SSM整合redis

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一、关于SSM整合Redis需要知道的一些小知识

在学习Redis的时候,大家应该知道,JAVA操作redis通常使用的是Jedis,通过java代码来操作redis的数据存储读取等操作,用过的人应该知道,Jedis客户端已经足够简单和轻量级了,但是呢,在此同时,Spring也为Redis提供了支持,就是在Spring-data模块中的Spring-Data-Redis(SDR),它一部分是基于Jedis客户端的API封装,另一部分是对Spring容器的整合。

大家应该都知道,Spring容器可以作为一个大工厂,为各种对象创建实例,关于SSM与Redis的整合,准确点,其实也就是Spring与Redis的整合。

又说会来了,Spring要和Redis整合需要用到的,就是Spring-Data模块中的Spring-data-Redis。

二、SDR资料(Spring-Data-Redis)

资料:http://projects.spring.io/spring-data-redis/
文档:https://docs.spring.io/spring-data/redis/docs/1.8.6.RELEASE/reference/html/
个人觉得没有什么比官方文档说的更为详细的了
这里对其功能做一个简单的说明:
1、连接池自动管理,并且提供了RedisTemplate类(很重要)
2、将jedis的API按照类型操作,进行封装
这里写图片描述

其中Key Bound Operations ,是对key绑定便携化的接口,什么意思呢,就是,原先我们在存放数据的时候,需要指定一个key,然后根据这个key修改,删除啊之类操作,但是无论是修改还是删除都要重新填写使用这个key,而这个的接口呢,其实也是需要的,只是前期你指定了一个key,在后续的操作中就无需显式的频繁的使用key来尽享操作。

做一个简单的关于String的演示,代码如下:

String boundKey = "key1";
BoundValueOperations<Stirng,String> ops = stringRedisTemplate.boundValueOps(boundKey);//绑定key
ops.set("hellos");//添加数据,相当于redis命令:set key1 hellos,只是在这里不需要显式使用key了
System.out.println(ops.get());获取并且输出数据

3、对事务进行封装最后将由Spring容器进行控制
4、提供了多种序列化和反序列化的策略
(1)StringRedisSerializer:应用与字符串场景,可以是key可以是value
(2)JdkSerializationRedisSerializer:使用JDK本身序列化方式,序列化POJO对象,通常是存储value为对象的时候
(3)JacksonJsonRedisSerializer:这一种方式理解起来很容易,将POJO对象和JSON对象进行互相转换,然后存储这个JSON字符串
(4)OxmSerializer:和上面个有些类似,但是适合XML进行转换,不推荐使用

三、SSM整合Redis

1、导入jar包,或者使用maven,方式自己选,我这提供jar包:
http://pan.baidu.com/s/1miBlAMc

2、web.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee"
         xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee http://xmlns.jcp.org/xml/ns/javaee/web-app_3_1.xsd"
         version="3.1">
    <!--spring 监听器-->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    <!-- 防止Spring内存溢出监听器 -->
    <listener>
        <listener-class>org.springframework.web.util.IntrospectorCleanupListener</listener-class>
    </listener>
    <!--mybatis和redis配置-->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:spring-redis.xml,classpath:spring-mybaties.xml</param-value>
    </context-param>
    <!--log4j日志-->
    <context-param>
        <param-name>log4jConfigLocation</param-name>
        <param-value>classpath:log4j.properties</param-value>
    </context-param>

    <listener>
        <listener-class>
            org.springframework.web.util.Log4jConfigListener
        </listener-class>
    </listener>

    <!-- 编码过滤器 -->
    <filter>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <filter-class>org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter</filter-class>
        <async-supported>true</async-supported>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>encoding</param-name>
            <param-value>UTF-8</param-value>
        </init-param>
    </filter>
    <filter-mapping>
        <filter-name>encodingFilter</filter-name>
        <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
    </filter-mapping>
    <!--spring mvc-->
    <servlet>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <servlet-class>org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet</servlet-class>
        <init-param>
            <param-name>contextConfigLocation</param-name>
            <param-value>classpath:spring-mvc.xml</param-value>
        </init-param>
        <load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
    </servlet>
    <servlet-mapping>
        <servlet-name>SpringMVC</servlet-name>
        <url-pattern>*.do</url-pattern>
    </servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

