tapestry5.1本地化

在如下程序中设置使应用程序值接受那种语言

/**
* CopyRright (c)2003-2010
* 项目名称:       bblTapestry5                
* 文件名称:       AppModule.java      
* 描述:   
* 使用的JDK版本:   JDK1.6  
* 包名:           com.org.services         
* 创 建 人:       白正阳 
* 生成日期:       May 21, 2010
* 修改人:    
* 修改日期: 
* 修改原因描述   
* 版本号:         1.1                
*/

package com.org.services;

import org.apache.tapestry5.SymbolConstants;
import org.apache.tapestry5.ioc.MappedConfiguration;

/**
 * 创 建 人:  白正阳
 * 生成日期 : May 21, 2010
 */

public class AppModule
{
    public static void contributeApplicationDefaults(MappedConfiguration<String, String> configuration)
    {
        configuration.add(SymbolConstants.PRODUCTION_MODE, "false");
        //can only accept english and Chinese
        configuration.add(SymbolConstants.SUPPORTED_LOCALES, "en,zh_CN");
    }
}

详细信息请参考java.util.Locale.  en and zh are the language code defined by ISO-639. CN is the country /area code.

A Message Catalog is a group of properties files. the file format of Properties file ise java.util.ResourceBundle file format. each page/component can have their own Message Catalog.

For Start page, it can have a main properties page called Start.properties. and can also have properties files for specific language, e.g. Start_en.properties is specific for english, Start_zh.pproperties is specific for Chinese. Furthermore, Start page can also specify properties file in the form of a language of a country, Start_zh_CN.properties is specified to mainland China. These properties file and the Start page class need to be stored in the package.

There is also another type of Message Catalog called app.properties. which has the scope of the whole application. app is the name defined in the filter of web.xml. Similiarly, there are also app_zh.properties, app_zh_CN.properties. These files are placed in the WEB-INF file.

If we have a Start.xml

<html xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_0.xsd">

<div>${message:heading}

</div>

<t:form t:id="regForm"> ...

</t:form>

</html>

 

In case a page request come from "zh_CN", Tapestry will search for Start_zh_CN.properties files firstly, and usethe "heading" in that file to replace the ${message:heading} in the Start.tml file.

if above file does not exists or there is no heading parameter in that file, Tapestry will continue search for Start_zh.properties file. If failed again, then try to find the Start.properties file.

if the Start page Message Catalog does not contain "heading", then Tapestry will search the application message Catalog in the sequence of app_zh_CN.properties, app_zh.properties, app.properties.

If the heading parameter still cannot be found, then use the “[[missing key: heading]] instead.

 

Start_en.properties:

heading=Register

Start_zh_CN.properties:

heading=注册新帐号

 

 

 

<t:textfield t:id="userName" value="user.name" label="用户名" validate="required,minlength=6,maxlength=20,regexp" />

set the parameter of the "label" to "“message:userName" and add userName=用户名, In another word, we do not need the "label" property, the TextField will get its property value from "message:userName-label" by default

 

<html xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_0.xsd"> <div>${message:heading}</div> <t:form t:id="regForm"> <t:errors /> <div> <t:label for="userName" /> <t:textfield t:id="userName" value="user.name" validate="required,minlength=6,maxlength=20,regexp" /> </div> <div> <t:label for="password" /> <t:passwordfield t:id="password" value="user.password" validate="required,minlength=6,maxlength=20" /> </div> <div> <t:label for="password2" /> <t:passwordfield t:id="password2" value="password2" validate="required,minlength=6,maxlength=20" /> </div>

................

 

And we have the Start_en.properties

heading=Register

userName-label=User Name

password-label=Password

password2-label=Repeat Password

email-label=Email

age-label=Age

gender-label=Gender

male-label=Male

female-label=Female

country-label=Country

subscribe-label=Subscribe newsletter

register=Register

registerAndLogin=Register & Login

 

and the Chinese version of the Start_zh_CN.properties

heading=注册新帐号

userName-label=用户名

password-label=密码

password2-label=重复密码

email-label=电子邮件

age-label=年龄

gender-label=性别

male-label=男

female-label=女

country-label=国家

subscribe-label=预订邮件

register=注册

registerAndLogin=注册并登录

 

