guid生成 java_怎样用java生成GUID与UUID

import java.util.UUID;

public class Test {

public static void main(String[] args) {

UUID uuid = UUID.randomUUID();

System.out.println (uuid);

}

}编译运行输出:

07ca3dec-b674-41d0-af9e-9c37583b08bb

两种方式生成guid 与uuid

需要comm log 库

/**

* @author Administrator

*

* TODO To change the template for this generated type comment go to

* Window - Preferences - Java - Code Style - Code Templates

*/

import java.net.InetAddress;

import java.net.UnknownHostException;

import java.security.MessageDigest;

import java.security.NoSuchAlgorithmException;

import java.security.SecureRandom;

import java.util.Random;

public class RandomGUID extends Object {

protected final org.apache.commons.logging.Log logger = org.apache.commons.logging.LogFactory

.getLog(getClass());

public String valueBeforeMD5 = "";

public String valueAfterMD5 = "";

private static Random myRand;

private static SecureRandom mySecureRand;

private static String s_id;

private static final int PAD_BELOW = 0x10;

private static final int TWO_BYTES = 0xFF;

/*

* Static block to take care of one time secureRandom seed.

* It takes a few seconds to initialize SecureRandom. You might

* want to consider removing this static block or replacing

* it with a "time since first loaded" seed to reduce this time.

* This block will run only once per JVM instance.

*/

static {

mySecureRand = new SecureRandom();

long secureInitializer = mySecureRand.nextLong();

myRand = new Random(secureInitializer);

try {

s_id = InetAddress.getLocalHost().toString();

} catch (UnknownHostException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

}

}

/*

* Default constructor. With no specification of security option,

* this constructor defaults to lower security, high performance.

*/

public RandomGUID() {

getRandomGUID(false);

}

/*

* Constructor with security option. Setting secure true

* enables each random number generated to be cryptographically

* strong. Secure false defaults to the standard Random function seeded

* with a single cryptographically strong random number.

*/

public RandomGUID(boolean secure) {

getRandomGUID(secure);

}

/*

* Method to generate the random GUID

*/

private void getRandomGUID(boolean secure) {

MessageDigest md5 = null;

StringBuffer sbValueBeforeMD5 = new StringBuffer(128);

try {

md5 = MessageDigest.getInstance("MD5");

} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {

logger.error("Error: " + e);

}

try {

long time = System.currentTimeMillis();

long rand = 0;

if (secure) {

rand = mySecureRand.nextLong();

} else {

rand = myRand.nextLong();

}

sbValueBeforeMD5.append(s_id);

sbValueBeforeMD5.append(":");

sbValueBeforeMD5.append(Long.toString(time));

sbValueBeforeMD5.append(":");

sbValueBeforeMD5.append(Long.toString(rand));

valueBeforeMD5 = sbValueBeforeMD5.toString();

md5.update(valueBeforeMD5.getBytes());

byte[] array = md5.digest();

StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(32);

for (int j = 0; j < array.length; ++j) {

int b = array[j] & TWO_BYTES;

if (b < PAD_BELOW)

sb.append('0');

sb.append(Integer.toHexString(b));

}

valueAfterMD5 = sb.toString();

} catch (Exception e) {

logger.error("Error:" + e);

}

}

/*

* Convert to the standard format for GUID

* (Useful for SQL Server UniqueIdentifiers, etc.)

* Example: C2FEEEAC-CFCD-11D1-8B05-00600806D9B6

*/

public String toString() {

String raw = valueAfterMD5.toUpperCase();

StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer(64);

sb.append(raw.substring(0, 8));

sb.append("-");

sb.append(raw.substring(8, 12));

sb.append("-");

sb.append(raw.substring(12, 16));

sb.append("-");

sb.append(raw.substring(16, 20));

sb.append("-");

sb.append(raw.substring(20));

return sb.toString();

}

// Demonstraton and self test of class

public static void main(String args[]) {

for (int i=0; i< 100; i++) {

RandomGUID myGUID = new RandomGUID();

System.out.println("Seeding String=" + myGUID.valueBeforeMD5);

System.out.println("rawGUID=" + myGUID.valueAfterMD5);

System.out.println("RandomGUID=" + myGUID.toString());

}

}

}

同样

UUID uuid = UUID.randomUUID();

System.out.println("{"+uuid.toString()+"}");

UUID是指在一台机器上生成的数字,它保证对在同一时空中的所有机器都是唯一的。通常平台会提供生成UUID的API。UUID按照开放软件基金会(OSF)制定的标准计算,用到了以太网卡地址、纳秒级时间、芯片ID码和许多可能的数字。由以下几部分的组合:当前日期和时间(UUID的第一个部分与时间有关,如果你在生成一个UUID之后,过几秒又生成一个UUID,则第一个部分不同,其余相同),时钟序列,全局唯一的IEEE机器识别号(如果有网卡,从网卡获得,没有网卡以其他方式获得),UUID的唯一缺陷在于生成的结果串会比较长。关于UUID这个标准使用最普遍的是微软的GUID(Globals Unique Identifiers)。

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72dd548719f0ace4d5f9bca64e1d7715.png

2009-04-27 15:44

浏览 55168

评论

2 楼

azhqiang

2010-10-28

第一个方法,我是jdk1.6的,提示没有randomUUID()这个方法,这是怎么回事呢。

1 楼

owl520_je

2009-07-31

真强悍,很多的时候需要一个唯一标识,guid应该时最佳的选择了!

966903dea4bcb507358d5dcce8b912e5.gif

相关资源:java 生成32位UUID
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