3、spring-mvc.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">
    <context:component-scan base-package="com"></context:component-scan>
    <mvc:annotation-driven></mvc:annotation-driven>
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerMapping"></bean>
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.mvc.method.annotation.RequestMappingHandlerAdapter">
        <property name="messageConverters">
            <list>
                <bean class="org.springframework.http.converter.json.MappingJackson2HttpMessageConverter">
                    <property name="supportedMediaTypes">
                        <list>
                            <value>text/html;charset=UTF-8</value>
                            <value>application/json;charset=UTF-8</value>
                        </list>
                    </property>
                </bean>
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>
    <bean class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">
        <property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/"></property>
        <property name="suffix" value=".jsp"></property>
        <property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView"></property>
    </bean>
    <!-- 文件上传 -->
    <bean id="multipartResolver"  class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver">
        <property name="maxUploadSize" value="102400000"></property>
    </bean>
</beans>

4、spring-mybaties.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
       xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:c="http://www.springframework.org/schema/c"
       xmlns:util="http://www.springframework.org/schema/util"
       xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/springutil.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop.xsd">
    <!-- 设置自动扫描包 -->
    <context:component-scan base-package="com"></context:component-scan>
    <!-- 后处理器,只能写一个,所以写在redis配置文件中 -->
    <!--<bean id="mapping" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
        <property name="location" value="classpath:*.properties" />
    </bean>-->
    <!--连接池-->
    <bean id="dataSource" class="com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariDataSource" destroy-method="close">
        <constructor-arg>
            <bean class="com.zaxxer.hikari.HikariConfig">
                <property name="driverClassName" value="${driverClassName}" />
                <property name="jdbcUrl" value="${jdbcUrl}" />
                <property name="username" value="${username}" />
                <property name="password" value="${password}" />
                <property name="connectionTimeout" value="${connectionTimeout}"/>
                <property name="idleTimeout" value="${idleTimeout}"/>
                <property name="maxLifetime" value="${maxLifetime}"/>
                <property name="maximumPoolSize" value="${maximumPoolSize}"/>
                <property name="minimumIdle" value="${minimumIdle}"/>
            </bean>
        </constructor-arg>
    </bean>
    <!-- 依赖于mybatis-spring.jar包 -->
    <bean id="sqlSessionFactory" class="org.mybatis.spring.SqlSessionFactoryBean">
        <property name="configLocation" value="classpath:mybatis-config.xml"></property>
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
        <!-- 自动扫描mapping.xml文件,这一句很重要 -->
        <property name="mapperLocations" value="classpath:com/zxm/mapping/xml/*.xml"></property>
    </bean>
    <!-- (事务管理)transaction manager, use JtaTransactionManager for global tx -->
    <bean id="transactionManager" class="org.springframework.jdbc.datasource.DataSourceTransactionManager">
        <property name="dataSource" ref="dataSource" />
    </bean>

    <!-- DAO接口所在包名,Spring会自动查找其下的类 -->
    <bean class="org.mybatis.spring.mapper.MapperScannerConfigurer">
        <property name="basePackage" value="com.zxm.mapping.dao"></property>
        <property name="sqlSessionFactoryBeanName" value="sqlSessionFactory"></property>
    </bean>


    <!-- 定义事务 -->
    <tx:annotation-driven transaction-manager="transactionManager"/>
    <tx:advice id="txAdvice" transaction-manager="transactionManager">
        <tx:attributes>
            <tx:method name="get*" read-only="true"/>
        </tx:attributes>
    </tx:advice>
    <!-- AOP定义切面添加事务管理 -->
    <aop:config>
        <!-- 定义切面 -->
        <aop:pointcut expression="execution(public * com.zxm.*.*(..))" id="myPointcut"/>
        <aop:advisor advice-ref="txAdvice" pointcut-ref="myPointcut"/>
    </aop:config>

</beans>

mybatis如果还需要使用Alias的话还需要一个配置文件

mybatis-config.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?> <!DOCTYPE configuration  PUBLIC "-//mybatis.org//DTD Config 3.0//EN"  "http://mybatis.org/dtd/mybatis-3-config.dtd">
<configuration>  

