlab+docker+node 自动发版部署方案

一、服务器环境配置 docker、gitlab-runner、maven、node
1.新增用户和项目目录规划:
    groupadd xxx
    useradd -g xxx xxx
    passwd xxx
    添加sudo权限
    chmod u+w /etc/sudoers
    vi /etc/sudoers
    找到这行 root ALL=(ALL) ALL,在他下面添加
    %xxx    ALL=(ALL)       ALL
    chmod u-w /etc/sudoers
    su xxx
#项目根目录
    cd /home/xxx
    #环境根目录
    mkdir global
    #工程根目录
    mkdir project
    #maven 本地仓库
    mkdir global/maven-repo
    #nginx 配置
    mkdir global/nginx
    #前端项目打包后的根目录
    mkdir project/html
    #文件目录
    mkdir project/uploads
    #设置用户组可访问
    chmod -R 775 /home/xxx
2.安装gitlab-runner

sudo curl -L https://packages.gitlab.com/install/repositories/runner/gitlab-runner/script.rpm.sh | sudo bash
sudo yum -y install gitlab-runner

#修改密码
su
passwd gitlab-runner
#添加到组xxx
sudo gpasswd -a gitlab-runner xxx


3.安装 docker、docker-compose
切换到gitlab-runner 
su gitlab-runner 
sudo yum -y install docker

curl -L https://get.daocloud.io/docker/compose/releases/download/1.25.0/docker-compose-`uname -s`-`uname -m` > /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

【废弃sudo yum -y install epel-release
sudo yum -y install python-pip
sudo pip install --upgrade pip
sudo pip install docker-compose】
docker-compose -v
#给gitlab-runner 账户授权 docker
su 
sudo groupadd docker
sudo gpasswd -a gitlab-runner docker

验证
su gitlab-runner
systemctl restart docker
sudo -u gitlab-runner -H docker info

sudo gpasswd -a xxx docker
systemctl restart docker
验证
sudo -u xxx -H docker info


4.安装maven
su gitlab-runner
sudo wget http://repos.fedorapeople.org/repos/dchen/apache-maven/epel-apache-maven.repo -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel-apache-maven.repo

sudo yum -y install apache-maven

修改maven本地仓库地址
sudo vi /etc/maven/settings.xml
<localRepository>/home/xxx/global/maven-repo</localRepository>
5.安装node    
cd /home/xxx/global
wget https://nodejs.org/dist/v12.1.0/node-v12.1.0-linux-x64.tar.xz
tar -vxf node-v12.1.0-linux-x64.tar.xz
mv node-v12.1.0-linux-x64 nodeserver
cd nodeserver
sudo vi /etc/profile
    export NODE_HOME=/home/xxx/global/nodeserver
    export PATH=$NODE_HOME/bin:$PATH
source /etc/profile

npm install -g cnpm --registry=https://registry.npm.taobao.org


二、项目依赖环境(nginx、mysql、rabbit、redis 根据项目是否用到进行可选安装) 
1.利用docker-compose 安装项目依赖环境,vi /home/xxx/global/docker-compose.yml

version: '3'
services:
  redis:
    image: redis
    container_name: redis
    restart: always
    ports:
      - 6379:6379
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.1'
          memory: 1000M
    volumes:
      - ./redis/conf/redis.conf:/usr/local/etc/redis/redis.conf
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
      - ./redis/data:/data
    command: redis-server /usr/local/etc/redis/redis.conf
  rabbitmq:
    image: rabbitmq:management
    container_name: rabbitmq
    restart: always
    ports:
      - 5672:5672
      - 15672:15672
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.1'
          memory: 1000M
    volumes:
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
    environment:
      RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_USER: admin
      RABBITMQ_DEFAULT_PASS: admin
  
