WhbtomT(半路出家) 的每日英语 收集 (四)

941. Four years of war drained the country of men and resources.
四年的战争使国家耗尽壮丁和资源。

Seize…….by the……

 这是纯粹的英文表现法,和中文不同,其形式为“他动词+宾语+介词+the+名词”。中国话一定用属格,而英语则先把整个的对象说出来,然后再说到那对象身体的局部。这是大处着眼,小处着手的变法。身体的局部接受动作时,不用代名词的属格“one’s”,而采用 “介词+the+名词“的形式。这类动词有seize, catch, take, strike, drag, pat, hit, hold, pull, stare, look等,而介词则有 by, on ,in, over, across, with等

942.He seized me by the arm.
他抓了我的胳膊

943. Don’t let them lead you by the nose.
不要让别人牵着你的鼻子走。

944. He kissed his horse on the forehead.
他在额上吻了他的马一下

945. He struck e on the head.
他打了我的头

946. I caught him by the right hand.
我握住他的右手。

947. He pulled me by the sleeve.
他拉住我的衣袖。

948. He looked me in the face.
当头一棒。

949. I gave him a blow on the head.
他凝视着我。

950. He wounded me in the arm.
我扭我的胳膊。

951. He slapped me on the shoulder.
他拍我的肩。

952. Poverty stared him in the face.
赤贫迫在眼前。

953. He presumed in the gentlest manner to take her by her hand
他敢于用最温柔的态度执了她的手。

“see if”
“see that”

954. He came out to see if it had begun to rain.
他出来看看是否下雨了。

955. He came out to see that the boy did not get hurt.
他出来注意防止小孩受伤

see if 中的if 是whether 解的。而see that中的see则有take care的意思。这个see that 实际上是see to it that的省略说法,等于look well to it; attend; consider; take care等
 
956. See if he can do it.
去看看他是不是能做这个。

957. Go and see if there is anything to eat.
去看看有什么吃的东西没有?

958. Go and see what is the matter.
去看看发生了什么事。

959. Let’s see how the land lies.
让我们先来看一下形势。

960. See how the wind blows.
观看形势。

961. I will see that they do it.
我当负责要他们做。

962. I will see  that he pays you. ( See that you are paid ;  See you paid. )
我必令他换钱给你 ;我保证他一定还你。

963. See to it that this does not occur again.
保证不在发生同样的事。

964. See to it that you do not offend him.
当心不要冒犯他。

965. I will see to it that everything is ready for your departure.
我会准备好一切让你起程。

966. See to it that the boys learn the lesson well.
请留意使学生熟习功课。

967. See to it that the work is done before dark.
你注意天黑前要做好。

968. I will see (that) you avenged.
必定使你可以报仇。

969. I will see that you hanged first.
那里有人肯做这样的事。

 Take…..for granted
它的形式等于“assume as true”, 可译做 “认为当真”,“假定是实”,即并无明确的证据,也信以为真的意思。

970. I take it for granted that you will be interested in it , too.
我认为你当然对此也会感到兴趣的。

971. I just took it for granted that we will close on May Day.
我认为劳动节商店当然关门的。

972. I took it for granted that he would come.
我认为他一定会来的。

973. He takes nothing for granted .
他怀疑一切。

974. I took his qualifications for granted.
我姑认为他的资力是真实可靠的。

975. They themselves take their love for granted, and do not care what strangers may think about it.
他们本人认为他们的相爱是理所当然的

976. I took for granted the innumerable little jobs she did for me.
我对她为我做的无数琐事心安理得。

977. From your manner I am to take it as true.
从你的态度来看,我得把那个当成真的了。

978. Physical and intellectual miracles we take for granted.
我们把身凡的奇迹认为是当然的。

 “used to + 原形不定词”与 “be used to + 动名词”
used to +do 的形式,表示过去的习惯,即以前常那样做,现在已不那样作了。而 “be used to doing”, 是表示现在的惯常行为,其中的“be ”,有时可说成“get ”,

