/proc/diskstats

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/tenfyguo/article/details/7477526
user_00@xxxxxx64:~> cat /proc/diskstats
   1    0 ram0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    1 ram1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    2 ram2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    3 ram3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    4 ram4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    5 ram5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    6 ram6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    7 ram7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    8 ram8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1    9 ram9 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1   10 ram10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1   11 ram11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1   12 ram12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1   13 ram13 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1   14 ram14 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   1   15 ram15 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   7    0 loop0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   7    1 loop1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   7    2 loop2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   7    3 loop3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   7    4 loop4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   7    5 loop5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   7    6 loop6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   7    7 loop7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   8    0 sda 30526 2009 1087215 193416 115412736 102258023 1811485376 87116184 0 18093240 87295592
   8    1 sda1 22754 483028 5686677 45493256
   8    2 sda2 166 662 8265 66120
   8    3 sda3 6528 570989 123499806 987893792
   8    4 sda4 2887 30896 88516083 708124240

   9    0 md0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0


这个命令用于显示磁盘、分区和统计信息:sda为整个硬盘的统计信息,sda1为第一个分区的统计信息,sda2为第二个分区的统计信息。

ramdisk设备为通过软件将RAM当做硬盘来使用的一项技术。


user_00@xxxxxx64:~> cat  /sys/block/sda/stat

30537     2009  1087303   193476 115421945 102267776 1811640504 87122648        0 18094108 87302116


/proc/diskstats文件比/sys/block/sda/stat文件多3个域,从左至右分别对应主设备号,次设备号和设备名称。后续的11个域在这两个文件里是相同的,它们的函义将在下面解释。除了第9个域,所有的域都是从启动时的累积值。

  

第1个域:读完成次数 ----- 读磁盘的次数,成功完成读的总次数。

(number of issued reads. This is the total number of reads completed successfully.)


第2个域:合并读完成次数, 第6个域:合并写完成次数。为了效率可能会合并相邻的读和写。从而两次4K的读在它最终被处理到磁盘上之前可能会变成一次8K的读,才被计数(和排队),因此只有一次I/O操作。这个域使你知道这样的操作有多频繁。

(number of reads merged)


第3个域:读扇区的次数,成功读过的扇区总次数。

(number of sectors read. This is the total number of sectors read successfully.)


第4个域:读花费的毫秒数,这是所有读操作所花费的毫秒数(用__make_request()到end_that_request_last()测量)。
(number of milliseconds spent reading. This is the total number of milliseconds spent by all reads (as measured from __make_request() to end_that_request_last()).)


第5个域:写完成次数 ----写完成的次数,成功写完成的总次数。

(number of writes completed. This is the total number of writes completed successfully.)


第6个域:合并写完成次数 -----合并写次数。

(number of writes merged Reads and writes which are adjacent to each other may be merged for efficiency. Thus two 4K reads may become one 8K read before it is ultimately handed to the disk, and so it will be counted (and queued) as only one I/O. This field lets you know how often this was done.)


第7个域:写扇区次数 ---- 写扇区的次数,成功写扇区总次数。

(number of sectors written. This is the total number of sectors written successfully.)


第8个域:写操作花费的毫秒数  ---  写花费的毫秒数,这是所有写操作所花费的毫秒数(用__make_request()到end_that_request_last()测量)。

(number of milliseconds spent writing This is the total number of milliseconds spent by all writes (as measured from __make_request() to end_that_request_last()).)


第9个域:正在处理的输入/输出请求数 -- -I/O的当前进度,只有这个域应该是0。当请求被交给适当的request_queue_t时增加和请求完成时减小。

(number of I/Os currently in progress. The only field that should go to zero. Incremented as requests are given to appropriate request_queue_t and decremented as they finish.)


第10个域:输入/输出操作花费的毫秒数  ----花在I/O操作上的毫秒数,这个域会增长只要field 9不为0。

(number of milliseconds spent doing I/Os. This field is increased so long as field 9 is nonzero.)


第11个域:输入/输出操作花费的加权毫秒数 -----  加权, 花在I/O操作上的毫秒数,在每次I/O开始,I/O结束,I/O合并时这个域都会增加。这可以给I/O完成时间和存储那些可以累积的提供一个便利的测量标准。

(number of milliseconds spent doing I/Os. This field is incremented at each I/O start, I/O completion, I/O merge, or read of these stats by the number of I/Os in progress (field 9) times the number of milliseconds spent doing I/O since the last update of this field. This can provide an easy measure of both I/O completion time and the backlog that may be accumulating.)





阅读更多

没有更多推荐了,返回首页