agent docker zabbix_基于docker部署zabbix

基础环境

cat /etc/redhat-release

CentOS Linux release7.5.1804 (Core)

docker安装

配置yum源

# vim /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo

[docker-ce-stable]

name=Docker CE Stable - $basearch

baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/7/$basearch/stable

enabled=1

gpgcheck=1

gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/gpg

安装docker-ce

# wget https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos-vault/7.3.1611/extras/x86_64/Packages/container-selinux-2.9-4.el7.noarch.rpm

# yum localinstall container-selinux-2.9-4.el7.noarch.rpm -y

# yum install docker-ce -y

更换源

顺便把docker源也换一下吧,免得一会还的重启

# vim /etc/docker/daemon.json

{"registry-mirrors": ["https://registry.docker-cn.com"]

}

启动docker,查看版本号

# systemctl start docker.service

# docker version

Client:

Version:18.09.0API version:1.39Go version: go1.10.4Git commit: 4d60db4

Built: Wed Nov7 00:48:22 2018OS/Arch: linux/amd64

Experimental:falseServer: Docker Engine-Community

Engine:

Version:18.09.0API version:1.39 (minimum version 1.12)

Go version: go1.10.4Git commit: 4d60db4

Built: Wed Nov7 00:19:08 2018OS/Arch: linux/amd64

Experimental:false

docker安装完毕!

开启网络转换

#echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward #网络重启会后要重新开启

用Dockerfile部署

zabbix-server部署阶段

要用docker跑zabbix-server,需要以下几个组件

组件名称作用

数据库

MySQL或是PostgreSQL

Zabbix Java gateway

Java管理扩展,可以不添加

Zabbix server

zabbix 服务端

zabbix-web

与MySQL服务器实例和Zabbix server实例关联

zabbix-agent

zabbix客户端

MySQL数据库

数据库我选择MySQL,还是得写Dockerfile,改一下时区,时间不对很麻烦,字符集也改一下吧

# mkdir /data/docker/mysql -p/data/docker/mysql]# vim Dockerfile

FROM mysql:5.7ENV LANG en_US.utf8

RUN ln-snf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime &&\

echo Asia/Shanghai > /etc/timezone \

构建镜像

#docker build -t debian-mysql5.7 .

# docker images

REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE

debian-mysql5.7 latest 3d3c7dc9608c 14 seconds ago 372MB

mysql 5.7 563a026a1511 3 weeks ago 372MB

启动容器

# docker run --hostname mysql --name debian-mysql-5.7 -t \-e MYSQL_USER="zabbix"\-e MYSQL_DATABASE="zabbix"\-e MYSQL_PASSWORD="passwd"\-e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD="passwd"\-v /data/mysql:/var/lib/mysql:rw \-d debian-mysql5.79a98a2ba0896a8a146d515764d2d8eef4bc32a9f0dbea445c360fab5668a5cfe

# docker ps

CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES

9a98a2ba0896 debian-mysql5.7 "docker-entrypoint.s…

变量说明

变量

MYSQL_USER

启动时要添加的用户

MYSQL_DATABASE

启动时要创建的数据库

MYSQL_PASSWORD

指定添加用的的密码

MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD

root用户的密码

Zabbix Java gateway

这个看个人,如果不监控java应用服务器可以不安装这个,还是得写Dockerfile,改一下时区和编码。

/data/docker/java-gateway]# cat Dockerfile

FROM zabbix/zabbix-java-gateway:latest

ENV LANG en_US.utf8

RUN apk add-U tzdata

RUN ln-snf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime &&\

echo Asia/Shanghai > /etc/timezone \/data/docker/java-gateway]# docker build -t zabbix-java-gateway ./data/docker/java-gateway]# docker images

REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE

zabbix-java-gateway latest 7948dffa9af0 35 seconds ago 80.1MB

启动容器

需要映射一下10052端口

# docker run --hostname zabbix-java-gateway \-name zabbix-java-gateway -t \-p 10052:10052\-d zabbix-java-gateway

5e2434e7a4c6f3f947e6408ff5a90097e802c6a36282c36ce7e4cd5819474f7a

# docker ps

CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES

5e2434e7a4c6 zabbix-java-gateway "docker-entrypoint.sh" 9 seconds ago Up 7 seconds 0.0.0.0:10052->10052/tcp zabbix-java-gateway

