Android四大组件之Service工作原理

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Servie的工作过程

As we all know, Service分为两种工作状态,一种是启动状态,主要用于执行后台计算,另外一种是绑定状态,主要用于其他组件和Service交互。需要注意的是Service的这两种状态是共存的。Service启动方式也对应的分为两种
1.Context.startService
Intent intentService = new Intent(this, MyService.class);
startService(intentService);

2.Context.bindService
Intent intentService = new Intent(this, MyService.class);
bindService(intentService,mServiceConnection,BIND_AUTO_CREATE);

1.startService详解

先来看下Activity与Context之间的关系
public class Activity extends ContextThemeWrapper
public class ContextThemeWrapper extends ContextWrapper
public class ContextWrapper extends Context
public abstract class Context 
在ContetWrapper里面发现了startService
   public class ContextWrapper extends Context {
    Context mBase;
     ...
    public ComponentName startService(Intent service) {
        return mBase.startService(service);
    }
}

在前面的章节中可以了解到,Activity创建的时候回调用attach方法,将一个ContextImpl对象关联起来,这个对象就是mBase,接下来分析ContextImpl的startService方法
  public ComponentName startService(Intent service) {
        warnIfCallingFromSystemProcess();
        return startServiceCommon(service, mUser);
    }
 private ComponentName startServiceCommon(Intent service, UserHandle user) {
        try {
            validateServiceIntent(service);
            service.prepareToLeaveProcess();
            ComponentName cn = ActivityManagerNative.getDefault().startService(
                mMainThread.getApplicationThread(), service,
                service.resolveTypeIfNeeded(getContentResolver()), user.getIdentifier());
            if (cn != null) {
                if (cn.getPackageName().equals("!")) {
                    throw new SecurityException(
                            "Not allowed to start service " + service
                            + " without permission " + cn.getClassName());
                } else if (cn.getPackageName().equals("!!")) {
                    throw new SecurityException(
                            "Unable to start service " + service
                            + ": " + cn.getClassName());
                }
            }
            return cn;
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            return null;
        }
    }

ActivityManagerNative.getDefault()这是个什么东东?
通过前面的章节可以了解到它是一个IPC调用,指向ActivityManagerService
ActivityManagerService.startService
 public ComponentName startService(IApplicationThread caller, Intent service,
            String resolvedType, int userId) {
        enforceNotIsolatedCaller("startService");
        // Refuse possible leaked file descriptors
        if (service != null && service.hasFileDescriptors() == true) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("File descriptors passed in Intent");
        }

        if (DEBUG_SERVICE)
            Slog.v(TAG, "startService: " + service + " type=" + resolvedType);
        synchronized(this) {
            final int callingPid = Binder.getCallingPid();
            final int callingUid = Binder.getCallingUid();
            final long origId = Binder.clearCallingIdentity();
            ComponentName res = mServices.startServiceLocked(caller, service,
                    resolvedType, callingPid, callingUid, userId);
            Binder.restoreCallingIdentity(origId);
            return res;
        }
    }
final ActiveServices mServices;
接下来分析 ActiveServices.startServiceLocked,
这个方法比较长,这里就贴出最后关键的代码
 ComponentName startServiceLocked(IApplicationThread caller,
          ...
        return startServiceInnerLocked(smap, service, r, callerFg, addToStarting);
    }

 ComponentName startServiceInnerLocked(ServiceMap smap, Intent service,
            ServiceRecord r, boolean callerFg, boolean addToStarting) {
        ProcessStats.ServiceState stracker = r.getTracker();
        if (stracker != null) {
            stracker.setStarted(true, mAm.mProcessStats.getMemFactorLocked(), r.lastActivity);
        }
        r.callStart = false;
        synchronized (r.stats.getBatteryStats()) {
            r.stats.startRunningLocked();
        }
        String error = bringUpServiceLocked(r, service.getFlags(), callerFg, false);
        if (error != null) {
            return new ComponentName("!!", error);
        }

        if (r.startRequested && addToStarting) {
            boolean first = smap.mStartingBackground.size() == 0;
            smap.mStartingBackground.add(r);
            r.startingBgTimeout = SystemClock.uptimeMillis() + BG_START_TIMEOUT;
            if (DEBUG_DELAYED_SERVICE) {
                RuntimeException here = new RuntimeException("here");
                here.fillInStackTrace();
                Slog.v(TAG, "Starting background (first=" + first + "): " + r, here);
            } else if (DEBUG_DELAYED_STARTS) {
                Slog.v(TAG, "Starting background (first=" + first + "): " + r);
            }
            if (first) {
                smap.rescheduleDelayedStarts();
            }
        } else if (callerFg) {
            smap.ensureNotStartingBackground(r);
        }