Create an app_en.properties file in WEB-INF forlder

Country.CHINA = China

Country.USA=USA

 

restart the server

userName-regexp-message=%2$s may only contain letters, numbers and underscore

add above line to Start_en.properties file

userName-regexp-message=%2$s只能由字母、数字和下划线组成。

add above line to Start_zh_CN.properties file

 

comment out the userName-regexp-message from the Start.properties

#userName-regexp-message=%2$s只能由字母、数字和下划线组成。

userName-regexp=^[a-zA-Z0-9_]*$

 

The verification of whether two passwords are same is done in the onValidateForm() method in Start page class

 

public class Start

{

... void onValidateForm()

{

if (password2 != null && !password2.equals(user.getPassword()))

{ regForm.recordError(password2Field, messages .get("differ-passwords"));

} }

void onSuccess()

{ System.out.println(user);

System.out.println("password2:" + password2);

System.out.println("login:" + login);

} }

 

we use the Messages to retrieve localize information from properties file by .get() method.

we can use the Messages.format() method is the information have some parameters with it.

 

append the line below into the Start_en.properties file

differ-passwords=Two versions of password do not match.

and

differ-passwords=两个密码不一样。

to Start_zh_CN.properties

 

LOCALIZE THE COMPLETE TML

provide three files

one page class file , e.g.

public class Localization

{

}

and two tml files

Localization_en.tml

 

and

 

localization_zh_CN.tml

 

So that we do not need to provide tml for different users.

 

LOCALIZE ASSET

 

Asset are the files that require downloading except the normal files download bgy explorer, e.g. css file, img and javascript file.

 

first of all, we need to create a package called "com.org.img", and put two images in it. Then modify the Start.tml file

<html xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_0.xsd">

<div>

<img src="${asset:../img/register.gif}" />

</div>

<div>

${message:heading}

</div>

...

</html>

 

The asset prefix get the asset from classpath by default, we can put the asset in the web context, and get the asset from context, e.g. “${asset:context:img/register.gif}”OR“${context:img/register.gif}

 

create a css file in WEBContent, and create two css files

 

main_en.css

@CHARSET "UTF-8";

div label:first-child

{ width: 140px; float: left; text-align: right; }

 

div label:first-child:after

{ content: ":"; }

 

main_zh_CN.css

 

@CHARSET "UTF-8";

div

label:first-child

{ width: 140px; float: left; text-align: right; }

 

div label:first-child:after

{ content: ":"; }

 

NOTICE THAT THE SEMICOLON IN CHINESE CSS FILE IS THE CHINESE SEMICOLON AND THE

ONE IN ENGLISH CSS FILE IS THE ENGLISH SEMI COLON.

 

SWITCH LOCALE

display a link to switch Locale.

 

we defined the tapestry.supported-locales(“en,zh_CN”) in the appModule class, now

we will read this parameter in the LocaleBar class

public class LocaleBar {

@Inject

@Service("ApplicationDefaults")

private SymbolProvider symbolProvider;

public String[] getLocales()

{

String symbol = symbolProvider .valueForSymbol(

SymbolConstants.SUPPORTED_LOCALES);

return symbol.split(",");

}

}

 

and create LocaleBar.tml in com.org.components package

<t:container xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_0.xsd">

<t:loop source="locales" value="var:locale"> >

<t:actionlink t:id="switch" context="var:locale">${var:locale}

</t:actionlink>

</t:loop>

</t:container>

 

and use this component in the Start.tml

<html xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_0.xsd">

<div>

<t:localebar />

</div>

<div>

<img src="${asset:../img/register.gif}" />

</div> ... </html>

 

the text of the link should corresponds to the language environment of the user. 

Modify LocaleBar class

public class LocaleBar {

@Property

private String locale;

@Inject

@Service("ApplicationDefaults")

private SymbolProvider symbolProvider;

public String[] getLocales() {

String symbol = symbolProvider .valueForSymbol(

SymbolConstants.SUPPORTED_LOCALES);

return symbol.split(",");

}

public String getLocaleName()

{ Locale l = toLocale(locale);

return l.getDisplayName(l);

}

private Locale toLocale(String shortName)

{

String[] result = shortName.split("_");

if (result.length == 1)

{ return new Locale(result[0]); }

else

{ return new Locale(result[0], result[1]); }

}

}

 

and modify the LocaleBar.tml

<t:container xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_0.xsd">

<t:loop source="locales" value="locale"> >

<t:actionlink t:id="switch" context="locale">${localeName}

</t:actionlink>

</t:loop>

</t:container>

 

 

 

 

 

 

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