iperf 安卓 灌包命令_Iperf灌包操作指导.doc

Iperf灌包操作指导

Iperf

将随本文档发布的iperf软件拷贝到本机c盘根目录下,windows dos窗口启动的时候,先返回到根目录提示,具体操作如下:

2.2.1?????? 下行UDP灌包(从服务器向终端灌包)

服务器侧CMD窗口中启动如下命令:

Iperf –c xx.xx.xx.xx –u –b 100m –p 6001 –t 99999

UE侧PC CMD窗口中启动如下命令:

Iperf –s –u –p 6001

参数说明:

参数说明c xx.xx.xx.xx表示向xx.xx.xx.xx灌包(xx.xx.xx.xx为UE ip地址)-u表示启动UDP灌包,如果是灌TCP则不需要-u这个参数-b 100m表示指定灌包大小,这里表示灌100M的数据-p 6001表示指定灌包的端口为6001,可根据需要更改-t 99999表示指定灌99999秒,可根据需要修改灌包时长-s表示启动iperf服务器2.2.2?????? 上行UDP灌包(从UE灌向服务器)

服务器侧CMD窗口中启动如下命令:

Iperf –s –u –p 6002

UE侧PC CMD窗口中启动如下命令:

Iperf –c xx.xx.xx.xx –u –b 100m –p 6002 –t 99999

参数说明:

参数说明c xx.xx.xx.xx表示向xx.xx.xx.xx灌包(xx.xx.xx.xx为服务器地址)2.2.3?????? 下行TCP灌包

服务器侧CMD窗口中启动如下命令:

Iperf –c xx.xx.xx.xx –p 6003 –w 512k –t 99999

UE侧PC CMD窗口中启动如下命令:

Iperf –s –w 512k–p 6003

参数说明:

参数说明c xx.xx.xx.xx表示向xx.xx.xx.xx灌包(xx.xx.xx.xx为UE ip地址)-w指定TCP窗口大小需要特别注意的是千万不要-b,否则就成为UDP灌包。?

2.2.4?????? 上行TCP灌包

服务器侧CMD窗口中启动如下命令:

Iperf –s –w 512k–p 6004

UE侧PC CMD窗口中启动如下命令:

Iperf –c xx.xx.xx.xx –p 6004 –w 512k –t 99999

参数说明:

参数说明c xx.xx.xx.xx表示向xx.xx.xx.xx灌包(xx.xx.xx.xx为服务器地址)-w指定TCP窗口大小需要特别注意的是千万不要-b,否则就成为UDP灌包。2.2.5?????? IPERF其它命令参数说明

IPERF参数大全公共选项参数-f:format速率报告的格式:是采用Kbits, Mbits, Kbytes,还是MBytes-i: interval周期性带宽报告的时间间隔。单位:秒-l:len读写缓冲区的长度。对于TCP,默认:8KB;对于UDP,默认:1470B-m:print_mss打印TCP最大段的大小(MTU - TCP/IP header)-p:portIperf server监听的服务端口;或Iperf client连接的服务端口。

在Iperf server和Iperf client两边的端口必须是相同的。默认服务端口:5001-u:UDP使用UDP进行测量-w:window设置套接字缓冲区大小为指定的数值。对于TCP,本选项将设置TCP窗口大小;对于UDP,本选项是接收数据报文的缓冲,所以它被限制到最大的接收数据报文大小-B:bind绑定到主机的一个接口或组播地址。对于Iperf client,本选项设置的是对外的接口;对于Iperf server,本选项设置的是进入的接口。本选项参数仅用于多宿主主机,它有多个网络接口-C:compatibility兼容模式,允许和低版本的Iperf一起使用。兼容模式对于互用性并不是必需的,但是高度建议的。在某些案例里,当在使用典型的流(streaming)时,你可能会引起1.7版本的Iperf server冲突,或造成一些不希望发生的连接尝试-M:mss通过TCP_MAXSEG选项,设置TCP最大段大小(Maximum Segment Size )。对于TCP/IP头部来说,MSS通常是MTU - 40 bytes;对于以太网,MSS是1640 bytes(1500 byte MTU)。在很多OSes里,本选项没有被执行-N:no delay设置TCP为零时延选项,禁止Nagle算法。通常,对于像Telnet这样的交互式应用程序,此选项仅被禁止-V绑定到一个IPv6地址。从V1.6或更高版本开始支持。