    <typeAliases>
        <!-- <typeAlias type="com.zxm.mybatis.bean.User" alias="User"/> -->
        <package name="com.zxm"/>
    </typeAliases>
</configuration>

5、spring-redis.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans    xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
          xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
          xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
          xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
          xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
          xsi:schemaLocation="
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/context
      http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

    <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:*.properties"/>
    <!--设置数据池-->
    <bean id="poolConfig"  class="redis.clients.jedis.JedisPoolConfig">
        <property name="maxIdle" value="${redis.maxIdle}"></property>
        <property name="minIdle" value="${redis.minIdle}"></property>
        <property name="maxTotal" value="${redis.maxTotal}"></property>
        <property name="maxWaitMillis" value="${redis.maxWaitMillis}"></property>
        <property name="testOnBorrow" value="${redis.testOnBorrow}"></property>
    </bean>
    <!--链接redis-->
    <bean id="connectionFactory" class="org.springframework.data.redis.connection.jedis.JedisConnectionFactory">
        <property name="hostName" value="${redis.host}"></property>
        <property name="port" value="${redis.port}"></property>
        <property name="password" value="${redis.password}"></property>
        <property name="poolConfig" ref="poolConfig"></property>
    </bean>

    <bean id="redisTemplate" class="org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate" p:connection-factory-ref="connectionFactory" >
        <!--以下针对各种数据进行序列化方式的选择-->
        <property name="keySerializer">
            <bean class="org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer" />
        </property>
        <property name="valueSerializer">
            <bean class="org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer" />
        </property>
        <property name="hashKeySerializer">
            <bean class="org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer" />
        </property>
        <!--<property name="hashValueSerializer">
            <bean class="org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer" />
        </property>-->
    </bean>
</beans>

5、JDBC所需properties文件:
jdbc.properties

driverClassName=com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
username=root
password=root
jdbcUrl=jdbc\:mysql\://localhost\:3306/redis
connectionTimeout=30000
idleTimeout=600000
maxLifetime=1800000
maximumPoolSize=400
minimumIdle=100

6、Redis所需properties文件:
redis.properties

redis.maxIdle=300
redis.minIdle=100
redis.maxWaitMillis=3000
redis.testOnBorrow=true
redis.maxTotal=500
redis.host=127.0.0.1
redis.port=6379
redis.password=zxm

7、日志配置文件
log.properties

# Configure logging for testing: optionally with log file
log4j.rootLogger=WARN, stdout
# log4j.rootLogger=WARN, stdout, logfile

log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d %p [%c] - %m%n

log4j.appender.logfile=org.apache.log4j.FileAppender
log4j.appender.logfile.File=target/spring.log
log4j.appender.logfile.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.logfile.layout.ConversionPattern=%d %p [%c] - %m%n

四、合作

1、设置一个Reids的基本操作接口

RedisBaiseTakes.java

package com.zxm.util.redistakes;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by zxm on 2017/8/11.
 */
public interface RedisBaiseTakes<H,K,V> {
    //增
    public void add(K key,String value);
    public void addObj(H objectKey,K key,V object);
    //删
    public void delete(K key);
    public void delete(List<K> listKeys);
    public void deletObj(H objecyKey,K key);
    //改
    public void update(K key,String value);
    public void updateObj(H objectKey,K key,V object);
    //查
    public String get(K key);
    public V getObj(H objectKey,K key);
}

设定一个访问客户的redis操作类:

SeeUserRedisTakes.java

package com.zxm.util.redistakes;

import com.zxm.bean.SeeUser;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Component;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.logging.Logger;

/**
 * Created by zxm on 2017/8/12.
 *
 */
@Component("seeUserRedisTakes")
public class SeeUserRedisTakes implements RedisBaiseTakes<String,String,SeeUser>{
    @Resource(name="redisTemplate")
    private RedisTemplate redisTemplate;

    private Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(String.valueOf(SeeUserRedisTakes.class));
    @Override
    public void add(String key, String value) {
        if(redisTemplate==null){
            logger.warning("redisTemplate 实例化失败");
            return;
        }else{
           redisTemplate.opsForValue().set(key,value);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void addObj(String objectKey, String key, SeeUser object) {
        if(redisTemplate==null){
            logger.warning("redisTemplate 实例化失败");
            return;
        }else{
            redisTemplate.opsForHash().put(objectKey,key,object);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void delete(String key) {

