Go json串嵌套结构序列化实例和解析

在采用 gin 框架写后端api时,经常会有嵌套形式的json串,如何使用golang进行序列化呢,此文实例详细说明。

返回vue前端的嵌套的json串

实例json串结构如下:

{"data":
	{ "userInfo":
	      { 
		     "id":1,
			 "username":"admin",
			 "type":"0",
			 "status":"0",
			 "add_system_time":"1591434825",
			 "last_login_time":1629698073,
			 "remark":"super",
			 "created_at":null,
			 "updated_at":"2021-08-23 13:54:33",
			 "isbond":"1",
			 "secret":"Z4B7KBXK5C72SBGT"
			},
	  "token":{
		  "access_token":"eyJ0eXAiOiJKV1QiLCJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJpc3MiOiJodHRwOlwvXC8xOTIuMTY4LjYxLjk1O...",
		  "expires_in":1629701673,
		  "refresh_expires_in":1630907673
		  }
	}
 }

实现的方法

采用定义 struct 结构,根据 json串的组织形式定义结构体,如下。

robot@ubuntu:~/go-workspace/src/mtk7621-api/user$ cat login.go 
package Login

import (
	"encoding/json"
	"log"
        "net/http"

        "github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
)

type UserInfo struct {
	ID      int    `json:"id"`
	Username string `json:"username"`
	Type string `json:"type"`
	Status string `json:"status"`
	AddSystemTime int `json:"add_system_time"`
	LastLoginTime int `json:"last_login_time"`
	Remark  string `json:"remark"`
	CreateAt string `json:"create_at"`
	UpdatedAt string `json:"update_at"`
	Isbond string `json:"isbond"`
	Secret string `json:"secret"`
}

type Token struct {
	AccessToken string `json:"access_token"`
	ExpiresIn int `json:"expires_in"`
	RefreshExpiresIn int `json:"refresh_expires_in"`
}

type ResData struct {
	Uname *UserInfo `json:"userInfo"`
	Tkn *Token `json:"token"`
}

type  ResMsg struct {
	Data *ResData `json:"data"`
}

func UserLogin(c *gin.Context) {
	user := UserInfo{
		ID:1,
		Username: "admin",
		Secret:"Z4B7KBXK5C72SBGT",
	}
	toke := Token{
		AccessToken:"123456",
		ExpiresIn: 1629701673,
		RefreshExpiresIn:1629701673,
	}
	rdata := ResData{
		Tkn:&toke,
		Uname:&user,
	}
	msg := ResMsg{
		Data:&rdata,
	}

	message, _ := json.Marshal(msg)
	log.Println(string(message))

	json := make(map[string]interface{})
        c.BindJSON(&json)
        log.Println("%v", &json)
	c.JSON(http.StatusOK,string(message))
	return
}

把结构体内容、通过 json.Marshal(msg) 序列化成json串,在把json串、转化成string对象,返回给vue前端。

gin 主线程调用 login

工程目录如下

~/go-workspace/src/mtk7621-api$ tree -L 2
.
├── api
├── bridge
├── go.mod
├── go.sum
├── interface
│   ├── DHCP
│   ├── DNS
│   ├── LTE
│   ├── POOL
│   ├── route
│   └── VLAN
├── ip
├── main.go
├── ppp
├── routing
├── system
├── tools
└── user
    └── login.go

14 directories, 5 files

main.go 内容如下

package main

import (
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"time"

	"github.com/gin-gonic/gin"
	"golang.org/x/sync/errgroup"

	"api/user"					//调用 user 包, 此user是文件夹
)

var (
	g errgroup.Group
)

// api context

var user_login string = "/api/user/login"	// 接口路由

func http_api() http.Handler {
	e := gin.New()
	e.POST(user_login,Login.UserLogin)  //调用 Login 包中的函数 UserLogin
	return e
}

func http_eapi() http.Handler {
	e := gin.New()
	e.POST(user_login, func(c *gin.Context) {
		c.JSON(
			http.StatusOK,
			gin.H{
				"code":  http.StatusOK,
				"error": "Welcome server 02",
			},
		)
	})

	return e
}

func main() {
	
	http_api := &http.Server{
		Addr:         ":8080",
		Handler:      http_api(),
		ReadTimeout:  5 * time.Second,
		WriteTimeout: 10 * time.Second,
	}

	http_eapi := &http.Server{
		Addr:         ":8081",
		Handler:      http_eapi(),
		ReadTimeout:  5 * time.Second,
		WriteTimeout: 10 * time.Second,
	}

	g.Go(func() error {
		return http_api.ListenAndServe()
	})

	g.Go(func() error {
		return http_eapi.ListenAndServe()
	})

	if err := g.Wait(); err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	
}

测试验证

编译源码

robot@ubuntu:~/go-workspace/src/mtk7621-api$ go build .

运行

robot@ubuntu:~/go-workspace/src/mtk7621-api$ ./api 
[GIN-debug] [WARNING] Running in "debug" mode. Switch to "release" mode in production.
 - using env:	export GIN_MODE=release
 - using code:	gin.SetMode(gin.ReleaseMode)

[GIN-debug] POST   /api/user/login           --> api/user.UserLogin (1 handlers)
[GIN-debug] [WARNING] Running in "debug" mode. Switch to "release" mode in production.
 - using env:	export GIN_MODE=release
 - using code:	gin.SetMode(gin.ReleaseMode)

[GIN-debug] POST   /api/user/login           --> main.http_eapi.func1 (1 handlers)
// 返回的data的json 串内容
2021/08/25 01:55:09 {"data":{"userInfo":{"id":1,"username":"admin","type":"","status":"","add_system_time":0,"last_login_time":0,"remark":"","create_at":"","update_at":"","isbond":"","secret":"Z4B7KBXK5C72SBGT"},"token":{"access_token":"123456","expires_in":1629701673,"refresh_expires_in":1629701673}}}
// vue 发送过来的json 串内容
2021/08/25 01:55:09 %v &map[code: password:abcde username:12345]
[GIN-debug] redirecting request 307: /api/menu/menu/ --> /api/menu/menu/
[GIN-debug] redirecting request 307: /api/menu/menu/ --> /api/menu/menu/
2021/08/25 03:28:04 {"data":{"userInfo":{"id":1,"username":"admin","type":"","status":"","add_system_time":0,"last_login_time":0,"remark":"","create_at":"","update_at":"","isbond":"","secret":"Z4B7KBXK5C72SBGT"},"token":{"access_token":"123456","expires_in":1629701673,"refresh_expires_in":1629701673}}}
2021/08/25 03:28:04 %v &map[code: password:123456 username:admin]
[GIN-debug] redirecting request 307: /api/menu/menu/ --> /api/menu/menu/
2021/08/25 03:28:38 {"data":{"userInfo":{"id":1,"username":"admin","type":"","status":"","add_system_time":0,"last_login_time":0,"remark":"","create_at":"","update_at":"","isbond":"","secret":"Z4B7KBXK5C72SBGT"},"token":{"access_token":"123456","expires_in":1629701673,"refresh_expires_in":1629701673}}}
2021/08/25 03:28:38 %v &map[code: password:123 username:admin]
[GIN-debug] redirecting request 307: /api/menu/menu/ --> /api/menu/menu/
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