HttpClient 连接池,防止建立连接而浪费时间和资源

pom文件依赖部分: 

   <properties>
       <httpclient.version>4.4.1</httpclient.version>
    </properties>

       <dependency> 
             <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId> 
              <artifactId>httpclient</artifactId> 
             <version>${httpclient.version}</version>         
        </dependency> 
        
        <dependency> 
             <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId> 
              <artifactId>httpclient-cache</artifactId> 
             <version>${httpclient.version}</version>    
        </dependency> 
        
        <dependency> 
             <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId> 
              <artifactId>httpmime</artifactId> 
             <version>${httpclient.version}</version>         
        </dependency>
         
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.httpcomponents</groupId>
            <artifactId>httpcore</artifactId>
            <version>${httpclient.version}</version> 
        </dependency> 



import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InterruptedIOException;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.UnknownHostException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Set;
import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutorService;
import java.util.concurrent.Executors;

import javax.net.ssl.SSLException;
import javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException;

import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntityEnclosingRequest;
import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
import org.apache.http.HttpRequest;
import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.NoHttpResponseException;
import org.apache.http.client.HttpRequestRetryHandler;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpRequestBase;
import org.apache.http.client.protocol.HttpClientContext;
import org.apache.http.config.Registry;
import org.apache.http.config.RegistryBuilder;
import org.apache.http.conn.ConnectTimeoutException;
import org.apache.http.conn.routing.HttpRoute;
import org.apache.http.conn.socket.ConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.socket.LayeredConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.socket.PlainConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.conn.ssl.SSLConnectionSocketFactory;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.protocol.HttpContext;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;


/**
 * HttpClient工具类
 * 
 * @return
 * @author zhaoshouyun
 * @create 2018年07月09日
 */
public class HttpClientUtil {

     static final int timeOut = 30 * 1000;
//不适用多服务情况
//private static CloseableHttpClient httpClient = null;

//加上该Map的目的解决,如果访问多个地址,会出现调用出错问题,例如你的项目里调用了阿里和百度两家服务,如果不放到map,那么拿到的数据可能就乱的,例如百度调用拿到了阿里的连接池,顾加上map,根据hostname获取相关对应的连接池
    private static Map<String,CloseableHttpClient> httpClientMap = new ConcurrentHashMap<>();

 /**
     * 连接存活时间 默认60s  
     */
    private static final int CONNECTION_KEEP_ALIVE =  60 * 1000;

    private final static Object syncLock = new Object();

    private static void config(HttpRequestBase httpRequestBase) {
        // 设置Header等
        // httpRequestBase.setHeader("User-Agent", "Mozilla/5.0");
        // httpRequestBase
        // .setHeader("Accept",
        // "text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8");
        // httpRequestBase.setHeader("Accept-Language",
        // "zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,en-US;q=0.5,en;q=0.3");// "en-US,en;q=0.5");
        // httpRequestBase.setHeader("Accept-Charset",
        // "ISO-8859-1,utf-8,gbk,gb2312;q=0.7,*;q=0.7");

        // 配置请求的超时设置
        RequestConfig requestConfig = RequestConfig.custom()
                .setConnectionRequestTimeout(timeOut)
                .setConnectTimeout(timeOut).setSocketTimeout(timeOut).build();
        httpRequestBase.setConfig(requestConfig);
    }

    /**
     * 获取HttpClient对象
     * 
     * @return
     * @author zhaoshouyun
     * @create 2018年07月09日
     */
    public static CloseableHttpClient getHttpClient(String url) {
        String hostname = url.split("/")[2];
        int port = 80;
        if (hostname.contains(":")) {
            String[] arr = hostname.split(":");
            hostname = arr[0];
            port = Integer.parseInt(arr[1]);
        }

        CloseableHttpClient httpClient =  httpClientMap.get(hostname+port);

        if (httpClient == null) {
            synchronized (syncLock) {
                if (httpClient == null) {
                    httpClient = createHttpClient(200, 40, 100, hostname, port);
                    httpClientMap.put(hostname+port,httpClient);
                }
            }
        }
        return httpClient;
    }

    /**
     * 创建HttpClient对象
     * 
     * @return
     * @author zhaoshouyun
     * @create 2018年07月09日
     */
    public static CloseableHttpClient createHttpClient(int maxTotal,
            int maxPerRoute, int maxRoute, String hostname, int port) {
        ConnectionSocketFactory plainsf = PlainConnectionSocketFactory
                .getSocketFactory();
        LayeredConnectionSocketFactory sslsf = SSLConnectionSocketFactory.getSocketFactory();
        Registry<ConnectionSocketFactory> registry = RegistryBuilder
                .<ConnectionSocketFactory> create().register("http", plainsf)
                .register("https", sslsf).build();
        PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager cm = new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager(
                registry);
        // 将最大连接数增加
        cm.setMaxTotal(maxTotal);
        // 将每个路由基础的连接增加
        cm.setDefaultMaxPerRoute(maxPerRoute);
        HttpHost httpHost = new HttpHost(hostname, port);
        // 将目标主机的最大连接数增加
        cm.setMaxPerRoute(new HttpRoute(httpHost), maxRoute);