9a98a2ba0896 debian-mysql5.7 "docker-entrypoint.s…" 33 minutes ago Up 33 minutes 3306/tcp, 33060/tcp debian-mysql-5.7

Zabbix server

编写Dockerfile

/data/docker/zabbix-server]# cat Dockerfile

FROM zabbix/zabbix-server-mysql:latest

ENV LANG en_US.utf8

RUN apk add-U tzdata

RUN ln-snf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime &&\

echo Asia/Shanghai > /etc/timezone \/data/docker/zabbix-server]# docker build -t zabbix-server ./data/docker/zabbix-server]# docker images

REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE

zabbix-server latest 531aa3116f61 About a minute ago 62.3MB

需要映射10051端口,指定数据库服务器,连接MySQL和zabbix-java-gateway容器

10051:10051 \

--hostname zabbix-server \

-e DB_SERVER_HOST="debian-mysql-5.7" \

-e MYSQL_DATABASE="zabbix" \

-e MYSQL_USER="zabbix" \

-e MYSQL_PASSWORD="passwd" \

-e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD="passwd" \

-e ZBX_JAVAGATEWAY="zabbix-java-gateway" \

--link debian-mysql-5.7:mysql \

--link zabbix-java-gateway:zabbix-java-gateway \

-d zabbix-server

# docker ps

CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES

a45ef352cc68 zabbix-server "docker-entrypoint.sh" 9 minutes ago Up 8 minutes 0.0.0.0:10051->10051/tcp zabbix-server

zabbix-web

编写Dockerfile

/data/docker/zabbix-web]# cat Dockerfile

FROM zabbix/zabbix-web-nginx-mysql:latest

ENV LANG en_US.utf8

RUN apk add-U tzdata

RUN ln-snf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime &&\

echo Asia/Shanghai > /etc/timezone \/data/docker/zabbix-web]# docker build -t zabbix-web ./data/docker/zabbix-web]# docker images

REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE

zabbix-web latest 6ff51e2f0545 About a minute ago 164MB

启动容器

需要映射80端口到宿主机,连接数据库,连接zabbix-server容器

# docker run --name zabbix-web -t \-p 80:80\--hostname zabbix-web \-e PHP_TZ="Asia/Shanghai"\-e DB_SERVER_HOST="debian-mysql-5.7"\-e MYSQL_DATABASE="zabbix"\-e MYSQL_USER="zabbix"\-e MYSQL_PASSWORD="passwd"\-e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD="passwd"\--link debian-mysql-5.7:mysql \--link zabbix-server:zabbix-server \-d zabbix-web

f0c33f227992ce220730da9454df2f354565ed0b3d0813513a87797c2b752702

# docker ps

CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES

f0c33f227992 zabbix-web "docker-entrypoint.sh" 13 seconds ago Up 10 seconds 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, 443/tcp zabbix-web

以上方式安装的是最新版本,因为在指定镜像的时候没有指定版本号,默认的就是laster,也就是最新版本,建议zabbix-agent版本要和服务端一致。

看下安装的容器

# docker ps

CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES

b4b2524953b4 zabbix-web "docker-entrypoint.sh" About an hour ago Up About an hour 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, 443/tcp zabbix-web

d5a45e58b69d zabbix-server "docker-entrypoint.sh" 2 hours ago Up 2 hours 0.0.0.0:10051->10051/tcp zabbix-server

cd16d62b98c4 zabbix-java-gateway "docker-entrypoint.sh" 2 hours ago Up 2 hours 0.0.0.0:10052->10052/tcp zabbix-java-gateway

6a4b9ce12398 debian-mysql5.7 "docker-entrypoint.s…" 2 hours ago Up 2 hours 3306/tcp, 33060/tcp debian-mysql-5.

