springboot使用rabbitMQ(带回调)

springboot提供了各类东西的简单集成,rabbitMQ也不例外,本文重点介绍如何集成rabbitMQ以及如何使用带回调的rabbitMQ

万年不变的第一步:pom

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-amqp</artifactId>
        </dependency>

生产者

配置文件1:RabbitConfig

package com.mos.eboot.web.config;

import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.connection.CachingConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.connection.ConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.RabbitTemplate;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.config.ConfigurableBeanFactory;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Scope;

import javax.annotation.Resource;

/**
 * @author 小尘哥
 */
@Configuration
public class RabbitConfig {

    @Resource
    private RabbitConstants rabbitConstants;

    @Bean
    public ConnectionFactory connectionFactory() {
        CachingConnectionFactory connectionFactory = new CachingConnectionFactory();
        connectionFactory.setAddresses(rabbitConstants.getHost());
        connectionFactory.setUsername(rabbitConstants.getUsername());
        connectionFactory.setVirtualHost(rabbitConstants.getVirtualHost());
        connectionFactory.setPassword(rabbitConstants.getPassword());
//        * 如果要进行消息回调,则这里必须要设置为true
        connectionFactory.setPublisherConfirms(rabbitConstants.getPublisherConfirms());
        return connectionFactory;
    }

    /**
     * 因为要设置回调类,所以应是prototype类型,如果是singleton类型,则回调类为最后一次设置
     */
    @Bean
    @Scope(ConfigurableBeanFactory.SCOPE_PROTOTYPE)
    public RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate() {
        return new RabbitTemplate(connectionFactory());
    }

}

配置文件2:RabbitConstants(主要用于用户名、密码等值从配置文件获取,也可以用@Value方式)

package com.mos.eboot.web.config;

import org.springframework.boot.context.properties.ConfigurationProperties;

/**
 * rabbit配置
 * @author 小尘哥
 */
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.rabbitmq")
public class RabbitConstants {

    public static final String EXCHANGE   = "bootExchange";
    public static final String ROUTINGKEY = "routingkey";
    public static final String QUEUE      = "bootQueue";

    private String host;

    private Integer port;

    private String username;

    private String password;

    private Boolean publisherConfirms;

    private String virtualHost;

    public String getHost() {
        return host;
    }

    public void setHost(String host) {
        this.host = host;
    }

    public Integer getPort() {
        return port;
    }

    public void setPort(Integer port) {
        this.port = port;
    }

    public String getUsername() {
        return username;
    }

    public void setUsername(String username) {
        this.username = username;
    }

    public String getPassword() {
        return password;
    }

    public void setPassword(String password) {
        this.password = password;
    }

    public Boolean getPublisherConfirms() {
        return publisherConfirms;
    }

    public void setPublisherConfirms(Boolean publisherConfirms) {
        this.publisherConfirms = publisherConfirms;
    }

    public String getVirtualHost() {
        return virtualHost;
    }

    public void setVirtualHost(String virtualHost) {
        this.virtualHost = virtualHost;
    }
}

配置文件3:DemoSender,即实际的消息发送者

package com.mos.eboot.web.sender;

import com.mos.eboot.tools.util.IDGen;
import com.mos.eboot.web.config.RabbitConstants;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.RabbitTemplate;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.support.CorrelationData;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

/**
 * @author 小尘哥
 */
@Component
public class DemoSender implements RabbitTemplate.ConfirmCallback{

    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DemoSender.class);

    private RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate;

    @Autowired
    public DemoSender(RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate) {
        this.rabbitTemplate = rabbitTemplate;
        this.rabbitTemplate.setConfirmCallback(this);
    }

    public void send(String msg) {
        CorrelationData correlationData = new CorrelationData(IDGen.genId());
        LOGGER.info("send: " + correlationData.getId());
        this.rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend(RabbitConstants.EXCHANGE, RabbitConstants.ROUTINGKEY, msg, correlationData);
    }

    @Override
    public void confirm(CorrelationData correlationData, boolean ack, String cause) {

        System.out.println("confirm: " + correlationData.getId());

    }
}

测试:DemoController

package com.mos.eboot.web.controller;


import com.mos.eboot.tools.controller.BaseController;
import com.mos.eboot.tools.result.ResultModel;
import com.mos.eboot.web.config.RabbitConstants;
import com.mos.eboot.web.sender.DemoSender;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.core.RabbitTemplate;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;

/**
 * @author 小尘哥
 */
@RestController
@RequestMapping("demo")
public class DemoController extends BaseController  {

    private static final Logger LOGGER = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DemoController.class);

    @Resource
    private RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate;

    @Resource
    private DemoSender demoSender;


    @RequestMapping("amqp")
    public ResultModel amqp(){
        rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend(RabbitConstants.QUEUE,"1message from web");
        rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend("exchange","topic.messages","2message from web for exchage");
          rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend(RabbitConstants.EXCHANGE,RabbitConstants.ROUTINGKEY,"3message from web for fanoutExchange");

      //主要是下面这个
        demoSender.send("message from web for fanoutExchange1234234");
        return ResultModel.defaultSuccess(null);
    }
}

消费者

配置都相同,添加一个Listener,用来接收消息

package com.mos.eboot.consumer.config;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.Binding;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.BindingBuilder;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.DirectExchange;
import org.springframework.amqp.core.Queue;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.annotation.RabbitHandler;
import org.springframework.amqp.rabbit.annotation.RabbitListener;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.messaging.handler.annotation.Payload;

/**
 * @author 小尘哥
 */
@Configuration
@RabbitListener(queues = RabbitConstants.QUEUE)
public class Listener {

    /** 设置交换机类型  */
    @Bean
    public DirectExchange defaultExchange() {
        /**
         * DirectExchange:按照routingkey分发到指定队列
         * TopicExchange:多关键字匹配
         * FanoutExchange: 将消息分发到所有的绑定队列,无routingkey的概念
         * HeadersExchange :通过添加属性key-value匹配
         */
        return new DirectExchange(RabbitConstants.EXCHANGE);
    }

    @Bean
    public Queue fooQueue() {
        return new Queue(RabbitConstants.QUEUE);
    }

    @Bean
    public Binding binding() {
        /** 将队列绑定到交换机 */
        return BindingBuilder.bind(fooQueue()).to(defaultExchange()).with(RabbitConstants.ROUTINGKEY);
    }

    @RabbitHandler
    public void process(@Payload String foo) {
        System.out.println("Listener: " + foo);
    }
}

yml配置

spring:
  redis:
    database: 0
    # Redis服务器地址
    host: 127.0.0.1
    # Redis服务器连接端口
    port: 6379
    # Redis服务器连接密码(默认为空)
    password: 123456789
  rabbitmq:
      host: 172.16.14.93
      port: 5672
      username: dreamer
      password: dreamer
      virtualHost: eboot
      publisherConfirms: true

测试结果

访问http://localhost:8881/demo/amqp(根据你的实际情况)
生产者

消费者

可以看到消费者接收到了所发送的三个消息,但是其中只有第三个demoSender.send()发送的有回调,而在DemoSender中重写的confirm里也接收到了回调信息。

完整代码已上传码云,戳【eboot】获取源码

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