仿新浪微博的ListView下拉更新功能

           由于最近做的项目中也用到了这个功能,今天刚好实现了下,就趁现在有时间写篇博客分享下。在做的时候也参考了下别人的代码,毕竟站在巨人的肩膀上才会是自己更加强大。哈哈!先看看新浪的下拉更新是什么样的吧!

       

      OK,今天我们要实现的就是上面的下拉刷新功能。

      首先实现下拉刷新的布局文件 layout/head.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<!-- ListView的头部 -->

<LinearLayout
  xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
  android:layout_width="fill_parent"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:background="#ffffff"
 >
  
  <!-- 内容 -->
  <RelativeLayout
  android:layout_width="fill_parent"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:id="@+id/head_contentLayout"
  android:paddingLeft="30dp"
  >
  
  <!-- 箭头图像、进度条 -->
  <FrameLayout
  android:layout_width="wrap_content"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
  android:layout_centerVertical="true"
  >
  
  <!-- 箭头 -->
  <ImageView
  android:layout_width="wrap_content"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:layout_gravity="center"
  android:src="@drawable/arrow_down"
  android:id="@+id/head_arrowImageView"
  />
  
  <!-- 进度条 -->
  <ProgressBar
  android:layout_width="wrap_content"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  style="?android:attr/progressBarStyleSmall"
  android:layout_gravity="center"
  android:id="@+id/head_progressBar"
  
  android:visibility="gone"
  />
  
  </FrameLayout>
  
  <!-- 提示、最近更新 -->
  <LinearLayout
  android:layout_width="wrap_content"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
  android:orientation="vertical"
  android:gravity="center_horizontal"
  >
  
  <!-- 提示 -->
  <TextView
  android:layout_width="wrap_content"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:text="下拉刷新"
  android:textSize="15dp"
  android:id="@+id/head_tipsTextView"
  />
  
  <!-- 最近更新 -->
  <TextView
  android:layout_width="wrap_content"
  android:layout_height="wrap_content"
  android:id="@+id/head_lastUpdatedTextView"
  android:text="上次更新"
  android:textSize="12dp"
  />
  
  </LinearLayout>
  
  
  </RelativeLayout>
  
  
</LinearLayout>
        然后设置item的布局模板item.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:gravity="center_vertical"
    android:background="#ffffff"
    android:orientation="horizontal" >

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageView_item"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
        android:src="@drawable/ic_launcher" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView_item"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_marginLeft="10dp"
        android:text="TextView" />

</LinearLayout>
     接下来是main.xml布局:

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical" >
    
    <cn.com.karl.list.MyListView
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:id="@+id/listView"
    />
    

</LinearLayout>

   这里的MyListView是我们自定义的ListView,因为顶部的下拉刷新系统的ListView不能够实现,所以我们需要自定义ListView。

   布局文件搞定,下面看下自定义的MyListView:

package cn.com.karl.list;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;


import android.content.Context;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.animation.LinearInterpolator;
import android.view.animation.RotateAnimation;
import android.widget.AbsListView;
import android.widget.BaseAdapter;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;
import android.widget.ListView;
import android.widget.AbsListView.OnScrollListener;
import android.widget.ProgressBar;
import android.widget.TextView;

public class MyListView extends ListView implements OnScrollListener {

	private static final String TAG = "listview";

	private final static int RELEASE_To_REFRESH = 0;
	private final static int PULL_To_REFRESH = 1;
	private final static int REFRESHING = 2;
	private final static int DONE = 3;
	private final static int LOADING = 4;

	// 实际的padding的距离与界面上偏移距离的比例
	private final static int RATIO = 3;

	private LayoutInflater inflater;

	private LinearLayout headView;

	private TextView tipsTextview;
	private TextView lastUpdatedTextView;
	private ImageView arrowImageView;
	private ProgressBar progressBar;


	private RotateAnimation animation;
	private RotateAnimation reverseAnimation;

	// 用于保证startY的值在一个完整的touch事件中只被记录一次
	private boolean isRecored;

	private int headContentWidth;
	private int headContentHeight;

	private int startY;
	private int firstItemIndex;

	private int state;

	private boolean isBack;

	private OnRefreshListener refreshListener;

	private boolean isRefreshable;

	public MyListView(Context context) {
		super(context);
		init(context);
	}

	public MyListView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
		super(context, attrs);
		init(context);
	}

	private void init(Context context) {
		//setCacheColorHint(context.getResources().getColor(R.color.transparent));
		inflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);

		headView = (LinearLayout) inflater.inflate(R.layout.head, null);

		arrowImageView = (ImageView) headView
				.findViewById(R.id.head_arrowImageView);
		arrowImageView.setMinimumWidth(70);
		arrowImageView.setMinimumHeight(50);
		progressBar = (ProgressBar) headView
				.findViewById(R.id.head_progressBar);
		tipsTextview = (TextView) headView.findViewById(R.id.head_tipsTextView);
		lastUpdatedTextView = (TextView) headView
				.findViewById(R.id.head_lastUpdatedTextView);

		measureView(headView);
		headContentHeight = headView.getMeasuredHeight();
		headContentWidth = headView.getMeasuredWidth();

		headView.setPadding(0, -1 * headContentHeight, 0, 0);
		headView.invalidate();