访问:http://宿主机IP:80

zabbix-agent

安装(用官方yum源)

#rpm -i https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm

#yum -y install zabbix-agent-4.0.1

#vim /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

Server=192.168.130.6UnsafeUserParameters=1Include=/etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/*.conf

# systemctl start zabbix-agent

注意:如果要对宿主机进行监控,请编辑宿主机的zabbix_agentd.conf,将Server地址,默认127.0.0.1,修改为docker-server容器地址,否则不通;如果是对其他主机的监控则使用docker-zabbix-server宿主机的IP。

查看容器Zabbix-server的地址

# docker exec -it zabbix-server ip addr1: lo: mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN qlen 1000link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00inet127.0.0.1/8scope host lo

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever23: eth0@if24: mtu 1500qdisc noqueue state UP

link/ether 02:42:ac:11:00:04brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

inet172.17.0.4/16 brd 172.17.255.255 scope globaleth0

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

使用docker-compose

docker-compose去做,该镜像版本为4.0.1

安装docker-compose

# curl -L https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.23.2/docker-compose-`uname -s`-`uname -m` -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

# chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

# docker-compose --version

docker-compose version 1.23.1, build b02f1306

编写zabbix.yml

这个已经是写好的,拿过去直接用吧,image不要动,其他的看自己情况自行调整吧

# mkdir /docker-compose# cd /docker-compose/

/docker-compose]# vim zabbix.yml

version:'3'services:

mysql:

image: swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-mysql

environment:

MYSQL_USER: zabbix

MYSQL_DATABASE: zabbix

MYSQL_PASSWORD: zabbix

MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: Sowhat?volumes:- /data/mysql/zabbix:/var/lib/mysql

ports:- 3306:3306restart: always

networks:-zabbix

zabbix-java-gateway:

image: swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-java-gateway

ports:- 10052:10052restart: always

networks:-zabbix

zabbix-server:

image: swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-server

environment:

DB_SERVER_HOST: mysql

MYSQL_DATABASE: zabbix

MYSQL_USER: zabbix

MYSQL_PASSWORD: zabbix

MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: Sowhat?links:-mysql

ports:- 10051:10051depends_on:-mysql

restart: always

networks:-zabbix

zabbix-web:

image: swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-web

environment:

PHP_TZ: Asia/Shanghai

DB_SERVER_HOST: mysql

MYSQL_DATABASE: zabbix

MYSQL_USER: zabbix

MYSQL_PASSWORD: zabbix

MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: Sowhat?links:-mysql

ports:- 80:80depends_on:- zabbix-server-mysql

restart: always

networks:-zabbix

networks:

zabbix:

driver: bridge

启动容器组

/docker-compose]# docker-compose -f zabbix.yml up -d --build

Creating network"dockercompose_zabbix" with driver "bridge"Pulling zabbix-java-gateway (swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-java-gateway:latest)...

latest: Pullingfrom rj-bai/zabbix-java-gateway

c67f3896b22c: Pull complete

28bd08666da4: Pull complete

21b8ee686afa: Pull complete

824932b5f2bc: Pull complete

8684d0f43c47: Pull complete

e29aa4d7f4bf: Pull complete

b908f38442f8: Pull complete

2384821aec7a: Pull complete

Digest: sha256:fc95fd77ab38768b0d35101b19622c73d1aa7f0fdda0e4c82699f15c4a1dfa8c

Status: Downloaded newer imagefor swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-java-gateway:latest

Pulling mysql (swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-mysql:latest)...

latest: Pullingfrom rj-bai/zabbix-mysql

a5a6f2f73cd8: Pull complete

936836019e67: Pull complete

283fa4c95fb4: Pull complete

1f212fb371f9: Pull complete

e2ae0d063e89: Pull complete

5ed0ae805b65: Pull complete

0283dc49ef4e: Pull complete

a7905d9fbbea: Pull complete

cd2a65837235: Pull complete

5f906b8da5fe: Pull complete

e81e51815567: Pull complete

423a0fdeb46c: Pull complete

Digest: sha256:74a62f652e6cc5ba4ac8ec28e55227c781b5b1bf5d8533597e4200353f2c00ed

Status: Downloaded newer imagefor swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-mysql:latest