979. He used to do such things.
他以前常类似的事。

980. He is used to doing such a thing.
他习惯于做这样的事。

981. I am used to sitting up late at night.
我习惯于晚睡。

982. I used to sit up late at night.
我以前总是睡得很晚的。

983. He climbs a mountain every Sunday.
每个礼拜天他都要去爬山。

984. He will often climb a mountain of a Sunday.
他常要在礼拜天去爬山。

985. He used to climb a mountain on a Sunday.
他以前常要在礼拜天去爬山。

986. He would often climb a mountain when young..
他年轻时常去爬山。

987. He would often sit for hours , book in hand.
他从前常要手里拿一本书,一坐就是好几个钟头。

988. Sometimes the boys would play a trick on their teacher.
有时孩子们常要对老师开个玩笑。

989. He used to play tennis before his marriage.
(他在结婚以前常打网球)现在不打了。

990. When I was a boy, I would ( used to ) get up early。
我小时侯,总是起身很早的。

991. People used to think that the sun went round the earth .
(从前人们以为太阳是围绕着地球转动的)现在的人就不这样想了。

992. He usedn’t to answer.
他总是不回答。

993. I used to go dishing on Sundays when I lived in Taipei.
我住在台北时礼拜天常去钓鱼。

994. I am used to the military life now.
我现在已惯与军队生活了。

995. I’m sure it’s because she is not used to the new typewriter yet.
那一定是因为她未用惯这架新的打字机。

996. I got (became ) used gradually to the vegetarian diet.
我逐渐习惯于素食了。

997. The country inn was as pleasant as it used to be in the old times.
那间乡下客栈还是和从前一样舒适。

998. That is how automobiles used to be made.
那就是汽车以前的制造法。

999. The book used to belong to you? (Gissing)
这本书是你的吗?

1000. I used to remonstrate with Laura like a fussy old uncle but she’d only laugh.
我以前常要像一个讨厌的叔叔似的,老是给罗娜劝告,而她只是笑笑而已.

1001. There are some of butterflies that used to be quite common, and now they are quite rare; I expect in a few years there will be none left at all..
某些种类的蝴蝶,以前很普通,现在却稀少了;我想再过几年就恐怕完全没有了。

1002. Sometimes he used to tell us of his expeditions through the woods and fields round his home, and how he explored the solitary brooks and ponds; and then he would describe the curious animals and birds he saw. 
以前他时时对我说关于他在他家周围的森林和原野中探险的事,以及他怎样找到一些寂静的溪流和池塘的情形,然后他老要描述他所见到的珍禽异兽。

1003. “I often used to have a bit of fun with her, in the hold times!” Mr. Bailey spoke as if he had already had a leg and three-quarters in the grave,, and this had happened twenty or thirty years ago.
“在很久很久以前,我常要跟她开玩笑”倍雷先生说,俨然他已经有一双脚和四分之三进入坟墓了似的,而这已经是二、三十年前的事了


    be + 自动词的过去分词
在动词“be”之后接用自动词的过去分词,不可看作被动语态,而应视为一种完成时才对,因为那是指某自动词的动作在完成后的状态。现在的完成式只有“have +done”一种形式,但在古英文的时代是“have +宾语+过去分词”。这类自动词,尤其表运动、变化、终止等,如“come, go, arrive, fall, arise, become, grow, change, die, depart, rise, set, ”仍保留“be +过去分词”的形式。

