Java 集合之自动打包和解包以及泛型


自动打包与解包:


泛型:


上栗子:

TestMap1.java:

package com.zhj.www;
import java.util.*;

public class TestMap {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		Map m1 = new HashMap();
	
		Map m2 = new TreeMap();
		//m1.put("one", new Integer(1));
		m1.put("one", 1);     //auto-boxing
		//m1.put("two", new Integer(2));
		m1.put("two", 2);	//auto-boxing
		//m1.put("three",new Integer(3));
		m1.put("three", 3);//auto-boxing
		//m2.put("A",new Integer(1));
		m2.put("A", 1);//auto-boxing 基础类型的变量转化为对象
		//m2.put("B", new Integer(2));
		m2.put("B", 2);
		System.out.println(m1.size());//m1.size()=3
		System.out.println(m1.containsKey("one"));
		//System.out.println(m2.containsValue(new Integer(1)));
		System.out.println(m2.containsValue(1));
		if(m1.containsKey("two")) {
			//int i = ((Integer)m1.get("two")).intValue();
			int  i =(Integer)m1.get("two");//自动解包为Integer
			System.out.println(i);
		}
		Map m3 = new HashMap(m1);
		m3.putAll(m2);
		System.out.println(m3);
	}
}

TestMap2.java:

package com.zhj.www;
import java.util.*;
/*相比于TestMap.java,我们开始使用泛型*/
public class TestMap2 {

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		
		Map<String, Integer> m1 =new HashMap<String,Integer>();
		Map<String, Integer> m2 =new HashMap<String,Integer>();
		m1.put("one", 1);     //auto-boxing
		m1.put("two", 2);	//auto-boxing
		m1.put("three", 3);//auto-boxing
		m2.put("A", 1);//auto-boxing 基础类型的变量转化为对象
		m2.put("B", 2);
		System.out.println(m1.size());//m1.size()=3
		System.out.println(m1.containsKey("one"));
		System.out.println(m2.containsValue(1));
		if(m1.containsKey("two")) {
		    int i = m1.get("two");
		    System.out.println(i);
		}
		Map<String, Integer> m3 = new HashMap<String,Integer>();
		m3.putAll(m2);
		System.out.println(m3);
	}
}

TestArgsWords.java:

package com.zhj.www;

import java.util.*;

public class TestArgsWords {
	private static final Integer ONE = new Integer(1);
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		//Map m = new HashMap();
		/*泛型*/
		Map<String, Integer> m =new HashMap<String,Integer>();
		for(int i = 0;i<args.length;i++) {
			Integer fred =(Integer) m.get(args[i]);//get 方法:返回key对应的value,如果不存在,则返回null.
			
			//m.put(args[i], (fred == null ? ONE: new Integer (fred.intValue()+1)));
			m.put(args[i], (fred == null ? ONE:fred+1));//自动打包
		}
		System.out.println(m.size()+"distinct words detected:");
		System.out.println(m);
		//put方法 :将指定的key与value关联起来。
	}
	
}




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