相关资源:iperf灌包工具
资源里包括windows的iperf.exe、android系统安装的iperf.apk和iperf使用说明参数等内容。 Iperf是一个网络性能测试工具。可以测试TCP和UDP带宽质量,可以测量最大TCP带宽,具有多种参数和UDP特性,可以报告带宽,延迟抖动和数据包丢失。 Iperf使用方法与参数说明 参数说明 -s 以server模式启动,eg:iperf -s -c host以client模式启动,host是server端地址,eg:iperf -c 222.35.11.23 通用参数 -f [kmKM] 分别表示以Kbits, Mbits, KBytes, MBytes显示报告,默认以Mbits为单位,eg:iperf -c 222.35.11.23 -f K -i sec 以秒为单位显示报告间隔,eg:iperf -c 222.35.11.23 -i 2 -l 缓冲区大小,默认是8KB,eg:iperf -c 222.35.11.23 -l 16 -m 显示tcp最大mtu值 -o 将报告和错误信息输出到文件eg:iperf -c 222.35.11.23 -o ciperflog.txt -p 指定服务器端使用的端口或客户端所连接的端口eg:iperf -s -p 9999;iperf -c 222.35.11.23 -p 9999 -u 使用udp协议 -w 指定TCP窗口大小,默认是8KB -B 绑定一个主机地址或接口(当主机有多个地址或接口时使用该参数) -C 兼容旧版本(当server端和client端版本不一样时使用) -M 设定TCP数据包的最大mtu值 -N 设定TCP不延时 -V 传输ipv6数据包 server专用参数 -D 以服务方式运行iperf,eg:iperf -s -D -R 停止iperf服务,针对-D,eg:iperf -s -R client端专用参数 -d 同时进行双向传输测试 -n 指定传输的字节数,eg:iperf -c 222.35.11.23 -n 100000 -r 单独进行双向传输测试 -t 测试时间,默认10秒,eg:iperf -c 222.35.11.23 -t 5 -F 指定需要传输的文件 -T 指定ttl值
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[Y/n] y 获取:1 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libencode-locale-perl all 1.03-1 [12.4 kB] 获取:2 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhttp-date-perl all 6.02-1 [10.4 kB] 获取:3 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libfile-listing-perl all 6.04-1 [9,774 B] 获取:4 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libfont-afm-perl all 1.20-1 [14.3 kB] 获取:5 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhtml-tagset-perl all 3.20-2 [13.5 kB] 获取:6 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhtml-parser-perl amd64 3.71-1build1 [98.2 kB] 获取:7 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libio-html-perl all 1.00-1 [15.7 kB] 获取:8 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main liblwp-mediatypes-perl all 6.02-1 [21.7 kB] 获取:9 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhttp-message-perl all 6.06-1 [78.7 kB] 获取:10 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhtml-form-perl all 6.03-1 [23.5 kB] 获取:11 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhtml-tree-perl all 5.03-1 [215 kB] 获取:12 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhtml-format-perl all 2.11-1 [44.7 kB] 获取:13 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhttp-cookies-perl all 6.00-2 [23.3 kB] 获取:14 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhttp-daemon-perl all 6.01-1 [17.0 kB] 获取:15 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libhttp-negotiate-perl all 6.00-2 [13.4 kB] 获取:16 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libintl-perl all 1.23-1build1 [1,204 kB] 获取:17 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libnet-http-perl all 6.06-1 [24.2 kB] 获取:18 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libwww-robotrules-perl all 6.01-1 [14.1 kB] 获取:19 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libwww-perl all 6.05-2 [146 kB] 获取:20 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main liblwp-protocol-https-perl all 6.04-2ubuntu0.1 [7,644 B] 获取:21 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libtext-unidecode-perl all 0.04-2 [115 kB] 获取:22 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libxml-namespacesupport-perl all 1.11-1 [13.2 kB] 获取:23 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libxml-sax-base-perl all 1.07-1 [21.5 kB] 获取:24 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libxml-sax-perl all 0.99+dfsg-2ubuntu1 [64.6 kB] 获取:25 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty-updates/main libxml-libxml-perl amd64 2.0108+dfsg-1ubuntu0.1 [337 kB] 获取:26 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libxml-parser-perl amd64 2.41-1build3 [294 kB] 获取:27 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libxml-sax-expat-perl all 0.40-2 [11.5 kB] 获取:28 http://cn.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main texinfo amd64 5.2.0.dfsg.1-2 [561 kB] 下载 3,425 kB,耗时 2秒 (1,303 kB/s) Selecting previously unselected package libencode-locale-perl. (正在读取数据库 ... 系统当前共安装有 213805 个文件和目录。) Preparing to unpack .../libencode-locale-perl_1.03-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libencode-locale-perl (1.03-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libhttp-date-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libhttp-date-perl_6.02-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libhttp-date-perl (6.02-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libfile-listing-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libfile-listing-perl_6.04-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libfile-listing-perl (6.04-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libfont-afm-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libfont-afm-perl_1.20-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libfont-afm-perl (1.20-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libhtml-tagset-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libhtml-tagset-perl_3.20-2_all.deb ... Unpacking libhtml-tagset-perl (3.20-2) ... Selecting previously unselected package libhtml-parser-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libhtml-parser-perl_3.71-1build1_amd64.deb ... Unpacking libhtml-parser-perl (3.71-1build1) ... 