微信JSSDK分享功能详解

本文以微信分享到朋友圈,分享给微信好友为例为参考,进行调用测试,想添加其他的功能,自行查看开发人员文档即可


工欲善其事,必先利其器,好好利用下边的帮助工具,都是腾讯给开发人员的工具

1.微信开发者说明文档:点击查看

2.微信WEB开发者工具:

Windows 64位版本:下载地址

Windows 32位版本:下载地址

Mac版本:下载地址

3.微信JSSDK分享sample:点击下载

4.在线DEMO:http://203.195.235.76/jssdk/



微信版本6.0以后,原有的WeixinJSBridge.on('menu:share:timeline', function (argv) {}不再可在以使用,那如何在使用微信的其他功能呢?官方给出了JSSDK的使用,帮助我们解决~



前言:


虽然微信提供了JSSDK,但是这不意味着你可以用自定义的按钮来直接打开微信的分享界面,这套JSSDK只是把微信分享接口的内容定义好了,实际还是需要用户点击右上角的菜单按钮进行主动的分享,用户点开分享界面之后,出现的内容就会是你定义的分享标题、图片和链接



  • 2.实测图解

  • 2.1 测试页面:

2.2分享到朋友圈:









2.3 分享到朋友圈:

(这个是触发success的效果,配图描述写错了,抱歉)
(这个是触发cancel的效果)



2.3调试界面:







后台代码(jssdk.php见后边):

	//获取apptoken
	require_once "jssdk.php";
	$jssdk = new JSSDK($appid,$appsecret);//这里填写自己的appid 和secret
	$signPackage = $jssdk->GetSignPackage();
	$this->assign("signPackage",$signPackage);

JS配置代码

<script type="text/javascript" src='http://res.wx.qq.com/open/js/jweixin-1.0.0.js'></script>
  <script type="text/javascript">
  wx.config({
    debug: false,
    appId: '{$signPackage["appId"]}',
    timestamp: '{$signPackage["timestamp"]}',
    nonceStr: '{$signPackage["nonceStr"]}',
    signature: '{$signPackage["signature"]}',
    jsApiList: [
      // 所有要调用的 API 都要加到这个列表中
        'checkJsApi',
        'onMenuShareTimeline',
        'onMenuShareAppMessage',
        'onMenuShareQQ',
        'onMenuShareWeibo',
        'onMenuShareQZone'
    ]
  });
  </script>
  <script type="text/javascript" src='http://203.195.235.76/jssdk/js/zepto.min.js'></script>


JS分享代码:

<script type="text/javascript">
        //完成wx.config,执行这里
         wx.ready(function () {
             //分享到朋友圈
             wx.onMenuShareTimeline({
                 title: '1111111', // 分享标题
                 link:window.location.href,
                 imgUrl: "{pigcms:$res['pic']}", // 分享图标
                 success: function () {
		    // 分享成功执行此回调函数
                    alert('success');
                 },
                 cancel: function () {
                    alert('cancel');
                 }
             });

             //分享给朋友
             wx.onMenuShareAppMessage({
                 title: '22222', // 分享标题
                 desc: '22222',
                 link:window.location.href,
                 imgUrl: "{pigcms:$res['pic']}", // 分享图标
                 trigger: function (res) {
                     // 不要尝试在trigger中使用ajax异步请求修改本次分享的内容,因为客户端分享操作是一个同步操作,这时候使用ajax的回包会还没有返回
                 },
                 success: function (res) {
		     // 分享成功执行此回调函数
                     alert('已分享');
                 },
                 cancel: function (res) {
                     alert('已取消');
                 },
                 fail: function (res) {
                     alert(JSON.stringify(res));
                 }
             });
         });

</script>




JSSDK类

jssdk.php

<?php
class JSSDK {
  private $appId;
  private $appSecret;

  public function __construct($appId, $appSecret) {
    $this->appId = $appId;
    $this->appSecret = $appSecret;
  }

  public function getSignPackage() {
    $jsapiTicket = $this->getJsApiTicket();

    // 注意 URL 一定要动态获取,不能 hardcode.
    $protocol = (!empty($_SERVER['HTTPS']) && $_SERVER['HTTPS'] !== 'off' || $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'] == 443) ? "https://" : "http://";
    $url = "$protocol$_SERVER[HTTP_HOST]$_SERVER[REQUEST_URI]";

    $timestamp = time();
    $nonceStr = $this->createNonceStr();

    // 这里参数的顺序要按照 key 值 ASCII 码升序排序
    $string = "jsapi_ticket=$jsapiTicket&noncestr=$nonceStr&timestamp=$timestamp&url=$url";

    $signature = sha1($string);

    $signPackage = array(
      "appId"     => $this->appId,
      "nonceStr"  => $nonceStr,
      "timestamp" => $timestamp,
      "url"       => $url,
      "signature" => $signature,
      "rawString" => $string
    );
    return $signPackage; 
  }

  private function createNonceStr($length = 16) {
    $chars = "abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789";
    $str = "";
    for ($i = 0; $i < $length; $i++) {
      $str .= substr($chars, mt_rand(0, strlen($chars) - 1), 1);
    }
    return $str;
  }

  private function getJsApiTicket() {
    
      $accessToken = $this->getAccessToken();
     
      // 如果是企业号用以下 URL 获取 ticket
      // $url = "https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/get_jsapi_ticket?access_token=$accessToken";
      $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/ticket/getticket?type=jsapi&access_token=$accessToken";
      $res = json_decode($this->httpGet($url));
     
      $ticket = $res->ticket;
      
    return $ticket;
  }

  private function getAccessToken() {
    // access_token 应该全局存储与更新,以下代码以写入到文件中做示例
    // 如果是企业号用以下URL获取access_token
    // $url = "https://qyapi.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/gettoken?corpid=$this->appId&corpsecret=$this->appSecret";
      $url = "https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/token?grant_type=client_credential&appid=$this->appId&secret=$this->appSecret";
      $res = json_decode($this->httpGet($url));
      $access_token = $res->access_token;
     
    return $access_token;
  }

  private function httpGet($url) {
    $curl = curl_init();
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 500);
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, false);
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, false);
    curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_URL, $url);

    $res = curl_exec($curl);
    curl_close($curl);

    return $res;
  }
}



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