        return r.name;
    }
startServiceInnerLocked又会调用到bringUpServiceLocked

private final String bringUpServiceLocked(ServiceRecord r,
            int intentFlags, boolean execInFg, boolean whileRestarting) {
        //Slog.i(TAG, "Bring up service:");
        //r.dump("  ");

        if (r.app != null && r.app.thread != null) {
            sendServiceArgsLocked(r, execInFg, false);
            return null;
        }
        ...

        if (!isolated) {
            app = mAm.getProcessRecordLocked(procName, r.appInfo.uid, false);
            if (DEBUG_MU) Slog.v(TAG_MU, "bringUpServiceLocked: appInfo.uid=" + r.appInfo.uid
                        + " app=" + app);
            if (app != null && app.thread != null) {
                try {
                    app.addPackage(r.appInfo.packageName, r.appInfo.versionCode, mAm.mProcessStats);
                    realStartServiceLocked(r, app, execInFg);
                    return null;
                } catch (RemoteException e) {
                    Slog.w(TAG, "Exception when starting service " + r.shortName, e);
                }

                // If a dead object exception was thrown -- fall through to
                // restart the application.
            }
        }
      ...

     return null;

}

bringUpServiceLocked主要调用了realStartServiceLocked
private final void realStartServiceLocked(ServiceRecord r,
            ProcessRecord app, boolean execInFg) throws RemoteException {
        if (app.thread == null) {
            throw new RemoteException();
        }
        if (DEBUG_MU)
            Slog.v(TAG_MU, "realStartServiceLocked, ServiceRecord.uid = " + r.appInfo.uid
                    + ", ProcessRecord.uid = " + app.uid);
        r.app = app;
        r.restartTime = r.lastActivity = SystemClock.uptimeMillis();

        app.services.add(r);
        bumpServiceExecutingLocked(r, execInFg, "create");
        mAm.updateLruProcessLocked(app, false, null);
        mAm.updateOomAdjLocked();

        boolean created = false;
        try {
            String nameTerm;
            int lastPeriod = r.shortName.lastIndexOf('.');
            nameTerm = lastPeriod >= 0 ? r.shortName.substring(lastPeriod) : r.shortName;
            if (LOG_SERVICE_START_STOP) {
                EventLogTags.writeAmCreateService(
                        r.userId, System.identityHashCode(r), nameTerm, r.app.uid, r.app.pid);
            }
            synchronized (r.stats.getBatteryStats()) {
                r.stats.startLaunchedLocked();
            }
            mAm.ensurePackageDexOpt(r.serviceInfo.packageName);
            app.forceProcessStateUpTo(ActivityManager.PROCESS_STATE_SERVICE);
            app.thread.scheduleCreateService(r, r.serviceInfo,
                    mAm.compatibilityInfoForPackageLocked(r.serviceInfo.applicationInfo),
                    app.repProcState);
            r.postNotification();
            created = true;
        } catch (DeadObjectException e) {
            Slog.w(TAG, "Application dead when creating service " + r);
            mAm.appDiedLocked(app);
        } finally {
            if (!created) {
                app.services.remove(r);
                r.app = null;
                scheduleServiceRestartLocked(r, false);
                return;
            }
        }

      requestServiceBindingsLocked(r, execInFg);

        updateServiceClientActivitiesLocked(app, null, true);

        // If the service is in the started state, and there are no
        // pending arguments, then fake up one so its onStartCommand() will
        // be called.
        if (r.startRequested && r.callStart && r.pendingStarts.size() == 0) {
            r.pendingStarts.add(new ServiceRecord.StartItem(r, false, r.makeNextStartId(),
                    null, null));
        }

        sendServiceArgsLocked(r, execInFg, true);

        if (r.delayed) {
            if (DEBUG_DELAYED_STARTS) Slog.v(TAG, "REM FR DELAY LIST (new proc): " + r);
            getServiceMap(r.userId).mDelayedStartList.remove(r);
            r.delayed = false;
        }

        if (r.delayedStop) {
            // Oh and hey we've already been asked to stop!
            r.delayedStop = false;
            if (r.startRequested) {
                if (DEBUG_DELAYED_STARTS) Slog.v(TAG, "Applying delayed stop (from start): " + r);
                stopServiceLocked(r);
            }
        }
    }

