C++实习的打飞机小游戏

#include<iostream>
#include<windows.h>
#include<conio.h>
#include<time.h>
#include<string>
using namespace std;

/*=============== all the structures ===============*/

typedef struct Frame
{
COORD position[2];
int flag;
}Frame;

/*=============== all the functions ===============*/

void SetPos(COORD a)// set cursor
{
HANDLE out = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
SetConsoleCursorPosition(out, a);
}

void SetPos(int i, int j)// set cursor
{
COORD pos = { i, j };
SetPos(pos);
}

void HideCursor()
{
CONSOLE_CURSOR_INFO cursor_info = { 1, 0 };
SetConsoleCursorInfo(GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE), &cursor_info);
}

//把第y行，[x1, x2) 之间的坐标填充为 ch
void drawRow(int y, int x1, int x2, char ch)
{
SetPos(x1, y);
for (int i = 0; i <= (x2 - x1); i++)
cout << ch;
}

//在a, b 纵坐标相同的前提下，把坐标 [a, b] 之间填充为 ch
void drawRow(COORD a, COORD b, char ch)
{
if (a.Y == b.Y)
drawRow(a.Y, a.X, b.X, ch);
else
{
SetPos(0, 25);
cout << "error code 01：无法填充行，因为两个坐标的纵坐标(x)不相等";
system("pause");
}
}

//把第x列，[y1, y2] 之间的坐标填充为 ch
void drawCol(int x, int y1, int y2, char ch)
{
int y = y1;
while (y != y2 + 1)
{
SetPos(x, y);
cout << ch;
y++;
}
}

//在a, b 横坐标相同的前提下，把坐标 [a, b] 之间填充为 ch
void drawCol(COORD a, COORD b, char ch)
{
if (a.X == b.X)
drawCol(a.X, a.Y, b.Y, ch);
else
{
SetPos(0, 25);
cout << "error code 02：无法填充列，因为两个坐标的横坐标(y)不相等";
system("pause");
}
}

//左上角坐标、右下角坐标、用row填充行、用col填充列
void drawFrame(COORD a, COORD  b, char row, char col)
{
drawRow(a.Y, a.X + 1, b.X - 1, row);
drawRow(b.Y, a.X + 1, b.X - 1, row);
drawCol(a.X, a.Y + 1, b.Y - 1, col);
drawCol(b.X, a.Y + 1, b.Y - 1, col);
}

void drawFrame(int x1, int y1, int x2, int y2, char row, char col)
{
COORD a = { x1, y1 };
COORD b = { x2, y2 };
drawFrame(a, b, row, col);
}

void drawFrame(Frame frame, char row, char col)
{
COORD a = frame.position[0];
COORD b = frame.position[1];
drawFrame(a, b, row, col);
}

void drawPlaying()
{
drawFrame(0, 0, 48, 24, '=', '|');//    draw map frame;
drawFrame(49, 0, 79, 4, '-', '|');//        draw output frame
drawFrame(49, 4, 79, 9, '-', '|');//        draw score frame
drawFrame(49, 9, 79, 20, '-', '|');//   draw operate frame
drawFrame(49, 20, 79, 24, '-', '|');//  draw other message frame
SetPos(52, 6);
cout << "得分：";
SetPos(52, 7);
cout << "称号：";
SetPos(52, 10);
cout << "操作方式：";
SetPos(52, 12);
cout << "  a,s,d,w 控制战机移动。";
SetPos(52, 14);
cout << "  p 暂停游戏。";
SetPos(52, 16);
cout << "  e 退出游戏。";
}

//在[a, b)之间产生一个随机整数
int random(int a, int b)
{
int c = (rand() % (a - b)) + a;
return c;
}

