python表格合并带原格式-python操作openpyxl导出Excel 设置单元格格式及合并处理代码实例...

这篇文章主要介绍了python操作openpyxl导出Excel 设置单元格格式及合并处理代码实例,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细,对大家的学习或者工作具有一定的参考学习价值,需要的朋友可以参考下

贴上一个例子,里面设计很多用法,根据将相同日期的某些行合并处理。

from openpyxl import Workbook

from openpyxl.styles import Font, Fill, Alignment, Border, Side, PatternFill

from handlers.boss_accountant import PbOrderManageBase

from handlers.base.pub_func import ConfigFunc

from dal.models import Shop

from dal.db_configs import DBSession

def export_excel(filename, sheetname, content_body):

"""

Excel表格导出

:param filename: 表格名称

:param sheetname: 工作表名称

:param content_body: 内容体

:return: None

"""

workbook = Workbook()

if not filename:

filename = "导出表格.xlsx"

workbook_sheet = workbook.active

if not sheetname:

sheetname = "工作表"

workbook_sheet.title = sheetname

merge_dict, sheet_row_len, sheet_column_len = merge_content(content_body)

print(merge_dict)

# 数据写入

for row in content_body:

workbook_sheet.append(row)

# 合并处理

for key in merge_dict.keys():

merge_data = merge_dict.get(key)

if key == "title":

workbook_sheet.merge_cells(start_row=merge_data[0], start_column=merge_data[1],

end_row=merge_data[2], end_column=merge_data[3])

workbook_sheet.merge_cells(start_row=2, start_column=merge_data[1],

end_row=2, end_column=merge_data[3])

workbook_sheet["A1"].font = Font(size=20, bold=True)

workbook_sheet["A1"].alignment = Alignment(horizontal="center", vertical="center")

else:

# 使用sum求值

workbook_sheet.cell(row=merge_data[0] + 3, column=12).value = "=SUM({}:{})".format(

format_value(str(merge_data[0] + 3), 10), format_value(str(merge_data[1] + 3), 10))

workbook_sheet.cell(row=merge_data[0] + 3, column=14).value = "=SUM({}:{})".format(

format_value(str(merge_data[0] + 3), 11), format_value(str(merge_data[1] + 3), 11))

workbook_sheet.cell(row=merge_data[0] + 3, column=13).value = "=({}-{})".format(

format_value(str(merge_data[0] + 3), 12), format_value(str(merge_data[0] + 3), 14))

for i in [2,12, 13, 14]:

workbook_sheet.merge_cells(start_row=merge_data[0]+3, start_column=i,

end_row=merge_data[1]+3, end_column=i)

# 合计求和

for i in [12, 13, 14]:

workbook_sheet.cell(row=sheet_row_len, column=i).value = "=SUM({}:{})".format(

format_value(3, i), format_value(sheet_row_len - 1, i))

# 单元格底色

last_row = workbook_sheet[sheet_row_len]

for each_cell in last_row:

each_cell.fill = PatternFill("solid", fgColor="00CDCD")

# 边框设置

for each_common_row in workbook_sheet.iter_rows("A1:{}".format(format_value(sheet_row_len, sheet_column_len))):

for each_cell in each_common_row:

each_cell.border = Border(left=Side(style="thin", color="000000"),

right=Side(style="thin", color="000000"),

top=Side(style="thin", color="000000"),

bottom=Side(style="thin", color="000000")

)

workbook_sheet.column_dimensions["B"].width = 15

workbook_sheet.column_dimensions["C"].width = 20

workbook.save(filename)

def merge_content(content_body):

"""

合并统计

:param content_body: 数据体

:return: 合并字典

"""

sheet_column_len = len(content_body[3])

sheet_row_len = len(content_body)

merge_dict = {}

data_content = content_body[3:-1]

merge_dict["title"] = (1, 1, 1, sheet_column_len)

current_data = data_content[0][1]

current_row = 0

start_row = 1

end_row = 0

for data in data_content:

current_row += 1

x = data[1]

if data[1] == current_data:

merge_dict[data[1]] = (start_row, current_row)

else:

merge_dict[data[1]] = (current_row, current_row)

current_data = data[1]

start_row = current_row

return merge_dict, sheet_row_len, sheet_column_len

def format_value(row, column):