其中 app.thread.scheduleCreateService 就是IPC调用客户端启动服务,H类的实例会发送消息并处理该消息
ActivityThread.handleCreateService
 private void handleCreateService(CreateServiceData data) {
        // If we are getting ready to gc after going to the background, well
        // we are back active so skip it.
        unscheduleGcIdler();

        LoadedApk packageInfo = getPackageInfoNoCheck(
                data.info.applicationInfo, data.compatInfo);
        Service service = null;
        try {
            java.lang.ClassLoader cl = packageInfo.getClassLoader();
            service = (Service) cl.loadClass(data.info.name).newInstance();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (!mInstrumentation.onException(service, e)) {
                throw new RuntimeException(
                    "Unable to instantiate service " + data.info.name
                    + ": " + e.toString(), e);
            }
        }

        try {
            if (localLOGV) Slog.v(TAG, "Creating service " + data.info.name);

            ContextImpl context = ContextImpl.createAppContext(this, packageInfo);
            context.setOuterContext(service);

            Application app = packageInfo.makeApplication(false, mInstrumentation);
            service.attach(context, this, data.info.name, data.token, app,
                    ActivityManagerNative.getDefault());
            service.onCreate();
            mServices.put(data.token, service);
            try {
                ActivityManagerNative.getDefault().serviceDoneExecuting(
                        data.token, 0, 0, 0);
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
                // nothing to do.
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (!mInstrumentation.onException(service, e)) {
                throw new RuntimeException(
                    "Unable to create service " + data.info.name
                    + ": " + e.toString(), e);
            }
        }
    }

这个方法比较重要,有必要总结一下,handleCreateService主要做了以下几个事情
1.通过ClassLoader加载service的实例
2.创建Application对象并调用其onCreate方法
3.创建ContextImpl对象,并通过Service的attach方法关联起来(与Activity类似)
4.最后调用Service的onCreate方法并将Service对象ActivityThread的一个mServies列表中


realStartServiceLocked除了调用了上面的方法外,还会调用sendServiceArgsLocked

sendServiceArgsLocked
private final void sendServiceArgsLocked(ServiceRecord r, boolean execInFg,
            boolean oomAdjusted) {
        final int N = r.pendingStarts.size();
        if (N == 0) {
            return;
        }

        while (r.pendingStarts.size() > 0) {
            try {
                ServiceRecord.StartItem si = r.pendingStarts.remove(0);
                if (DEBUG_SERVICE) Slog.v(TAG, "Sending arguments to: "
                        + r + " " + r.intent + " args=" + si.intent);
                if (si.intent == null && N > 1) {
                    // If somehow we got a dummy null intent in the middle,
                    // then skip it.  DO NOT skip a null intent when it is
                    // the only one in the list -- this is to support the
                    // onStartCommand(null) case.
                    continue;
                }
                si.deliveredTime = SystemClock.uptimeMillis();
                r.deliveredStarts.add(si);
                si.deliveryCount++;
                if (si.neededGrants != null) {
                    mAm.grantUriPermissionUncheckedFromIntentLocked(si.neededGrants,
                            si.getUriPermissionsLocked());
                }
                bumpServiceExecutingLocked(r, execInFg, "start");
                if (!oomAdjusted) {
                    oomAdjusted = true;
                    mAm.updateOomAdjLocked(r.app);
                }
                int flags = 0;
                if (si.deliveryCount > 1) {
                    flags |= Service.START_FLAG_RETRY;
                }
                if (si.doneExecutingCount > 0) {
                    flags |= Service.START_FLAG_REDELIVERY;
                }
                r.app.thread.scheduleServiceArgs(r, si.taskRemoved, si.id, flags, si.intent);
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
                // Remote process gone...  we'll let the normal cleanup take
                // care of this.
                if (DEBUG_SERVICE) Slog.v(TAG, "Crashed while scheduling start: " + r);
                break;
            } catch (Exception e) {
                Slog.w(TAG, "Unexpected exception", e);
                break;
            }
        }
    }