  nginx:
    image: nginx:latest
    container_name: nginx
    restart: always
    ports:
      - 80:80
      - 81:81
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.1'
          memory: 1000M
    volumes:
      - ./nginx:/etc/nginx/conf.d
      - ../project/html:/usr/share/nginx/html
      - ../project/uploads:/uploads
  mysql-3306:
    image: mysql:5.7.23
    container_name: mysql-3306
    restart: always
    ports:
      - 3306:3306
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.1'
          memory: 1000M
    volumes:
      - ./mysql/3306:/var/lib/mysql
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
    environment:
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: root
    command: --character-set-server=utf8mb4 --collation-server=utf8mb4_unicode_ci
  mysql-3307:
    image: mysql:5.7.23
    container_name: mysql-3307
    restart: always
    ports:
      - 3307:3306
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.1'
          memory: 1000M
    volumes:
      - ./mysql/3307:/var/lib/mysql
      - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
    environment:
      MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: root
    command: --character-set-server=utf8mb4 --collation-server=utf8mb4_unicode_ci
  zoo1:
    image: zookeeper
    restart: always
    hostname: zoo1
    ports:
      - 2181:2181
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.1'
          memory: 1000M
  #activemq容器
  activemq:
    #name: myactivemq
    #定义主机名
    hostname: myactivemq
    #使用的镜像
    image: webcenter/activemq
    #容器的映射端口
    ports:
      - 61616:61616
      - 8161:8161
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.1'
          memory: 1000M
    restart: always
    #定义挂载点
    volumes:
      - ./activemq:/data/activemq
      - ./var/log/activemq:/var/log/activemq
networks:
  default:
    external:
      name: xxx


      
2.nginx配置文件修改(vue 版)
vi /home/xxx/global/nginx/vue.conf

server{
  client_max_body_size 100m;
  listen 80;
#  server_name www.mycompany.com;
  root /usr/share/nginx/html;
  index index.html index.htm;
#超时配置
  keepalive_timeout 1800s;
  send_timeout 1800s;
  proxy_connect_timeout 1800s;
  proxy_send_timeout 1800s;
  proxy_read_timeout 1800s;
#文件上传
  location ^~ /api/upload {
    proxy_pass http://sc-upload:69/upload;
  }
#上传显示
  location  /uploads {
    alias /uploads;
    break;
  }
#前端访问
  location ^~ /admin {
    try_files $uri $uri/ /admin/index.html;
  }
#后端 api服务配置
  location ^~ /api/sys {
    proxy_pass http://sys:68/sys;
  }

  location ^~ /api/demo {
    proxy_pass http://demo:67/demo;
  }

#  location ^~ /api/ {
#    proxy_set_header Host $host;
#    proxy_set_header X-real-ip $remote_addr;
#    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
#    proxy_pass http://sc-zuul/;
#  }
}

 

2.nginx配置文件修改(react 版)
vi /home/xxx/global/nginx/react.conf

server{
        client_max_body_size 100m;
        listen 81;
        #server_name www.mycompany.com;

        root /usr/share/nginx/html;
        index index.html index.htm;

        #文件上传
        location ^~ /api/upload {
                 proxy_pass http://sc-upload:69/upload;
         }
        #上传显示
        location  /uploads {
                   alias /uploads;
                                break;
        }
       #前端访问
        location ^~ /admin {
                try_files $uri $uri/ /admin/index.html;

         }
        #后端 api访问
#        location ^~ /api/demo/sys {
#                proxy_pass http://sys:68/sys; 
#       }        
#       location ^~ /api/demo {
#                proxy_pass http://demo:67/demo; 
#       }
      location ^~ /api/demo {
                proxy_pass http://sc-zuul/demo;
       }
      location ^~ /api/demo/sys {
                proxy_pass http://sc-zuul/sys;
       }
       location ^~ /api/ {
                proxy_pass http://sc-zuul/;
       }

}

3.下载并运行镜像
sudo vi /etc/selinux/config
SELINUX=disabled
docker network create xxx
su 
docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml --compatibility up -d

