使用Gradle Application Plugin插件自动生成可执行.sh和.bat启动脚本

1. 楔子

你还在使用手写的方式进行Java应用程序的打包吗?你还在使用手写shell和bat脚本的方式为JAVA应用程序写启动脚本吗?这些通用的、套路性质的、重复性质的工作早已在gradle Application Plugin插件实现了,快来试试这个利器吧。
本文将演示两个常用的功能:

  • 打包,tar或者zip包
  • 自动生成启动脚本

1. 自动生成启动脚本

1.1 Demo下载

可以从GItHub上下载Demo
gradle Application Plugin插件的官方地址为Application Plugin

1.2 build.gradle配置

首先新建一个ApplicationPlugin的应用程序,代码如下:

package com.sino.daily.code_2020_6_25;

/**
 * create by 2020-06-25 13:53
 *
 * @author caogu
 */
public class ApplicationPlugin {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("Application Plugin Demo.");
        System.out.println("https://docs.gradle.org/current/userguide/application_plugin.html");
    }
}

build.gradle进行如下修改:添加application插件; 配置main class,例如
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settings.gradle文件中配置工程的名字rootProject.name

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1.3 生成脚本

最后执行gradle clean startScript生成在windows和linux下可运行的通用启动脚本。
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2 一键打包

使用gradle distZipgradle distTar,可以自动生成上面的脚本、然后把应用程序打成一个可执行的ZIP包或者TAR包。
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在windos下执行.bat即可运行该应用程序。
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3 一键生成打包所需所有文件但不打包

执行gradle installDist将在给定目录中准备脚本和可执行jar,但不打包它们。
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4 Application Plugin插件介绍

Application插件提供5个tasks实现项目的发布,分别是:
runstartScriptinstallAppdistZipdistTar

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5 附录

自动生成java-daily-code启动脚本内容:

#!/usr/bin/env sh

#
# Copyright 2015 the original author or authors.
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#      https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
#

##############################################################################
##
##  java-daily-code start up script for UN*X
##
##############################################################################

# Attempt to set APP_HOME
# Resolve links: $0 may be a link
PRG="$0"
# Need this for relative symlinks.
while [ -h "$PRG" ] ; do
    ls=`ls -ld "$PRG"`
    link=`expr "$ls" : '.*-> \(.*\)$'`
    if expr "$link" : '/.*' > /dev/null; then
        PRG="$link"
    else
        PRG=`dirname "$PRG"`"/$link"
    fi
done
SAVED="`pwd`"
cd "`dirname \"$PRG\"`/.." >/dev/null
APP_HOME="`pwd -P`"
cd "$SAVED" >/dev/null

APP_NAME="java-daily-code"
APP_BASE_NAME=`basename "$0"`

# Add default JVM options here. You can also use JAVA_OPTS and JAVA_DAILY_CODE_OPTS to pass JVM options to this script.
DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS=""

# Use the maximum available, or set MAX_FD != -1 to use that value.
MAX_FD="maximum"

warn () {
    echo "$*"
}

die () {
    echo
    echo "$*"
    echo
    exit 1
}

# OS specific support (must be 'true' or 'false').
cygwin=false
msys=false
darwin=false
nonstop=false
case "`uname`" in
  CYGWIN* )
    cygwin=true
    ;;
  Darwin* )
    darwin=true
    ;;
  MINGW* )
    msys=true
    ;;
  NONSTOP* )
    nonstop=true
    ;;
esac

CLASSPATH=$APP_HOME/lib/java-daily-code-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/fastjson-1.2.47.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/joda-time-2.10.1.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/guava-27.0.1-jre.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/commons-lang3-3.8.1.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/commons-io-2.6.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/annotations-16.0.3.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/failureaccess-1.0.1.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/listenablefuture-9999.0-empty-to-avoid-conflict-with-guava.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/jsr305-3.0.2.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/checker-qual-2.5.2.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/error_prone_annotations-2.2.0.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/j2objc-annotations-1.1.jar:$APP_HOME/lib/animal-sniffer-annotations-1.17.jar

# Determine the Java command to use to start the JVM.
if [ -n "$JAVA_HOME" ] ; then
    if [ -x "$JAVA_HOME/jre/sh/java" ] ; then
        # IBM's JDK on AIX uses strange locations for the executables
        JAVACMD="$JAVA_HOME/jre/sh/java"
    else
        JAVACMD="$JAVA_HOME/bin/java"
    fi
    if [ ! -x "$JAVACMD" ] ; then
        die "ERROR: JAVA_HOME is set to an invalid directory: $JAVA_HOME

Please set the JAVA_HOME variable in your environment to match the
location of your Java installation."
    fi
else
    JAVACMD="java"
    which java >/dev/null 2>&1 || die "ERROR: JAVA_HOME is not set and no 'java' command could be found in your PATH.

