Add and Search Word - Data structure design:字典树添加查找

版权声明:虽说是博主的原创,但是质量不高,仅仅是做个笔记使用,愿意转载就转载把,提到一下我就很开心啦--小雄鹿 https://blog.csdn.net/u013300579/article/details/79956290

Design a data structure that supports the following two operations:

void addWord(word)
bool search(word)

search(word) can search a literal word or a regular expression string containing only letters a-z or .. A . means it can represent any one letter.

For example:

addWord("bad")
addWord("dad")
addWord("mad")
search("pad") -> false
search("bad") -> true
search(".ad") -> true
search("b..") -> true

Note:
You may assume that all words are consist of lowercase letters a-z.

click to show hint.

You should be familiar with how a Trie works. If not, please work on this problem: Implement Trie (Prefix Tree) first.

思路:字典树的改进版,其中不同之处在于‘.’即‘.’可以通配任意一个字符。所以查找时如果出现‘.’则要递归遍历所有可能的情况。

我的代码把递归和迭代揉到了一块,写的不是很清晰,最下面有只依靠递归的,逻辑很简洁,看看简洁版的那个吧。字典树是常用的数据结构,其他比较常用的用于查找字符串的数据结构还有哈希表、双数组字典树。

My:

class WordDictionary {
    
    class TreeNode{
        TreeNode[] leaf;
        boolean[] flags;
        public TreeNode(){
            //a - z , '.'
            leaf = new TreeNode[27];
            flags = new boolean[27];
        }
    }
    
	TreeNode root;
    /** Initialize your data structure here. */
    public WordDictionary() {
        root = new TreeNode();
    }
    
    /** Adds a word into the data structure. */
    public void addWord(String word) {
        char[] chs = word.toLowerCase().toCharArray();
        TreeNode n = root;
        for(int i = 0 ; i < chs.length;i++){
        	if(chs[i] == '.'){
        		if(n.leaf[26] == null){
        			n.leaf[26] = new TreeNode();      			
        		}
        		if(i == chs.length - 1) n.flags[26] = true;
        		n = n.leaf[26];
        	}else {
        		if(n.leaf[chs[i]-'a'] == null){
        			n.leaf[chs[i]-'a'] = new TreeNode();
        		}    
        		if(i == chs.length - 1) n.flags[chs[i]-'a'] = true;
        		n = n.leaf[chs[i]-'a'];
        	}         
        }
    }

    
    /** Returns if the word is in the data structure. A word could contain the dot character '.' to represent any one letter. */
    public boolean search(String word) {
    	if(word.length()<=0 || word.equals("")) return true;
    	return search_dfs(word, root, 0);
    	 
    }
    
    public boolean search_dfs(String word,TreeNode n,int index) {
    	if( n == null) return false;
    	String sub = word.substring(index);
    	char[] chs = sub.toLowerCase().toCharArray();
    	for(int a = 0 ;a < chs.length ; a++){
    		if(chs[a] == '.'){
    			if(a == chs.length -1){
        			for(int i = 0 ; i <= 26 ;i++){
        				if(n.flags[i] == true){
        					return true;
        				}     				
        			}
        			return false;
        		}
    			boolean res = false;
    			for(int i = 0; i <= 26 ; i++){
    				if(n.leaf[i] != null){
    					res = res || search_dfs(word, n.leaf[i], index+1);
    					if(res) break;
    				}
    			}
    			return res;
    		}else{
    			if(a == chs.length -1){
    				if(n.flags[chs[a] - 'a'] == true) return true;
    				return false;
    			}
    			if(n.leaf[chs[a] - 'a'] == null){
    				return false;
    			}else{
    				n = n.leaf[chs[a] - 'a'];
                    index++;
    			}   			
    		} 		
    	}
		return false;  
    }
   
}

/**
 * Your WordDictionary object will be instantiated and called as such:
 * WordDictionary obj = new WordDictionary();
 * obj.addWord(word);
 * boolean param_2 = obj.search(word);
 */

简洁版:

class WordDictionary {

    private static class TrieNode{
        boolean isWord;
        TrieNode[] children;
        TrieNode(){
            isWord = false;
            children = new TrieNode[26]; 
        }
    }
    TrieNode root;
    /** Initialize your data structure here. */
    public WordDictionary() {
        root = new TrieNode();
    }
    
    /** Adds a word into the data structure. */
    public void addWord(String word) {
        TrieNode node = root;
        for (int i = 0; i < word.length(); i++){
            int j = word.charAt(i) - 'a';
            if (node.children[j] == null){
                node.children[j] = new TrieNode();
            }
            node = node.children[j];
        }
        node.isWord = true;
    }
    
    /** Returns if the word is in the data structure. A word could contain the dot character '.' to represent any one letter. */
    public boolean search(String word) {
       return dfs(word, root, 0);
    }
    
    private boolean dfs(String word, TrieNode node, int index){
        if (index == word.length()){
            return node.isWord;
        }
        if (word.charAt(index) == '.'){
            for (TrieNode temp : node.children){
                if (temp != null && dfs(word, temp, index + 1)) return true;
            }
            return false;
        } else {
            int i = word.charAt(index) - 'a';
            TrieNode temp = node.children[i];
            return temp != null && dfs(word, temp, index + 1);
        }
    }
}

/**
 * Your WordDictionary object will be instantiated and called as such:
 * WordDictionary obj = new WordDictionary();
 * obj.addWord(word);
 * boolean param_2 = obj.search(word);
 */





阅读更多
想对作者说点什么?

博主推荐

换一批

没有更多推荐了,返回首页