r.app.thread.scheduleServiceArgs这又是一个跨进程调用,AMS通过ApplicationThread来通知进程
ActivityThread.ApplicationThread.scheduleServiceArgs
 public final void scheduleServiceArgs(IBinder token, boolean taskRemoved, int startId,
            int flags ,Intent args) {
            ServiceArgsData s = new ServiceArgsData();
            s.token = token;
            s.taskRemoved = taskRemoved;
            s.startId = startId;
            s.flags = flags;
            s.args = args;

            sendMessage(H.SERVICE_ARGS, s);
        }
实际上就是通过H这个handler实例发送了一个消息
    private void sendMessage(int what, Object obj) {
        sendMessage(what, obj, 0, 0, false);
    }

    private void sendMessage(int what, Object obj, int arg1) {
        sendMessage(what, obj, arg1, 0, false);
    }

    private void sendMessage(int what, Object obj, int arg1, int arg2) {
        sendMessage(what, obj, arg1, arg2, false);
    }

    private void sendMessage(int what, Object obj, int arg1, int arg2, boolean async) {
        if (DEBUG_MESSAGES) Slog.v(
            TAG, "SCHEDULE " + what + " " + mH.codeToString(what)
            + ": " + arg1 + " / " + obj);
        Message msg = Message.obtain();
        msg.what = what;
        msg.obj = obj;
        msg.arg1 = arg1;
        msg.arg2 = arg2;
        if (async) {
            msg.setAsynchronous(true);
        }
        mH.sendMessage(msg);
    }
接着看ActivityThread.H.handleMessage
case SERVICE_ARGS:
                    Trace.traceBegin(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER, "serviceStart");
                    handleServiceArgs((ServiceArgsData)msg.obj);
                    Trace.traceEnd(Trace.TRACE_TAG_ACTIVITY_MANAGER);
                    break;

private void handleServiceArgs(ServiceArgsData data) {
        Service s = mServices.get(data.token);
        if (s != null) {
            try {
                if (data.args != null) {
                    data.args.setExtrasClassLoader(s.getClassLoader());
                    data.args.prepareToEnterProcess();
                }
                int res;
                if (!data.taskRemoved) {
                    res = s.onStartCommand(data.args, data.flags, data.startId);
                } else {
                    s.onTaskRemoved(data.args);
                    res = Service.START_TASK_REMOVED_COMPLETE;
                }

                QueuedWork.waitToFinish();

                try {
                    ActivityManagerNative.getDefault().serviceDoneExecuting(
                            data.token, 1, data.startId, res);
                } catch (RemoteException e) {
                    // nothing to do.
                }
                ensureJitEnabled();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                if (!mInstrumentation.onException(s, e)) {
                    throw new RuntimeException(
                            "Unable to start service " + s
                            + " with " + data.args + ": " + e.toString(), e);
                }
            }
        }
    }

其中s.onStartCommand就调用了Service的onStartCommand方法。
到此StartService的分析告一段路。

2.bindService详解

通startService一样,开始也是Activity.bindService->ContextWrapper.bindService->ContextImpl.bindServiceCommon

  private boolean bindServiceCommon(Intent service, ServiceConnection conn, int flags,
            UserHandle user) {
        IServiceConnection sd;
        if (conn == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("connection is null");
        }
        if (mPackageInfo != null) {
            sd = mPackageInfo.getServiceDispatcher(conn, getOuterContext(),
                    mMainThread.getHandler(), flags);
        } else {
            throw new RuntimeException("Not supported in system context");
        }
        validateServiceIntent(service);
        try {
            IBinder token = getActivityToken();
            if (token == null && (flags&BIND_AUTO_CREATE) == 0 && mPackageInfo != null
                    && mPackageInfo.getApplicationInfo().targetSdkVersion
                    < android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.ICE_CREAM_SANDWICH) {
                flags |= BIND_WAIVE_PRIORITY;
            }
            service.prepareToLeaveProcess();
            int res = ActivityManagerNative.getDefault().bindService(
                mMainThread.getApplicationThread(), getActivityToken(),
                service, service.resolveTypeIfNeeded(getContentResolver()),
                sd, flags, user.getIdentifier());
            if (res < 0) {
                throw new SecurityException(
                        "Not allowed to bind to service " + service);
            }
            return res != 0;
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            return false;
        }
    }
sd = mPackageInfo.getServiceDispatcher这里在客户端先ServiceConnection类型的conn转化成了IServiceConnection类型的sd,IServiceConnection实为接口
这里的mPackageInfo是一个LoadedApk类型,看看这个函数到底做了些神马东东
 public final IServiceConnection getServiceDispatcher(ServiceConnection c,
            Context context, Handler handler, int flags) {
        synchronized (mServices) {
            LoadedApk.ServiceDispatcher sd = null;
            ArrayMap<ServiceConnection, LoadedApk.ServiceDispatcher> map = mServices.get(context);
            if (map != null) {
                sd = map.get(c);
            }
            if (sd == null) {
                sd = new ServiceDispatcher(c, context, handler, flags);
                if (map == null) {
                    map = new ArrayMap<ServiceConnection, LoadedApk.ServiceDispatcher>();
                    mServices.put(context, map);
                }
                map.put(c, sd);
            } else {
                sd.validate(context, handler);
            }
            return sd.getIServiceConnection();
        }
    }
这里将客户端的ServiceConnection对象实际上是转换成了ServieDispatcher.InnerConnection对象。为啥要转呢,原因很简单,因为服务的绑定是要跨进程的必须借助Binder,而ServiceDispatcher.InnerConnection对象就充当了这个角色。ServiceDispatcher就把这两种对象连接起来了。

