WinForm下编写分页控件,实现DataGridView的分页效果



    前几天做C/S项目的时候用到了分页查询,所以就想去网上找一些封装好的分页控件,类似BS项目中的那种。但是找了好几个都不是特别的好,没有自己想要的。而且WinForm 里面的DataGridView也不像WebForm里面的GridView那样有自带的分页功能。没办法还是自己动手封装一个吧,以后复用也方便。

 

从网上找了几个demo做了一下,实现挺简单的。

用到的方法就是编写一个用户控件,下面说明如何实现:

一,先画界面

 

新建一个用户控件,然后拖拽几个标签,文本框和按钮,排列好。如下图所示:

二,编写代码

    public partial class PagerControl : UserControl
    {
        #region 构造函数

        public PagerControl()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        #endregion

        #region 分页字段和属性

        private int pageIndex = 1;
        /// <summary>
        /// 当前页数
        /// </summary>
        public virtual int PageIndex
        {
            get { return pageIndex; }
            set { pageIndex = value; }
        }

        private int pageSize = 100;
        /// <summary>
        /// 每页记录数
        /// </summary>
        public virtual int PageSize
        {
            get { return pageSize; }
            set { pageSize = value; }
        }

        private int recordCount = 0;
        /// <summary>
        /// 总记录数
        /// </summary>
        public virtual int RecordCount
        {
            get { return recordCount; }
            set { recordCount = value; }
        }

        private int pageCount = 0;
        /// <summary>
        /// 总页数
        /// </summary>
        public int PageCount
        {
            get
            {
                if (pageSize != 0)
                {
                    pageCount = GetPageCount();
                }
                return pageCount;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region 页码变化时触发事件

        public event EventHandler OnPageChanged;

        #endregion

        #region 分页及相关事件功能实现

        /// <summary>
        /// 设窗体控件全部可用
        /// </summary>
        private void SetFormCtrEnabled()
        {
            linkFirst.Enabled = true;
            linkPrevious.Enabled = true;
            linkNext.Enabled = true;
            linkLast.Enabled = true;
            btnGo.Enabled = true;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 计算总页数
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        private int GetPageCount()
        {
            if (PageSize == 0)
            {
                return 0;
            }
            int pageCount = RecordCount / PageSize;
            if (RecordCount % PageSize == 0)
            {
                pageCount = RecordCount / PageSize;
            }
            else
            {
                pageCount = RecordCount / PageSize + 1;
            }
            return pageCount;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 用于客户端调用
        /// </summary>
        public void DrawControl(int count)
        {
            recordCount = count;
            DrawControl(false);
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 根据不同的条件,改变页面控件的呈现状态
        /// </summary>
        private void DrawControl(bool callEvent)
        {
            
            lblCurrentPage.Text = PageIndex.ToString();
            lblPageCount.Text = PageCount.ToString();
            lblTotalCount.Text = RecordCount.ToString();
            txtPageSize.Text = PageSize.ToString();

            if (callEvent && OnPageChanged != null)
            {
                OnPageChanged(this, null);//当前分页数字改变时,触发委托事件
            }
            SetFormCtrEnabled();
            if (PageCount == 1)//有且仅有一页时
            {
                linkFirst.Enabled = false;
                linkPrevious.Enabled = false;
                linkNext.Enabled = false;
                linkLast.Enabled = false;
                btnGo.Enabled = false;
            }
            else if (PageIndex == 1)//当前页为第一页时
            {
                linkFirst.Enabled = false;
                linkPrevious.Enabled = false;
            }
            else if (PageIndex == PageCount)//当前页为最后一页时
            {
                linkNext.Enabled = false;
                linkLast.Enabled = false;
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region 相关控件事件

        //首页按钮
        private void linkFirst_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            PageIndex = 1;
            DrawControl(true);
        }

        //上一页按钮
        private void linkPrevious_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            PageIndex = Math.Max(1, PageIndex - 1);
            DrawControl(true);
        }

        //下一页按钮
        private void linkNext_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            PageIndex = Math.Min(PageCount, PageIndex + 1);
            DrawControl(true);
        }

        //尾页按钮
        private void linkLast_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            PageIndex = PageCount;
            DrawControl(true);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 按下enter键,执行跳转页面功能
        /// </summary>
        private void txtPageNum_KeyPress(object sender, KeyPressEventArgs e)
        {
            btnGo_Click(null, null);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 跳转页数限制
        /// </summary>
        private void txtPageNum_TextChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            int num = 0;
            if (int.TryParse(txtPageNum.Text.Trim(), out num) && num > 0)
            {   //TryParse 函数,将字符串转换成等效的整数,返回bool型,判断是否转换成功。
                //输入除数字以外的字符是转换不成功的

                if (num > PageCount)   //输入数量大于最大页数时,文本框自动显示最大页数
                {
                    txtPageNum.Text = PageCount.ToString();
                }
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 跳转按钮
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender"></param>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        private void btnGo_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            int num = 0;
            if (int.TryParse(txtPageNum.Text.Trim(), out num) && num > 0)
            {
                PageIndex = num;
                DrawControl(true);
            }
        }

        #endregion
        bool isTextChanged = false;
        /// <summary>
        /// 每页显示的记录数改变时
        /// </summary>
        private void txtPageSize_TextChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            int num = 0;
            //输入不符合规范时,默认设置为100
            if (!int.TryParse(txtPageSize.Text.Trim(), out num) || num <= 0)
            {
                num = 100;
                txtPageSize.Text = "100";
            }
            else
            {
                isTextChanged = true;
                
            }
            pageSize = num;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 光标离开 每页设置文本框时,显示到首页
        private void txtPageSize_Leave(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (isTextChanged)
            {
                isTextChanged = false;
                linkFirst_Click(null, null);
            }
        }
    }

三,客户端调用

    public partial class frmPagerDemo : Form
    {
        public frmPagerDemo()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void StartForm_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            //创建一个文件数据库表。
            MDataTable.CreateSchema("Users.txt", false, new string[] { "选择", "用户名", "密码", "性别", "注册日期" }, SqlDbType.Bit, SqlDbType.NVarChar, SqlDbType.NVarChar, SqlDbType.NVarChar, SqlDbType.NVarChar);

            
            for (int i = 0; i < 200; i++)//插入200条数据。
            {
                using (MAction action = new MAction("Users.txt", "Txt Path={0}"))
                {
                    action.Set("选择", i % 2 == 0);
                    action.Set("用户名", "Obama_" + i);
                    action.Set("密码", "123" + i);
                    action.Set("性别", "男");
                    action.Set("注册日期", DateTime .Now.ToShortDateString());
                    action.Insert(InsertOp.None);
                }
            }

            LoadData();

            //激活OnPageChanged事件
            pagerControl1.OnPageChanged += new EventHandler(pagerControl1_OnPageChanged);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 页数变化时调用绑定数据方法
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="sender"></param>
        /// <param name="e"></param>
        private void pagerControl1_OnPageChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            LoadData();
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 重新加载数据
        /// </summary>
        private void LoadData()
        {
            int count;
            using (MAction action = new MAction("Users.txt", "Txt Path={0}"))
            {
                action.Select(pagerControl1.PageIndex, pagerControl1.PageSize, string.Empty, out count).Bind(gvUsers);
                pagerControl1.DrawControl(count);
            }
        }
    }


四,显示效果



至此一个WinForm版的分页控件制作就完成了。


有问题的地方欢迎指出。


 


代码下载:http://download.csdn.net/detail/u010028869/7983011


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