        // 请求重试处理
        HttpRequestRetryHandler httpRequestRetryHandler = new HttpRequestRetryHandler() {
            public boolean retryRequest(IOException exception,
                    int executionCount, HttpContext context) {
                if (executionCount >= 5) {// 如果已经重试了5次,就放弃
                    return false;
                }
                if (exception instanceof NoHttpResponseException) {// 如果服务器丢掉了连接,那么就重试
                    return true;
                }
                if (exception instanceof SSLHandshakeException) {// 不要重试SSL握手异常
                    return false;
                }
                if (exception instanceof InterruptedIOException) {// 超时
                    return false;
                }
                if (exception instanceof UnknownHostException) {// 目标服务器不可达
                    return false;
                }
                if (exception instanceof ConnectTimeoutException) {// 连接被拒绝
                    return false;
                }
                if (exception instanceof SSLException) {// SSL握手异常
                    return false;
                }

                HttpClientContext clientContext = HttpClientContext
                        .adapt(context);
                HttpRequest request = clientContext.getRequest();
                // 如果请求是幂等的,就再次尝试
                if (!(request instanceof HttpEntityEnclosingRequest)) {
                    return true;
                }
                return false;
            }
        };
         //添加保持活性策略

          ConnectionKeepAliveStrategy keepAliveStrategy = new DefaultConnectionKeepAliveStrategy() {
            @Override
            public long getKeepAliveDuration(final HttpResponse response, final HttpContext context) {
                long keepAlive = super.getKeepAliveDuration(response, context);
                if (keepAlive == -1) {
                    keepAlive = CONNECTION_KEEP_ALIVE;
                }
                return keepAlive;
            }
        };

        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.custom()
                .setConnectionManager(cm)
                .setRetryHandler(httpRequestRetryHandler)
                //定期清理连接池里的无效连接
                .evictExpiredConnections()
                .setKeepAliveStrategy(keepAliveStrategy)
                .setConnectionTimeToLive(CONNECTION_KEEP_ALIVE, TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
                .build();


        return httpClient;
    }

    private static void setPostParams(HttpPost httpost,
            Map<String, Object> params) {
        List<NameValuePair> nvps = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
        Set<String> keySet = params.keySet();
        for (String key : keySet) {
            nvps.add(new BasicNameValuePair(key, params.get(key).toString()));
        }
        try {
            httpost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nvps, "UTF-8"));
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    /**
     * GET请求URL获取内容
     * 
     * @param url
     * @return
     * @author zhaoshouyun
     * @throws Exception 
     * @create 2018年07月09日
     */
    public static String post(String url, Map<String, Object> params) throws Exception {
        HttpPost httppost = new HttpPost(url);
        config(httppost);
        setPostParams(httppost, params);
        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        try {
            response = getHttpClient(url).execute(httppost,
                    HttpClientContext.create());
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            String result = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "utf-8");
            EntityUtils.consume(entity);
            return result;
        } catch (Exception e) {
        	e.printStackTrace();
            throw e;
        } finally {
            try {
                if (response != null)
                    response.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * GET请求URL获取内容
     * 
     * @param url
     * @return
     * @author zhaoshouyun
     * @create 2018年07月09日
     */
    public static String get(String url) {
        HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet(url);
        config(httpget);
        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        try {
            response = getHttpClient(url).execute(httpget,
                    HttpClientContext.create());
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            String result = EntityUtils.toString(entity, "utf-8");
            EntityUtils.consume(entity);
            return result;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            try {
                if (response != null)
                    response.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // URL列表数组
        String[] urisToGet = {
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",

                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",

                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",

                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",

                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",

                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist",
                "https://mp.csdn.net/postlist" };

        long start = System.currentTimeMillis();
        try {
            int pagecount = urisToGet.length;
            ExecutorService executors = Executors.newFixedThreadPool(pagecount);
            CountDownLatch countDownLatch = new CountDownLatch(pagecount);
            for (int i = 0; i < pagecount; i++) {
                HttpGet httpget = new HttpGet(urisToGet[i]);
                config(httpget);
                // 启动线程抓取
                executors
                        .execute(new GetRunnable(urisToGet[i], countDownLatch));
            }
            countDownLatch.await();
            executors.shutdown();
        } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            System.out.println("线程" + Thread.currentThread().getName() + ","
                    + System.currentTimeMillis() + ", 所有线程已完成,开始进入下一步!");
        }

        long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println("consume -> " + (end - start));
    }

    static class GetRunnable implements Runnable {
        private CountDownLatch countDownLatch;
        private String url;

        public GetRunnable(String url, CountDownLatch countDownLatch) {
            this.url = url;
            this.countDownLatch = countDownLatch;
        }

        @Override
        public void run() {
            try {
                System.out.println(HttpClientUtil.get(url));
            } finally {
                countDownLatch.countDown();
            }
        }
    }
}

参照之前的大神播客,忘记地址了,在这里感谢大神

©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 技术黑板 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页