//在两个坐标包括的矩形框内随机产生一个坐标
COORD random(COORD a, COORD b)
{
int x = random(a.X, b.X);
int y = random(a.Y, b.Y);
COORD c = { x, y };
return c;
}

bool  judgeCoordInFrame(Frame frame, COORD spot)
{
if (spot.X >= frame.position[0].X)
if (spot.X <= frame.position[1].X)
if (spot.Y >= frame.position[0].Y)
if (spot.Y <= frame.position[0].Y)
return true;
return false;
}

void printCoord(COORD a)
{
cout << "( " << a.X << " , " << a.Y << " )";
}

void printFrameCoord(Frame a)
{
printCoord(a.position[0]);
cout << " - ";
printCoord(a.position[1]);
}

int drawMenu()
{
SetPos(30, 1);
cout << "P l a n e  W a r";
drawRow(3, 0, 79, '-');
drawRow(5, 0, 79, '-');
SetPos(28, 4);
cout << "w 和 s 选择， k 确定";
SetPos(15, 11);
cout << "1. 简单的敌人";
SetPos(15, 13);
cout << "2. 冷酷的敌人";
drawRow(20, 0, 79, '-');
drawRow(22, 0, 79, '-');
SetPos(47, 11);
cout << "简单的敌人：";
SetPos(51, 13);
cout << "简单敌人有着较慢的移动速度。";
SetPos(24, 21);
cout << "制作：LJF神犇";
int j = 11;
SetPos(12, j);
cout << ">>";

//drawFrame(45, 9, 79, 17, '=', '|');

while (1)
{
if (_kbhit())
{
char x = _getch();
switch (x)
{
case 'w':
{
if (j == 13)
{
SetPos(12, j);
cout << "　";
j = 11;
SetPos(12, j);
cout << ">>";
SetPos(51, 13);
cout << "　　　　　　　　　　　　";
SetPos(47, 11);
cout << "简单的敌人：";
SetPos(51, 13);
cout << "简单敌人有着较慢的移动速度，比较容易对付";
}
break;
}
case 's':
{
if (j == 11)
{
SetPos(12, j);
cout << "　";
j = 13;
SetPos(12, j);
cout << ">>";
SetPos(51, 13);
cout << "　　　　　　　　　　　　　　";
SetPos(47, 11);
cout << "冷酷的敌人：";
SetPos(51, 13);
cout << "冷酷的敌人移动速度较快，难对付哟。";
}
break;
}
case 'k':
{
if (j == 8) return 1;
else return 2;
}
}
}
}
}

/*
DWORD WINAPI MusicFun(LPVOID lpParamte)
{
//DWORD OBJ;
sndPlaySound(TEXT("bgm.wav"), SND_FILENAME|SND_ASYNC);
return 0;
}
*/

/*================== the Game Class ==================*/

class Game
{
public:
COORD position[10];
COORD bullet[10];
Frame enemy[8];
int score;
int rank;
int rankf;
string title;
int flag_rank;

Game();

//初始化所有
void initPlane();
void initBullet();
void initEnemy();

//初始化其中一个
//void initThisBullet( COORD );
//void initThisEnemy( Frame );

void planeMove(char);
void bulletMove();
void enemyMove();

//填充所有
void drawPlane();
void drawPlaneToNull();
void drawBullet();
void drawBulletToNull();
void drawEnemy();
void drawEnemyToNull();

//填充其中一个
void drawThisBulletToNull(COORD);
void drawThisEnemyToNull(Frame);

void Pause();
void Playing();
void judgePlane();
void judgeEnemy();

void Shoot();

void GameOver();
void printScore();
};