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Selecting previously unselected package libhttp-cookies-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libhttp-cookies-perl_6.00-2_all.deb ... Unpacking libhttp-cookies-perl (6.00-2) ... Selecting previously unselected package libhttp-daemon-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libhttp-daemon-perl_6.01-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libhttp-daemon-perl (6.01-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libhttp-negotiate-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libhttp-negotiate-perl_6.00-2_all.deb ... Unpacking libhttp-negotiate-perl (6.00-2) ... Selecting previously unselected package libintl-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libintl-perl_1.23-1build1_all.deb ... Unpacking libintl-perl (1.23-1build1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libnet-http-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libnet-http-perl_6.06-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libnet-http-perl (6.06-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libwww-robotrules-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libwww-robotrules-perl_6.01-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libwww-robotrules-perl (6.01-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libwww-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libwww-perl_6.05-2_all.deb ... Unpacking libwww-perl (6.05-2) ... Selecting previously unselected package liblwp-protocol-https-perl. Preparing to unpack .../liblwp-protocol-https-perl_6.04-2ubuntu0.1_all.deb ... Unpacking liblwp-protocol-https-perl (6.04-2ubuntu0.1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libtext-unidecode-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libtext-unidecode-perl_0.04-2_all.deb ... Unpacking libtext-unidecode-perl (0.04-2) ... Selecting previously unselected package libxml-namespacesupport-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libxml-namespacesupport-perl_1.11-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libxml-namespacesupport-perl (1.11-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libxml-sax-base-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libxml-sax-base-perl_1.07-1_all.deb ... Unpacking libxml-sax-base-perl (1.07-1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libxml-sax-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libxml-sax-perl_0.99+dfsg-2ubuntu1_all.deb ... Unpacking libxml-sax-perl (0.99+dfsg-2ubuntu1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libxml-libxml-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libxml-libxml-perl_2.0108+dfsg-1ubuntu0.1_amd64.deb ... Unpacking libxml-libxml-perl (2.0108+dfsg-1ubuntu0.1) ... Selecting previously unselected package libxml-parser-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libxml-parser-perl_2.41-1build3_amd64.deb ... Unpacking libxml-parser-perl (2.41-1build3) ... Selecting previously unselected package libxml-sax-expat-perl. Preparing to unpack .../libxml-sax-expat-perl_0.40-2_all.deb ... Unpacking libxml-sax-expat-perl (0.40-2) ... Selecting previously unselected package texinfo. Preparing to unpack .../texinfo_5.2.0.dfsg.1-2_amd64.deb ... Unpacking texinfo (5.2.0.dfsg.1-2) ... Processing triggers for man-db (2.6.7.1-1) ... Processing triggers for doc-base (0.10.5) ... Processing 1 added doc-base file... 正在设置 libencode-locale-perl (1.03-1) ... 正在设置 libhttp-date-perl (6.02-1) ... 正在设置 libfile-listing-perl (6.04-1) ... 正在设置 libfont-afm-perl (1.20-1) ... 正在设置 libhtml-tagset-perl (3.20-2) ... 正在设置 libhtml-parser-perl (3.71-1build1) ... 正在设置 libio-html-perl (1.00-1) ... 正在设置 liblwp-mediatypes-perl (6.02-1) ... 正在设置 libhttp-message-perl (6.06-1) ... 正在设置 libhtml-form-perl (6.03-1) ... 正在设置 libhtml-tree-perl (5.03-1) ... 正在设置 libhtml-format-perl (2.11-1) ... 正在设置 libhttp-cookies-perl (6.00-2) ... 正在设置 libhttp-daemon-perl (6.01-1) ... 正在设置 libhttp-negotiate-perl (6.00-2) ... 正在设置 libintl-perl (1.23-1build1) ... 正在设置 libnet-http-perl (6.06-1) ... 正在设置 libwww-robotrules-perl (6.01-1) ... 正在设置 libtext-unidecode-perl (0.04-2) ... 正在设置 libxml-namespacesupport-perl (1.11-1) ... 正在设置 libxml-sax-base-perl (1.07-1) ... 