接着看bindServiceCommon后面的代码,有了上面startService分析的经验很容易知道ActivityManagerNative.getDefault().bindService这里是个IPC调用,直接指向了AMS.bindService
  
    public int bindService(IApplicationThread caller, IBinder token,
            Intent service, String resolvedType,
            IServiceConnection connection, int flags, int userId) {
        enforceNotIsolatedCaller("bindService");

        // Refuse possible leaked file descriptors
        if (service != null && service.hasFileDescriptors() == true) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("File descriptors passed in Intent");
        }

        synchronized(this) {
            return mServices.bindServiceLocked(caller, token, service, resolvedType,
                    connection, flags, userId);
        }
    }
ActiveServices.bindServiceLocked-> bringUpServiceLocked->realStartServiceLocked
realStartServiceLocked又回到了startService分析的那里,与startService不同的是bindService会调用ActiveServices的requestServiceBindingLocked方法
ActiveServices.requestServiceBindingLocked
 private final boolean requestServiceBindingLocked(ServiceRecord r,
            IntentBindRecord i, boolean execInFg, boolean rebind) {
        if (r.app == null || r.app.thread == null) {
            // If service is not currently running, can't yet bind.
            return false;
        }
        if ((!i.requested || rebind) && i.apps.size() > 0) {
            try {
                bumpServiceExecutingLocked(r, execInFg, "bind");
                r.app.forceProcessStateUpTo(ActivityManager.PROCESS_STATE_SERVICE);
                r.app.thread.scheduleBindService(r, i.intent.getIntent(), rebind,
                        r.app.repProcState);
                if (!rebind) {
                    i.requested = true;
                }
                i.hasBound = true;
                i.doRebind = false;
            } catch (RemoteException e) {
                if (DEBUG_SERVICE) Slog.v(TAG, "Crashed while binding " + r);
                return false;
            }
        }
        return true;
    }
接着分析ActivityThread.ApplicationThread.sheduleBindService
  public final void scheduleBindService(IBinder token, Intent intent,
                boolean rebind, int processState) {
            updateProcessState(processState, false);
            BindServiceData s = new BindServiceData();
            s.token = token;
            s.intent = intent;
            s.rebind = rebind;

            if (DEBUG_SERVICE)
                Slog.v(TAG, "scheduleBindService token=" + token + " intent=" + intent + " uid="
                        + Binder.getCallingUid() + " pid=" + Binder.getCallingPid());
            sendMessage(H.BIND_SERVICE, s);
        }
再熟悉不过了,直接看处理方法吧
private void handleBindService(BindServiceData data) {
        Service s = mServices.get(data.token);
        if (DEBUG_SERVICE)
            Slog.v(TAG, "handleBindService s=" + s + " rebind=" + data.rebind);
        if (s != null) {
            try {
                data.intent.setExtrasClassLoader(s.getClassLoader());
                data.intent.prepareToEnterProcess();
                try {
                    if (!data.rebind) {
                        IBinder binder = s.onBind(data.intent);
                       <span style="color:#ff6666;"> ActivityManagerNative.getDefault().publishService(
                                data.token, data.intent, binder);</span>
                    } else {
                        s.onRebind(data.intent);
                        ActivityManagerNative.getDefault().serviceDoneExecuting(
                                data.token, 0, 0, 0);
                    }
                    ensureJitEnabled();
                } catch (RemoteException ex) {
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                if (!mInstrumentation.onException(s, e)) {
                    throw new RuntimeException(
                            "Unable to bind to service " + s
                            + " with " + data.intent + ": " + e.toString(), e);
                }
            }
        }
    }
客户端进程再次IPC调用AMS的publishService方法

