301_删除无效的括号

"""
删除最小数量的无效括号,使得输入的字符串有效,返回所有可能的结果。

说明: 输入可能包含了除 ( 和 ) 以外的字符。

示例 1:
输入: "()())()"
输出: ["()()()", "(())()"]

示例 2:
输入: "(a)())()"
输出: ["(a)()()", "(a())()"]

示例 3:
输入: ")("
输出: [""]
"""


# DFS  效率高 96%
def removeInvalidParentheses1(s):
    res = []

    def remove(s, ibegin, jbegin, tmp1, tmp2):
        left_p = 0
        right_p = 0
        for i in range(ibegin, len(s)):
            if s[i] == tmp1:
                left_p += 1
            if s[i] == tmp2:
                right_p += 1
            if left_p < right_p:
                for j in range(jbegin, i+1):
                    if s[j] == tmp2 and (j==jbegin or s[j-1] !=tmp2):
                        remove(s[:j] + s[j+1:], i, j, tmp1, tmp2)
                return
        rev = s[::-1]
        if tmp1 == "(":
            remove(rev, 0, 0, ")", "(")
        else:
            res.append(rev)
    remove(s, 0, 0, "(", ")")
    return res

# BFS
from collections import deque

def removeInvalidParentheses2(s):
    res = set()
    rmL = 0         # 删除左括号的个数
    rmR = 0         # 删除右括号的个数
    for a in s:
        if a == "(":
            rmL += 1
        elif a == ")":
            if rmL !=0:
                rmL -= 1
            else:
                rmR += 1
    def isValid(s):
        cnt = 0
        for a in s:
            if a == "(":
                cnt += 1
            elif a== ")":
                cnt -= 1
                if cnt <0:
                    return False
        return True

    queue = deque([(s, rmL, rmR)])
    visited = set()
    visited.add((s, rmL, rmR))
    while queue:
        tmp_s, left_p, right_p = queue.pop()
        # 输出条件
        if left_p == 0 and right_p == 0 and isValid(tmp_s):
            res.add(tmp_s)
        for i in range(len(tmp_s)):
            # 为字母时候
            if tmp_s[i] not in "()": continue
            if tmp_s[i] == "(" and left_p > 0:
                t = tmp_s[:i] + tmp_s[i + 1:]
                if (t, left_p - 1, right_p) not in visited:
                    queue.appendleft((t, left_p - 1, right_p))
                    visited.add((t, left_p - 1, right_p))
            if tmp_s[i] == ")" and right_p > 0:
                t = tmp_s[:i] + tmp_s[i + 1:]
                if (t, left_p, right_p - 1) not in visited:
                    queue.appendleft((t, left_p, right_p - 1))
                    visited.add((t, left_p, right_p - 1))
    return list(res)



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