正在设置 libxml-sax-perl (0.99+dfsg-2ubuntu1) ... update-perl-sax-parsers: Registering Perl SAX parser XML::SAX::PurePerl with priority 10... update-perl-sax-parsers: Updating overall Perl SAX parser modules info file... Creating config file /etc/perl/XML/SAX/ParserDetails.ini with new version 正在设置 libxml-libxml-perl (2.0108+dfsg-1ubuntu0.1) ... update-perl-sax-parsers: Registering Perl SAX parser XML::LibXML::SAX::Parser with priority 50... update-perl-sax-parsers: Registering Perl SAX parser XML::LibXML::SAX with priority 50... update-perl-sax-parsers: Updating overall Perl SAX parser modules info file... Replacing config file /etc/perl/XML/SAX/ParserDetails.ini with new version 正在设置 texinfo (5.2.0.dfsg.1-2) ... Running mktexlsr. This may take some time. ... done. 正在设置 libwww-perl (6.05-2) ... 正在设置 liblwp-protocol-https-perl (6.04-2ubuntu0.1) ... 正在设置 libxml-parser-perl (2.41-1build3) ... 正在设置 libxml-sax-expat-perl (0.40-2) ... update-perl-sax-parsers: Registering Perl SAX parser XML::SAX::Expat with priority 50... update-perl-sax-parsers: Updating overall Perl SAX parser modules info file... Replacing config file /etc/perl/XML/SAX/ParserDetails.ini with new version rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ ./build.sh http://blog.csdn.net/linuxarmsummary/article/details/12775457 msgfmt包错误 makeinfo 包错误 错误2: e.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/execute.Tpo -c -o execute.o execute.c /usr/bin/gcc -std=gnu99 -I. -O2 -I/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/include -I/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/include -MT exitfail.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/exitfail.Tpo -c -o exitfail.o exitfail.c In file included from clean-temp.h:22:0, from clean-temp.c:23: ./stdio.h:456:1: error: 'gets' undeclared here (not in a function) _GL_WARN_ON_USE (gets, "gets is a security hole - use fgets instead"); ^ mv -f .deps/exitfail.Tpo .deps/exitfail.Po /usr/bin/gcc -std=gnu99 -I. -O2 -I/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/include -I/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/include -MT fatal-signal.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/fatal-signal.Tpo -c -o fatal-signal.o fatal-signal.c mv -f .deps/c-ctype.Tpo .deps/c-ctype.Po /usr/bin/gcc -std=gnu99 -I. -O2 -I/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/include -I/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/include -MT fd-safer-flag.o -MD -MP -MF .deps/fd-safer-flag.Tpo -c -o fd-safer-flag.o fd-safer-flag.c mv -f .deps/c-stack.Tpo .deps/c-stack.Po make[4]: *** [clean-temp.o] Error 1 make[4]: *** Waiting for unfinished jobs.... mv -f .deps/execute.Tpo .deps/execute.Po mv -f .deps/fd-safer-flag.Tpo .deps/fd-safer-flag.Po mv -f .deps/fatal-signal.Tpo .deps/fatal-signal.Po mv -f .deps/gl_avltree_oset.Tpo .deps/gl_avltree_oset.Po make[4]: Leaving directory `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-m4-1.4.15/lib' make[3]: *** [all] Error 2 make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-m4-1.4.15/lib' make[2]: *** [all-recursive] Error 1 make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-m4-1.4.15' make[1]: *** [all] 错误 2 make[1]:正在离开目录 `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-m4-1.4.15' make: *** [/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-m4-1.4.15/.stamp_built] 错误 2 make:离开目录“/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/buildroot” ERROR: build buildroot Failed rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ find . -name stdio.in.h ./out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-m4-1.4.15/lib/stdio.in.h rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ Z:\home\wwt\linux_r16\lichee\out\sun8iw5p1\linux\common\buildroot\build\host-m4-1.4.15\lib\stdio.in.h // 2017/5/2 14:13 wenyuanbo add!!!! //_GL_WARN_ON_USE (gets, "gets is a security hole - use fgets instead"); #if defined(__GLIBC__) && !defined(__UCLIBC__) && !__GLIBC_PREREQ(2, 16) _GL_WARN_ON_USE (gets, "gets is a security hole - use fgets instead"); #endif http://www.cnblogs.com/hjj801006/p/3988220.html 'gets' undeclared here (not in a function) rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ ./build.sh 错误3: make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65/lib' Making install in doc make[3]: Entering directory `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65/doc' restore=: && backupdir=".am$$" && \ am__cwd=`pwd` && CDPATH="${ZSH_VERSION+.}:" && cd . && \ rm -rf $backupdir && mkdir $backupdir && \ if (/bin/sh /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65/build-aux/missing --run makeinfo --version) >/dev/null 2>&1; then \ for f in autoconf.info autoconf.info-[0-9] autoconf.info-[0-9][0-9] autoconf.i[0-9] autoconf.i[0-9][0-9]; do \ if test -f $f; then mv $f $backupdir; restore=mv; else :; fi; \ done; \ else :; fi && \ cd "$am__cwd"; \ if /bin/sh /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65/build-aux/missing --run makeinfo --no-split -I . \ -o autoconf.info autoconf.texi; \ then \ rc=0; \ CDPATH="${ZSH_VERSION+.}:" && cd .; \ else \ rc=$?; \ CDPATH="${ZSH_VERSION+.