三、后台工程自动发版

1.添加镜像打包插件
a.根项目添加如下配置
<pluginManagement>
    <plugins>
        ...
        <plugin>
            <groupId>com.spotify</groupId>
            <artifactId>dockerfile-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            <version>${dockerfile-maven-version}</version>
            <executions>
                <execution>
                    <id>构建docker镜像</id>
                    <goals>
                        <goal>build</goal>
                        <goal>tag</goal>
                    </goals>
                </execution>
            </executions>
            <configuration>
                <repository>scda/${project.artifactId}</repository>
                <buildDirectory>
                    ${project.basedir}
                </buildDirectory>
                <buildArgs>
                    <JAR_FILE>./target/${project.artifactId}.jar</JAR_FILE>
                </buildArgs>
            </configuration>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
</pluginManagement>
b.需要打包项目添加
 <build>
    <plugins>
        ...
        <plugin>
            <groupId>com.spotify</groupId>
            <artifactId>dockerfile-maven-plugin</artifactId>
        </plugin>
    </plugins>
</build>

2.工程classpath下添加Dockerfile文件,内容:
FROM java:8-alpine
VOLUME /tmp
ARG JAR_FILE
COPY ./${JAR_FILE} app.jar
ENTRYPOINT ["java","-Djava.security.egd=file:/dev/./urandom","-Duser.timezone=GMT+08","-jar","/app.jar"]

3.添加本地环境变量(可选,该步骤可以本地手动打包镜像到远端服务器)

服务的开启tcp端口

sudo vi /usr/lib/systemd/system/docker.service

ExecStart=/usr/bin/dockerd-current -H tcp://0.0.0.0:2375 -H unix://var/run/docker.sock \
DOCKER_HOST=tcp://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:2375

4.自动发版-->>gitlab-ci脚本-->>根目录添加.gitlab-ci.yml,内容:

  

variables:
  GIT_STRATEGY: fetch
stages:
- build
- deploy
before_script:
- pwd
scda-build:
  stage: build
  script:
  - echo "开始执行 build.sh"
  - sh ./build.sh
  - echo "结束执行 build.sh"
  only:
  - master
  tags:
  - scda-product
scda-deploy:
  stage: deploy
  script:
  - echo "开始执行 deploy.sh"
  - sh ./deploy.sh
  - echo "结束执行 deploy.sh"
  only:
  - master
  tags:
  - scda-product
  dependencies:
  - scda-build

5.自动发版-->>项目构建脚本-->>根目录添加build.sh,内容:

#!/bin/bash
if [[ ${CI_COMMIT_MESSAGE} =~ "@base" ]]
then
    echo '提交信息包含@base,需要重新构建整个工程镜像'
    mvn -DskipTests=true clean install -f pom.xml
else
    echo '构建业务模块服务镜像'
    cd ./sc-modules/

    mvn -DskipTests=true  clean package -f pom.xml
fi

6.自动发版-->>项目部署脚本-->>根目录添加deploy.sh,内容:

#!/bin/bash
echo '重新部署模块服务'
docker-compose -f docker-compose-service.yml --compatibility up -d
echo '清理无用镜像'
docker images|grep none|awk '{print $3 }'|xargs docker rmi

7.自动发版-->>项目运行镜像脚本-->>根目录添加docker-compose-base.yml,内容:

version: '3'
services:
  sc-upload:
    container_name: sc-upload
    image: scda/sc-upload
    restart: always
    ports:
    - 69:69
    environment:
    - EUREKA_HOST
    - EUREKA_PORT
    volumes:
    - /home/scda/project/logs/sc-upload:/logs
    - /home/scda/project/uploads:/uploads
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.3'
          memory: 1000M
#   depends_on:
#     - xxx
networks:
  default:
    external:
      name: xxx