		Log.v("size", "width:" + headContentWidth + " height:"
				+ headContentHeight);

		addHeaderView(headView, null, false);
		setOnScrollListener(this);

		animation = new RotateAnimation(0, -180,
				RotateAnimation.RELATIVE_TO_SELF, 0.5f,
				RotateAnimation.RELATIVE_TO_SELF, 0.5f);
		animation.setInterpolator(new LinearInterpolator());
		animation.setDuration(250);
		animation.setFillAfter(true);

		reverseAnimation = new RotateAnimation(-180, 0,
				RotateAnimation.RELATIVE_TO_SELF, 0.5f,
				RotateAnimation.RELATIVE_TO_SELF, 0.5f);
		reverseAnimation.setInterpolator(new LinearInterpolator());
		reverseAnimation.setDuration(200);
		reverseAnimation.setFillAfter(true);

		state = DONE;
		isRefreshable = false;
	}

	public void onScroll(AbsListView arg0, int firstVisiableItem, int arg2,
			int arg3) {
		firstItemIndex = firstVisiableItem;
	}

	public void onScrollStateChanged(AbsListView arg0, int arg1) {
	}

	public boolean onTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) {

		if (isRefreshable) {
			switch (event.getAction()) {
			case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN:
				if (firstItemIndex == 0 && !isRecored) {
					isRecored = true;
					startY = (int) event.getY();
					Log.v(TAG, "在down时候记录当前位置‘");
				}
				break;

			case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP:

				if (state != REFRESHING && state != LOADING) {
					if (state == DONE) {
						// 什么都不做
					}
					if (state == PULL_To_REFRESH) {
						state = DONE;
						changeHeaderViewByState();

						Log.v(TAG, "由下拉刷新状态,到done状态");
					}
					if (state == RELEASE_To_REFRESH) {
						state = REFRESHING;
						changeHeaderViewByState();
						onRefresh();

						Log.v(TAG, "由松开刷新状态,到done状态");
					}
				}

				isRecored = false;
				isBack = false;

				break;

			case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE:
				int tempY = (int) event.getY();

				if (!isRecored && firstItemIndex == 0) {
					Log.v(TAG, "在move时候记录下位置");
					isRecored = true;
					startY = tempY;
				}

				if (state != REFRESHING && isRecored && state != LOADING) {

					// 保证在设置padding的过程中,当前的位置一直是在head,否则如果当列表超出屏幕的话,当在上推的时候,列表会同时进行滚动

					// 可以松手去刷新了
					if (state == RELEASE_To_REFRESH) {

						setSelection(0);

						// 往上推了,推到了屏幕足够掩盖head的程度,但是还没有推到全部掩盖的地步
						if (((tempY - startY) / RATIO < headContentHeight)
								&& (tempY - startY) > 0) {
							state = PULL_To_REFRESH;
							changeHeaderViewByState();

							Log.v(TAG, "由松开刷新状态转变到下拉刷新状态");
						}
						// 一下子推到顶了
						else if (tempY - startY <= 0) {
							state = DONE;
							changeHeaderViewByState();

							Log.v(TAG, "由松开刷新状态转变到done状态");
						}
						// 往下拉了,或者还没有上推到屏幕顶部掩盖head的地步
						else {
							// 不用进行特别的操作,只用更新paddingTop的值就行了
						}
					}
					// 还没有到达显示松开刷新的时候,DONE或者是PULL_To_REFRESH状态
					if (state == PULL_To_REFRESH) {

						setSelection(0);

						// 下拉到可以进入RELEASE_TO_REFRESH的状态
						if ((tempY - startY) / RATIO >= headContentHeight) {
							state = RELEASE_To_REFRESH;
							isBack = true;
							changeHeaderViewByState();

							Log.v(TAG, "由done或者下拉刷新状态转变到松开刷新");
						}
						// 上推到顶了
						else if (tempY - startY <= 0) {
							state = DONE;
							changeHeaderViewByState();

							Log.v(TAG, "由DOne或者下拉刷新状态转变到done状态");
						}
					}

					// done状态下
					if (state == DONE) {
						if (tempY - startY > 0) {
							state = PULL_To_REFRESH;
							changeHeaderViewByState();
						}
					}

					// 更新headView的size
					if (state == PULL_To_REFRESH) {
						headView.setPadding(0, -1 * headContentHeight
								+ (tempY - startY) / RATIO, 0, 0);

					}

					// 更新headView的paddingTop
					if (state == RELEASE_To_REFRESH) {
						headView.setPadding(0, (tempY - startY) / RATIO
								- headContentHeight, 0, 0);
					}