Please set the JAVA_HOME variable in your environment to match the
location of your Java installation."
fi

# Increase the maximum file descriptors if we can.
if [ "$cygwin" = "false" -a "$darwin" = "false" -a "$nonstop" = "false" ] ; then
    MAX_FD_LIMIT=`ulimit -H -n`
    if [ $? -eq 0 ] ; then
        if [ "$MAX_FD" = "maximum" -o "$MAX_FD" = "max" ] ; then
            MAX_FD="$MAX_FD_LIMIT"
        fi
        ulimit -n $MAX_FD
        if [ $? -ne 0 ] ; then
            warn "Could not set maximum file descriptor limit: $MAX_FD"
        fi
    else
        warn "Could not query maximum file descriptor limit: $MAX_FD_LIMIT"
    fi
fi

# For Darwin, add options to specify how the application appears in the dock
if $darwin; then
    GRADLE_OPTS="$GRADLE_OPTS \"-Xdock:name=$APP_NAME\" \"-Xdock:icon=$APP_HOME/media/gradle.icns\""
fi

# For Cygwin or MSYS, switch paths to Windows format before running java
if [ "$cygwin" = "true" -o "$msys" = "true" ] ; then
    APP_HOME=`cygpath --path --mixed "$APP_HOME"`
    CLASSPATH=`cygpath --path --mixed "$CLASSPATH"`
    JAVACMD=`cygpath --unix "$JAVACMD"`

    # We build the pattern for arguments to be converted via cygpath
    ROOTDIRSRAW=`find -L / -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -type d 2>/dev/null`
    SEP=""
    for dir in $ROOTDIRSRAW ; do
        ROOTDIRS="$ROOTDIRS$SEP$dir"
        SEP="|"
    done
    OURCYGPATTERN="(^($ROOTDIRS))"
    # Add a user-defined pattern to the cygpath arguments
    if [ "$GRADLE_CYGPATTERN" != "" ] ; then
        OURCYGPATTERN="$OURCYGPATTERN|($GRADLE_CYGPATTERN)"
    fi
    # Now convert the arguments - kludge to limit ourselves to /bin/sh
    i=0
    for arg in "$@" ; do
        CHECK=`echo "$arg"|egrep -c "$OURCYGPATTERN" -`
        CHECK2=`echo "$arg"|egrep -c "^-"`                                 ### Determine if an option

        if [ $CHECK -ne 0 ] && [ $CHECK2 -eq 0 ] ; then                    ### Added a condition
            eval `echo args$i`=`cygpath --path --ignore --mixed "$arg"`
        else
            eval `echo args$i`="\"$arg\""
        fi
        i=$((i+1))
    done
    case $i in
        (0) set -- ;;
        (1) set -- "$args0" ;;
        (2) set -- "$args0" "$args1" ;;
        (3) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" ;;
        (4) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" ;;
        (5) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" ;;
        (6) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" ;;
        (7) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" ;;
        (8) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" "$args7" ;;
        (9) set -- "$args0" "$args1" "$args2" "$args3" "$args4" "$args5" "$args6" "$args7" "$args8" ;;
    esac
fi

# Escape application args
save () {
    for i do printf %s\\n "$i" | sed "s/'/'\\\\''/g;1s/^/'/;\$s/\$/' \\\\/" ; done
    echo " "
}
APP_ARGS=$(save "$@")

# Collect all arguments for the java command, following the shell quoting and substitution rules
eval set -- $DEFAULT_JVM_OPTS $JAVA_OPTS $JAVA_DAILY_CODE_OPTS -classpath "\"$CLASSPATH\"" com.sino.daily.code_2020_6_25.ApplicationPlugin "$APP_ARGS"

# by default we should be in the correct project dir, but when run from Finder on Mac, the cwd is wrong
if [ "$(uname)" = "Darwin" ] && [ "$HOME" = "$PWD" ]; then
  cd "$(dirname "$0")"
fi

exec "$JAVACMD" "$@"

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