"""数字转ABC

"""

change_dict = {

1: "A", 2: "B", 3: "C", 4: "D", 5: "E", 6: "F", 7: "G", 8: "H", 9: "I", 10: "J",

11: "K", 12: "L", 13: "M", 14: "N", 15: "O", 16: "P", 17: "Q", 18: "R", 19: "S", 20: "T",

21: "U", 22: "V", 23: "W", 24: "X", 25: "Y", 26: "Z",

}

column = change_dict.get(column)

return str(column)+str(row)

def export_func_new(args, session, shop_id):

# check_time = 0

# debtor_id = 2884

# debtor_name: 肖小菜

# end_date:

# start_date: 2019 - 07

# statistic_date: 3

# data_type: 1

data_content = []

check_time = 0

from_date = "2019-07"

to_date = ""

debtor_name = "肖小菜"

if_success, query_data, *_ = PbOrderManageBase.common_get_credit_stream(args, session, shop_id, export=True,

need_sum=False, check_time=check_time

)

if not if_success:

raise ValueError(query_data)

fee_text = ConfigFunc.get_fee_text(session, shop_id)

get_weight_unit_text = ConfigFunc.get_weight_unit_text(session, shop_id)

# 表店铺、客户名称

shop_name = session.query(Shop.shop_name).filter_by(id=shop_id).first()

data_content.append([shop_name[0]])

data_content.append(["客户:{}".format(debtor_name)])

# 表头

fee_text_total = "{}小计".format(fee_text)

header_content = [

"序号", "日期", "货品名", "数量", "重量/{}".format(get_weight_unit_text), "单价", "货品小记", "押金小计", fee_text_total,

"赊账金额","待还款", "赊账小记", "已还款", "待还款小计"

]

file_name_begin = "客户还款"

data_content.append(header_content)

# 还款数据

index_num = 0

for single_data in query_data:

index_num += 1

sales_time = single_data.get("sales_time", "")

if sales_time:

sales_time = sales_time.split(" ")[0]

_payback_money = single_data["unpayback_money"]

single_content = [index_num,

sales_time,

single_data["only_goods_name"],

single_data["commission_mul"],

single_data["sales_num"],

"%s元/%s" % (single_data["fact_price"],

single_data["goods_unit"]),

single_data["goods_total"],

single_data["commission_mul"],

single_data["deposit_total"],

single_data["credit_cent"],

_payback_money,

0,

0,

0]

data_content.append(single_content)

# 表尾合计

data_content.append(["合计"])

config = ConfigFunc.get_config(session, shop_id)

if not config.enable_deposit:

index_deposit_total = data_content[0].index("押金小计")

for data in data_content:

data.pop(index_deposit_total)

if not config.enable_commission:

index_commission_total = data_content[0].index(fee_text_total)

for data in data_content:

data.pop(index_commission_total)

file_name = "{}流水记录导出_{}~{}.xlsx".format(file_name_begin, from_date, to_date)

return file_name, data_content

if __name__ == "__main__":

filename = "测试打印表格.xlsx"

sheetname = "工作表2"

session = DBSession()

args = {

"check_time": 0,

"debtor_id": 2884,

"debtor_name": "肖小菜",

"start_date": "2019-07",

"statistic_date": 3,

"data_type": 1

}

filename, content_body = export_func_new(args, session, 104)

# filename = "测试打印表格.xlsx"

# sheetname = "工作表2"

# content_body = []

# content_body.append(["打印表格表头"])

# content_body.append(["客户:肖某某"])

# content_body.append(["日期", "货品销售", "自营销售", "代卖销售", "联营销售", "总价"])

# content_body.append(["1", "2", "3.1", "4.1", "5.1", "5.1"])

# content_body.append(["1", "2", "3.1", "4.1", "5.1", "5.1"])

# content_body.append(["1", "2", "3.1", "4.1", "5.1", "5.1"])

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持脚本之家。

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