内存管理关键结构体struct mm_struct

struct mm_struct {
	struct {
		struct vm_area_struct *mmap;		/* list of VMAs */
		struct rb_root mm_rb;
		u64 vmacache_seqnum;                   /* per-thread vmacache */
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
		unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area) (struct file *filp,
				unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
				unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags);
#endif
		unsigned long mmap_base;	/* base of mmap area */
		unsigned long mmap_legacy_base;	/* base of mmap area in bottom-up allocations */
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_COMPAT_MMAP_BASES
		/* Base adresses for compatible mmap() */
		unsigned long mmap_compat_base;
		unsigned long mmap_compat_legacy_base;
#endif
		unsigned long task_size;	/* size of task vm space */
		unsigned long highest_vm_end;	/* highest vma end address */
		pgd_t * pgd;

#ifdef CONFIG_MEMBARRIER
		/**
		 * @membarrier_state: Flags controlling membarrier behavior.
		 *
		 * This field is close to @pgd to hopefully fit in the same
		 * cache-line, which needs to be touched by switch_mm().
		 */
		atomic_t membarrier_state;
#endif

		/**
		 * @mm_users: The number of users including userspace.
		 *
		 * Use mmget()/mmget_not_zero()/mmput() to modify. When this
		 * drops to 0 (i.e. when the task exits and there are no other
		 * temporary reference holders), we also release a reference on
		 * @mm_count (which may then free the &struct mm_struct if
		 * @mm_count also drops to 0).
		 */
		atomic_t mm_users;

		/**
		 * @mm_count: The number of references to &struct mm_struct
		 * (@mm_users count as 1).
		 *
		 * Use mmgrab()/mmdrop() to modify. When this drops to 0, the
		 * &struct mm_struct is freed.
		 */
		atomic_t mm_count;

#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
		atomic_long_t pgtables_bytes;	/* PTE page table pages */
#endif
		int map_count;			/* number of VMAs */

		spinlock_t page_table_lock; /* Protects page tables and some
					     * counters
					     */
		struct rw_semaphore mmap_sem;

		struct list_head mmlist; /* List of maybe swapped mm's.	These
					  * are globally strung together off
					  * init_mm.mmlist, and are protected
					  * by mmlist_lock
					  */


		unsigned long hiwater_rss; /* High-watermark of RSS usage */
		unsigned long hiwater_vm;  /* High-water virtual memory usage */

		unsigned long total_vm;	   /* Total pages mapped */
		unsigned long locked_vm;   /* Pages that have PG_mlocked set */
		atomic64_t    pinned_vm;   /* Refcount permanently increased */
		unsigned long data_vm;	   /* VM_WRITE & ~VM_SHARED & ~VM_STACK */
		unsigned long exec_vm;	   /* VM_EXEC & ~VM_WRITE & ~VM_STACK */
		unsigned long stack_vm;	   /* VM_STACK */
		unsigned long def_flags;

		spinlock_t arg_lock; /* protect the below fields */
		unsigned long start_code, end_code, start_data, end_data;
		unsigned long start_brk, brk, start_stack;
		unsigned long arg_start, arg_end, env_start, env_end;

		unsigned long saved_auxv[AT_VECTOR_SIZE]; /* for /proc/PID/auxv */

		/*
		 * Special counters, in some configurations protected by the
		 * page_table_lock, in other configurations by being atomic.
		 */
		struct mm_rss_stat rss_stat;

		struct linux_binfmt *binfmt;

		/* Architecture-specific MM context */
		mm_context_t context;

		unsigned long flags; /* Must use atomic bitops to access */

		struct core_state *core_state; /* coredumping support */

#ifdef CONFIG_AIO
		spinlock_t			ioctx_lock;
		struct kioctx_table __rcu	*ioctx_table;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
		/*
		 * "owner" points to a task that is regarded as the canonical
		 * user/owner of this mm. All of the following must be true in
		 * order for it to be changed:
		 *
		 * current == mm->owner
		 * current->mm != mm
		 * new_owner->mm == mm
		 * new_owner->alloc_lock is held
		 */
		struct task_struct __rcu *owner;
#endif
		struct user_namespace *user_ns;

		/* store ref to file /proc/<pid>/exe symlink points to */
		struct file __rcu *exe_file;
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU_NOTIFIER
		struct mmu_notifier_mm *mmu_notifier_mm;
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE) && !USE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCKS
		pgtable_t pmd_huge_pte; /* protected by page_table_lock */
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
		/*
		 * numa_next_scan is the next time that the PTEs will be marked
		 * pte_numa. NUMA hinting faults will gather statistics and
		 * migrate pages to new nodes if necessary.
		 */
		unsigned long numa_next_scan;

		/* Restart point for scanning and setting pte_numa */
		unsigned long numa_scan_offset;

		/* numa_scan_seq prevents two threads setting pte_numa */
		int numa_scan_seq;
#endif
		/*
		 * An operation with batched TLB flushing is going on. Anything
		 * that can move process memory needs to flush the TLB when
		 * moving a PROT_NONE or PROT_NUMA mapped page.
		 */
		atomic_t tlb_flush_pending;
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_WANT_BATCHED_UNMAP_TLB_FLUSH
		/* See flush_tlb_batched_pending() */
		bool tlb_flush_batched;
#endif
		struct uprobes_state uprobes_state;
#ifdef CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE
		atomic_long_t hugetlb_usage;
#endif
		struct work_struct async_put_work;
	} __randomize_layout;

	/*
	 * The mm_cpumask needs to be at the end of mm_struct, because it
	 * is dynamically sized based on nr_cpu_ids.
	 */
	unsigned long cpu_bitmap[];
};
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