1003. Spring is come.
春满人间。

1005. We are prepared for the worst.
准备最坏的情形来临。

1006. He was married.
他结婚了

1007. The train was stopped.
火车停了。

1008. The day for payment is come.
发薪的日子来。

1009. All hope is gone.
一切的希望都完了。

1010. I was determined to go.
我决心去。

1011. The sun is risen.
太阳已经出来了。

1012. The sun is set.
太阳落山了。

1013. My money is gone.
我的钱都完了。

1014. She found that her strength was gone..
她发觉她的气力都没有了。

1015. He is dressed elegantly.
他衣着华丽。

1016. Here’s Mr. Land come all the way from Yorkshire.
这是从约克县远道而来的蓝先生。

1017. Arrived at the spot, the party lost no time in getting to work.
一到现场,那一行人马上开始工作。

1018. All the guests are arrived and we’ll have dinner served right now.
所有的客人都到了,我们马上开始上菜。

1019. I am agreed to accept the offer.
我同意接受哪个提议。

1020. The weeds are grown.
杂草从生。

 “ 否定 + fail + 不定词”,英文的“can’t fail to do ”和“can’t but do”同意,可译作“一定,必须,不得不”等。

1021. I shall not fail to do so.
我必照办。

1022. He never fails to accomplish his purpose..
必达目的。

1023. Never fail to come to me.
务必相助。

1024. Don’t fail to let me know.
务请相告。

1025. You will never fail to be moved by the beauty of the sight.
你一定会被那美丽的景象所感动。

1026. I can’t fail to save enough money to buy a new watch.
我一定要储蓄足够的钱,好买一只新表。

 “ 动词+原形不定词 ”, 在英文中两个动词是不能连用的,必须用“and”连接起来,或是把第二动词改为不定词。这种形式只不过是在第一动词后省略了“and”或“to”而已。

1027. Go bring me my hat.
去把我的帽子拿来

1028. Let’s go talk to the other fellows.
我们到别的人们的地方去谈谈吧!

1029. Won’t you go take a look at him?
你不去看他一眼吗?

1030. I’d better go fetch him before all the fish die of age.
我最好去找他来,怕这些与因年老而死光。

1031. I’d better go telephone Dilly first.
我最好先去打个电话给狄莉。

1032. She’s better come get you, anyway.
总而言只,她最好来带你去。

1033. Better come join us.
你跟我们一起去吧。

1034. Run get the ball for me , Jamie.
吉米,你跑去替我把球捡来吧。

1035. I like say something id you got a minute.
如果你得空,我想和你说几句话。

1036. He offered to help carry her basket.
他说要替她提蓝子。

1037. I have heard say he is a miser.
我听说他是一个守财奴。

1038. Don’t leave go until I tell you.
我不说你就不要放手。

1039. I hear say that there will be an election soon.
我听说不久要举行选举。

1040. I hear tell there’s a new arrival six days old.
我听说有一个出生六日的婴孩。

1041. Let it go hang.
让它去吧。

Leave + much (nothing) to be desired. 意为[极不完善],[缺点很多],nothing 则是相反的用法。意即非常完美。

1042.Your behaviour leaves much to be desired.
你的行为尚须改进。

1043. It leaes nothing to be desired.
那毫无缺憾。

1044.The telephone service at Singapore leaves nothing to be desired.
新加坡的电话服务没有什么遗憾。

1045. the system of water supply in the city leaves much to be desired.
本市的自来水供应制度极不完善。

1046. This steamer leaves nothing to be desired so far as comfort and luxury are
concerned. 
英国的国内交通制度完善的很。

1047. The book leaves much to bedesired.
这本书写得极不完善。

be +不定词。 这种表达法有许多不同的含义,他可以表“预定,可能,义务,假设,目的,结果,”
 
1048. He is to arrive at sever in the morning.
他预订早晨七时抵埠。

1049. We are to meet him at the airport.
我们要到飞机场去接他。

1050. The meeting is to be held on Sunday.
定了礼拜天开会。

1051. In the sky not a cloud was to be seen.
晴天无片云。

1052. Every misfortune is to be subdued by patience.
一切不幸都可能有忍耐克服。

1053. Her feelongs as she read teh letter were scarcely to be defined.
她看信时的心情不可名状。

1054. You are to stay here till i come back.
你得呆在此地等我会来。

1055. You are always to knock before you enter my room.
在进入我的房间前你要敲门。

1056. It was inderstood that everybody was to pay his own expenses.
听说各人付各人的钱。

1057. Let me know everything that i am to lnow without delay.
我需要知道的事赶快都告诉我吧。

1058. She asked him what she was to do.
她问他看她要做点什么。

1059. If he were to come, say that i am absent.
他来了,只说我不在家。

1060. We are togo to town this afternoon.
我们打算今天下午进城去。

1061. This house is to be let or sold.
这房子要出租或出售。

1062. Not an instant is to be lost.
一秒钟也不要浪费。

1063. And the augurs wee as clever as are politicians, who also most practise dicination, if ever they are to do anything worth the name .
现在的政治家也和古代的占兆家一样,不得不实行占兆,如果他们想要做点名副其实的事情的话,所以古代的占兆家也和现代的政治家一样聪明。