8.自动发版-->>项目运行镜像脚本-->>根目录添加docker-compose-service.yml,内容:

version: '3'
services:
  sys:
    container_name: sys
    image: scda/sys
    restart: always
    ports:
    - 68:68
    environment:
    - EUREKA_HOST
    - EUREKA_PORT
    volumes:
    - /home/scda/project/logs/sys:/logs
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.5'
          memory: 1000M
  demo:
    container_name: demo
    image: scda/demo
    restart: always
    ports:
    - 67:67
    environment:
    - EUREKA_HOST
    - EUREKA_PORT
    volumes:
    - /home/scda/project/logs/demo:/logs
    deploy:
      resources:
        limits:
          cpus: '0.5'
          memory: 1000M
networks:
  default:
    external:
      name: xxx


四、前台工程自动发版(react 版)

1.修改打包配置 app-manager\config\config.js
export default {
  base: 'admin',
  publicPath: '/admin/',
  exportStatic: {},
  //outputPath: './dist',
  ...
}
2.自动发版-->>gitlab-ci脚本-->>根目录添加.gitlab-ci.yml,内容:

variables:
  GIT_STRATEGY: fetch
stages:
  - build
  - deploy
cache:
  paths:
    - node_modules
scda-admin-build:
  stage: build
  script:
    - echo "当前操作目录:"
    - echo "$(pwd)"
    - echo "开始执行 build.sh"
    - sh ./build.sh
    - echo "结束执行 build.sh"
  only:
    - master
  tags:
    - admin-product
scda-admin-deploy:
  stage: deploy
  script:
    - echo "开始执行 deploy.sh"
    - sh ./deploy.sh
    - echo "结束执行 deploy.sh"
  only:
    - master
  tags:
    - admin-product
  dependencies:
    - scda-admin-build

  
3.自动发版-->>项目构建脚本-->>根目录添加build.sh,内容:
#!/bin/bash
if [[ ${CI_COMMIT_MESSAGE} =~ "@install" ]]
then
    echo '提交信息包含@install,需要更新安装依赖'
    cnpm i
else
    echo '不需要更新依赖'
fi
echo '开始构建项目'
cnpm run build
echo '复制构建文件到静态文件目录'
rm -rf /home/xxx/project/html/admin
mv dist /home/xxx/project/html/admin

4.自动发版-->>项目部署脚本-->>根目录添加deploy.sh,内容:
#!/bin/bash
echo '部署模块服务'
docker restart nginx

四、前台工程自动发版(vue 版)

1.修改打包配置 vue.config.js

module.exports = {
  publicPath: '/vue/',
  ...
}
2.自动发版-->>gitlab-ci脚本-->>根目录添加.gitlab-ci.yml,内容:
variables:
  GIT_STRATEGY: fetch
stages:
  - build
  - deploy
cache:
  paths:
    - node_modules
scda-admin-build:
  stage: build
  script:
    - echo "当前操作目录:"
    - echo "$(pwd)"
    - echo "开始执行 build.sh"
    - sh ./build.sh
    - echo "结束执行 build.sh"
  only:
    - master
  tags:
    - admin-product-vue
scda-admin-deploy:
  stage: deploy
  script:
    - echo "开始执行 deploy.sh"
    - sh ./deploy.sh
    - echo "结束执行 deploy.sh"
  only:
    - master
  tags:
    - admin-product-vue
  dependencies:
    - scda-admin-build

  
3.自动发版-->>项目构建脚本-->>根目录添加build.sh,内容:

#!/bin/bash
if [[ ${CI_COMMIT_MESSAGE} =~ "@install" ]]
then
    echo '提交信息包含@install,需要更新安装依赖'
    cnpm i
else
    echo '不需要更新依赖'
fi
echo '开始构建项目'
cnpm run build
echo '复制构建文件到静态文件目录'
rm -rf /home/scda/project/html/vue
mv dist /home/scda/project/html/vue

4.自动发版-->>项目部署脚本-->>根目录添加deploy.sh,内容:

#!/bin/bash
echo '部署模块服务'
docker restart nginx

五、服务器gitlab-runner 注册到版本库
sudo gitlab-runner register
按步骤输入:
url、token->(gitlab CI/CD Runner)
description、tags->手动输入


 

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