}:" && cd . && \ $restore $backupdir/* `echo "./autoconf.info" | sed 's|[^/]*$||'`; \ fi; \ rm -rf $backupdir; exit $rc conftest.c:14625: must be after `@defmac' to use `@defmacx' make[3]: *** [autoconf.info] Error 1 make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65/doc' make[2]: *** [install-recursive] Error 1 make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65' make[1]: *** [install] 错误 2 make[1]:正在离开目录 `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65' make: *** [/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65/.stamp_host_installed] 错误 2 make:离开目录“/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/buildroot” ERROR: build buildroot Failed rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ find . -name autoconf.texi ./out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-autoconf-2.65/doc/autoconf.texi rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ Z:\home\wwt\linux_r16\lichee\out\sun8iw5p1\linux\common\buildroot\build\host-autoconf-2.65\doc\autoconf.texi @r{[}@var{\varname\}@r{]}@c (修改为:) @r{[}@var{\varname\}@r{]} @r{[}@var{\varname\} = @samp{\default\}@r{]}@c (修改为:) @r{[}@var{\varname\} = @samp{\default\}@r{]} http://blog.csdn.net/laohuang1122/article/details/44098291/ Ubuntu14.04编译Allwinner lichee 两个出错解决方法 rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ ./build.sh 错误4: libtool: install: ranlib /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/lib/libfakeroot.a libtool: finish: PATH="/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/bin:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/bin:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/external-toolchain/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games:/usr/local/games:/home/cm/cm/R58/r58_new20161012/android/prebuilts/gcc/linux-x86/arm/arm-linux-androideabi-4.7/arm-linux-androideabi/bin:/home/cm/cm/R58/r58_new20161012/android/prebuilts/gcc/linux-x86/arm/arm-linux-androideabi-4.7/bin:/opt/jdk1.6.0_45/bin:/opt/jdk1.6.0_45/jre/bin:/sbin" ldconfig -n /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/lib ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Libraries have been installed in: /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/lib If you ever happen to want to link against installed libraries in a given directory, LIBDIR, you must either use libtool, and specify the full pathname of the library, or use the `-LLIBDIR' flag during linking and do at least one of the following: - add LIBDIR to the `LD_LIBRARY_PATH' environment variable during execution - add LIBDIR to the `LD_RUN_PATH' environment variable during linking - use the `-Wl,-rpath -Wl,LIBDIR' linker flag - have your system administrator add LIBDIR to `/etc/ld.so.conf' See any operating system documentation about shared libraries for more information, such as the ld(1) and ld.so(8) manual pages. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- test -z "/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/bin" || /bin/mkdir -p "/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/bin" /bin/sh ./libtool --mode=install /usr/bin/install -c 'faked' '/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/bin/faked' libtool: install: /usr/bin/install -c faked /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/bin/faked make[3]:正在离开目录 `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-fakeroot-1.9.5' make[2]:正在离开目录 `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-fakeroot-1.9.5' make[1]:正在离开目录 `/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-fakeroot-1.9.5' rm -rf /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs mkdir /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs cp package/makedevs/makedevs.c /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs cc -Wall -Werror -O2 /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs/makedevs.c -o /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs/makedevs /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs/makedevs.c: In function ‘main’: /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs/makedevs.c:374:6: error: variable ‘ret’ set but not used [-Werror=unused-but-set-variable] int ret = EXIT_SUCCESS; ^ cc1: all warnings being treated as errors make: *** [/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs/makedevs] 错误 1 make:离开目录“/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/buildroot” ERROR: build rootfs Failed rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ find . -name makedevs.c ./buildroot/package/makedevs/makedevs.c ./out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/host-makedevs/makedevs.c ./out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/busybox-1.18.3/miscutils/makedevs.c rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ http://blog.csdn.net/laohuang1122/article/details/44098291/ Ubuntu14.04编译Allwinner lichee 两个出错解决方法 rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ ./build.sh 5、编译成功: /local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games:/usr/local/games:/home/cm/cm/R58/r58_new20161012/android/prebuilts/gcc/linux-x86/arm/arm-linux-androideabi-4.7/arm-linux-androideabi/bin:/home/cm/cm/R58/r58_new20161012/android/prebuilts/gcc/linux-x86/arm/arm-linux-androideabi-4.7/bin:/opt/jdk1.6.0_45/bin:/opt/jdk1.6.0_45/jre/bin"" >> /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/_fakeroot.fs chmod a+x /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/_fakeroot.fs /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/bin/fakeroot -- /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/build/_fakeroot.fs rootdir=/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/target table='target/generic/device_table.txt' Warning: skip syncing -d /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/target /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/images/rootfs.ext4 -N 1399 -b 42633 tune2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014) Creating journal inode: 完成 This filesystem will be automatically checked every 20 mounts or 0 days, whichever comes first. Use tune2fs -c or -i to override. e2fsck 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014) 文件系统缺少UUID;正在生成一个。 Adding dirhash hint to 文件系统. /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/images/rootfs.ext4: clean, 1009/1440 files, 38102/42633 blocks busybox directfb directfb-examples divine dosfstools e2fsprogs ethtool ext4-utils freetype fsck-msdos fuse-exfat libfuse i2c-tools input-tools iostat iperf iw jpeg libnl libpcap libpng memstat memtester ntfs-3g openssh openssl portmap strace stress sysstat szrz tcpdump tiobench tslib udev which wireless_tools wpa_supplicant zlib target-generic-hostname target-generic-issue target-generic-getty-busybox target-finalize target-purgelocales /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/bin:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/bin:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/host/usr/sbin/:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/out/sun8iw5p1/linux/common/buildroot/external-toolchain/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/games:/usr/local/games:/home/cm/cm/R58/r58_new20161012/android/prebuilts/gcc/linux-x86/arm/arm-linux-androideabi-4.7/arm-linux-androideabi/bin:/home/cm/cm/R58/r58_new20161012/android/prebuilts/gcc/linux-x86/arm/arm-linux-androideabi-4.7/bin:/opt/jdk1.6.0_45/bin:/opt/jdk1.6.0_45/jre/bin make:离开目录“/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/buildroot” INFO: build rootfs OK. INFO: ---------------------------------------- INFO: build lichee OK. INFO: ---------------------------------------- rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ 6、打包: rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ ./build.sh pack INFO: packing firmware ... copying tools file copying configs file ./out/aultls32.fex ./out/aultools.fex ./out/cardscript.fex ./out/cardtool.fex ./out/diskfs.fex ./out/env_burn.cfg ./out/env.cfg ./out/image.cfg "./out/image_linux.cfg" -> "./out/image.cfg" ./out/split_xxxx.fex ./out/sys_config.fex ./out/sys_partition_dragonboard.fex ./out/sys_partition_dump.fex ./out/sys_partition.fex "./out/sys_partition_linux.fex" -> "./out/sys_partition.fex" ./out/sys_partition_private.fex ./out/sys_partition_tina.fex ./out/test_config.fex ./out/usbtool.fex ./out/usbtool_test.fex copying boot resource copying boot file packing for linux normal /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/tools/pack/pctools/linux/eDragonEx/ /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/tools/pack/out Begin Parse sys_partion.fex Add partion boot-resource.fex BOOT-RESOURCE_FEX Add partion very boot-resource.fex BOOT-RESOURCE_FEX FilePath: boot-resource.fex FileLength=453400Add partion env.fex ENV_FEX000000000 Add partion very env.fex ENV_FEX000000000 FilePath: env.fex FileLength=20000Add partion boot.fex BOOT_FEX00000000 Add partion very boot.fex BOOT_FEX00000000 FilePath: boot.fex FileLength=c5a000Add partion rootfs.fex ROOTFS_FEX000000 Add partion very rootfs.fex ROOTFS_FEX000000 FilePath: rootfs.fex FileLength=29a2400sys_config.fex Len: 0xf450 config.fex Len: 0x9ac8 split_xxxx.fex Len: 0x200 sys_partition.fex Len: 0xa80 boot0_nand.fex Len: 0x8000 boot0_sdcard.fex Len: 0x8000 u-boot.fex Len: 0xc4000 fes1.fex Len: 0x1fc0 usbtool.fex Len: 0x23000 aultools.fex Len: 0x26ead aultls32.fex Len: 0x238dd cardtool.fex Len: 0x14000 cardscript.fex Len: 0x6ea sunxi_mbr.fex Len: 0x10000 dlinfo.fex Len: 0x4000 arisc.fex Len: 0x2ed88 vmlinux.fex Len: 0x2c78baa boot-resource.fex Len: 0x453400 Vboot-resource.fex Len: 0x4 env.fex Len: 0x20000 Venv.fex Len: 0x4 boot.fex Len: 0xc5a000 Vboot.fex Len: 0x4 rootfs.fex Len: 0x29a2400 Vrootfs.fex Len: 0x4 BuildImg 0 Dragon execute image.cfg SUCCESS ! ----------image