1064. He was to blame for not locking the door.
没有锁门是他的过错。

1065. Am I to indersatand that you havve engaged yourself to this young gentleman?
你是说你已经和这个青年男士定了婚吗?

1066. The prince of Wales has been touring the worldwide dominions of which , some day, he is to be the crown head.
将来命定要做英国领土之王的皇太子,去周游了遍及全世界的领土回来了。

1067.The worst is still to come.
还有最坏的要来。

1068. Certain skills must be learned if one is to use English effectively.
如果想要有效地使用应英语,某些技巧是必须学会的。

1069. If it is to be done at all, do it well.
如果一定要做的话,就好好的做吧。

1070. To see is to believe. (这句话的不定式不是上面所举例子的用法,它是名词补语,切不可混淆)
百闻不如一见。

1071. I have a knife to sharpen my pencil with.
我有削铅笔的小刀。

1072. The weather has to be good; otherwise, we'll postpone it.
一定要好天气,否则,我们就延期。

1073. Do I have to go to bed now, mother?
妈,我就要去睡吗?

1074. Wake them all up, if you have to, but find that paper!
没有办法的时候,只好把他们全部叫醒,那文件无论如何要找出来。

1075. My doctor says i haven't to eat meat, but i don't have to take his advice if i don't want to.
医生说我不可以吃肉,不过如果我不想听他的话,我就不一定要服从他。

1076. He has to get through work before eight.
八点种以前他必须把工作做完。

1077. Everything had to have his approval.
一切都得由他批准。

1078. You don't have to decide this matter at once.
你不用马上决定。

1079. I have to tell you something.
我必须告诉你一件事。

1080. I have something to tell you.
我有话跟你说.

have + 不定词 +宾语  或   have + 宾语 + 不定词,这两种形式在意味上不一定有区别,大都是同意的。一般说来,have+宾语的作“有”解,而“have +不定词
的作“必须”解。

1061. I hve to spend much money.
我非花许多钱不可。

1062. I have much money to spend.
我有许多钱可花。

1063. He has to write a composition.
他非作一篇作文不可

1064. He has a cmposition to write.
他有一篇作文要做。

1065. I have three miles to walk.
有三里路要走。(意为非走不可,无车代步)

1066. Whom have I to complain of but myself?
我除了自己以外,还能向谁抱怨呢?、

1067. I have only to blame myself.
我只怪自己。

1068. As a matter of fact, he's having to sell his house.
事实上,他现在非把房子卖掉不可

1069. He has several letters to write.
他有几封信要写。

1070. He has nothing to eat.
他没有东西吃。

 preven + 宾语 + from + 动名词,英文说的“prevent a person from doing something”,这种形式意即“hinder him so that he can't do it”
可译做“阻止去做”或“使不能做”,是指妨碍一个人去做什么事说。

1081. Illness prevented him from going there.
他因为生病未能去那里。

1082. This is only to prevent him from going abroad.
这只有妨碍他出洋的。

1082. He could not keep from the use of tobacco.
他未能停止吸烟。

1083. What prevented uou from coming last night?
昨夜你为何没有来?

1084. Urgent business prevented me from calling on you.
因为有要事,以致为能奉访。

1085. Bad weather prevented us from starting. = We could not start because of bad weather.
因为天气不好,所以没有能够动身。

1086. We must prevent the trouble (from) spreading.
我们必须阻止纷争扩大。

1087. Please refrain from somking.
请免吸烟

1088. Failure in the examniation should not deter you from trying again.
这次考试落第,不应防碍你再试的勇气。

1089. Tired as I was exhausted, in fact, I was prevented from sleeping by the pain in my knee.
我虽则疲劳,实际上是筋疲力尽了,我因膝痛未能入眠。

1090. If he would only keep from bad company,he might yet do well.
只要他不要再结交坏朋友,他还是可以好的。


1091. Her lips were set together almost as if she was pinching them tight to prevent words or sounds from coming out.
她的嘴唇为着不让语言或声音出来,几乎好象加紧一样完全闭着。

