mac导入matplotlib报错:python is not installed as a framework

版本:python3.6

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
报错:
**RuntimeError**: Python is not installed as a framework. The Mac OS X backend will not be able to function correctly if Python is not installed as a framework. See the Python documentation for more information on installing Python as a framework on Mac OS X. Please either reinstall Python as a framework, or try one of the other backends.

解决方法:
1. 当pip安装matplotlib后会存在目录: ~/.matplotlib
2. 在上面的目录下新建一个文件并添加内容
文件:~/.matplotlib/matplotlibrc
文本内容:backend: TkAgg
3. 保存后重新执行导入即可解决

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