is at---------- /home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee/tools/pack/sun8iw5p1_linux_evb-30_uart0.img pack finish rootroot@cm-System-Product-Name:/home/wwt/linux_r16/lichee$ 7、刷机完成开机(请注意:sun8i login: root): UUUUUUUUUU?UU?UaUaUaUaUaU*UaUaUaUaUaUaUaUaUUa?Ua?UUUUUUUUUUUU[0.33] boot0 version : 4.0.0 [0.35] fel_flag = 0x00000000 [0.38] rtc[0] value = 0x00000000 [0.41] rtc[1] value = 0x00000000 [0.44] rtc[2] value = 0x00000000 [0.47] rtc[3] value = 0x00000000 [0.51] DRAM DRIVE INFO: V1.6 [0.54] DRAM Type =3 (2:DDR2,3:DDR3,6:LPDDR2,7:LPDDR3) [0.59] DRAM zq value: 00003bbb[0.62] DRAM CLK =600 MHZ [0.64] ID CHECK VERSION: V0.1 [0.67] using ic R16 [0.69] USE PLL DDR1 [0.75] USE PLL NORMAL [0.77] PLL FREQUENCE = 1200 MHZ [0.90] DRAM PLL DDR1 frequency extend open ! [0.94] DRAM master priority setting ok. [0.108] Auto calculate timing parameter! [0.111] para_dram_tpr0 = 0047a14f [0.114] para_dram_tpr1 = 01c2294c [0.118] para_dram_tpr2 = 00069049 [0.121] tcl = 6,tcwl = 4 [0.123] DRAM TIMING PARA0 = 0b0f180c [0.126] DRAM TIMING PARA1 = 0003040f [0.130] DRAM TIMING PARA2 = 0406050a [0.133] DRAM TIMING PARA3 = 0000400c [0.137] DRAM TIMING PARA4 = 05020405 [0.140] DRAM TIMING PARA5 = 05050403 [0.144] DRAM TIMING PARA8 = 90003310 [0.147] DRAM PHY INTERFACE PARA = 02040102 [0.151] DRAM VTC is disable [0.153] DRAM dynamic DQS/DQ ODT is on [0.157] DRAM DQS gate is PD mode. [0.160] DRAM one rank training is on,the value is 91003587 [0.169] DRAM work mode register value = 004318e4 [0.173] DRAM SIZE =512 M [0.175] set one rank ODTMAP [0.180] DRAM simple test OK. [0.182] dram size =512 [0.184] card boot number = 2 [0.187] card no is 2 [0.189] sdcard 2 line count 8 [0.192] [mmc]: mmc driver ver 2015-01-15 14:21:39 [0.203] [mmc]: ***MMC card 2*** [0.227] [mmc]: 8bit ddr!!! [0.229] [mmc]: MMC ver 4.41 [0.232] [mmc]: SD/MMC Card: 8bit, capacity: 3728MB [0.237] [mmc]: vendor: Man 00150100 Snr 00ef0719 [0.241] [mmc]: product: M4G1F [0.244] [mmc]: revision: 4.2 [0.247] [mmc]: ***SD/MMC 2 init OK!!!*** [0.250] sdcard 2 init ok [0.254] The size of uboot is 000c4000. [0.312] sum=ad4be991 [0.313] src_sum=ad4be991 [0.316] set_mmc_para,sdly 50M 0 [0.319] set_mmc_para,sdly 25M 0 [0.322] Succeed in loading uboot from sdmmc flash. [0.326] Ready to disable icache. [0.330] Jump to secend Boot. [ 0.332]U-Boot 2011.09-rc1-00019-g42e29c6-dirty (Mar 19 2015 - 17:08:40) Allwinner Technology [0.346]normal or secure os [0.348]pmbus: ready [0.350]PMU: AXP221 [0.352]PMU: AXP22x found [0.355]bat_vol=0, ratio=100 [0.357]PMU: dcdc3 1200 [0.360]PMU: pll1 1008 Mhz,PLL6=600 Mhz [0.363]AXI=336 Mhz,AHB=200 Mhz, APB1=100 Mhz [0.370]set power on vol to default [0.373]dcdc1_vol = 3000 [0.375]dcdc2_vol = 1100 [0.377]dcdc3_vol = 1200 [0.380]dcdc4_vol = 0 [0.382]dcdc5_vol = 1500 [0.384]aldo2_vol = 2500 [0.386]aldo3_vol = 3000 [0.388]find power_sply to end [0.468]vbus exist [0.469]no battery, limit to dc [0.472]fel key new mode [0.474]run key detect [0.487]no key found [0.488]no key input [0.490]dram_para_set start [0.494]dram_para_set end [0.496]DRAM: [0.498]512[0.498] MiB [0.500]relocation Offset is: 15b0a000 [0.541]smcl's set manager is NULL [0.544]<axp22, dc1sw> [0.546]workmode = 0 [0.548]MMC: 2 [0.549][mmc]: mmc driver ver 2014-12-10 9:23:00 [0.554][mmc]: get sdc_phy_wipe fail. [0.557][mmc]: get sdc0 sdc_erase fail. [0.560][mmc]: get sdc_2xmode ok, val = 1 [0.564][mmc]: get sdc_ddrmode ok, val = 1 [0.568][mmc]: get sdc_f_max fail,use default 50000000Hz [0.573][mmc]: get card_line ok, card_line = 8 [0.577][mmc]: get sdc_ex_dly_used fail,use default [0.581][mmc]: SUNXI SD/MMC: 2[0.584] [0.595][mmc]: MMC card 2* [0.633][mmc]: ddr8 [0.643][mmc]: CID 0x1501004d 0x34473146 0x4200ef07 0x19dcce21 [0.648][mmc]: MMC ver 4.41 [0.650][mmc]: mmc clk 50000000 [0.653][mmc]: SD/MMC Card: 8bit, capacity: 3728MB [0.657][mmc]: boot0 capacity: 1000KB,boot1 capacity: 1000KB [0.663][mmc]: ***SD/MMC 2 init OK!!!*** [0.667][mmc]: erase_grp_size:0x400WrBlk * 0x200 = 0x80000 Byte [0.672][mmc]: secure_feature 0x15 [0.675][mmc]: secure_removal_type 0x0 [0.679]sunxi flash init ok In: serial Out: serial Err: serial [0.691]--------fastboot partitions-------- [0.695]-total partitions:5- [0.697]-name- -start- -size- [0.701]boot-res : 1000000 1000000 [0.706]env : 2000000 1000000 [0.710]boot : 3000000 1000000 [0.714]rootfs : 4000000 20000000 [0.718]UDISK : 24000000 0 [0.723]----------------------------------- [0.726]base bootcmd=run setargs_nand boot_normal [0.731]bootcmd set setargs_mmc [0.734]key 0 [0.735]cant find rcvy value [0.737]cant find fstbt value [0.740]no misc partition is found [0.743]to be run cmd=run setargs_mmc boot_normal [0.747]WORK_MODE_BOOT [0.749]board_status_probe [0.752]sunxi_bmp_logo_display [0.756] ** Unable to read "bootlogo.bmp" from sunxi_flash 0:1 ** [0.761]sunxi bmp info error : unable to open logo file bootlogo.bmp [0.767]Hit