# python bar图 百分比_matplotlib bar()实现百分比堆积柱状图

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

labels = ['G1', 'G2', 'G3', 'G4', 'G5']

first = [20, 34, 30, 35, 27]

second = [25, 32, 34, 20, 25]

third = [21, 31, 37, 21, 28]

fourth = [26, 31, 35, 27, 21]

data = [first, second, third, fourth]

x = range(len(labels))

width = 0.35

# 将bottom_y元素都初始化为0

bottom_y = [0] * len(labels)

# 计算每组柱子的总和，为计算百分比做准备

sums = [sum(i) for i in zip(first, second, third, fourth)]

for i in data:

# 计算每个柱子的高度，即百分比

y = [a/b for a, b in zip(i, sums)]

plt.bar(x, y, width, bottom=bottom_y)

# 计算bottom参数的位置

bottom_y = [(a+b) for a, b in zip(y, bottom_y)]

plt.xticks(x, labels)

plt.title('Percent stacked bar ')

plt.show()

import numpy as np

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

labels = ['G1', 'G2', 'G3', 'G4', 'G5']

first = [20, 34, 30, 35, 27]

second = [25, 32, 34, 20, 25]

third = [21, 31, 37, 21, 28]

fourth = [26, 31, 35, 27, 21]

data = [first, second, third, fourth]

x = range(len(labels))

width = 0.35

# 将bottom_y元素都初始化为0

bottom_y = np.zeros(len(labels))

data = np.array(data)

# 按列计算计算每组柱子的总和，为计算百分比做准备

sums = np.sum(data, axis=0)

for i in data:

# 计算每个柱子的高度，即百分比

y = i / sums

plt.bar(x, y, width, bottom=bottom_y)

# 计算bottom参数的位置

bottom_y = y + bottom_y

plt.xticks(x, labels)

plt.title('Percent stacked bar ')

plt.show()

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