[Mac 10.13.4] 使用Homebrew安装Mysql全过程

环境

操作系统:macOS High Sierra Version 10.13.4

Homebrew:1.6.4

步骤

  1. 安装Homebrew,详细步骤参见Homebrew官网。
  2. brew doctor确认brew在正常工作。
  3. brew update更新包。
  4. brew install mysql 安装mysql。

其中运行mysql_secure_installation 可以设置密码

运行brew service start mysql 可以后台启动mysql
运行mysql.server start 前台启动mysql(关闭控制台,服务停止)

5 按照brew的提示运行 mysql_secure_installation设置密码,运行后会报错:

 > mysql_secure_installation

Securing the MySQL server deployment.

Enter password for user root:
Error: Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)

这个错误是因为MySQL服务还没启动

6、启动MySQL服务

mysql.server start 

在我的机器上第一次没报错,以后运行此命令有可能会报权限错误。尝试修改权限但是最后还是不行,最后采用sudo启动解决此问题。

sudo mysql.server start

7、设置密码

mysql_secure_installation

如果报权限错误执行 sudo mysql_secure_installation

Securing the MySQL server deployment.

Connecting to MySQL using a blank password.

VALIDATE PASSWORD PLUGIN can be used to test passwords
and improve security. It checks the strength of password
and allows the users to set only those passwords which are
secure enough. Would you like to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD plugin?

Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No: y

There are three levels of password validation policy:

LOW    Length >= 8
MEDIUM Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, and special characters
STRONG Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, special characters and dictionary                  file
// 这里提示选一个密码强度等级
Please enter 0 = LOW, 1 = MEDIUM and 2 = STRONG: 1
Please set the password for root here.
// 然后按照所选的密码强度要求设定密码
New password:

Re-enter new password:

Estimated strength of the password: 50
Do you wish to continue with the password provided?(Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
 ... Failed! Error: Your password does not satisfy the current policy requirements

New password:

Re-enter new password:

Estimated strength of the password: 100
Do you wish to continue with the password provided?(Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user,
allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have
a user account created for them. This is intended only for
testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother.
You should remove them before moving into a production
environment.
// 这里删除默认无密码用户
Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
Success.


Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from
'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at
the root password from the network.
// 禁止远程root登录,我选的是不禁止。因为我的mac上的数据库不会放到公网上,也不会存什么敏感数据
Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : no

 ... skipping.
By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that
anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing,
and should be removed before moving into a production
environment.

// 这里删除默认自带的test数据库
Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
 - Dropping test database...
Success.

 - Removing privileges on test database...
Success.

Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes
made so far will take effect immediately.

Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y
Success.

All done!

8、连接MySQL

mysql -u root -p

最后特别注意启动方式的问题:

运行brew service start mysql 可以后台启动mysql

运行mysql.server start 前台启动mysql

如果提示权限问题使用sudo指令,我的笔记本上如果不加此指令各种权限问题。

 

 

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