any key to stop autoboot: 0 [0.771]read boot or recovery all [1.63]sunxi flash read :offset 3000000, 13995844 bytes OK [1.72]no signature [1.73]ready to boot [1.75]para err in disp_ioctl, cmd = 0xa,screen id = 1 [ 1.080]Starting kernel ... [ 0.940677] [audiocodec] linein_to_spk_used type err! [ 0.946281] [audiocodec] linein_to_hp_used type err! [ 0.951806] [audiocodec] linein_to_aif2_used type err! [ 0.957502] [audiocodec] sysaudio_to_aif2_used type err! [ 0.963409] [audiocodec] : aif3 not used! [ 0.971957] [I2S0]sunxi-i2s0 cannot find any using configuration for controllers, return directly! [ 0.982149] [I2S]sndi2s0 cannot find any using configuration for controllers, return directly! [ 0.991735] [I2S1]sunxi-i2s1 cannot find any using configuration for controllers, return directly! [ 1.001881] [I2S]sndi2s1 cannot find any using configuration for controllers, return directly! [ 1.019623] otg_wakelock_init: No USB transceiver found [ 1.025634] ths_fetch_sysconfig_para: type err device_used = 1. [ 1.033262] fetch C0_LV_count from sysconfig failed Welcome to sun8i linux sun8i login: root # pwd /root # # # busybox BusyBox v1.18.3 (2017-05-02 14:51:20 CST) multi-call binary. Copyright (C) 1998-2009 Erik Andersen, Rob Landley, Denys Vlasenko and others. Licensed under GPLv2. See source distribution for full notice. Usage: busybox [function] [arguments]... or: busybox --list[-full] or: function [arguments]... BusyBox is a multi-call binary that combines many common Unix utilities into a single executable. Most people will create a link to busybox for each function they wish to use and BusyBox will act like whatever it was invoked as. Currently defined functions: [, [[, addgroup, adduser, ar, arping, ash, awk, basename, bunzip2, bzcat, cat, catv, chattr, chgrp, chmod, chown, chroot, chrt, chvt, cksum, clear, cmp, cp, cpio, crond, crontab, cut, date, dc, dd, deallocvt, delgroup, deluser, devmem, df, diff, dirname, dmesg, dnsd, dnsdomainname, dos2unix, du, dumpkmap, echo, egrep, eject, env, ether-wake, expr, false, fdflush, fdformat, fdisk, fgrep, find, fold, free, freeramdisk, fsck, fuser, getopt, getty, grep, gunzip, gzip, halt, hdparm, head, hexdump, hostid, hostname, hwclock, id, ifconfig, ifdown, ifup, inetd, init, insmod, install, ionice, iostat, ip, ipaddr, ipcrm, ipcs, iplink, iproute, iprule, iptunnel, kill, killall, killall5, klogd, last, length, less, linux32, linux64, linuxrc, ln, loadfont, loadkmap, logger, login, logname, losetup, ls, lsattr, lsmod, lspci, lsusb, lzcat, lzma, makedevs, md5sum, mdev, mesg, microcom, mkdir, mkdosfs, mke2fs, mkfifo, mkfs.ext2, mkfs.vfat, mknod, mkswap, mktemp, modinfo, modprobe, more, mount, mountpoint, mpstat, mt, mv, nameif, netstat, nice, nohup, nslookup, od, openvt, passwd, patch, pidof, ping, pipe_progress, pivot_root, poweroff, printenv, printf, ps, pwd, rdate, readahead, readlink, readmbr, readprofile, realpath, reboot, renice, reset, resize, rm, rmdir, rmmod, route, run-parts, runlevel, sed, seq, setarch, setconsole, setkeycodes, setlogcons, setsid, sh, sha1sum, sha256sum, sha512sum, sleep, sort, start-stop-daemon, strings, stty, su, sulogin, swapoff, swapon, switch_root, sync, sysctl, syslogd, tail, tar, tee, telnet, test, tftp, time, top, touch, tr, traceroute, true, tty, udhcpc, umount, uname, uniq, unix2dos, unlzma, unxz, unzip, uptime, usleep, uudecode, uuencode, vconfig, vi, vlock, watch, watchdog, wc, wget, which, who, whoami, xargs, xz, xzcat, yes, zcat # cd / # pwd / # ls -l total 2156 drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 2048 Dec 2 2016 bin drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 1024 Jan 1 00:00 boot drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 3000 Jan 1 00:00 dev drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 1024 May 2 2017 etc drwxrwxr-x 3 root root 1024 May 2 2017 home lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 11 May 2 2017 init -> bin/busybox drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 2048 May 2 2017 lib lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 11 May 2 2017 linuxrc -> bin/busybox drwx------ 2 root root 2182144 May 2 2017 lost+found drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 1024 May 2 2017 mnt drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 1024 May 2 2017 opt dr-xr-xr-x 82 root root 0 Jan 1 00:00 proc drwxrwxr-x 2 root root 1024 Jan 1 00:00 root drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 2048 May 2 2017 sbin dr-xr-xr-x 13 root root 0 Jan 1 00:00 sys drwxrwxr-x 5 root root 1024 Dec 2 2016 test drwxrwxrwt 2 root root 80 Jan 1 00:00 tmp drwxrwxr-x 6 root root 1024 Dec 2 2016 usr drwxrwxr-x 4 root root 1024 May 2 2017 var # # # lsmod Module Size Used by Not tainted # # # ifconfig # # ping www.baidu.com ping: bad address 'www.baidu.com' # #
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