    }

    @Override
    public void delete(List<String> listKeys) {

    }

    @Override
    public void deletObj(String objecyKey, String key) {

    }

    @Override
    public void update(String key, String value) {

    }

    @Override
    public void updateObj(String objectKey, String key, SeeUser object) {

    }

    @Override
    public String get(String key) {
        String value = (String) redisTemplate.opsForValue().get(key);
        return value;
    }

    @Override
    public SeeUser getObj(String objectKey, String key) {
        SeeUser seeUser = (SeeUser) redisTemplate.opsForHash().get(objectKey,key);
        return seeUser;
    }
}

创建一个用户访问的POJO对象

SeeUser.java

package com.zxm.bean;

import java.io.Serializable;

/**
 * Created by zxm on 2017/8/11.
 */
public class SeeUser implements Serializable{
    private String id;
    private String ip;//用户的id
    private String seeTime;//用户访问的时间
    private int seeCount;//用户访问的次数

    public String getId() {
        return id;
    }

    public void setId(String id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    public String getIp() {
        return ip;
    }

    public void setIp(String ip) {
        this.ip = ip;
    }

    public String getSeeTime() {
        return seeTime;
    }

    public void setSeeTime(String seeTime) {
        this.seeTime = seeTime;
    }

    public int getSeeCount() {
        return seeCount;
    }

    public void setSeeCount(int seeCount) {
        this.seeCount = seeCount;
    }
}

创建一个Controller对象:

package com.zxm.controller;

import com.zxm.bean.SeeUser;
import com.zxm.util.redistakes.RedisBaiseTakes;
import com.zxm.util.tools.CommTools;
import com.zxm.util.tools.GetUserInfo;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.servlet.ModelAndView;

import javax.annotation.Resource;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;

/**
 * Created by zxm on 2017/8/7.
 *
 */
@Controller
@RequestMapping("test")
public class TestController {

    @Resource(name="seeUserRedisTakes")
    private RedisBaiseTakes seeUserRedisTakes;

    @RequestMapping("/hello.do")
    public ModelAndView hello(){
        ModelAndView mv = new ModelAndView();
        System.out.println("hello see");
        seeUserRedisTakes.add("hello1","zxm");
        mv.setViewName("hello");
        return mv;
    }
    @RequestMapping("/hello2.do")
    public ModelAndView hello2(HttpServletRequest request){
        ModelAndView mv = new ModelAndView();
        SeeUser seeUser = new SeeUser();
        seeUser.setId("1");
        seeUser.setIp(GetUserInfo.getIpAddr(request));
        seeUser.setSeeTime(CommTools.getNoewTime("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss"));
        seeUser.setSeeCount(1);
        seeUserRedisTakes.addObj("seeUser",seeUser.getId(),seeUser);
        mv.setViewName("hello");
        return mv;
    }
    @RequestMapping("/hello3.do")
    public ModelAndView hello3(HttpServletRequest request){
        ModelAndView mv = new ModelAndView();
        SeeUser seeUser = (SeeUser) seeUserRedisTakes.getObj("seeUser","1");
        if(seeUser!=null){
            System.out.println(seeUser.getId()+"======="+seeUser.getIp()+"======"+seeUser.getSeeTime()+"======="+seeUser.getSeeCount());
        }

        mv.setViewName("hello");
        return mv;
    }

}

访问结果:
(1)访问链接:
http://localhost:8080/test/hello.do
访问结果:
这里写图片描述

(2)访问链接:
http://localhost:8080/test/hello2.do
访问结果:
这里写图片描述

(3)访问链接:
http://localhost:8080/test/hello3.do
访问结果:
输出:
这里写图片描述

上述代码中没有将mybatis用起来,但是redis和SSM的整合就是redis和Spring的整合,这里演示的是SpringMVC 控制器(Controller)对redis的简单操作和使用,当然也可以其它如server层,原理都一样

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