Game::Game()
{
initPlane();
initBullet();
initEnemy();
score = 0;
rank = 25;
rankf = 0;
flag_rank = 0;
}

void Game::initPlane()
{
COORD centren = { 39, 22 };
position[0].X = position[5].X = position[7].X = position[9].X = centren.X;
position[1].X = centren.X - 2;
position[2].X = position[6].X = centren.X - 1;
position[3].X = position[8].X = centren.X + 1;
position[4].X = centren.X + 2;
for (int i = 0; i <= 4; i++)
position[i].Y = centren.Y;
for (int i = 6; i <= 8; i++)
position[i].Y = centren.Y + 1;
position[5].Y = centren.Y - 1;
position[9].Y = centren.Y - 2;
}

void Game::drawPlane()
{
for (int i = 0; i<9; i++)
{
SetPos(position[i]);
if (i != 5)
cout << "O";
else if (i == 5)
cout << "|";
}
}

void Game::drawPlaneToNull()
{
for (int i = 0; i<9; i++)
{
SetPos(position[i]);
cout << " ";
}
}

void Game::initBullet()
{
for (int i = 0; i<10; i++)
bullet[i].Y = 30;
}

void Game::drawBullet()
{
for (int i = 0; i<10; i++)
{
if (bullet[i].Y != 30)
{
SetPos(bullet[i]);
cout << "^";
}
}
}

void Game::drawBulletToNull()
{
for (int i = 0; i<10; i++)
if (bullet[i].Y != 30)
{
COORD pos = { bullet[i].X, bullet[i].Y + 1 };
SetPos(pos);
cout << " ";
}
}

void Game::initEnemy()
{
COORD a = { 1, 1 };
COORD b = { 45, 15 };
for (int i = 0; i<8; i++)
{
enemy[i].position[0] = random(a, b);
enemy[i].position[1].X = enemy[i].position[0].X + 3;
enemy[i].position[1].Y = enemy[i].position[0].Y + 2;
}
}

void Game::drawEnemy()
{
for (int i = 0; i<8; i++)
drawFrame(enemy[i].position[0], enemy[i].position[1], '-', '|');
}

void Game::drawEnemyToNull()
{
for (int i = 0; i<8; i++)
{
drawFrame(enemy[i].position[0], enemy[i].position[1], ' ', ' ');
}
}

void Game::Pause()
{
SetPos(61, 2);
cout << "               ";
SetPos(61, 2);
cout << "暂停中...";
char c = _getch();
while (c != 'p')
c = _getch();
SetPos(61, 2);
cout << "         ";
}

void Game::planeMove(char x)
{
if (x == 'a')
if (position[1].X != 1)
for (int i = 0; i <= 9; i++)
position[i].X -= 2;

if (x == 's')
if (position[7].Y != 23)
for (int i = 0; i <= 9; i++)
position[i].Y += 1;

if (x == 'd')
if (position[4].X != 47)
for (int i = 0; i <= 9; i++)
position[i].X += 2;

if (x == 'w')
if (position[5].Y != 3)
for (int i = 0; i <= 9; i++)
position[i].Y -= 1;
}

void Game::bulletMove()
{
for (int i = 0; i<10; i++)
{
if (bullet[i].Y != 30)
{
bullet[i].Y -= 1;
if (bullet[i].Y == 1)
{
COORD pos = { bullet[i].X, bullet[i].Y + 1 };
drawThisBulletToNull(pos);
bullet[i].Y = 30;
}

}
}
}

void Game::enemyMove()
{
for (int i = 0; i<8; i++)
{
for (int j = 0; j<2; j++)
enemy[i].position[j].Y++;

if (24 == enemy[i].position[1].Y)
{
COORD a = { 1, 1 };
COORD b = { 45, 3 };
enemy[i].position[0] = random(a, b);
enemy[i].position[1].X = enemy[i].position[0].X + 3;
enemy[i].position[1].Y = enemy[i].position[0].Y + 2;
}
}
}

void Game::judgePlane()
{
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
for (int j = 0; j<9; j++)
if (judgeCoordInFrame(enemy[i], position[j]))
{
SetPos(62, 1);
cout << "坠毁";
drawFrame(enemy[i], '+', '+');
Sleep(1000);
GameOver();
break;
}
}

