139. Word Break

Given a non-empty string s and a dictionary wordDict containing a list of non-empty words, determine if s can be segmented into a space-separated sequence of one or more dictionary words.

Note:

  • The same word in the dictionary may be reused multiple times in the segmentation.
  • You may assume the dictionary does not contain duplicate words.

Example 1:

Input: s = "leetcode", wordDict = ["leet", "code"]
Output: true
Explanation: Return true because "leetcode" can be segmented as "leet code".

Example 2:

Input: s = "applepenapple", wordDict = ["apple", "pen"]
Output: true
Explanation: Return true because"applepenapple" can be segmented as "apple pen apple".
             Note that you are allowed to reuse a dictionary word.

Example 3:

Input: s = "catsandog", wordDict = ["cats", "dog", "sand", "and", "cat"]
Output: false

方法1:动态规划

分析string的每一个元素能否被分割,dp[i]=dp[j] && find(wordDict.begin(),wordDict.end(),s.substr(j,i-j))!=wordDict.end()

public:
    bool wordBreak(string s, vector<string>& wordDict) {
        int n=s.size();
        vector<bool> dp(n+1,false);
        dp[0]=true;
        for(int i=1;i<n+1;i++){
            for(int j=i-1;j>=0;j--){
                if(dp[j] && find(wordDict.begin(),wordDict.end(),s.substr(j,i-j))!=wordDict.end()) {
                    dp[i]=true;
                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        return dp[n];
     }
};

Tips:注意泛型算法的格式,长度设为len+1,因为要留一位给第一个字符算dp值

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