从Acitive+Directory里面导出用户数据

如何从AD中到处需要的数据?


其实ldifde是个很不错的工具,这个工具可以在AD上直接运行,也有很好的帮助。


LDIF Directory Exchange

General Parameters
==================
-i              Turn on Import Mode (The default is Export)
-f filename     Input or Output filename
-s servername   The server to bind to (Default to DC of computer's domain)
-c FromDN ToDN  Replace occurences of FromDN to ToDN
-v              Turn on Verbose Mode
-j path         Log File Location
-t port         Port Number (default = 389)
-u              Use Unicode format
-w timeout      Terminate execution if the server takes longer than the
                specified number of seconds to respond to an operation
                (default = no timeout specified)
-h              Enable SASL layer encryption
-?              Help

Export Specific
===============
-d RootDN       The root of the LDAP search (Default to Naming Context)
-r Filter       LDAP search filter (Default to "(objectClass=*)")
-p SearchScope  Search Scope (Base/OneLevel/Subtree)
-l list         List of attributes (comma separated) to look for
                in an LDAP search
-o list         List of attributes (comma separated) to omit from
                input.
-g              Disable Paged Search.
-m              Enable the SAM logic on export.
-n              Do not export binary values
-x              Include deleted objects (tombstones)

Import
======
-k              The import will go on ignoring 'Constraint Violation'
                and 'Object Already Exists' errors
-y              The import will use lazy commit for better performance
                (enabled by default)
-e              The import will not use lazy commit
-q threads      The import will use the specified number of threads
                (default is 1)

Credentials Establishment
=========================
Note that if no credentials is specified, LDIFDE will bind as the currently
logged on user, using SSPI.

-a UserDN [Password | *]            Simple authentication
-b UserName Domain [Password | *]   SSPI bind method

Example: Simple import of current domain
    ldifde -i -f INPUT.LDF

Example: Simple export of current domain
    ldifde -f OUTPUT.LDF

Example: Export of specific domain with credentials
    ldifde -m -f OUTPUT.LDF
           -b USERNAME DOMAINNAME *
           -s SERVERNAME
           -d "cn=users,DC=DOMAINNAME,DC=Microsoft,DC=Com"
           -r "(objectClass=user)"


下面是我写的两个例子,用来导出用户数据

ldifde -d "OU=cummins,DC=Elysium,DC=local" -f output.ldf -p subtree -r "(&(objectClass=top)(objectClass=person)(objectClass=organizationalPerson)(objectClass=user))" -j c:\ -c "OU=cummins,DC=Elysium,DC=local" "OU=people,DC=cummins,DC=local" -l dn,objectClass,cn,sn,givenName,displayName,sAMAccountName

ldifde -d "OU=cummins,DC=Elysium,DC=local" -f ad.ldif -p subtree -j c:\ -c "OU=cummins,DC=Elysium,DC=local" "OU=people,DC=cummins,DC=local" -l dn,objectClass,cn,sn,givenName,displayName,sAMAccountName


导出的用户数据例子如下:

dn: OU=people,DC=cummins,DC=local
changetype: add
objectClass: top
objectClass: organizationalUnit

dn: CN=test test,OU=people,DC=cummins,DC=local
changetype: add
objectClass: top
objectClass: person
objectClass: organizationalPerson
objectClass: user
cn: test test
sn: test
givenName: test
displayName: test test
sAMAccountName: test1



这个数据导入到sunone directory等其他LDAP服务器的时候,需要注意

  1. 将objectClass: user改成objectClass: inetorgperson
  2. 将sAMAccountName改成uid
因为Sunone里面没有叫user的objectclass,也没有叫sAMAccountName的属性
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