void Game::drawThisBulletToNull(COORD c)
{
SetPos(c);
cout << " ";
}

void Game::drawThisEnemyToNull(Frame f)
{
drawFrame(f, ' ', ' ');
}

void Game::judgeEnemy()
{
for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
for (int j = 0; j < 10; j++)
if (judgeCoordInFrame(enemy[i], bullet[j]))
{
score += 5;
drawThisEnemyToNull(enemy[i]);
COORD a = { 1, 1 };
COORD b = { 45, 3 };
enemy[i].position[0] = random(a, b);
enemy[i].position[1].X = enemy[i].position[0].X + 3;
enemy[i].position[1].Y = enemy[i].position[0].Y + 2;
drawThisBulletToNull(bullet[j]);
bullet[j].Y = 30;
}
}

void Game::Shoot()
{
for (int i = 0; i<10; i++)
if (bullet[i].Y == 30)
{
bullet[i].X = position[5].X;
bullet[i].Y = position[5].Y - 1;
break;
}
}

void Game::printScore()
{
if (score == 120 && flag_rank == 0)
{
rank -= 3;
flag_rank = 1;
}

else if (score == 360 && flag_rank == 1)
{
rank -= 5;
flag_rank = 2;
}
else if (score == 480 && flag_rank == 2)
{
rank -= 5;
flag_rank = 3;
}
int x = rank / 5;
SetPos(60, 6);
cout << score;

if (rank != rankf)
{
SetPos(60, 7);
if (x == 5)
title = "初级飞行员";
else if (x == 4)
title = "中级飞行员";
else if (x == 3)
title = "高级飞行员";
else if (x == 2)
title = "王牌飞行员";
cout << title;
}
rankf = rank;
}

void Game::Playing()
{
//HANDLE MFUN;
//MFUN= CreateThread(NULL, 0, MusicFun, NULL, 0, NULL);

drawEnemy();
drawPlane();

int flag_bullet = 0;
int flag_enemy = 0;

while (1)
{
Sleep(8);
if (_kbhit())
{
char x = _getch();
if ('a' == x || 's' == x || 'd' == x || 'w' == x)
{
drawPlaneToNull();
planeMove(x);
drawPlane();
judgePlane();
}
else if ('p' == x)
Pause();
else if ('k' == x)
Shoot();
else if ('e' == x)
{
//CloseHandle(MFUN);
GameOver();
break;
}

}
/* 处理子弹 */
if (0 == flag_bullet)
{
bulletMove();
drawBulletToNull();
drawBullet();
judgeEnemy();
}
flag_bullet++;
if (5 == flag_bullet)
flag_bullet = 0;

/* 处理敌人 */
if (0 == flag_enemy)
{
drawEnemyToNull();
enemyMove();
drawEnemy();
judgePlane();
}
flag_enemy++;
if (flag_enemy >= rank)
flag_enemy = 0;

/* 输出得分 */
printScore();
}
}

void Game::GameOver()
{
system("cls");
COORD p1 = { 28,9 };
COORD p2 = { 53,15 };
drawFrame(p1, p2, '=', '|');
SetPos(36, 12);
string str = "Game Over!";
for (int i = 0; i<str.size(); i++)
{
Sleep(80);
cout << str[i];
}
Sleep(1000);
system("cls");
drawFrame(p1, p2, '=', '|');
SetPos(31, 11);
cout << "击落敌机：" << score / 5 << " 架";
SetPos(31, 12);
cout << "得　　分：" << score;
SetPos(31, 13);
cout << "获得称号：" << title;
SetPos(30, 16);
Sleep(1000);
cout << "继续？ 是（y）| 否（n）制作：最牛的LJF";
as:
char x = _getch();
if (x == 'n')
exit(0);
else if (x == 'y')
{
system("cls");
Game game;
int a = drawMenu();
if (a == 2)
game.rank = 20;
system("cls");
drawPlaying();
game.Playing();
}
else goto as;
}

/*================== the main function ==================*/
int main()
{
//游戏准备
srand((int)time(0));    //随机种子
HideCursor();   //隐藏光标

Game game;
int a = drawMenu();
if (a == 2)
game.rank = 20;
system("cls");
drawPlaying();
game.Playing();
}