Pulling zabbix-server (swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-server:latest)...

latest: Pullingfrom rj-bai/zabbix-server

d6a5679aa3cf: Pull complete

7a046b910a3c: Pull complete

497545b1664f: Pull complete

58ac09628c71: Pull complete

9e045e3ec3a3: Pull complete

432e63b42dc5: Pull complete

Digest: sha256:69d854834e344bb512d8f70cbeaf2226db5db5b19c926545fc598e04e0d1156c

Status: Downloaded newer imagefor swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-server:latest

Pulling zabbix-web (swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-web:latest)...

latest: Pullingfrom rj-bai/zabbix-web

c67f3896b22c: Already exists

90884e24b31c: Pull complete

c9ddded2780e: Pull complete

1fb53af6cb01: Pull complete

fbefe3595fbc: Pull complete

6b4acce82f87: Pull complete

a4bf8619ae81: Pull complete

604f32616982: Pull complete

1bf0ca328b88: Pull complete

913cf2a0cff6: Pull complete

571ab96e2d5b: Pull complete

e6e318768910: Pull complete

ad8b7746cfb4: Pull complete

76a428e15158: Pull complete

Digest: sha256:6435ee08428960c7f8385e783b776c15eb2f5bcc4fc4671fb40eabd95da204d8

Status: Downloaded newer imagefor swr.cn-north-1.myhuaweicloud.com/rj-bai/zabbix-web:late

Creating dockercompose_zabbix-java-gateway_1 ... done

Creating dockercompose_mysql_1 ...

Creating dockercompose_zabbix-server_1 ... done

Creating dockercompose_zabbix-server_1 ...

Creating dockercompose_zabbix-web_1 ... done/docker-compose]# docker-compose -f docker-compose.yml ps

Name Command State Ports------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------zabbix_mysql_1 docker-entrypoint.sh mysqld Up 0.0.0.0:3306->3306/tcp, 33060/tcp

zabbix_zabbix-java-gateway_1 docker-entrypoint.sh Up 0.0.0.0:10052->10052/tcp

zabbix_zabbix-server_1 docker-entrypoint.sh Up 0.0.0.0:10051->10051/tcp

zabbix_zabbix-web_1 docker-entrypoint.sh Up 443/tcp, 0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp

ps:容器启动完毕!

安装zabbix-agent

#rpm -ivh https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm

#yum -y install zabbix-agent-4.0.1#docker exec-it zabbix_zabbix-server_1 ip addr1: lo: mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN qlen 1000link/loopback 00:00:00:00:00:00 brd 00:00:00:00:00:00inet127.0.0.1/8scope host lo

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever12: eth0@if13: mtu 1500qdisc noqueue state UP

link/ether 02:42:ac:12:00:04brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff

inet172.18.0.4/16 brd 172.18.255.255 scope globaleth0

valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever

# vim/etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

Server=172.18.0.4UnsafeUserParameters=1Include=/etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.d/*.conf

# systemctl start zabbix-agent.service

访问:http://宿主机IP:80

网页端操作

直接编辑名为zabbix server的主机,Agent interfaces改为宿主机内网IP,然后update,我顺便又手动加了个主机进来,监控别的主机server地址直接写zabbix server宿主机即可。

邮件报警

以nginx down 为例前面博客有具体操作,这就不再赘述。

邮件设置

点开Administration→Media types→Email编辑,以使qq邮箱为例,163邮箱收不到。

93bb61db0cf2feb8f90980abb51391fd.png

添加收件人

0cd7f3045e55f7ce288d73f82812b762.png

接下来去Configuration→actions,选择Triggers,添加触发条件,可以有多个,我添加的是时间段和触发器。

e014e1a0b637a323af3de6ece32e5865.png

在Acrion里添加动作—>operations

测试

手动停掉nginx

00f4b36f372e5566dadef6ea18debf27.png

^<>^

部署完成,有什么错误望指出,谢谢!

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