 public void publishService(IBinder token, Intent intent, IBinder service) {
        // Refuse possible leaked file descriptors
        if (intent != null && intent.hasFileDescriptors() == true) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("File descriptors passed in Intent");
        }

        synchronized(this) {
            if (!(token instanceof ServiceRecord)) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("Invalid service token");
            }
            mServices.publishServiceLocked((ServiceRecord)token, intent, service);
        }
    }

ActiveServices.publishServiceLocked

 void publishServiceLocked(ServiceRecord r, Intent intent, IBinder service) {
            ...
                        try {
                                c.conn.connected(r.name, service);
                            } catch (Exception e) {
                                Slog.w(TAG, "Failure sending service " + r.name +
                                      " to connection " + c.conn.asBinder() +
                                      " (in " + c.binding.client.processName + ")", e);
                            }
              ...
       }
这个方法很长这里就截取了最关键的一句代码,其中c的类型就是Connectionrecord,而c.conn的类型就是ServiceDispatcher.InnerConnection对象
      private static class InnerConnection extends IServiceConnection.Stub {
            final WeakReference<LoadedApk.ServiceDispatcher> mDispatcher;

            InnerConnection(LoadedApk.ServiceDispatcher sd) {
                mDispatcher = new WeakReference<LoadedApk.ServiceDispatcher>(sd);
            }

            public void connected(ComponentName name, IBinder service) throws RemoteException {
                LoadedApk.ServiceDispatcher sd = mDispatcher.get();
                if (sd != null) {
                    sd.connected(name, service);
                }
            }
        }
从LoadedApk.ServiceDispatcher.InnerConnection的定义可以看出InnerConnection.connected->ServiceDispacher.connected
 public void connected(ComponentName name, IBinder service) {
            if (mActivityThread != null) {
                mActivityThread.post(new RunConnection(name, service, 0));
            } else {
                doConnected(name, service);
            }
        }
这里ServiceDispatcher的mActivityThread就是一个handler,对应ActivityThread中的H类,这样RunConnection经过H.post运行在主线程中,ServiceConnection的方法就是在主线程中被回调的。接着看RunConnection的定义
private final class RunConnection implements Runnable {
            RunConnection(ComponentName name, IBinder service, int command) {
                mName = name;
                mService = service;
                mCommand = command;
            }

            public void run() {
                if (mCommand == 0) {
                    doConnected(mName, mService);
                } else if (mCommand == 1) {
                    doDeath(mName, mService);
                }
            }

            final ComponentName mName;
            final IBinder mService;
            final int mCommand;
        }
ServiceDispatcher.doConnected
 public void doConnected(ComponentName name, IBinder service) {
            ServiceDispatcher.ConnectionInfo old;
            ServiceDispatcher.ConnectionInfo info;

            synchronized (this) {
                if (mForgotten) {
                    // We unbound before receiving the connection; ignore
                    // any connection received.
                    return;
                }
                old = mActiveConnections.get(name);
                if (old != null && old.binder == service) {
                    // Huh, already have this one.  Oh well!
                    return;
                }

                if (service != null) {
                    // A new service is being connected... set it all up.
                    mDied = false;
                    info = new ConnectionInfo();
                    info.binder = service;
                    info.deathMonitor = new DeathMonitor(name, service);
                    try {
                        service.linkToDeath(info.deathMonitor, 0);
                        mActiveConnections.put(name, info);
                    } catch (RemoteException e) {
                        // This service was dead before we got it...  just
                        // don't do anything with it.
                        mActiveConnections.remove(name);
                        return;
                    }

                } else {
                    // The named service is being disconnected... clean up.
                    mActiveConnections.remove(name);
                }

                if (old != null) {
                    old.binder.unlinkToDeath(old.deathMonitor, 0);
                }
            }

            // If there was an old service, it is not disconnected.
            if (old != null) {
                mConnection.onServiceDisconnected(name);
            }
            // If there is a new service, it is now connected.
            if (service != null) {
                mConnection.onServiceConnected(name, service);
            }
        }
ServiceConnected的onServiceConnected执行之后,bindService的分析也告一段落。










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