WPF GridView动态添加项并读取数据

假设数据库有如下表,

首先我们创建一个WPF工程,界面如下

 1 <Window x:Class="WpfApplication2.MainWindow"
 2         xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml/presentation"
 3         xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2006/xaml"
 4         xmlns:d="http://schemas.microsoft.com/expression/blend/2008"
 5         xmlns:mc="http://schemas.openxmlformats.org/markup-compatibility/2006"
 6         xmlns:local="clr-namespace:WpfApplication2"
 7         mc:Ignorable="d"
 8         Title="MainWindow" Height="350" Width="525" Loaded="Window_Loaded">
 9     <Grid>
10         <ListView x:Name="listview">
11             <ListView.View>
12                 <GridView x:Name="gridview"></GridView>
13             </ListView.View>
14         </ListView>
15     </Grid>
16 </Window>

 

然后创建配置文件。这里我用的是XML文件,

 这里我们假设只显示Name,Height,Age三个字段 ,所以配置文件中只增加三项。

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?> 
<List>
    <Item Header="Name" Width="100"></Item>
    <Item Header="Height" Width="80"></Item>
    <Item Header="Age" Width="80"></Item>
</List>

下面是实现代码

  1 using System;
  2 using System.Collections.Generic;
  3 using System.Windows;
  4 using System.Windows.Controls;
  5 using System.Windows.Data;
  6 using System.Xml.Linq;
  7 using System.Xml.XPath;
  8 using System.Data;
  9 using System.Data.SqlClient;
 10 using System.Configuration;
 11 using System.Globalization;
 12 
 13 namespace WpfApplication2
 14 {
 15     /// <summary>
 16     /// MainWindow.xaml 的交互逻辑
 17     /// </summary>
 18     public partial class MainWindow : Window
 19     {
 20         public MainWindow()
 21         {
 22             InitializeComponent();
 23         }
 24 
 25         private void Window_Loaded(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
 26         {
 27             //动态添加项
 28             DynamicAddItem();
 29             //显示数据
 30             DataTable dt = GetData();
 31             this.listview.ItemsSource = dt.DefaultView;
 32 
 33         }
 34 
 35         /// <summary>
 36         /// 动态添加列表项
 37         /// </summary>
 38         private void DynamicAddItem()
 39         {
 40             List<TestItem> list = GetAllItems();
 41             foreach (var item in list)
 42             {
 43                 GridViewColumn column = new GridViewColumn();
 44                 column.Header = item.Header;
 45                 column.Width = item.Width;
 46                 if (item.Header == "Age")
 47                 {
 48                     //有时候我们可能会用到数据转换
 49                     //这里以年龄后面加个岁为例
 50                     AgeConverter converter = new AgeConverter();
 51                     column.DisplayMemberBinding = new Binding(item.Header) { Converter = converter};
 52                 }
 53                 else
 54                 {
 55                     column.DisplayMemberBinding = new Binding(item.Header);
 56                 }
 57                 this.gridview.Columns.Add(column);
 58             }
 59         }
 60 
 61         /// <summary>
 62         /// 从配置文件读取要显示的项
 63         /// </summary>
 64         /// <returns></returns>
 65         private List<TestItem> GetAllItems()
 66         {
 67             List<TestItem> list = new List<TestItem>();
 68             XDocument doc = XDocument.Load("list.xml");
 69             var result = doc.XPathSelectElements("List/Item");
 70             if(result != null)
 71             {
 72                 foreach (var item in result)
 73                 {
 74                     TestItem ti = new TestItem();
 75                     ti.Header = item.Attribute("Header").Value;
 76                     ti.Width = Convert.ToInt32(item.Attribute("Width").Value);                                     
 77                     list.Add(ti);
 78                 }
 79             }
 80             return list;
 81         }
 82 
 83         /// <summary>
 84         /// 从数据库获取数据
 85         /// </summary>
 86         /// <returns></returns>
 87         private DataTable GetData()
 88         {
 89             DataTable dt = new DataTable();
 90             string sql = "";
 91             string conStr = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["conStr"].ConnectionString;
 92             try
 93             {
 94                 SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection(conStr);               
 95                 sql = "select * from Student";
 96                 SqlDataAdapter sda = new SqlDataAdapter(sql,con);
 97                 sda.Fill(dt);
 98                 return dt;
 99             }
100             catch(Exception ex)
101             {
102                 MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
103                 return dt;
104             }
105         }
106     }
107 
108     struct TestItem
109     {
110         public string Header { get; set; }
111 
112         public int Width { get; set; }
113     }
114 
115     public class AgeConverter : IValueConverter
116     {
117         public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
118         {
119             return value + "";
120         }
121 
122         public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
123         {
124             throw new NotImplementedException();
125         }
126     }
127 
128 
129 
130 }

运行效果

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/zhaotianff/p/9006737.html

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