scikit-learn一般实例之八:多标签分类

本例模拟一个多标签文档分类问题.数据集基于下面的处理随机生成:

  • 选取标签的数目:泊松(n~Poisson,n_labels)
  • n次,选取类别C:多项式(c~Multinomial,theta)
  • 选取文档长度:泊松(k~Poisson,length)
  • k次,选取一个单词:多项式(w~Multinomial,theta_c)

在上面的处理中,拒绝抽样用来确保n大于2,文档长度不为0.同样,我们拒绝已经被选取的类别.被同事分配给两个分类的文档会被两个圆环包围.

通过投影到由PCA和CCA选取进行可视化的前两个主成分进行分类.接着通过元分类器使用两个线性核的SVC来为每个分类学习一个判别模型.注意,PCA用于无监督降维,CCA用于有监督.

注:在下面的绘制中,"无标签样例"不是说我们不知道标签(就像半监督学习中的那样),而是这些样例根本没有标签~~~

673170-20161005193051160-1300178212.png

# coding:utf-8

import numpy as np
from pylab import *

from sklearn.datasets import make_multilabel_classification
from sklearn.multiclass import OneVsRestClassifier
from sklearn.svm import SVC
from sklearn.preprocessing import LabelBinarizer
from sklearn.decomposition import PCA
from sklearn.cross_decomposition import CCA


myfont = matplotlib.font_manager.FontProperties(fname="Microsoft-Yahei-UI-Light.ttc")
mpl.rcParams['axes.unicode_minus'] = False



def plot_hyperplane(clf, min_x, max_x, linestyle, label):
    # 获得分割超平面
    w = clf.coef_[0]
    a = -w[0] / w[1]
    xx = np.linspace(min_x - 5, max_x + 5)  # 确保线足够长
    yy = a * xx - (clf.intercept_[0]) / w[1]
    plt.plot(xx, yy, linestyle, label=label)


def plot_subfigure(X, Y, subplot, title, transform):
    if transform == "pca":
        X = PCA(n_components=2).fit_transform(X)
    elif transform == "cca":
        X = CCA(n_components=2).fit(X, Y).transform(X)
    else:
        raise ValueError

    min_x = np.min(X[:, 0])
    max_x = np.max(X[:, 0])

    min_y = np.min(X[:, 1])
    max_y = np.max(X[:, 1])

    classif = OneVsRestClassifier(SVC(kernel='linear'))
    classif.fit(X, Y)

    plt.subplot(2, 2, subplot)
    plt.title(title,fontproperties=myfont)

    zero_class = np.where(Y[:, 0])
    one_class = np.where(Y[:, 1])
    plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], s=40, c='gray')
    plt.scatter(X[zero_class, 0], X[zero_class, 1], s=160, edgecolors='b',
               facecolors='none', linewidths=2, label=u'类别-1')
    plt.scatter(X[one_class, 0], X[one_class, 1], s=80, edgecolors='orange',
               facecolors='none', linewidths=2, label=u'类别-2')

    plot_hyperplane(classif.estimators_[0], min_x, max_x, 'k--',
                    u'类别-1的\n边界')
    plot_hyperplane(classif.estimators_[1], min_x, max_x, 'k-.',
                    u'类别-2的\n边界')
    plt.xticks(())
    plt.yticks(())

    plt.xlim(min_x - .5 * max_x, max_x + .5 * max_x)
    plt.ylim(min_y - .5 * max_y, max_y + .5 * max_y)
    if subplot == 2:
        plt.xlabel(u'第一主成分',fontproperties=myfont)
        plt.ylabel(u'第二主成分',fontproperties=myfont)
        plt.legend(loc="upper left",prop=myfont)


plt.figure(figsize=(8, 6))

X, Y = make_multilabel_classification(n_classes=2, n_labels=1,
                                      allow_unlabeled=True,
                                      random_state=1)

plot_subfigure(X, Y, 1, u"有无标签样例 + CCA", "cca")
plot_subfigure(X, Y, 2, u"有无标签样例 + PCA", "pca")

X, Y = make_multilabel_classification(n_classes=2, n_labels=1,
                                      allow_unlabeled=False,
                                      random_state=1)

plot_subfigure(X, Y, 3, u"没有无标签样例 + CCA", "cca")
plot_subfigure(X, Y, 4, u"没有无标签样例 + PCA", "pca")

plt.subplots_adjust(.04, .02, .97, .94, .09, .2)
plt.suptitle(u"多标签分类", size=20,fontproperties=myfont)
plt.show()

转载于:https://www.cnblogs.com/taceywong/p/5932682.html

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