Asterisk + FreePBX + ubuntu14.04 环境配置

版权声明:本文为博主原创文章,未经博主允许不得转载。 https://blog.csdn.net/u010148712/article/details/53241700

注,所有命令建议逐条执行,不需要的已标出。

1,安装Linux系统

[双硬盘安装Windows+Ubuntu](http://blog.csdn.net/u010148712/article/details/53241303)

2,更改root密码

sudo passwd root

3,切换到root用户

sudo -i

4,更新系统源

一定要注意联网同步系统的时间
apt-get update
apt-get update -y(可选)

5,安装依赖

apt-get install -y build-essential linux-headers-`uname -r` openssh-server apache2 mysql-server\
  mysql-client bison flex php5 php5-curl php5-cli php5-mysql php-pear php-db php5-gd curl sox\
  libncurses5-dev libssl-dev libmysqlclient-dev mpg123 libxml2-dev libnewt-dev sqlite3\
  libsqlite3-dev pkg-config automake libtool autoconf git subversion unixodbc-dev uuid uuid-dev\
  libasound2-dev libogg-dev libvorbis-dev libcurl4-openssl-dev libical-dev libneon27-dev libsrtp0-dev\
  libspandsp-dev libmyodbc

6,重启

reboot

7,安装配置Asterisk

cd  /usr/src
在此目录下下载五个文件,已下载好,见附件,后两个为文件夹。可将文件直接复制进相应的目录即可:cp 源文件 目标文件路径
wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/dahdi-linux-complete/dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz

    wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/libpri/libpri-current.tar.gz

    wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/asterisk/asterisk-12-current.tar.gz
下面两步可能会失败,成功最好,如果失败,附解决办法
    git clone https://github.com/akheron/jansson.git
    git clone https://github.com/asterisk/pjproject.git
错误如下:

这里写图片描述
通常是缓存不足造成的,解决方法如下:
前两行的命令,成功的话结果在下面

这里写图片描述

8,对步骤七所下文件进行编译安装

编译安装DAHDI,如果没有物理硬件的话,可与选择不安装此模块
    cd /usr/src
    tar xvfz dahdi-linux-complete-current.tar.gz
    cd dahdi-linux-complete-*
    make all
    make install
    make config

9,编译安装LIBPRI

如果没有物理硬件的话可以不安装此模块
    cd /usr/src

    tar xvfz libpri-current.tar.gz
    cd libpri-*
    make
    make install

10,编译安装pjproject

    cd /usr/src/pjproject
    ./configure --enable-shared --disable-sound --disable-resample --disable-video –disable-    opencore-amr
    make dep
    make
    make install

11,编译安装jansson

    cd /usr/src/jansson
    autoreconf -i
    ./configure
    make
    make install

12,编译安装Asterisk

    cd /usr/src
    tar xvfz asterisk-12-current.tar.gz

    cd asterisk-*
    ./configure
    contrib/scripts/get_mp3_source.sh
    make menuselect
配置加载的模块,第一个大项全选吧,然后save&exit

编译安装加载配置

    make
    make install
    make config
    ldconfig

13,安装Asterisk-Extra-Sounds

下载两个语音包(可以采用命令在线安装),已下载好,见附件
    cd /var/lib/asterisk/sounds

    wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/sounds/asterisk-extra-sounds-en-wav-current.tar.gz

    tar xfz asterisk-extra-sounds-en-wav-current.tar.gz
    rm -f asterisk-extra-sounds-en-wav-current.tar.gz

    # Wideband Audio download

    wget http://downloads.asterisk.org/pub/telephony/sounds/asterisk-extra-sounds-en-g722-current.tar.gz

    tar xfz asterisk-extra-sounds-en-g722-current.tar.gz
    rm -f asterisk-extra-sounds-en-g722-current.tar.gz

14,安装配置FreePBX

下载
wget http://mirror.freepbx.org/modules/packages/freepbx/freepbx-12.0-latest.tgz

解压
tar vxfz freepbx-12-latest.tgz
cd freepbx

15,创建asterisk用户及赋予权限

    useradd -m asterisk
    chown asterisk. /var/run/asterisk
    chown -R asterisk. /etc/asterisk
    chown -R asterisk. /var/{lib,log,spool}/asterisk
    chown -R asterisk. /usr/lib/asterisk
    rm -rf /var/www/html

16,配置apach2服务器

    sed -i 's/\(^upload_max_filesize = \).*/\120M/' /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini 
    cp /etc/apache2/apache2.conf /etc/apache2/apache2.conf_orig
    sed -i 's/^\(User\|Group\).*/\1 asterisk/' /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
    service apache2 restart

17,配置ODBC

cat >> /etc/odbcinst.ini << EOF
再粘贴进去下面,全部粘贴
    [MySQL]
    Description = ODBC for MySQL
    Driver = /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/odbc/libmyodbc.so
    Setup = /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/odbc/libodbcmyS.so
    FileUsage = 1

    EOF

18,配置ODBC连接

注意数据库名和表名
cat >> /etc/odbc.ini << EOF
粘贴进去下面,全部粘贴
    [MySQL-asteriskcdrdb]
    Description=MySQL connection to 'asteriskcdrdb' database
    driver=MySQL
    server=localhost
    database=asteriskcdrdb
    Port=3306
    Socket=/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
    option=3

    EOF

19,配置mysql

export ASTERISK_DB_PW=`dd if=/dev/urandom bs=1 count=32 2>/dev/null | base64 - | cut -c2-18`

20,建立mysql的数据库及表

    mysqladmin -u root create asterisk
    mysqladmin -u root create asteriskcdrdb
也可以进入mysql客户端,直接执行相应命令

这里写图片描述

21,配置mysq

    mysql -u root -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON asterisk.* TO asteriskuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '${ASTERISK_DB_PW}';"

    mysql -u root -e "GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON asteriskcdrdb.* TO asteriskuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '${ASTERISK_DB_PW}';"

    mysql -u root -e "flush privileges;"

22, 重启Asterisk并且安装FreePBX

    ./start_asterisk start
    ./install_amp --installdb --username=asteriskuser --password=${ASTERISK_DB_PW}
    amportal chown

以下会进行联网校验更新,重新加载等操作,可以将联网需联网更新的步骤打断,即一步步执行

    amportal a ma installall
    amportal a reload
    amportal a ma refreshsignatures
    amportal chown

23,最后,重启FreePBX

    ln -s /var/lib/asterisk/moh /var/lib/asterisk/mohmp3

    amportal restart

24,运行检验

1),检验Asterisk

    执行命令
    asterisk -vvgc
出现如下结果,即说明安装成功


2),检验FreePBX

打开浏览器,访问http://127.0.0.1,出现FreePBX管理界面,安装FreePBX成功。

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