1092. A man can never be hindered from thinking whatever he chooses so long as he conceals what he thinks
一个人只要他不把心理所想的事说出来,他高兴怎样想就怎样想,是谁也不能阻止他的。

 persuade + 宾语 + into + 宾语动名词       dissuade + 宾语 + from + 动名词. 它动词“ persuade”是劝人去做一件事,而“dissuade”则是劝人不要去做一件事,所以劝告成功,便是去做了(into doing ),或是不做了(from doing ). persuade 后常接用不定词以代替动名词。但反对字“dissuuade”后只能接don动名词,不可以接不定词。另外 “dissuade + 宾语 + from + 动名词”中的介词“from”有时可换用“ out of ”或 “ against”

1093. I persuaded him into doing so.
我劝说他才这样做的。

1094. I dissuaded him from doing so.
我劝阻他才不这样做的。

1095. They dissuaded people from ( against) going to Japan.
他们劝人不要到日本去。

1096. The father dissuaded his som from leaving school.
父亲劝他的儿子不要中途辍学。

1097. He was persuaded into doing it aginst his own wish.
他被劝服去做他违心的事。

1098. They dissuaded her from going on the stage.
他们劝她不要去演戏。

1099. The priests of the old religions used to persuade the people to do all hurt to the Christians.
古宗教的僧僧人们老是劝说人们对基督徒加以种种危害。

1100. I could not persuade her to ( into ) my way of thinking.
我不能说服他依从我的想法。

1111. They were delighted to learn of the arrival of our baby.(原因)
他们听说我们生了孩子大为高兴。

1112. Hw awoke to find himself famous.(结果)
他一觉醒来发现自己出名了。

1113. I little thought then that I left it , never to return.(结果)
在当时简直没有想到我离开哪个家就再不会回来了。

1114. Few live to be a hundred.(结果)
活到百岁的人无意。

1115. It is discouraging to tell the truth only to find that we are not believed.(结果)
我们说的真话,结果却无人相信,未免使人气馁。

1116. One day Mr. Nelson disappeared from town, never to be seen again.(结果)
有一天芮先生在城里不见了,以后再没有人看到他。

1117. He must be a fool to say so.(理由)
说这样的话他真傻呀。

1118. He must have studied hard to have succeded so splendidly.(理由)
他如此高中,一定是很用功来的。

1119. What a fool I was to have expected him to help me!(理由)
指望他会帮我的忙,我多么傻。

1120. They must be crazy to let him drive their car. He hasn't got a driver's lince.(理由)
他没有开车的执照,他们竟糊涂的让他去驾驶他们的车子。

1101. I have convinced her that she needs a holiday, but cannot persuade her to take one.
我以使她相信她需要度假,但不能说服她真去。

1102. I knew I should study, but he persuaded me to go to the movies.
我知道应该读书,但他劝诱我去看电影。

 不定词的造句。 不定词在句中可以用来表“目的,原因,结果,理由,条件”等;凡用于不表感情的动词的不定词,便是表示“目的”;用于表示感情的形容词或自动次之后的不定词则是表示“原因”的;用于无意志动词之后便是表示“结果”的,在“only”“never”之后的不定词,多属于此类。

1103. I went to see him off.(目的)
我去送他的行。

1104. I am glad to see you.(原因)
见到你我真高兴。

1105. He worked only to fail.(结果)
他努力终归失败。

1106. We eat to live, (but do) not live to eat.(目的)
我们为生而食,不是为食而生.

1107. The boy rushed his home work through and went out to play.(目的)
那男孩急急忙忙把作业做好,出外玩去了。

1108. They are selling red feathers to raise money for cripples children.(目的)
他们在卖红羽毛为残废儿童筹募基金。

1109. She was hurt to find that no one admired her performance.(原因)
她发觉谁也不赏识她的演奏颇为伤心。

1110. She wept to see him in this condition.(原因)
看到她这样子她不禁哭了。

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