				}

				break;
			}
		}

		return super.onTouchEvent(event);
	}

	// 当状态改变时候,调用该方法,以更新界面
	private void changeHeaderViewByState() {
		switch (state) {
		case RELEASE_To_REFRESH:
			arrowImageView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
			progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
			tipsTextview.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
			lastUpdatedTextView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);

			arrowImageView.clearAnimation();
			arrowImageView.startAnimation(animation);

			tipsTextview.setText("松开刷新");

			Log.v(TAG, "当前状态,松开刷新");
			break;
		case PULL_To_REFRESH:
			progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
			tipsTextview.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
			lastUpdatedTextView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
			arrowImageView.clearAnimation();
			arrowImageView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
			// 是由RELEASE_To_REFRESH状态转变来的
			if (isBack) {
				isBack = false;
				arrowImageView.clearAnimation();
				arrowImageView.startAnimation(reverseAnimation);

				tipsTextview.setText("下拉刷新");
			} else {
				tipsTextview.setText("下拉刷新");
			}
			Log.v(TAG, "当前状态,下拉刷新");
			break;

		case REFRESHING:

			headView.setPadding(0, 0, 0, 0);

			progressBar.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
			arrowImageView.clearAnimation();
			arrowImageView.setVisibility(View.GONE);
			tipsTextview.setText("正在刷新...");
			lastUpdatedTextView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);

			Log.v(TAG, "当前状态,正在刷新...");
			break;
		case DONE:
			headView.setPadding(0, -1 * headContentHeight, 0, 0);

			progressBar.setVisibility(View.GONE);
			arrowImageView.clearAnimation();
			arrowImageView.setImageResource(R.drawable.arrow_down);
			tipsTextview.setText("下拉刷新");
			lastUpdatedTextView.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);

			Log.v(TAG, "当前状态,done");
			break;
		}
	}

	public void setonRefreshListener(OnRefreshListener refreshListener) {
		this.refreshListener = refreshListener;
		isRefreshable = true;
	}

	public interface OnRefreshListener {
		public void onRefresh();
	}

	public void onRefreshComplete() {
		state = DONE;
		SimpleDateFormat format=new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy年MM月dd日  HH:mm");
		String date=format.format(new Date());
		lastUpdatedTextView.setText("最近更新:" + date);
		changeHeaderViewByState();
	}

	private void onRefresh() {
		if (refreshListener != null) {
			refreshListener.onRefresh();
		}
	}

	// 此方法直接照搬自网络上的一个下拉刷新的demo,此处是“估计”headView的width以及height
	private void measureView(View child) {
		 ViewGroup.LayoutParams p = child.getLayoutParams();
	        if (p == null) {
	            p = new ViewGroup.LayoutParams(
	                    ViewGroup.LayoutParams.FILL_PARENT,
	                    ViewGroup.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT);
	        }

	        int childWidthSpec = ViewGroup.getChildMeasureSpec(0,
	                0 + 0, p.width);
	        int lpHeight = p.height;
	        int childHeightSpec;
	        if (lpHeight > 0) {
	            childHeightSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(lpHeight, MeasureSpec.EXACTLY);
	        } else {
	            childHeightSpec = MeasureSpec.makeMeasureSpec(0, MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED);
	        }
	        child.measure(childWidthSpec, childHeightSpec);
	}

	public void setAdapter(BaseAdapter adapter) {
		SimpleDateFormat format=new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy年MM月dd日  HH:mm");
		String date=format.format(new Date());
		lastUpdatedTextView.setText("最近更新:" + date);
		super.setAdapter(adapter);
	}
	

}

最后在MainActivity中添加内容:

public class MainActivity extends Activity {

	private LinkedList<String> data;
	private BaseAdapter adapter;

	public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.main);

		data = new LinkedList<String>();
	    for(int i=0;i<10;i++){
	    	data.add(String.valueOf(i));
	    }

		final MyListView listView = (MyListView) findViewById(R.id.listView);
		adapter = new BaseAdapter() {
			public View getView(int position, View convertView, ViewGroup parent) {
				 convertView=LayoutInflater.from(getApplicationContext()).inflate(R.layout.item, null);
				TextView textView = (TextView) convertView.findViewById(R.id.textView_item);
				textView.setText(data.get(position));
				return convertView;
			}

			public long getItemId(int position) {
				return position;
			}

			public Object getItem(int position) {
				return data.get(position);
			}

			public int getCount() {
				return data.size();
			}
		};
		listView.setAdapter(adapter);

		listView.setonRefreshListener(new OnRefreshListener() {
			public void onRefresh() {
				new AsyncTask<Void, Void, Void>() {
					protected Void doInBackground(Void... params) {
						try {
							Thread.sleep(1000);
						} catch (Exception e) {
							e.printStackTrace();
						}
						data.addFirst("刷新后的内容");
						return null;
					}

					@Override
					protected void onPostExecute(Void result) {
						adapter.notifyDataSetChanged();
						listView.onRefreshComplete();
					}

				}.execute(null);
			}
		});
	}
}

    运行效果:




  

    源码下载地址:仿新浪微博的ListView下拉更新功能


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